The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (J ALTERN COMPLEM MED)

Publisher: Mary Ann Liebert

Journal description

The journal includes observational and analytical reports on treatments outside the realm of allopathic medicine which are gaining interest and warranting research to assess their therapeutic value. It includes current concepts in clinical care, including case reports that will be valuable for health care professionals and scientists who are seeking to evaluate and integrate these therapies into patient care protocols and research strategies.

Current impact factor: 1.59

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 1.585
2013 Impact Factor 1.518
2012 Impact Factor 1.464
2011 Impact Factor 1.585
2010 Impact Factor 1.498
2009 Impact Factor 1.685
2008 Impact Factor 1.628
2007 Impact Factor 1.526
2006 Impact Factor 1.104
2005 Impact Factor 1.051
2004 Impact Factor 1.401
2003 Impact Factor 0.979
2002 Impact Factor 1.261
2001 Impact Factor 0.927
2000 Impact Factor 1.233

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.78
Cited half-life 6.60
Immediacy index 0.27
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.39
Website Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine website
Other titles Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.: Online), Journal of alternative and complementary medicine
ISSN 1075-5535
OCLC 45694924
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Mary Ann Liebert

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • On author's personal website
    • On institutional repository, pre-print server or research network after 12 months embargo
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Set statement to accompany deposit (see policy)
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged
    • NIH authors will have their final paper, (post peer review, copy-editing and proof-reading) deposited in PubMed Central on their behalf
    • Must link to publisher version with DOI
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: Stress is caused when a particular relationship between the individual and the environment emerges. Specifically, stress occurs when an individual's abilities are challenged or when one's well-being is threatened by excessive environmental demands. The aim of this study was to measure the effects of music therapy on stress in university students. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Participants: Sixty-four students were randomly assigned to the experimental group (n = 33) or the control group (n = 31). Intervention: Music therapy. Outcome measures: Initial measurement included cardiovascular indicators (blood pressure and pulse), autonomic nervous activity (standard deviation of the normal-to-normal intervals [SDNN], normalized low frequency, normalized high frequency, low/high frequency), and subjective stress. After the first measurement, participants in both groups were exposed to a series of stressful tasks, and then a second measurement was conducted. The experimental group then listened to music for 20 minutes and the control group rested for 20 minutes. A third and final measurement was then taken. Results: There were no significant differences between the two groups in the first or second measurement. However, after music therapy, the experimental group and the control group showed significant differences in all variables, including systolic blood pressure (p = .026), diastolic blood pressure (p = .037), pulse (p < .001), SDNN (p = .003), normalized low frequency (p < .001), normalized high frequency (p = .010), and subjective stress (p = .026). Conclusion: Classical music tends to relax the body and may stimulate the parasympathetic nervous system. These results suggest music therapy as an intervention for stress reduction.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: Ayurvedic oil-dripping treatment (Shirodhara) is often used for treating sleep problems. However, few properly designed studies have been conducted, and the quantitative effect of Shirodhara is unclear. This study sought to quantitatively evaluate the effect of sesame oil Shirodhara (SOS) against warm water Shirodhara (WWS) on improving sleep quality and quality of life (QOL) among persons reporting sleep problems. Methods: This randomized, single-blinded, crossover study recruited 20 participants. Each participant received seven 30-minute sessions within 2 weeks with either liquid. The washout period was at least 2 months. The Shirodhara procedure was conducted by a robotic oil-drip system. The outcomes were assessed by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) for sleep quality, Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) for daytime sleepiness, World Health Organization Quality of Life 26 (WHO-QOL26) for QOL, and a sleep monitor instrument for objective sleep measures. Changes between baseline and follow-up periods were compared between the two types of Shirodhara. Analysis was performed with generalized estimating equations. Results: Of 20 participants, 15 completed the study. SOS improved sleep quality, as measured by PSQI. The SOS score was 1.83 points lower (95% confidence interval [CI], -3.37 to -0.30) at 2-week follow-up and 1.73 points lower (95% CI, -3.84 to 0.38) than WWS at 6-week follow-up. Although marginally significant, SOS also improved QOL by 0.22 points at 2-week follow-up and 0.19 points at 6-week follow-up compared with WWS. After SOS, no beneficial effects were observed on daytime sleepiness or objective sleep measures. Conclusions: This pilot study demonstrated that SOS may be a safe potential treatment to improve sleep quality and QOL in persons with sleep problems.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Given the dearth of literature on this topic, the aim of this study was to understand who chooses to study integrative healthcare at an academic institution and why they choose to do so, the demographic characteristics of the student population, their background, and postgraduate plans. Design: A cross-sectional survey design. Setting: Data were collected at a large, urban, public university with a well-established undergraduate bachelor of science program in integrative healthcare. Participants: A total of 105 declared integrative health undergraduate majors. Measurements: Online research software collected anonymous survey responses during a 2-month period. Results: Survey participants were more likely to be white and full-time students compared with the general undergraduate population. Many respondents discovered the integrative health major and then decided to enroll at the university. Most had used complementary and alternative medicine modalities, such as massage, yoga, and meditation. More than half of the survey participants were dissatisfied with conventional/Western medicine and its providers. Most respondents had a personal interest in complementary and alternative medicine and holistic health that influenced their decision to declare the major. Additionally, more than half of the respondents want to become a complementary and alternative medicine provider. Most survey participants plan to pursue postgraduate training/education in an integrative healthcare-related field. Conclusion: Students who choose to study integrative healthcare in an undergraduate academic institution may mirror the patient population of complementary and alternative medicine practitioners. Their profile, rationale, exposures, intentions, and directions may be helpful to universities considering adding this type of program or postgraduate education programs in attracting new students to integrative health fields. It also informs existing integrative healthcare programs regarding program enhancement. A larger sample involving more integrative health academic institutions would be useful for a future study.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To investigate whether Holotropic Breathwork™ (HB; Grof Transpersonal Training, Mill Valley, CA) has any significance in the development of self-awareness. Design: A quasi-experiment design and multiple case studies. A single case design was replicated. The statistical design was a related within-subject and repeated-measures design (pre-during-post design). Setting/location: The study was conducted in Denmark. Participants: The participants (n = 20) were referred from Danish HB facilitators. Nine were novices and 11 had experience with HB. Intervention: Four HB sessions. Outcome measures: The novices (n = 9) underwent positive temperament changes and the experienced participants (n = 11) underwent positive changes in character. Overall, positive self-awareness changes were indicated; the participants' (n = 20) scores for persistence temperament, interpersonal problems, overly accommodating, intrusive/needy, and hostility were reduced. Changes in temperament were followed by changes in paranoid ideation scale, indicating a wary phase. Results: Participants (n = 20) experienced reductions in their persistence temperament scores. The pretest mean (mean ± standard deviation, 114.15 ± 16.884) decreased at post-test (110.40 ± 16.481; pre-during-test p = 0.046, pre-post-test p = 0.048, pre-post-test effect size [d] = 0.2). Temperament changes were followed by an increase in paranoid ideation; the pre-test mean (47.45 ± 8.88) at post-test had increased to a higher but normal score (51.55 ± 7.864; pre-during-test p = 0.0215, pre-post-test p = 0.021, pre-post-test d = 0.5). Pre-test hostility mean (50.50 ± 10.395) decreased at post-test (47.20 ± 9.001; p = 0.0185; d = 0.3). The Inventory of Interpersonal Problems total pre-test mean (59.05 ± 17.139) was decreased at post-test (54.8 ± 12.408; p = 0.044; d = 0.2). Overly accommodating pre-test mean (56.00 ± 12.303) was decreased at post-test (51.55 ± 7.797; p = 0.0085; d = 0.4). The intrusive/needy pre-test score (57.25 ± 13.329) was decreased at post-test (52.85 ± 10.429; p = 0.005; d = 0.4). Conclusions: The theoretical conclusion is that HB can induce very beneficial temperament changes, which can have positive effects on development of character, measured as an increase in self-awareness.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Health as a positive attribute is poorly understood because understanding requires concepts from physics, of which physicians and other life scientists have a very poor grasp. This paper reviews the physics that bears on biology, in particular complex quaternions and scalar fields, relates these to the morphogenetic fields proposed by biologists, and defines health as an attribute of living action within these fields. The distinction of quality, as juxtaposed with quantity, proves essential. Its basic properties are set out, but a science and mathematics of quality are awaited. The implications of this model are discussed, particularly as proper health enhancement could set a natural limit to demand for, and therefore the cost of, medical services.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine

  • No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Title: Improvements in Mindfulness through Participation in Physical Activity Primary Study Objective Poor health behavior management has led to a preponderance of lifestyle diseases in the United States resulting in astronomical health care costs, loss of productivity, and a reduced quality and length of life. Choosing positive health behaviors early and consistently is essential in the prevention of lifestyle-related diseases such as type II diabetes and obesity. The incorporation of mindfulness techniques while participating in physical activity may provide a productive venue for increases in mindfulness. Ultimately, a non-judgmental, self-awareness-oriented approach to physical activity may impact health behavior management. Methods Forty-seven adults drawn from Saint Peter’s University and the surrounding community were assigned to either an exercise intervention that included 30 minutes of yoga followed by 30 minutes of indoor cycling, or an untreated control. The yoga/cycling sessions were held twice per week with subjects participating for four weeks or eight weeks. During both the yoga session and the cycling session breath work, visualization, body scan, and mindfulness-based readings were provided. In addition, participants quantified their responses by assessing their heart rates, perceived exertion, and exercise induced feelings. Data on the primary and secondary outcomes were collected at baseline and at the completion of the intervention. The primary outcome measure was mindfulness using the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire and the Mindful Eating Inventory. A secondary measure was General Well-being. Results There were no significant differences between the four-week and eight-week intervention groups’ outcome variables; therefore, the pre-test and post-test data for both groups were analyzed together. There was a significant within subjects increase in mindfulness from pre-test to post-test in the intervention group as measured by the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (P<0.048). Among the five facets of the mindfulness questionnaire, the within subjects significant improvements were found in the facets of Observe (P<0.008) and Non-judge (P<0.035). There was also a significant between subjects cross-over effect in mindfulness eating (P< 0.029) with the intervention group’s mindfulness scores increasing and the control group’s mindfulness scores decreasing from pre-test to post-test. Finally, there was a within subjects significant improvement in the intervention group’s general well-being score from pre-test to post-test (P<0.048). Conclusions Participating in physical activity while incorporating mindfulness techniques is a productive method for improving measures of mindfulness. Associating self-care and self-awareness with the participation of physical activity may be a successful approach towards the improvement of health behavior management as evidenced by the improvements made in mindful eating; more research is necessary. Objectives: Design mindfulness-based interventions to impact health behaviors Recognize the components of a mind/body exercise prescription Assess the efficacy of teaching mindfulness techniques and employing them in a cardiovascular activity
    No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To evaluate the compliance with and tolerability of daily cranberry capsule ingestion for asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) prevention in pregnancy. Design: A total of 49 pregnant women from two sites were randomly assigned to cranberry or matching placebo, two doses daily, at gestational ages less than 16 weeks. Patients were followed monthly for urinary tract infection until delivery. Up to seven monthly visits were scheduled for each patient. Delivery data were evaluated. Results: Of 38 evaluable patients, the mean compliance rate over the study period was 82% (range, 20%-100%). This compliance rate and the 74% of patients achieving good (≥75%) compliance were similar between those who received cranberry capsules and placebo. Compliance evaluation revealed that most patients stopped capsule consumption after 34-38 weeks of participation. Multivariate logistic regression and longitudinal analysis showed a significant interaction time effect with cranberry treatment. However, cranberry consumption was not a significant predictor of gastrointestinal intolerance or study withdrawal. Although 30% of patients withdrew for various reasons, only 1 withdrew because of intolerance to the cranberry capsules. Loss to follow-up was mostly due to provider change (9 of 49 [18%]) and therapy disinterest (4 of 49 [8%]). Seven cases of ASB occurred in 5 patients: 2 of 24 (8%) in the cranberry group and 3 of 25 (12%) in the placebo group. No cases of cystitis or pyelonephritis were observed. Conclusion: One third of pregnant women could not complete the study protocol for various reasons. Compliance with and tolerability of cranberry capsule ingestion appear good; these capsules provide a potentially effective means to prevent ASB in pregnancy. Further studies with large samples are necessary to confirm the findings.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine