Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications (Biochem Biophys Res Comm)

Publisher: Elsevier

Journal description

Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications is the premier international journal devoted to the very rapid dissemination (six weeks) of timely and significant experimental results in the diverse fields of biological research. Frequent publication (36 issues per year) ensures a steady stream of information. The development of the "Breakthroughs and Views" section brings the minireview format to the journal. In addition, the editors have expanded the journalís scope. Research Areas now include: Biochemistry Cell Biology; Developmental Biology; Immunology; Neurobiology; Biophysics; Molecular Biology; Plant Biology.

Current impact factor: 2.30

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 2.297
2013 Impact Factor 2.281
2012 Impact Factor 2.406
2011 Impact Factor 2.484
2010 Impact Factor 2.595
2009 Impact Factor 2.548
2008 Impact Factor 2.648
2007 Impact Factor 2.749
2006 Impact Factor 2.855
2005 Impact Factor 3
2004 Impact Factor 2.904
2003 Impact Factor 2.836
2002 Impact Factor 2.935
2001 Impact Factor 2.946
2000 Impact Factor 3.055
1999 Impact Factor 3.161
1998 Impact Factor 2.78
1997 Impact Factor 2.671
1996 Impact Factor 2.872
1995 Impact Factor 3.179
1994 Impact Factor 3.4
1993 Impact Factor 3.312
1992 Impact Factor 3.583

Impact factor over time

Impact factor
Year

Additional details

5-year impact 2.38
Cited half-life 9.50
Immediacy index 0.48
Eigenfactor 0.10
Article influence 0.69
Website Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications website
Other titles Biochemical and biophysical research communications (Online), Biochemical and biophysical research communications
ISSN 1090-2104
OCLC 35247010
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Elsevier

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Authors pre-print on any website, including arXiv and RePEC
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on open access repository after an embargo period of between 12 months and 48 months
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months
    • Author's post-print may be used to update arXiv and RepEC
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Must link to publisher version with DOI
    • Author's post-print must be released with a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License
    • Publisher last reviewed on 03/06/2015
  • Classification
    green

Publications in this journal


  • No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aquaporin (AQP) 9, a member of the transmembrane water channel family, is defined as a water/glycerol transporting protein. Some AQPs including AQP3 and AQP8 have been recently found to transport hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Here we show that AQP9 facilitates the membrane transport of H2O2 in human and mice cells. Enforced expression of human AQP9 in Chinese hamster ovary-K1 potentiated the increase in cellular H2O2 after adding exogenous H2O2. In contrast, AQP9 knockdown by siRNA in human hepatoma HepG2 cells reduced the import of extracellular H2O2. In addition, the uptake of extracellular H2O2 was suppressed in erythrocytes and bone marrow-derived mast cells from AQP9 knockout mice compared with wild-type cells. Coincidentally, H2O2-induced cytotoxicity was attenuated by AQP9 deficiency in human and mice cells. Our findings implicate the involvement of AQP9 in H2O2 transport in human and mice cells.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Breast cancer is diverse in their natural history and in their responsiveness to treatments. It is urgent to generate candidate biomarkers for the stratification of patients and personalization of therapy to avoid overtreatment or inadequate treatment. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been found to be pervasively transcribed in the genome and played critical roles in cancer progression. A lot of lncRNAs have been reported as potential prognostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets in multiple cancers. In this study, we demonstrated that FGF14 antisense RNA 2 (FGF14-AS2), a novel long non-coding RNA, was significantly down-regulated in breast cancer tissue compared with adjacent normal tissue both in validated cohort and TCGA cohort. Reduced expression of FGF14-AS2 was correlated with larger tumor size, more lymph node metastasis and advanced clinical stage in both cohorts. Kaplan–Meier analysis indicated that patients with lower FGF14-AS2 expression had a worse overall survival. Moreover, multivariate analysis revealed that decreased expression of FGF14-AS2 was an independent predictor of overall survival. Together, these results suggested that FGF14-AS2 involved in the progress of breast cancer and might act as a tumor suppressor gene. To the best of our knowledge, it was firstly reported that FGF14-AS2 was involved in cancer. This study provided a potential new marker and a target for gene therapy in breast cancer treatment.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Receptor activity-modifying protein 2 (RAMP2) enables the calcitonin receptor-like receptor (CLR, a family B GPCR) to form the type 1 adrenomedullin receptor (AM1 receptor). Here, we investigated the effects of the five non-visual GPCR kinases (GRKs 2 through 6) on the cell surface expression of the human (h)AM1 receptor by cotransfecting each of these GRKs into HEK-293 cells that stably expressed hRAMP2. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that when coexpressed with GRK4 or GRK5, the cell surface expression of the AM1 receptor was markedly decreased prior to stimulation with AM, thereby attenuating both the specific [125I]AM binding and AM-induced cAMP production. These inhibitory effects of both GRKs were abolished by the replacement of the cytoplasmic C-terminal tail (C-tail) of CLR with that of the calcitonin receptor (a family B GPCR) or β2-adrenergic receptor (a family A GPCR). Among the sequentially truncated CLR C-tail mutants, those lacking the five residues 449–453 (Ser-Phe-Ser-Asn-Ser) abolished the inhibition of the cell surface expression of CLR via the overexpression of GRK4 or GRK5. Thus, we provided new insight into the function of GRKs in agonist-unstimulated GPCR trafficking using a recombinant AM1 receptor and further determined the region of the CLR C-tail responsible for this GRK function.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The intermediate conductance calcium-activated potassium channel (KCa3.1) mediates proliferation of many cell types including fibroblasts, and is a molecular target for intervention in various cell proliferative diseases. Our previous study showed that reduction of KCa3.1 channel expression by lyso-globotriaosylceramide (lyso-Gb3) inhibits differentiation into myofibroblasts and collagen synthesis, which might lead to development of ascending thoracic aortic aneurysm secondary to Fabry disease. However, how lyso-Gb3 downregulates KCa3.1 channel expression is unknown. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the underlying mechanisms of lyso-Gb3-mediated KCa3.1 channel downregulation, focusing on the cAMP signaling pathway. We found that lyso-Gb3 increased the intracellular cAMP concentration by upregulation of adenylyl cyclase 6 and inhibited ERK 1/2 phosphorylation through the protein kinase A (PKA) pathway, leading to the inhibition of KCa3.1 channel synthesis, not the exchange protein directly activated by cAMP (Epac) pathway. Moreover, lyso-Gb3 suppressed expression of class II phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase C2β (PI3KC2β) by PKA activation, which reduces the production of phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate [PI(3)P], and the reduced membrane surface expression of KCa3.1 channel was recovered by increasing the intracellular levels of PI(3)P. Consequently, our findings that lyso-Gb3 inhibited both KCa3.1 channel synthesis and surface expression by increasing intracellular cAMP, and controlled surface expression through changes in PI3KC2β-mediated PI(3)P production, suggest that modulation of PKA and PI3KC2β activity to control of KCa3.1 channel expression can be an alternative important target to attenuate ascending thoracic aortic aneurysms in Fabry disease.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The mouse embryonic yolk sac is an extraembryonic membrane that consists of a visceral yolk sac (VYS) and parietal yolk sac (PYS), and functions in hematopoietic-circulation in the fetal stage. The present study was undertaken to examine the normal development of both murine VYS and PYS tissues using various molecular markers, and to establish a novel VYS cell culture system in vitro for analyzing differentiation potentials of VYS cells. RT-PCR and immunohistochemical analyses of gene expression in VYS and PYS tissues during development revealed several useful markers for their identification: HNF1β, HNF4α, Cdh1 (E-cadherin), Krt8 and Krt18 for VYS epithelial cells, and Stra6, Snail1, Thbd and vimentin for PYS cells. PYS cells exhibited mesenchymal characteristics in gene expression and morphology. When VYS cells at 11.5 days of gestation were cultured in vitro for 7 days, the number of HNF1β-, HNF4α-, E-cadherin- and cytokeratin-positive VYS epithelial cells was significantly reduced and, instead, Stra6-and vimentin-positive PYS-like cells increased with culture. RT-PCR analyses also demonstrated that gene expression of VYS markers decreased, whereas that of PYS markers increased in the primary culture of VYS cells. These data indicate that VYS epithelial cells rapidly transdifferentiate into PYS cells having mesenchymal characteristics in vitro, which may provide a culture system suitable for studying molecular mechanisms of VYS transdifferentiation into PYS cells and also epithelial-mesenchymal transition.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Ginsenosides, the major bio-active ingredients included in Panax ginseng, have been known for the hair growth activity and used to treat patients who suffer from hair loss; however, the detailed mechanisms of this action are still largely unknown. This study was conducted to investigate the molecular and cellular mechanisms responsible for hair growth promoting effect of ginsenoside Re (GRe) in vitro and in vivo. Different doses of minoxidil and GRe were administered topically to the back regions of nude mice for up to 45 days, and hair shaft length and hair cycles were determined for hair promoting activities. Topical treatment of GRe significantly increased the hair shaft length and hair existent time, which was comparable to the action of minoxidil. We also demonstrated that GRe stimulated hair shaft elongation in the ex vivo cultures of vibrissa hair follicles isolated from C57BL/6 mouse. Systemic transcriptome analysis by next generation sequencing demonstrated that TGF-β-pathway related genes were selectively down-regulated by treatment of GRe in vivo, and the same treatment suppressed TGF-β-induced phosphorylation of ERK in HeLa cells. The results clearly indicated that GRe is the effective constituent in the ginseng on hair promotion via selective inhibition of the hair growth phase transition related signaling pathways, TGF-β signaling cascasdes.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: The fatty liver could increase the risk of serious acute ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury, and hepatic steatosis is indeed a major risk factor for hepatic failure after grafting a fatty liver. Materials & methods: Fatty liver models of methionine- and choline-deficient high-fat mice were subjected to I/R injury with or without 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA)/sodium ferrous citrate (SFC) treatment. Levels of hepatic enzymes, lipid peroxidation and apoptosis, inflammatory cytokines and heme oxygenase (HO)-1, and the carbon monoxide (CO) in the liver, and reactive oxygen species (ROS), inflammatory cytokines and members of the signaling pathway in isolated Kupffer were assessed. Results: Alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase levels, the number of necrotic areas, thiobarbituric acid reactive substance content, TUNEL-positive cells, infiltrated macrophages, and the inflammatory cytokine expression after I/R injury were dramatically decreased, whereas the endogenous CO concentrations and the HO-1 expression were significantly increased by 5-ALA/SFC treatment. The expression of toll-like receptors 2 and 4, NF-κB and inflammatory cytokines and ROS production in Kupffer cells were significantly decreased with 5-ALA/SFC treatment. Conclusion: 5-ALA/SFC significantly attenuates the injury level in the fatty liver after I/R injury.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Probing protein–protein interactions in living cells is crucial for understanding the protein functions and developing drugs. Small-sized protein binders are considered effective and useful for such analysis. Here we describe the development and use of a repebody, which is a protein binder composed of LRR (Leucine-rich repeat) modules, for tracking protein–protein interaction and localization in real-time through live-cell imaging. A repebody with high affinity for a red fluorescent protein was selected through a phage display, fused with a green fluorescent protein, and applied for tracing a red fluorescent protein-fused target protein in mammalian cells. The potential and utility of our approach was demonstrated by tracking the rapamycin-mediated interaction between FKBP12-rapamycin binding (FRB) domain and a FK506-binding protein (FKBP) and their localization by live-cell imaging. The present approach can be widely used for the analysis of protein–protein interaction and an understanding of complex biological processes in living cells.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Arabidopsis bZIP60 is a major transcription factor that activates the unfolded protein response and is regulated by cytoplasmic splicing. Two Arabidopsis inositol-requiring enzyme1s (IRE1A and IRE1B) cleave bZIP60 mRNA; however, the ligase that connects the two half-molecules of the split bZIP60 mRNA has not yet been identified. We aimed to determine whether the Arabidopsis tRNA ligase RLG1 catalyzes the ligation of cleaved bZIP60 mRNA. Recombinant IRE1B containing the ribonuclease domain correctly cleaved synthetic RNA covering the cleaved site of bZIP60 in vitro. Recombinant RLG1 then ligated the two cleaved fragments. The cytoplasmic form of RLG1 was expressed in a T-DNA insertion mutant whose homozygote exhibited a lethal phenotype and when the transgene was substituted with endogenous RLG1, the plants grew normally. RLG1 proteins derived from transgene were mainly found in the cytoplasm; however, some were in the microsomal fraction, possibly on the ER membrane. This intracellular distribution of RLG1 is discussed.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins are synthesized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), transported to the extracellular milieu through the secretory pathway, and assembled into an extracellular architecture. A previous study of ours showed that periostin, a secretory protein, interacts with fibronectin and is involved in ECM remodeling. Here we show that periostin played a role in fibronectin secretion from the ER. Co-immunoprecipitation and in situ proximity ligation assays revealed an interaction between periostin and fibronectin in the ER. Although accumulation of fibronectin was detected in the ER of fibroblastic C3H10T1/2 cells, forced expression of periostin in those cells decreased the accumulation of fibronectin in the ER, suggesting that periostin promoted the secretion of fibronectin. A substitution mutant of tryptophan at the position 65 to alanine in the EMI domain of periostin, which caused periostin to lose its ability to interact with fibronectin, did not decrease the accumulation. Furthermore, targeted disruption of periostin in mice caused the non-fibrillar and ectopic deposition of fibronectin in the periodontal ligament. Thus, these results demonstrate a subcellular role of periostin in promotion of fibronectin secretion from the ER.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The guanine nucleotide exchange factor GEF-H1 (also known as ARHGEF2) is identified as a member of the Dbl family of GEFs. It regulates RhoA-dependent cell signaling pathways and plays important roles in biological processes. GEF-H1 contains an N-terminal zinc finger domain, a Dbl-homologous (DH) domain followed by a Pleckstrin homology (PH) domain, and a C-terminal domain. The specific roles of its PH domain are poorly understood. Here we report the crystal structure of human GEF-H1 PH domain to 2.45 Å resolution. A conserved surface is formed by β8, β9, β10, and it may mediate protein-protein interactions. Although the folding resembles other PH domains that have defined structures, superposition of different PH domains clearly shows that the loop between β6/β7 and the loop between β3/β4 are so close that they will prevent its binding with phosphoinositide due to steric hindrance, and this has been proved by isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) and thermal shift assay (TSA). Our studies provide a structural framework for further work on the function of GEF-H1.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2016 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Prostaglandins (PGs) play important roles in diverse physiological processes in the central nervous system. PGD2 is the most abundant PG in the brain and acts through specific receptors, DP1 and CRTH2. We investigated the effects of PGD2 on the morphology of the hypothalamic cell line mHypoE-N37 (N37). In N37 cells, serum starvation induced neurite outgrowth and PGD2 elicited neurite retraction, although we failed to detect transcripts for DP1 and CRTH2. Such an effect of PGD2 was efficiently mimicked by its metabolite, 15-deoxy-Δ12,14-prostaglandin J2. N-acetyl cysteine completely abolished the effect of PGD2, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) were considered to be important. Notably, neurite outgrowth was restored by PGD2 removal. These results suggest that PGD2 induces reversible neurite retraction in a ROS-mediated mechanism that does not involve any known receptor.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Spindle dynamics drives chromosome movement and mitotic progression during mitosis. Microtubule (MT)-associated proteins (MAPs) regulate MT stabilization/destabilization and MT polymerization/depolymerization for congression of sister chromatids at the mitotic equator and subsequent segregation toward the spindle poles. Here, we identified ANKRD53 as a novel DDA3-interacting protein through proteomic analysis. Based on expression profiles, ANKRD53 is phosphorylated by mitotic kinases during mitosis. In ANKRD53-depleted HeLa cells, the progression of mitosis was delayed and the number of unaligned chromosomes increased substantially. In addition, spindle MT polymerization decreased and the spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) was concomitantly activated by the decreased spindle dynamics in ANKRD53-depleted cells. Although ANKRD53 is recruited to the mitotic spindle by DDA3, it counteracts the activity of DDA3 for spindle MT polymerization. Furthermore, ANKRD53 depletion increased the number of bi-nuclei and polylobed nuclei. Thus, ANKRD53 is recruited to the mitotic spindle by DDA3 and acts as a regulator of spindle dynamics and cytokinesis.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: where Eij is an integrative effect size of gene i in study j, and α is a parameter, called weight-on-fold-change, which determines relative weight of each statistic: higher values of α increase the impact of fold-change ratio. Our method practically determines the value of α from the dataset being analyzed, adjusting in a range between 0.0 and 1.0 by increment of 0.1 in a way to maximize an area under receiver-operating-characteristic curve (AUC) value. and denotes the median value of expression levels in treatment (t) and control (c) group, respectively, and and denotes the mean of expression level of each group. Sp denotes an estimated pooled standard deviation, where sc and st are standard deviation and nc and nt are the number of samples in each group.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2016 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: TRAIP/RNF206 plays diverse roles in cell cycle progression, DNA damage response, and DNA repair pathways. Physiological importance of TRAIP is highlighted by the identification of pathogenic mutations of TRAIP gene in patients diagnosed with primordial dwarfism. Although the diverse functions of TRAIP in the nucleus have been well characterized, molecular mechanism of TRAIP retention in the nucleus has not been determined. Here, we discovered that TRAIP is post-translationally modified by the small ubiquitin-like protein (SUMO). In addition, we identified five SUMOylation sites in TRAIP, and successfully generated SUMOylation deficient mutant of TRAIP. In an attempt to define the functional roles of TRAIP SUMOylation, we discovered that SUMOylation deficient TRAIP is not retained in the nucleus. In addition, protein stability of SUMOylation deficient TRAIP is lower than wild type TRAIP, demonstrating that SUMOylation is critical for both proper subcellular localization and protein stability of TRAIP. Taken together, these findings improve the understanding clinical implication of TRAIP in various diseases including primordial dwarfism and cancers.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cdc42, a small Rho GTPase family member, has been shown to regulate multiple cellular functions in vitro, including actin cytoskeletal reorganization, cell migration, proliferation, and gene expression. However, its tissue-specific roles in vivo remain largely unknown, especially in postnatal cartilage development, as cartilage-specific Cdc42 inactivated mice die within a few days after birth. In this study, we investigated the physiological functions of Cdc42 during cartilage development after birth using tamoxifen-induced cartilage-specific inactivated Cdc42 conditional knockout (Cdc42fl/fl; Col2-CreERT) mice, which were generated by crossing Cdc42 flox mice (Cdc42fl/fl) with tamoxifen-induced type II collagen (Col2) Cre transgenic mice using a Cre/loxP system. The gross morphology of the Cdc42 cKO mice was shorter limbs and body, as well as reduced body weight as compared with the controls. In addition, severe defects were found in growth plate chondrocytes of the long bones, characterized by a shorter proliferating zone (PZ), wider hypertrophic zone (HZ), and loss of columnar organization of proliferating chondrocytes, resulting in delayed endochondral bone formation associated with abnormal bone growth. Our findings demonstrate the importance of Cdc42 for cartilage development during both embryonic and postnatal stages.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Three-Amino-acid-Loop-Extension(TALE) homeodomain transcription factor BLH3 regulates timing of transition from vegetative to reproductive phase. Previous preliminary results obtained using large-scale yeast two-hybrids indicate that BLH3 protein possibly interact with Ovate Family Proteins(OFPs) transcription co-regulators. Nevertheless, it is uncertain whether OFP1-BLH3 complex is involved in regulation of timing of transition from vegetative to reproductive phase in Arabidopsis. The interaction between BLH3 and OFP1 was re-tested and verified by a yeast two-hybrid system. We found that the BLH3-OFP1 interaction was mainly mediated through the BLH3 homeodomain. Meanwhile, this interaction was further confirmed by bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) in vivo. Further, by establishing protoplast transient expression, we discovered that BLH3 acts as a transcriptional activator, whereas OFP1 functioned as a repressor. The interactions between OFP1 and BLH3 can reduce BLH3 transcriptional activity. The ofp1 mutant lines and blh3 mutant lines, OFP1 overexpress lines and BLH3 overexpress lines can both influence timing of transition from vegetative to reproductive phase. Furthermore, 35s:OFP1/blh3 plants exhibited flowering and leaf quantity similar to that of the wild-type controls. 35s:BLH3/ofp1 plants flowered earlier and had less leaves than wild-type controls, indicating that OFP1 protein might depend partially on BLH3 in its function to regulate the timing of transition from vegetative to reproductive phase. These results support our assumption that, by interacting with OFP1, BLH3 forms a functional protein complex that controls timing of progression from vegetative to reproductive phase, and OFP1 might negatively regulate BLH3 or the BLH-KNOX complex, an important interaction for sustaining the normal transition from vegetative to reproductive phase.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: miRNAs are recently found playing important roles in osteogenesis. In this study, we identified that miR-222-3p decreased during osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) using Quantitative Real-Time Reverse Transcription PCR (qRT-PCR). Furthermore, we investigated the effect of miR-222-3p on osteogenic differentiation of hBMSCs. Inhibition of miR-222-3p function in hBMSCs using infection of lentiviruses carrying miR-222-3p specific inhibitor promoted expression of osteoblast-specific genes, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, and matrix mineralization. Whereas, overexpression of miR-222-3p inhibited osteoblast differentiation of hBMSCs in vitro. Moreover, Smad5 and RUNX2, which are the critical transcription factors in osteogenic differentiation, were predicted to be targets of miR-222-3p by bioinformatic analysis. Overexpression of miR-222-3p in hBMSCs significantly suppressed the protein levels of Smad5 and RUNX2, while inhibition of miR-222-3p increased their protein levels. Furthermore, inhibition of miR-222-3p increased phosphorylation of Smad1/5/8, which regulated the expression of osteogenic genes. Our findings suggest that suppression of miR-222-3p activity promoted osteogenic differentiation hBMSCs through regulating Smad5-RUNX2 signaling axis.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Adiponectin, an adipose-specific protein hormone, is secreted from white adipose tissue and involved in glucose and lipid metabolism. It is assembled into low-molecular-weight trimer (LMW), middle-molecular-weight hexameric (MMW) and high-molecular-weight (HMW), among which HMW exhibits higher activity. In this study, we proved that C-reactive protein (CRP), an inflammatory marker, inhibited adiponectin expression, especially HMW in time-and dose-dependent manners. Furthermore, CRP decreased the HMW/total adiponectin ration and reduced adiponectin assembly by increasing ERp44, and decreasing Ero1-α and DsbA-L. CRP activated pAkt, the downstream of PI3K. Inhibition of PI3K or pAkt abolished the effect of CRP. Our study suggested that CRP decreased adiponectin expression and multimerization, while CRP-induced decline in adiponectin might be mediated through the PI3K/Akt pathway.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications