Anatomia Clinica (SURG RADIOL ANAT)

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Journal description

Anatomy is a morphological science which cannot fail to interest the clinician. The practical application of anatomical research to clinical problems necessitates special adaptation and selectivity in choosing from numerous international works. Although there is a tendency to believe that meaningful advances in anatomy are unlikely, constant revision is necessary. Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy, the first international journal of Clinical anatomy has been created in this spirit. Its goal is to serve clinicians, regardless of speciality-physicians, surgeons, radiologists or other specialists-as an indispensable aid with which they can improve their knowledge of anatomy. Each issue includes: Original papers, review articles, articles on the anatomical bases of medical, surgical and radiological techniques, articles of normal radiologic anatomy, brief reviews of anatomical publications of clinical interest. Particular attention is given to high quality illustrations, which are indispensable for a better understanding of anatomical problems. Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy is a journal written by anatomists for clinicians with a special interest in anatomy.

Current impact factor: 1.05

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 1.047
2013 Impact Factor 1.333
2012 Impact Factor 1.13
2011 Impact Factor 1.056
2010 Impact Factor 0.827
2009 Impact Factor 0.926
2008 Impact Factor 0.636
2007 Impact Factor 0.636
2006 Impact Factor 0.443
2005 Impact Factor 0.474
2004 Impact Factor 0.369
2003 Impact Factor 0.307
2002 Impact Factor 0.252
2001 Impact Factor 0.476
2000 Impact Factor 0.314
1999 Impact Factor 0.355
1998 Impact Factor 0.356
1997 Impact Factor 0.288
1996 Impact Factor 0.389
1995 Impact Factor 0.163
1994 Impact Factor 0.306
1993 Impact Factor 0.216
1992 Impact Factor 0.079

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.27
Cited half-life 7.80
Immediacy index 0.12
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.35
Website Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy website
Other titles Surgical and radiologic anatomy (Online), SRA
ISSN 1279-8517
OCLC 60638271
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

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    • Must link to publisher version
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    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Anomalies of the anterior belly of the digastric muscle (DM) are uncommon. We present a case of hypoplasia of the anterior belly of the left DM with hypertrophy of the anterior belly of the contralateral DM. The importance of recognizing this finding is to differentiate hypoplasia of the anterior belly of the DM from denervation atrophy, and not to confuse contralateral hypertrophy with a submental mass or lymphadenopathy. In denervation atrophy of the anterior belly of the DM, associated atrophy of the ipsilateral mylohyoid muscle is present. Hypertrophy of the anterior belly of the contralateral DM can be differentiated from a submental mass or lymphadenopathy by recognizing its isodensity on computed tomography and isointensity on magnetic resonance imaging to other muscles, without abnormal contrast enhancement.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Anatomia Clinica
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Mirror hand or ulnar dimelia is a rare and poorly studied congenital anomaly of the upper extremity. Understanding of its anatomy is limited by the rarity of the deformity and the variability in presentation. We present the case of an 80-year-old female donor with an incidental finding of mirror hand. Methods: Medical history indicated no record of any surgical procedures or interventions to the right upper extremity suggesting that the donor had lived an independent life without the need for prosthetic aids. Unfortunately, no record of a hand examination or any visit to a hand specialist was identified within the medical record. Following imaging and disarticulation of the arm at the glenohumeral joint, an anatomical dissection was performed on the right upper extremity. Results: Findings were recorded and compared to three earlier reports in the limited literature with a strong focus on understanding the anatomy of this deformity important for surgical planning. The anatomy is highlighted with a brief description of the embryology associated with mirror hand deformity. The case presents a classic example of ulnar dimelia. Arterial patterns compared favorably with those described in the literature. In addition an aberrant branch of the median nerve and a deep branch supplying the extensor compartment were noted. Conclusion: Based on the observations of this study (and the previous reports) we would recommend a study of vascular tree of the hand either through conventional arteriography or CT angiography prior to pollicization. The surgeon should also be prepared to perform a microsurgical arterial anastomosis if pollicization is not possible in case of an incomplete arch similar to one we described.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Anatomia Clinica
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    ABSTRACT: We report two cases in which the vertebral artery (VA) entered the spinal canal via the intervertebral foramen at the C2-C3 disc level, an extremely rare variation regarded as a C3 segmental type of VA, that we diagnosed by magnetic resonance angiography. The C2 segmental type of VA, in which the VA enters the spinal canal via the C1-C2 intervertebral space, is relatively common. It is important to identify these variations before surgery of the craniovertebral junction or interventional procedures to prevent complications.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Anatomia Clinica
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: We categorize the subtypes of the replaced common hepatic artery (RCHA) and evaluate the clinical implications. Methods: Thirty-four cases of the RCHA were evaluated retrospectively using multidetector computed tomography. We categorized them into the three RCHA subtypes according to pancreatic penetration and the passing routes. The distance between the orifice of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and RCHA bifurcation (D SMA-RCHA) was measured using advanced 3D imaging software. Analysis of variance was used to evaluate the difference in D SMA-RCHA according to the RCHA subtype. Results: Type A (n = 17, 50 %) referred to RCHA penetrating the pancreatic parenchyma, all crossing the dorsal aspect of the superior mesenteric vein (SMV). Among them, three cases were accompanied by the circumportal pancreas. Type B (n = 10, 29 %) referred to RCHA without penetration of the pancreatic parenchyma and crossing of the dorsal aspect of the main portal vein (MPV) or SMV. Type C (n = 7, 21 %) referred to RCHA without penetration of the pancreas parenchyma and crossing of the ventral aspect of the MPV or SMV. The mean D SMA-RCHA of each subtype was as follows: type A, 3.13 cm [95 % confidence interval (CI) 2.70-3.57]; type B, 2.04 cm [95 % CI 1.40-2.68]; and type C, 2.14 cm [95 % CI 2.23-2.92]. The D SMA-RCHA of the penetrating pancreatic parenchyma of the RCHA was significantly longer than that of the non-penetrating pancreatic parenchyma (P = 0.007). Conclusion: Half of RCHA show penetrating the pancreatic parenchyma, which was categorized as type A, and this type A takes off from the SMA more distally than RCHA without intrapancreatic penetration.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Anatomia Clinica
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To study variations in the anatomical relationships of the branches of the ulnar nerve in Guyon's canal relative to the hamulus of hamate (HH) in a grip encountered among cyclists. Materials and methods: Forty-seven wrist examinations were performed on a 3-T MRI (soft antenna, 16 channels) in propeller sequence in the plane perpendicular to the carpus in 28 healthy volunteers in three cycling positions (neutral, hyperextension and ulnar deviation). The positions and distance between the superficial (SB) and deep (DB) branches of the ulnar nerve with respect to the HH were determined on the section passing through the HH. Results: The mean distances between the SB (d s) and DP (d p) and HH were 2.4 and 0.6 mm, respectively. The d s in hyperextension and ulnar deviation were 2.2 mm (P = 0.3) and 3 mm (P = 0.07), respectively. The d p in hyperextension and ulnar deviation were 0.3 mm (P = 0.02) and 0.5 mm (P = 0.15), respectively. Hyperextended, 60 % of SB and 40 % of DB were close to the HH, and 26 % of DB came directly in contact with it. In ulnar deviation, 30 % of SB and 29 % of DB approached HH, and 47 % of DB were in contact with it. Conclusion: This study shows that SB and DB positions of the ulnar nerve vary with respect to the HH depending on the position of the wrist, and such differences may promote Guyon's canal syndrome in cyclists.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Anatomia Clinica
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the morphology of the suprascapular notch in terms of age distribution. We hypothesized that the notch narrows with aging. Methods: Seven hundred and sixty consecutive patients (465 men and 295 women) scheduled for a shoulder surgery were retrospectively reviewed. A 3D-CT of the shoulder was taken to evaluate the shape of the notch according to the Rengachary classification. The six types of Rengachary classification were arranged into three major categories according to transverse scapular ligament ossification and notch size as follows: the wide notch (type 1 and type 2); the narrow notch (type 3 and type 4); and the ossified notch (type 5 and type 6). Comparisons between categories were done with a one-way analysis of variance. Results: There was a statistically significant difference among the three categories (P < .01): the narrow notch group (n = 442, 63.4 ± 12.8 years) and the ossified notch group (n = 66, 65.9 ± 10.6 years) were significantly older than the wide notch group (n = 252, 57.5 ± 17.8 years), respectively. In patients with Rengachary type 5 shoulders, ossification was dominant on the medial side of the notch in 37 of 39 shoulders (92.3 %). Conclusion: The current study showed that morphological changes of the scapular notch are related to aging. The narrow notch and the ossified notch are seemed to be developed from the wide notch in terms of the ossification starting from the medial side.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Anatomia Clinica
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Transfer of a free skin graft from the submalleolar or plantar instep area to the palmoplantar area and finger defects is widely performed; however, the sites and the border of plantar skin have yet to be examined in detail. The aim of this study was to determine the border of sole skin. Methods: Twelve paraformaldehyde-fixed cadavers were examined. Skin specimens were harvested from an area from the top of the medial malleolus extending to the top of the lateral malleolus of the right foot. The paraffin-embedded skin specimens were analyzed using histological (hematoxylin and eosin, Fontana-Masson, and elastica van Gieson stains) and immunohistochemical (cytokeratin 9) techniques. Results: CK9-positive cells were present at the points between 21 and 78 % of the intermalleolar distance measured from the tops of the medial and lateral malleoli. The melanin index abruptly changed at the points 25 ± 7.1 and 75 ± 4.2 %. The skin thickness and amount of elastic fibers changed greatly at the points between 20 and 30 % and between 70 and 80 % of the intermalleolar distance. Conclusions: Submalleolar skin is quite different from sole skin. The border of sole skin lies at the points between 20 and 25 % of the intermalleolar distance from the medial malleolus, which macroscopically corresponds to the border of skin maceration. It would be better to use the submalleolar area for grafts for the dorsum of the fingers or toes, and the plantar instep area for the ventral areas of the fingers or toes.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Anatomia Clinica
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Successful surgery in the neck is dependent on reliable anatomical relationships between nerves, vessels, and muscles. These landmarks and planes are also essential to avoiding undue morbidity and mortality. Anatomic variants of the hypoglossal nerve are rare, and their incidences are unknown. Methods: We describe a case of a hypoglossal nerve found coursing superficial to the internal jugular vein in a 52-year-old woman treated with bilateral selective neck dissection for metastatic thyroid malignancy. Results: The vulnerable nerve was protected, and she maintained excellent speech and swallow function post-operatively. Conclusions: The variant course of the nerve may pose higher risk for injury in neck surgery. Surgeons should be aware of the possibility of aberrant anatomy in this region and exercise extra caution to avoid nerve injury.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Anatomia Clinica
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    ABSTRACT: The hepatic arteries are subject to a great deal of anatomical variation, potentially complicating hepatobiliary surgical procedures as well as general gastrointestinal procedures that involve foregut and midgut structures. We report a case of a rare variant of the proper hepatic artery discovered during dissection of an 84-year-old male cadaver. In this individual, the common hepatic artery was absent and the proper hepatic artery was replaced directly to the superior mesenteric artery. The gastroduodenal artery and the right inferior phrenic artery took origin from the celiac trunk. In addition, there was no identifiable right gastric artery. The celiac trunk gave off three branches: the splenic, left gastric, and gastroduodenal arteries. The entire arterial blood supply to the liver, therefore, was derived from the superior mesenteric artery. Patterns of regression of the ventral branches and the partial disappearance of the ventral anastomotic arteries during embryonic development play a major role in the variations of the gut arteries. An intraoperative encounter with this particular variant carries a significant risk of iatrogenic injury with potentially devastating ischemia and necrotic results. Accurate depiction and definition of the hepatic arterial anatomy are crucial. Variations like the one described here underscore the importance of pre-operative imaging and knowledge of the embryological origins of variation.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Anatomia Clinica
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To describe the relationship of the orbital rim and depth in Far Eastern skulls by anatomical study, using morphometry to yield an octagonal three-dimensional model of the orbit. Methods: Forty-one orbits of 21 Far Eastern skulls from the Department of Anatomy of St George's, University of London were included in this study. A morphometric study was conducted, measuring between eight reproducible orbital rim landmarks to yield perimeters, and from these landmarks to the optic canal to yield orbital depth. Orbital height and width were also recorded. Results were statistically analysed to look for evidence of gender variation or laterality before comparison with those from other ethnicities. The authors then present a method for three-dimensional description of the orbit. Results: 67 % of orbits were male. Orbital height and width were significantly greater in males (34.6 ± 2.0 and 39.4 ± 1.7, vs. 32.5 ± 2.3 and 37.2 ± 2.4 mm). Orbital perimeter tended towards being larger in males (126.3 vs. 122.2 mm, p = 0.05), as was the angle between medial and lateral walls (50.1° ± 2.0°, vs. 47.9° ± 3.0°). Conclusion: This study has proposed a new method for describing the orbit using three-dimensional measurements, yielding clinically useful morphometric data. These results and model have applications in surgical navigation of the orbit, repair of fractures, and prediction of post-traumatic or surgical enophthalmos.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Anatomia Clinica
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Low-tie ligation in colorectal cancer surgery is associated with technical difficulties in left colic artery preservation. We aimed to evaluate and classify the anatomical and technical difficulties of left colic artery (LCA) preservation at its origin and along its route at the inferior border of the pancreas. Methods: A vascular reconstruction computed tomography prospective series of 113 patients was analyzed. The inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) branching pattern according to Latarjet's classification (Type I, separate LCA origin, Type II, fan-shaped branching pattern) and the distances between the IMA and the LCA origins and between the LCA and the Inferior mesenteric vein (IMV) at the inferior border of the pancreas were measured. Results: The IMA branching pattern was Type I in 80 (71 %) patients and Type II in 33 (29 %) patients. The IMA-LCA distance was 39.8 ± 12.2 mm. The LCA-IMV distance at the inferior border of the pancreas was 20.5 ± 21.7 mm. When classified based on this distance, 75 (66 %) patients were classified into the Near subgroup (<20 mm) (7.7 ± 4.1 mm) and 38 (34 %) into the Far subgroup (≥20 mm) (45.6 ± 20.4 mm, p < 0.001). A Type I subgroup F accounted for 27 % of the patients. Conclusions: Left colic artery preservation is highly feasible at its origin in more than two-thirds of cases due to the separate origin. The addition of a high IMV ligation increases the risk of damage to the LCA at the inferior border of the pancreas because the distance to the IMV is less than 20 mm in two-thirds of cases.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Anatomia Clinica
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    ABSTRACT: A supernumerary intrathoracic rib is a very rare congenital thoracic abnormality that is typically a benign incidental finding. However, in rare cases, they may cause pain, pneumothorax, and injury to surrounding viscus. We report a case of a supernumerary intrathoracic rib causing increasing chest pain diagnosed by computed tomography using three-dimensional reconstructions. The patient underwent robotic-assisted video-assisted thoracoscopic resection of the intrathoracic rib located in her left thorax. The rib was resected without complication, and the patient was discharged from the telemetry unit on post-operative day two. Upon discharge, there was complete resolution of her preoperative symptoms.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Anatomia Clinica
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    ABSTRACT: During routine dissection of the abdominal cavity of a 55-year-old African male cadaver, multiple anomalies including renal and testicular vessels were encountered. The right kidney was supplied by three right hilar renal arteries arising from the abdominal aorta at different vertebral levels whereas only one left renal artery supplied the left kidney. On the right three renal veins drained the kidney into the inferior vena cava. In contrast, the left kidney was drained by a single renal vein which received a large primary posterior tributary. The primary posterior tributary had three tributaries from the posterior lumbar region. The right testis had two sources of arterial supply; one from the subcostal artery and another from the abdominal aorta. The left testis was supplied normally by a single testicular artery. The right testis was drained by four testicular veins as follows: one drained into the subcostal vein, the other two drained separately for a longer course and joined shortly before draining into the right main renal vein, the fourth one drained into the anterior aspect of the inferior vena cava at the level of the second lumbar vertebra. On the left, the testicle was drained by two testicular veins which travelled separately from the deep inguinal ring and joined shortly before they drain into the left renal vein. This variation may represent an immature form of complicated development of kidneys and testes. Additionally, emphasis must be put on preoperative vascular examination to avoid surgical complications from variant vessels in this region.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Anatomia Clinica
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    ABSTRACT: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is a rare congenital malformation, as well as kidney ectopia. Among kidney ectopias, the intrathoracic one is the rarest. Those malformations concern more frequently boys, and affected more the left than the right side. Their association is poorly reported in the literature. We report the rare case of an early sonographic prenatal diagnosis of intrathoracic kidney at 22 weeks of gestation in a female fetus, completed on the follow-up by the diagnosis of an associated diaphragmatic hernia at 33 weeks of gestation. If chest mass is diagnosed prenatally or in neonate, ITK should be considered in a differential diagnosis, all the more if the ipsilateral renal fossa is empty. An associated DH should be searched if ITK is confirmed. Isolated ITK usually requires no specific treatment, in contrast with ITK associated with DH.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Anatomia Clinica
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Parietal foramina (PFs) are openings of fine canals that perforate the parietal bone. However, few studies have investigated the entire canals and their emissary vessels (EVs). Here, we explore the EVs with magnetic resonance imaging. Methods: A total of 104 patients who underwent contrast examinations and exhibited an intact scalp, skull, dura mater, and superior sagittal sinus were enrolled in this study. Imaging data were obtained as thin-sliced, seamless sagittal sections and were transferred to a workstation for analysis. Results: A total of 116 EVs passing through the PF and inner canals (parietal canal) were identified in 78 patients (75 %). All the EVs were found to perforate each layer of the parietal bone. Of 104 patients, 68 % exhibited one EV, 30 % two EVs, and 2 % three EVs. In 85.3 %, the EV was entirely delineated in one sagittal slice, 10.3 % were covered by two slices, and 4.3 % by three slices. In 68 %, the EV connected to the upper surface of the superior sagittal sinus (SSS) with variable courses from near-vertical to horizontal inclinations. Conclusions: EVs perforate the skull with variable inclinations, while showing a highly consistent course in the sagittal dimension. The PF and EV can be used as landmarks of the SSS lying immediately below.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Anatomia Clinica
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    ABSTRACT: The goal of this study was to simulate the mechanisms of hyperflexion and hyperextension injuries of the distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint of the hand and to analyze the resulting extensor tendon injury patterns. The hypotheses were raised that hyperflexion trauma leads to a plastic deformation of the extensor tendon aponeurosis, with or without a small bony avulsion fragment but without joint surface involvement, and that hyperextension injuries can create a shear fracture of the dorsal lip of the distal phalanx, without injury to the extensor tendon aponeurosis. Loading was applied with a swinging pendulum impacting the distal phalanx in 103 human specimens in either an extended or flexion position. After loading, injury patterns were analyzed radiologically and histologically. There was evidence that hyperflexion trauma leads to a plastic deformation or rupture of the extensor tendon. Bony tendon avulsion was evident in 12.2 % of cases. With hyperextension, the extensor tendon remained intact in all cases, but there were large fracture fragments involving the articular surface in 4.1 % of cases. The results of the study show that force on the flexed joint leads to overstretching of the extensor tendon, and to an associated dorsal bony avulsion with intact joint line. Force applied to the joint in extension can lead to a bony dorsal edge fracture with articular involvement and with it, a palmar DIP joint capsule rupture. The results illuminate a direct correlation between the mechanism of injury and the pattern of injury in the clinical picture of mallet finger.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Anatomia Clinica