Journal of Applied Polymer Science (J Appl Polymer Sci)

Publisher: Wiley

Journal description

The Journal of Applied Polymer Science reports progress and significant results in the systematic practical application of polymer science. Areas of focus include plastics and their composites blends elastomers films and membranes fibers coatings and adhesives studies of emulsions and latices aging of polymers structural property-processing relationships extrusion and molding diffusion and permeability.

Current impact factor: 1.77

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 1.768
2013 Impact Factor 1.64
2012 Impact Factor 1.395
2011 Impact Factor 1.289
2010 Impact Factor 1.24
2009 Impact Factor 1.203
2008 Impact Factor 1.187
2007 Impact Factor 1.008
2006 Impact Factor 1.306
2005 Impact Factor 1.072
2004 Impact Factor 1.021
2003 Impact Factor 1.017
2002 Impact Factor 0.927
2001 Impact Factor 0.992
2000 Impact Factor 0.881
1999 Impact Factor 0.952
1998 Impact Factor 0.886
1997 Impact Factor 0.841
1996 Impact Factor 0.934
1995 Impact Factor 0.896
1994 Impact Factor 0.87
1993 Impact Factor 0.966
1992 Impact Factor 0.969

Impact factor over time

Impact factor
Year

Additional details

5-year impact 1.66
Cited half-life 8.50
Immediacy index 0.38
Eigenfactor 0.05
Article influence 0.32
Website Journal of Applied Polymer Science website
Other titles Journal of applied polymer science (Online), Journal of applied polymer science
ISSN 1097-4628
OCLC 38145842
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Wiley

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 months embargo
  • Conditions
    • Some journals have separate policies, please check with each journal directly
    • On author's personal website, institutional repositories, arXiv, AgEcon, PhilPapers, PubMed Central, RePEc or Social Science Research Network
    • Author's pre-print may not be updated with Publisher's Version/PDF
    • Author's pre-print must acknowledge acceptance for publication
    • Non-Commercial
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Publisher source must be acknowledged with citation
    • Must link to publisher version with set statement (see policy)
    • If OnlineOpen is available, BBSRC, EPSRC, MRC, NERC and STFC authors, may self-archive after 12 months
    • If OnlineOpen is available, AHRC and ESRC authors, may self-archive after 24 months
    • Publisher last contacted on 07/08/2014
    • This policy is an exception to the default policies of 'Wiley'
  • Classification
    yellow

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A chemical sensor for methyl viologen (MV2+), based on a water-soluble conjugated polymer/single-walled carbon-nanotube (SWNT) composite, was fabricated. Water-soluble poly(m-phenylene ethynylene) with sulfonic acid side-chain groups (mPPE-SO3) was synthesized via a Pd-catalyzed Sonogashira coupling reaction and used to prepare a highly stable mPPE-SO3/SWNT composite with strong π–π interactions in water. The relationship between the optical properties and sensing capability of the mPPE-SO3/SWNT composite in aqueous solution was investigated. The addition of MV2+ enhanced the fluorescence intensity of the mPPE-SO3/SWNT composite by inducing a conformational change of the polymer from a helical to a random-coil structure. The water-soluble mPPE-SO3/SWNT composite enabled highly sensitive fluorescence detection of MV2+ in aqueous solutions with no precipitation resulting from reaggregation of the SWNTs. This mPPE-SO3/SWNT composite sensor system is therefore an effective turn-on chemical sensor for MV2+. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2016, 133, 43301.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2016 · Journal of Applied Polymer Science
  • Zepeng Mao · Jun Zhang
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of chlorinated polyethylene (CPE) on the impact toughness of acrylonitrile–styrene–acrylic (ASA) terpolymer/styrene–acrylonitrile copolymer (SAN) binary blends (25/75, w/w) was systematically investigated at three different temperatures (−30 °C, 0 °C, and 23 °C). With the addition of 60 phr CPE, the impact strength increased by 11 times at 23 °C and 10 times at 0 °C. However, the toughening effect was not obvious when the testing temperature was −30 °C. Since the glass-transition temperature (Tg) of CPE was about −18.3 °C as measured with dynamic mechanical analysis tests, the polymeric chains of CPE have been “frozen out” at −30 °C. As a result, CPE evidently cannot improve the toughness of the blend system. The morphology of impact-fractured surfaces observed by scanning electron microscopy also confirmed the effect of CPE on the impact toughness of ASA/SAN binary blends. The heat distortion temperature remained almost unchanged, indicating that the improvement in toughness did not sacrifice heat resistance. Furthermore, other mechanical properties were evaluated, and the possible interactions among components of the blends were also analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectra. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2016, 133, 43353.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Journal of Applied Polymer Science
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    ABSTRACT: Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) has been used in the biomedical field. However, the poor mechanical properties of PHB have limited its application. Here, electrospun fibrous nanocomposite mats reinforced with cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) were fabricated by using PHB as polymeric matrix. The morphological, thermal, mechanical properties, as well as cytotoxicity were characterized. Increasing the concentration of CNCs caused a decrease in diameter of the electrospun fibers. Moreover, thermal analysis indicated that melting temperature of PHB/CNCs electrospun fibers were improved with the increased CNCs content. The addition of CNCs gradually enhanced the tensile strength till 8 wt % content followed by a gradual decrease at higher CNCs content (12–22 wt %) in tensile strength. The PHB/CNCs electrospun fibers were nontoxic to L-929 and capable of supporting cell proliferation in all conditions. This study demonstrates that fibrous PHB/CNCs electrospun fibers are cytocompatible and potentially useful mechanical properties for biomedical application. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2016, 133, 43273.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Journal of Applied Polymer Science
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    ABSTRACT: Poly(trimethylene terephthalate) (PTT) composites filled with well-dispersed graphene nanosheets (GNSs) were prepared through a coagulation method. The effects of increased GNS concentration on variations in the structure and properties of the PTT matrix, such as its electrical conductivity, crystallization kinetics, melting behavior, and crystal morphology, were investigated. Several analytical techniques were used, including electrical conductivity measurement, differential scanning calorimetry, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, wide-angle X-ray diffraction, polarized light microscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA). Electrical conductivity increased from 1.8 × 10−17 S/cm for neat PTT to 0.33 ± 0.23 S/cm for PTT/GNS composites with 2.97 vol % GNS content. Percolation scaling laws were applied, and then threshold concentration and exponent were determined. In the case wherein liquid nitrogen was used to quench the melt, a mesomorphic phase was formed despite the extremely short crystallization time after adding high GNS contents. PTT crystallization rate increased with the gradual addition of GNSs. The enhanced crystallization kinetics was attributed to the high nucleation ability of GNSs to induce epitaxially grown lamellae on their surfaces, as revealed by TEM. PTT nuclei were randomly developed on the GNS surface to form the lamellae. However, crystallinity reached its maximum value near the electrical percolation threshold because the PTT chain mobility was confined after the GNS–GNS network formed. The growth of PTT banded spherulites in the bulk was still observed for composites with high GNS content, and TGA results revealed that the GNS-filled PTT composites had excellent thermal stability. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2016, 133, 43419.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Journal of Applied Polymer Science
  • Yong-Chan Chung · Kyung Hoon Chung · Byung Hee Lee · Byoung Chul Chun
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    ABSTRACT: Flexible poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) or rigid bisphenol A (BPA) with diglycidyl ether end groups was linked to polyurethane (PU), which was composed of 4,4′-methylenebis(phenyl isocyanate) as a hard segment and poly(tetramethylene ether)glycol as a soft segment. A control PDMS (CPDMS) series was prepared with an additional deprotonation step by NaH. The spectroscopic, thermal, tensile, shape memory, and low-temperature flexibility properties were compared with those of plain PU to investigate the effects of linking the flexible PDMS or the rigid BPA on PU. The soft segment melting peaks were not affected by the PDMS content for the PDMS series but disappeared as the BPA content increased in the BPA series. The soft segment crystallization of PU was completely disrupted as the linked BPA content increased in the differential scanning calorimetry results and disappeared in the dynamic mechanical analysis results. The glass transition temperature (Tg) of the BPA series increased with increasing BPA content, whereas that of the PDMS series remained the same. The tensile strength of the PDMS series sharply increased with increasing PDMS content. The shape retention of the BPA series at −25°C sharply decreased as the BPA content increased. Finally, the BPA series linked with rigid aromatic BPA demonstrated excellent low-temperature flexibilities compared with the PDMS series and plain PU. Compared with PUs linked with PDMS, PUs linked with rigid BPA demonstrated a significant change in the cross-link density, thermal properties, shape retention, and low-temperature flexibility. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2016, 133, 43284.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Journal of Applied Polymer Science
  • Ahmet Ulu · Suleyman Koytepe · Burhan Ates
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    ABSTRACT: Poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA)–starch composites were prepared by emulsion polymerization technique for L-asparaginase (L-ASNase) immobilization as highly activated support. The hydroxide groups on the prepared composites offer a very simple, mild and firm combination for enzyme immobilization. The pure PMMA and PMMA-starch composites were characterized as structural, thermal and morphological. PMMA-starch composites were found to have better thermal stability and more hydrophilic character than pure PMMA. L-ASNase was immobilized onto PMMA-starch composites contained the different ratio of starch (1, 3, 5, and 10 wt %). Immobilized L-ASNase showed better performance as compared to the native enzyme in terms of thermal stability and pH. Km value of immobilized enzyme decreased approximately eightfold compared with the native enzyme. In addition to, immobilized L-ASNase was found to retain 60% of activity after 1-month storage period at 4 °C. Therefore, PMMA-starch composites can be provided more advantageous in terms of enzymatic affinity, thermal, pH and storage stability as L-ASNase immobilization matrix. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2016, 133, 43421.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Journal of Applied Polymer Science
  • Sheng Zhang · Wufei Tang · Xiaoyu Gu · Peng Jiang · Jun Sun · Duquesne Sophie · Serge Bourbigot · Mathilde Casetta
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    ABSTRACT: Sulfamic acid-intercalated MgAl-layered double hydroxide (SA-LDH) was prepared and added with aluminum phosphinate (AlPi) into polyamide 11 (PA11). The results showed that AlPi/SA-LDH made a positive contribution to both flame retardancy and thermostability, and the effect was demonstrated with the limiting oxygen index (LOI), vertical burning tests (UL-94), cone calorimetry (CONE), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The char morphologies were observed by SEM, and its chemical composition was investigated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The decomposition mechanism was examined by TGA-FTIR. The results showed that the LOI of PA11 was only 23.0 and cannot pass any UL-94 rating. The addition of 20% AlPi increased the LOI to 31.5 and passed the UL-94 V-1 rating, and AlPi/SA-LDH 15%/5% increased the LOI to 32.4 and also passed the UL-94 V-1 rating. The CONE results revealed that 20% of either AlPi or AlPi/SA-LDH brought about a 30% decrease in the peak heat release rate (pHRR). The contribution of SA-LDH to flame behavior was especially reflected in the postponement of pHRR. SEM showed that the char morphologies became denser after SA-LDH incorporation. The improvement in thermal stability of the AlPi/SA-LDH combination was documented by TGA in both N2 and air atmospheres. The mechanical performance deterioration caused by AlPi was partly improved by SA-LDH. The storage modulus (E′) below the Tg of AlPi/SA-LDH 15%/5% was about 300 MPa higher than with 20% AlPi. This was attributed to a compatibility improvement. The interaction forces among PA11, AlPi, and SA-LDH were probed by X-ray photoelectron spectrometry. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2016, 133, 43370.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Journal of Applied Polymer Science
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of the foaming process on the intercalation of nanoclays in low-density polyethylene–nanoclay nanocomposites was studied with in situ energy-dispersive X-ray diffraction (ED-XRD) with synchrotron radiation as an X-ray source. The solid nanocomposites containing different amounts of an organomodified montmorillonite were melt-blended with blowing agents of different nature and later foamed by heating at atmospheric pressure. During the foaming process, ED-XRD experiments were performed. These experiments allowed us to measure the time evolution of the interlamellar distance of the clay platelets during the melting and foaming of the nanocomposites; we obtained information about the evolution of the clay structure during the process. The experimental results show that the foaming process induced the intercalation of the clays independently of the blowing agent used. We also proved that the degree of intercalation depended on the expansion ratio reached and that the intercalation produced was larger when the blowing agent was azodicarbonamide. For this particular blowing agent, some interesting effects appeared; these included a catalytic effect of the clays on the decomposition temperature, a partial intercalation of the clays during melt blending, and a very stable structure of the clay particles after foaming. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2016, 133, 43432.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Journal of Applied Polymer Science
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The effect of a polymer on chromium diffusion during gelant injection into fractured media was explored with a polymer/chromium(III) (Cr3+) gelant. The capture and barrier effects are two main affecting mechanisms of polymer molecules on the diffusion of Cr3+, and the formation of the polymer leak-off layer is a key influencing factor. The experimental results show that when the polymer molecular weight (MW) or concentration increased, both the diffusion rate of Cr3+ and the leak-off degree of the gelant decreased sharply. This resulted in the delayed initial production and advanced final production of Cr3+. Because of the changing diffusion rate of Cr3+ and the dilution effect of brine during gelant injection, the change trends of the Cr3+ production from the fracture outlet and matrix ports reversed after the injection volume exceeded a value; this value was named the critical injected volume. During gelant injection into the fractures, under the effects of gravity action and the disproportionate diffusion of Cr3+, the chromium diffusion profiles measured at the fracture top and bottom were different. The chromium diffusion profile along the matrix varied with increasing gelant injected volume, but it finally reached the diffusion equilibrium state in the matrix. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2016, 133, 43447.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Journal of Applied Polymer Science
  • Wenjing Chen · Hongli Yang · Huawei Zou · Pengbo Liu
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    ABSTRACT: Vinyl-containing low molecular weight PPO (R-PPO) was prepared by redistribution reaction between commercially available PPO and maleic anhydride (MAH) and used to modify epoxy resin (EP). TAIC was furthermore used as the compatibilizer of EP/R-PPO system in this study. The curing reaction kinetics, compatibility of the components, morphology, dielectric properties and impact toughness of EP/R-PPO/TAIC systems were investigated. The experimental results showed that the cured EP/R-PPO (80/20) system had two phase morphology, the R-PPO particles of about 1 µm were evenly dispersed in continuous epoxy phase. After addition of TAIC, the EP/R-PPO/TAIC systems were transferred to single phase. The glass transition temperature of cured EP/R-PPO/TAIC (80/20/10) system was 150.2°C. With the increase of TAIC content, the dielectric constant (Dk) and dissipation factor (Df) of cured EP/R-PPO/TAIC systems were both reduced. The dielectric constant and dissipation factor at 1MHz of cured EP/R-PPO/TAIC (80/20/10) system was 2.72 and 0.006, respectively. Compared with those of cured EP/R-PPO (80/20) system (Dk = 2.82 and Df = 0.0078 at 1MHz), they decreased by 3.6% and 23.1%, respectively. With the increase of TAIC content, the impact strength of cured EP/R-PPO (80/20) system increased and reached to a maximum value (2.41 kJ/m2) when TAIC content was 10 phr, which was improved by 23% compared with that of cured EP/R-PPO (80/20) system (1.96 kJ/m2). © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2016, 136, 43293.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Journal of Applied Polymer Science
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Two types of vinyl silicone oil (VSO), allyl-capped hyperbranched polycarbosilane (HBP), and triethoxysilane (TES) were employed to synthesize macromolecular silane coupling agent (MMSCA) by hydrosilylation. VSOs, HBP, and the hydrosilylated products were used as crosslinker, respectively, to improve weak mechanical properties of silicone rubber (SR). Structures of the crosslinkers were studied by gel permeation chromatography (GPC), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Crosslinking density test and scanning electron microscope (SEM) observation showed an increased interaction between silicone rubber and fumed silica by the use of MMSCA. Mechanical properties of the resulted composites using MMSCAs were increased to varying degrees compared with those possessing crosslinkers without ethoxy group. MMSCAs were effective for further property enhancements of composites. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2016, 133, 43415.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Journal of Applied Polymer Science
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    ABSTRACT: Poly ether ketone ketone (PEKK) with different proportion of meta phenyl links were investigated by combining differential scanning calorimetry and dynamic mechanical analysis. The influence of the Terephthalyl/Isophthalyl isomers (T/I) ratio on the vitreous phase is mild, the shift of the glass transition is limited to a few degrees and the vitreous G′ is only sensitive to the content of the crystalline phase. Contrarily, the increase of meta isomers is responsible for a significant decrease of the melting temperature (Tm) by 60 °C, which considerably facilitates processing. The modification of interchain interactions in the crystalline phase might be implied. A series of thermal protocols evidenced that the difference of crystallization behavior is also dependent upon the T/I isomer ratio. A time and temperature dependence of annealing on the double melting behavior of PEKK was observed. Regarding the mechanical behavior, the observed reinforcing effect due to the crystalline phase was more prominent in the rubbery state than in the glassy state. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2016, 133, 43396.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Journal of Applied Polymer Science
  • Wenqing Zhang · Yulong Zhang · Shuying Fang · Xiyun Luo · Haiyang Jin · Zhizhen Xu · Wei Xia
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    ABSTRACT: In this work, acrylate copolymer has been fabricated by graft copolymerization of acrylate monomer (EMA:EA is 70:30) with functional TiO2 nanoparticles, which was surface-modified by the silane coupling agent methacryloxy propyl trimethoxyl silane (KH570) to attach active ends. The structure and properties of the copolymer were characterized by FT-IR, FE-SEM, differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetric analysis, ultraviolet-visible spectra , and discoloration. Characterization revealed that functional TiO2 particles were grafted onto the chain of the acrylate copolymer and the acrylate copolymer showed excellent photo-oxidative stability and transparency. The acrylate copolymer was applied to protect and consolidate ancient ivory by surface coating without destruction of chemical structure. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2016, 133, 43291.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Journal of Applied Polymer Science
  • Masashi Haruki · Asuka Oda · Atsuhiko Wasada · Yumi Hasegawa · Shin-ichi Kihara · Shigeki Takishima
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    ABSTRACT: The phase appearance during the synthesis of fluorinated polyamic acid (PAA) from 2,2-bis(3,4-anhydrodicarboxyphenyl)-hexafluoropropane (6FDA) and 2,2′-bis(trifluoromethyl)−4,4′-diaminobiphenyl (TFDB) in supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) was investigated to obtain fundamental data for the deposition of fluorinate polyimides (PI) using scCO2. All polymerizations were carried out at 30 MPa for 60 min. The experimental temperatures ranged from 50 to 70°C, and each of the monomer concentrations ranged from 0.67 × 10−5 to 3.3 × 10−5 mol cm−3. The holding time of the transparent phases, which was the time from the beginning of the polymerization to the appearance of a turbid phase, was increased with either a decrease in the polymerization temperature or a decrease in the initial monomer concentration. The holding time of the fluorinated PAA was longer than that of the monomers of Kapton-type PAA. The deposition of PI into the microscopic-scale trenches that had formed on the silicon wafer was successful in scCO2. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2016, 133, 43334.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Journal of Applied Polymer Science
  • Meng Qu · Yucun Lou · Dingzhi Han · Ahmed Amr Gewily · Agathe Robisson
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    ABSTRACT: Swellable elastomers are widely used in oilfield industry for sealing and zonal isolation applications. These materials need to sustain a large amount of external load after swelling. A newly developed reactive hydrogenated nitrile butadiene rubber (HNBR) based elastomer composite with magnesium oxide (MgO) as filler can swell and stiffen when exposed to water, which makes it ideal for oil field applications. However, both the filler hydration and the stiffness evolution inside this composite material are observed to be highly inhomogeneous even for samples on the length scale of millimeters. To understand this coupled diffusion-hydration process is critical for applications of these materials with larger length scales. In this work, the hydration kinetics and stiffness evolution of the HNBR-MgO composite are quantitatively studied on microscopic level. The extent of MgO hydration along the thickness of the sample are measured at the different stage of swelling. These results are used to determine the diffusion coefficient of water inside the composite. The diffusivity increases orders of magnitude after the filler hydration. In addition, the modulus change is non-proportional to the degree of filler hydration as demonstrated by instrumented grid indentation on the hydrated composites. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2016, 133, 43420.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Journal of Applied Polymer Science