Journal of Surgical Research (J Surg Res)

Publisher: Association for Academic Surgery (U.S.); Association of Veterans Administration Surgeons (U.S.), Elsevier

Journal description

The Journal of Surgical Research: Clinical and Laboratory Investigation publishes original articles concerned with clinical and laboratory investigations relevant to surgical practice and teaching. The journal emphasizes reports of clinical investigations or fundamental research bearing directly on surgical management that will be of general interest to a broad range of surgeons and surgical researchers. The articles presented need not have been the products of surgeons or of surgical laboratories.

Current impact factor: 1.94

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 1.936
2013 Impact Factor 2.121
2012 Impact Factor 2.018
2011 Impact Factor 2.247
2010 Impact Factor 2.239
2009 Impact Factor 2.176
2008 Impact Factor 1.875
2007 Impact Factor 1.836
2006 Impact Factor 2.038
2005 Impact Factor 1.956
2004 Impact Factor 1.727
2003 Impact Factor 1.735
2002 Impact Factor 1.726
2001 Impact Factor 1.663
2000 Impact Factor 1.674
1999 Impact Factor 1.429
1998 Impact Factor 1.362
1997 Impact Factor 1.119
1996 Impact Factor 1.45
1995 Impact Factor 1.156
1994 Impact Factor 1.205
1993 Impact Factor 1.227
1992 Impact Factor 1.362

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 2.08
Cited half-life 5.80
Immediacy index 0.41
Eigenfactor 0.02
Article influence 0.61
Website Journal of Surgical Research website
Other titles Journal of surgical research (Online), Journal of surgical research, Surgical research
ISSN 1095-8673
OCLC 36946638
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Authors pre-print on any website, including arXiv and RePEC
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on open access repository after an embargo period of between 12 months and 48 months
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months
    • Author's post-print may be used to update arXiv and RepEC
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Must link to publisher version with DOI
    • Author's post-print must be released with a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License
    • Publisher last reviewed on 03/06/2015
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There are gaps in understanding the challenges with the establishment of pediatric cardiac surgical practices in Nigeria. The aim of this study was to examine the prospects and challenges limiting the establishment of pediatric cardiac surgical practices in Nigeria from the perspectives of cardiothoracic surgeons and resident doctors.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Surgical Research
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Advanced radiographic studies have detrimental risks, yet the prevalence of CT utilization in patients with minor trauma presenting to the emergency department (ED) has never been fully evaluated. Our objective was to evaluate the frequency of CT imaging in patients presenting to the ED for minor trauma. Materials and methods: A retrospective analysis of the California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development Emergency Department and Ambulatory Surgery Data from 2005 to 2013 was performed. A total of 8,535,831 patients were identified using the following inclusion criteria: adult patients (age ≥18 y); with a traumatic ECODE diagnosis and injury severity score <9; and discharge to home. The primary study outcome measurement was the prevalence of CT imaging for each year in the study period. We performed univariate and multivariate analysis to evaluate clinical and hospital-level factors related to CT use in this population. We also performed a trend analysis using Poisson logistic regression to assess the trend of imaging scans over the study period. Results: Of the study population, 5.9% received at least one CT study during their ED visit. The proportion of patients with at least one CT scan increased from 3.51% in 2005 to 7.17% in 2013 (P < 0.005). Adjusted predictors for CT included age 18-24 y or >45 y (P < 0.005), Medicare and self-pay patients (P < 0.005), fall injuries (P < 0.005), motor vehicle collision injuries (P < 0.005), and patients seen at level I/II trauma centers (P = 0.005). Conclusions: Even after clinical and demographic predictors were adjusted for, there was a 1.97-fold increase in CT among minor trauma patients from 2005-2013.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Surgical Research
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    ABSTRACT: Monitoring the partial pressure of oxygen in brain tissue (PbtO2) is an important tool for traumatic brain injury (TBI) but is invasive and inconvenient for real time monitoring. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), which can monitor hemoglobin parameters in the brain tissue, has been used widely as a noninvasive tool for assessing cerebral ischemia and hypoxia. Therefore, it may have the potential as a noninvasive tool for estimating the change of PbtO2. In this study, a novel wireless NIRS system was designed to monitor hemoglobin parameters of rat brains under different impact strengths and was used to estimate the change of PbtO2 noninvasively in TBI.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Journal of Surgical Research
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The impact of inebriation on severity of injury is unclear. The few studies to date on this topic are limited to a particular mechanism of injury (MOI), injury pattern, or blood alcohol level (BAL). Therefore, we sought to determine the impact of BAL on injury pattern and severity across all MOI. We hypothesize that there is no relationship between BAL and injury severity when controlling for MOI. Materials and methods: After institutional review board approval, a retrospective study was performed at an adult trauma center from January 1, 2012-December 31, 2012. All MOI were included. Injury severity was assessed using the injury severity score (ISS). Chi square and analysis of variance were used to examine the relationship between BAL, injury pattern, and ISS within each MOI. Multivariate regression analysis examined the BAL-ISS association adjusting for MOI, gender, and age. Results: Of 1397 patients, the mean age was 44 ± 19, ISS was 7.5 ± 6.8, BAL was 93 ± 130 mg/dL, and 70% were male. Rib fracture (P = 0.002) and hemothorax and/or pneumothorax (P = 0.0009) were negatively associated with BAL, whereas concussion and soft tissue injury had a positive association with BAL (P < 0.0001). An increasing BAL had a negative correlation with ISS after fall from standing (P < 0.001), whereas bicycle collisions had a positive association (P = 0.027). Across all MOI, there was no significant association between BAL and ISS. Conclusions: BAL is associated with ISS, in specific MOI; however, across all MOI, there was no significant association between BAL and ISS. Inebriated patients should be triaged with the same clinical index of suspicion for injury as sober patients.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Journal of Surgical Research
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Intracellular calcium overload is a major contributing factor to diaphragmatic dysfunction triggered by sepsis. In this study, the possible role of dantrolene, a ryanodine receptor inhibitor, in preventing the release of calcium from the sarcoplasmic reticulum in diaphragmatic dysfunction and weakness was explored. Methods: A middle-grade severity sepsis rat model was established for the effects of treatment with dantrolene, on diaphragm harvested 24 h after cecal ligation and puncture (CLP), and analyzed using functional, histologic, and biomarker assays. Results: It was found that in septic rats, treatment with dantrolene significantly improved the contractility, relaxation, and fatigue index of the diaphragm in a dose-dependent manner. The benefits are associated with improvement in ultrastructural changes of Z band integrity and myofilament arrangements along with increases both in the ratio of slow-twitch type composition. Moreover, dantrolene effectively inhibits the overexpression of high-mobility group box 1 and reduces the calpain-1-caspase-3 proteolytic activity. Conclusions: Dantrolene can effectively attenuate the dysfunction of diaphragm in septic rats; Furthermore, the beneficial effects were associated with downregulation of high-mobility group box 1 and calpain-1-caspase-3 proteolytic activity.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Journal of Surgical Research
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Anatomic lobectomy with mediastinal lymph node dissection is considered the optimal management for early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Limited lung resection may be preferable in the elderly population, who are more likely to have poor pulmonary reserve and multiple comorbidities. Our primary objective was to compare the survival of patients aged ≥75 y who underwent sublobar resection or lobectomy for stage IA NSCLC. Materials and methods: We queried the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database for patients aged ≥75 y who were diagnosed with stage IA NSCLC from 1998-2007. Patients were divided into three groups based on the type of surgery performed (wedge resection, segmentectomy, and lobectomy). Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox proportional hazard model were used for survival analysis. Results: A total of 1640 patients were analyzed. Lobectomy was performed in 1051 patients, 119 underwent segmentectomy, and 470 patients had wedge resection. Overall and cancer-specific survival were significantly lower in the wedge resection group as compared with those in lobectomy (P < 0.05). However, for T1a tumors, no significant difference was found in risk adjusted 5-y cancer-specific survival for patients who underwent wedge resection, segmentectomy (hazard ratio, 1.009; 95% confidence interval 0.624-1.631; P = 0.972), or lobectomy (hazard ratio, 0.98; 95% confidence interval, 0.691-1.388; P = 0.908). Conclusions: Sublobar resection is not inferior to lobectomy for T1a N0 M0 NSCLC in the elderly and should be considered a viable alternative in this high-risk population.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Journal of Surgical Research
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether enhanced three-dimensional ultrasound (US) could increase the accuracy and efficacy for liver tumor identification and needle placement. Methods: In a prospective study, 30 surgeons of various training levels were evaluated for lesion identification success and accuracy of needle placement. All surgeons were evaluated for time (seconds) to identify the liver lesions in an artificial model and placement of needles after review of a 3-phase computed tomography scan of the liver, first using standard B-mode US and then using E-3DUS. Results: Participants included 10 hepato-pancreatico-biliary surgeons, 5 surgical fellows, 10 postgraduate years 4 and 5 surgical residents, and 5 postgraduate year-3 residents. Liver lesions were correctly identified in 73% of the cases using B-mode US alone and 100% in E-3DUS. The mean time to identification using B-mode was 51.9 s (standard deviation ±37.1), which was significantly longer than with E-3DUS (time, 17.9 s, standard deviation ±10.7; P = 0.002). There was significant improvement in time-to-lesion identification using E-3DUS across all training levels (P ≤ 0.002). There was also a significant reduction in time for accurate needle placement across all training levels (mean reduction of 60%, with enhanced accuracy [P = 0.001]) CONCLUSIONS: E-3DUS significantly enhances lesion identification regardless of size and enhances needle accuracy for all surgeons. This adjunctive system should be considered for both training and for all complex liver tumor ablations.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Journal of Surgical Research
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Liver resection is the mainstay of treatment for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and compensated cirrhosis. We investigated the relationship between the morphologic severity of cirrhosis and post-hepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) and evaluated the role of cirrhosis staging in determination of the extent limit for liver resection. Methods: The clinicopathologic data of 672 consecutive patients with Child-Pugh grade A liver function who underwent curative liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma in Tongji Hospital from 2009 to 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. Severity of cirrhosis was staged morphologically and histologically. Risk factors for histologic cirrhosis and PHLF were analyzed. The extent limit of liver resection with reference to morphologic staging was studied. Results: Morphologic and histologic stages were significantly correlated (τ = 0.809, P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that morphologic staging was the most crucial factor for histologic cirrhosis (odds ratio = 26.99, 95% confidence interval = 16.88-43.14, P < 0.001) and PHLF (odds ratio = 11.48, 95% confidence interval = 6.04-21.82, P < 0.001). The incidence of PHLF was high in patients with mild cirrhosis after resection of four or more liver segments (13.6%), those with moderate cirrhosis after major resection (38.1%), and those with severe cirrhosis or severe portal hypertension after resection of two or more liver segments (63.2% and 50.0%, respectively). Conclusions: Morphologic severity of cirrhosis is an independent predictor of PHLF. Resection of fewer than four liver segments is justified in patients with mild cirrhosis. Major resection is not recommended in patients with moderate cirrhosis. In patients with severe cirrhosis or severe portal hypertension, only resection of fewer than two liver segments can be safely performed.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Journal of Surgical Research
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    ABSTRACT: Background: We have recently shown that inhibition of peptidylarginine deiminase (PAD) improves survival in a rodent model of lethal cecal ligation and puncture. The roles of PAD inhibitors in hemorrhagic shock (HS), however, are largely unknown. The goal of this study was to investigate the effects of YW3-56, a novel PAD inhibitor, on survival after severe HS. Methods: Mouse macrophages were exposed to hypoxic conditions followed by reoxygenation in the presence or absence of YW3-56. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was performed to measure levels of secreted tumor necrosis factor α and interleukin-6 in the culture medium. Cell viability was determined by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium assay. In the survival experiment, anesthetized male Wistar-Kyoto rats (n = 10/group) were subjected to 55% blood loss, and treated with or without YW3-56 (10 mg/kg, intraperitoneally). Survival was monitored for 12 h. In the nonsurvival experiment, morphologic changes of the lungs were examined. Levels of circulating cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant 1 (CINC-1) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) in the lungs were measured by ELISA. Expression of lung intercellular adhesion molecules-1 (ICAM-1) was also determined by Western blotting. Results: Hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) insult induced tumor necrosis factor α and interleukin-6 secretion from macrophages, which was significantly attenuated by YW3-56 treatment. YW3-56 treatment also increased cell viability when macrophages were exposed to H/R up to 6/15 h and improved survival rate from 20% to 60% in lethal HS rat model. Compared to the sham groups, pulmonary MPO activity and ICAM-1 expression in the HS group were significantly increased, and acute lung injury was associated with a higher degree of CINC-1 levels in serum. Intraperitoneal delivery of YW3-56 significantly reduced pulmonary MPO and ICAM-1 expression and attenuated acute lung injury. Conclusions: Our results demonstrate for the first time that administration of YW3-56, a novel PAD inhibitor, can improve survival in a rat model of HS and in a cell culture model of H/R. The survival advantage is associated with an attenuation of local and systemic pro-inflammatory cytokines and the protection against acute lung injury after hemorrhage. Thus, PAD inhibition may represent a novel and promising therapeutic strategy for severe HS.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Journal of Surgical Research
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    ABSTRACT: Background: BML-111 is a lipoxin receptor agonist that has protective effects in various lung injury models. We tried to elucidate whether BML-111 could mitigate lung injury in a mouse model of endotoxemia and endothelial hyperpermeability in vitro. Methods: The effect of BML-111 on lung injury was evaluated using C57BL/6 mice and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Male C57BL/6 mice were intraperitoneally injected with normal saline, BML-111, and/or the lipoxin receptor antagonist Boc-2. Then, either lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or normal saline was given intraperitoneally. Lung injury was assessed by a pathohistologic examination for neutrophil infiltration, pulmonary endothelial permeability, and inflammatory cytokines in lung tissue and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. HUVECs were treated with or without BML-111 before incubation with LPS for 24 h. Boc-2 was also tested as a novel inhibitor of BML-111. A Transwell assay was used to evaluate the permeability of HUVECs. Junction protein expression was also assessed. Results: BML-111 significantly improved the mouse survival rate, reduced body weight loss, attenuated the pulmonary pathologic changes, inhibited neutrophil infiltration and proinflammatory cytokine production, and mitigated endothelial hyperpermeability. The decreased expression of junction proteins induced by LPS in lung tissue and endothelial cells were upregulated by BML-111. In addition, BML-111 inhibited the activation of the Akt, ERK1/2, and p38 MAPK signaling pathways. However, the beneficial effects of BML-111 were abolished by Boc-2. Conclusions: BML-111 attenuated lung injury in endotoxemic mice and mitigated endothelial hyperpermeability by upregulating the expression of junction proteins.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Journal of Surgical Research
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    ABSTRACT: Background: To clarify the relationship between the presence of pulmonary emphysema and tumor microenvironment and their significance for the clinicopathologic aggressiveness of non-small cell lung cancer. Methods: The subjects included 48 patients with completely resected and pathologically confirmed stage I non-small cell lung cancer. Quantitative computed tomography was used to diagnose pulmonary emphysema, and immunohistochemical staining was performed to evaluate the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression status in the intratumoral stromal cells as well as the microvessel density (MVD). Results: Positive MMP-9 staining in the intratumoral stromal cells was confirmed in 17 (35%) of the 48 tumors. These 17 tumors were associated with a high MVD, frequent lymphovascular invasion, a high proliferative activity, and high postoperative recurrence rate (all, P < 0.05). The majority of the tumors (13 of 17) arose in patients with pulmonary emphysema (P = 0.02). Lung cancers arising from pulmonary emphysema were also associated with a high MVD, proliferative activity, and postoperative recurrence rate (all, P < 0.05). Conclusions: The MMP-9 expression in intratumoral stromal cells is associated with the clinicopathologic aggressiveness of lung cancer and is predominantly identified in tumors arising in emphysematous lungs. Further studies regarding the biological links between the intratumoral and extratumoral microenvironment will help to explain why lung cancers originating in emphysematous lung tissues are associated with a poor prognosis.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Journal of Surgical Research

  • No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Journal of Surgical Research
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The pathological fracture is a most important complication during bone cyst and can be prevented by early focus clearance and bone grafting. Tissue-engineered bone (TEB) with outstanding osteogenesis is a better choice for bone repair. Here, we firstly reported that TEB was used to heal bone cyst. Materials and methods: The clinical data were collected from 23 patients who received bone defect repair separately with TEB or allogeneic bone (Allo-B) after erasion during 2004-2008. Allo-B had been as a control. The healing time and healing quality, the incidence of complications, the safety, and the bone grafting failure rate were compared. Results: In TEB group, the follow-up time was 28 ± 15.48 months; nine cases were confirmed healed (3.45 ± 2.01 months), one case was cyst healing with defect, and one case had relapse. In Allo-B, 12 patients were followed up for 28.58 ± 20.44 months; seven cases were confirmed healed (6.75 ± 3.31 mo), four cases were cyst healing with defect, and one case had relapse. After operation, no statistically significant differences in bone healing and incidence of complications were observed between two groups, but the difference in bone healing time was statistically significant (P < 0.05). There was no else tumorigenesis in both groups. Conclusions: In treating simple bone cyst, Allo-B and TEB have considerable efficacy and safety; TEB is superior to Allo-B in respect of healing time; there is no rejection after TEB grafting but certain rejection after Allo-B grafting.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Journal of Surgical Research
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    ABSTRACT: Background: A rodent occlusal hypofunction model has been widely established in jawbone-related studies. However, the effects of occlusal stimuli, with total elimination of molar contacts, and its rehabilitation on mandibular remodeling remain unclear. Materials and methods: Forty-eight 5-wk-old Sprague-Dawley male rats were used. Twenty-four experimental rats underwent occlusal hypofunction by insertion of a bite-raising appliance. Twenty-four rats received no treatment (control group). Two weeks later, half the experimental rats (occlusal hypofunction group) were killed; the appliance was removed from the remaining experimental rats (recovery group) for two additional weeks before killing. Control animals were killed biweekly. Body weight and masseter muscle weight were measured, and the mandibles were subjected to micro-computed tomography to evaluate the mandibular morphology and cortical bone characteristics. The expressions of osteoblast- and osteoclast-related genes were evaluated with quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Results: No significant body weight differences were observed between the experimental and control rats. However, lighter masseter muscle, shorter mandibular incisor crown, mandibular body and ramus, and higher mandibular alveolar process and first molar fossae were observed in the occlusal hypofunction group. Moreover, the cortical bone characteristics associated with the expression of osteoblast- and osteoclast-related genes were remarkably different in the central and posterior mandible in the occlusal hypofunction group. At the 2-wk recovery time point after occlusal stimuli, the altered parameters in the masseter and mandible returned to normal levels. Conclusions: Mandibular remodeling via bone turnover is region specific for altered occlusal stimuli. Normal occlusion is an important determinant of the mandibular morphology and architecture.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Journal of Surgical Research