Drug Delivery (DRUG DELIV)

Publisher: Informa Healthcare

Journal description

Drug Delivery serves the academic and industrial communities with peer reviewed coverage of basic research, development, and application principles of drug delivery and targeting at molecular, cellular, and higher levels. Topics covered include all delivery systems and modes of entry, such as controlled release systems; microcapsules, liposomes, vesicles, and macromolecular conjugates; antibody targeting; protein/peptide delivery. Published articles present original research and critical reviews. The journal also presents letters to the editor, book reviews, and announcements of interest to the readership such as Patent Briefings, Literature Alerts, and Calendars of Events.

Current impact factor: 2.56

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 2.558
2013 Impact Factor 2.202
2012 Impact Factor 2.015
2011 Impact Factor 1.456
2010 Impact Factor 1.246
2009 Impact Factor 1.413
2008 Impact Factor 1.55
2007 Impact Factor 1.642
2006 Impact Factor 1.424
2005 Impact Factor 1.067
2004 Impact Factor 1.327
2003 Impact Factor 1.191
2002 Impact Factor 1.269
2001 Impact Factor 0.792
2000 Impact Factor 0.596
1999 Impact Factor 0.697

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 2.11
Cited half-life 6.00
Immediacy index 1.23
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.42
Website Drug Delivery website
Other titles Drug delivery (Online), Drug delivery
ISSN 1071-7544
OCLC 41545589
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Informa Healthcare

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 months embargo
  • Conditions
    • On author's personal website or institution website
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged
    • Non-commercial
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • NIH funded authors may post articles to PubMed Central for release 12 months after publication
    • Wellcome Trust authors may deposit in Europe PMC after 6 months
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: 10-Hydroxy camptothecin (10-HCPT) is an antitumor agent effective in the treatment of several solid tumors but its use is hampered by poor water solubility, low lactone stability, short plasma half-life and dose-limiting toxicity. These limits of 10-HCPT had been overcome by our group through preparing super macromolecule prodrug: 10-HCPT-hydroxyethyl starch (HES) conjugate. In this study, we mainly evaluated in vitro and in vivo behavior of the prodrug, containing cytotoxicity assay, pharmacodynamics study, vascular irritation test, hemolysis experiment and tissue distribution test of rats. The irritation test results achieved much lower irritation than the commercial injection. The tissue distribution results showed that HES-10-HCPT conjugate increased significantly the 10-HCPT concentration in the tumor, liver and spleen site, whereas decreased the drug concentration in the heart and kidney. The hemolysis effect of the prepared conjugate was not obvious. The pharmacodynamics results indicated that HES-10-HCPT prodrug had a better antitumor efficiency against mice with H22 tumor than the commercial injection, and the inhibition ratio of tumor was 85.2% and 31.1%, respectively at the same dosage. These findings suggest that HES-10-HCPT prodrug is a promising drug delivery system providing improved good injection safety, greater tolerance and antitumor effect.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Drug Delivery
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    ABSTRACT: A nano-liposomal carrier was prepared for the anti-inflammatory drug prednisolone acetate (PA). The drug showed remarkable loading in the nano-carriers. The drug-loaded nano-liposmes with average sizes of about 186 nm and zeta potentials of -20 mV were obtained. Our drug release studies showed an apparently zero-order trend with only 18% of the drug released in the first 120 h. Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analyses showed no chemical interaction between the drug and carrier. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) imaging showed near-spherical drug-containing nano-carriers. The intramuscular (IM) trial of the nanoformulation compared with the free drug showed both pharmacokinetic (lower Cmax, higher area under the curve (AUC)) and pharmacodynamic (higher and longer lasting anti-inflammatory effect, both macroscopically and biochemically) superiority for the nano-liposomal drug above the free prednisolone in rats.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Drug Delivery
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    ABSTRACT: Context: Muscle spasm needs prompt relief of symptoms. Chlorzoxazone is a centrally muscle relaxant. Objectives: The aim of this study was to prepare chlorzoxazone orodispersible tablets (ODTs) allowing the drug to directly enter the systemic circulation and bypassing the first-pass metabolism for both enhancing its bioavailability and exerting a rapid relief of muscular spasm. Materials and methods: ODTs were prepared by direct compression method using Pharmaburst®500, Starlac®, Pearlitol flash®, Prosolv® odt and F-melt® as co-processed excipients. Three ratios of the drug to the other excipients were used (0.5:1, 1:1 and 2:1). Results and discussion: All ODTs were within the pharmacopeial limits for weight and content. ODTs containing Pharmaburst®500 showed the shortest wetting time (∼45.33 s), disintegration time (DT) (∼43.33 s) and dissolution (Q15min 100.63%). By increasing the ratio of CLZ: Pharmaburst®500 from 0.5:1 to 1:1 and 2:1, the DT increased from 26.43 to 28.0 and 43.33 s, respectively. By using Prosolv® odt, ODTs failed to disintegrate in an acceptable time >180 s. DT of ODTs using different co-processed excipients can be arranged as follows: Pharmaburst® 500 < F-melt® <Pearlitol flash® <Starlac® <Prosolv® odt. Pharmacokinetic study of the optimum formula F1 (50 mg CLZ) in rabbits using HPLC-UV detector revealed a shorter Tmax (0.333 h) compared with Myofen® capsules (250 mg CLZ) (1.083 h) which is considered a promising treatment, especially for the rapid relief of muscle spasm. Conclusion: It could be concluded that orodispersible tablets are a promising carrier for CLZ designed for management of muscle spasm due to the enhanced dissolution and rapid absorption of the drug through the oral mucosa.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Drug Delivery
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    ABSTRACT: We report carbohydrate-anchored polyethylene sebacate (PES)-Gantrez� AN 119 Doxorubicin hydrochloride (Dox) nanoparticles (NPs) for enhanced anticancer efficacy. The carbohydrates Arabinogalactan (AGn), an adjuvant in anticancer chemotherapy and pullulan (Pul) reported to promote collagen synthesis, were selected as ligands. PES Dox NPs of an average size around 200 nm, greater than 20% w/w Dox loading and negative zeta potential were anchored with Pul, AGn, and Pul–AGn combination by simple incubation. Increase in particle size and zeta potential confirmed carbohydrate anchoring. FTIR confirmed ionic complexation of Dox and Gantrez� AN 119. DSC and XRD demonstrated amorphization of Dox. Higher Dox release in pH 5.5–6 as compared with pH 7.4 is beneficial for reduced systemic toxicity and enhanced drug release in tumors. Good in vitro serum stability and low hemolysis revealed suitability for intravenous administration. All NPs revealed circulation longevity in normal rats. Pul NPs revealed superior anticancer efficacy in vitro and an 11-fold enhancement in uptake in MCF-7 breast cancer cells. The greater efficacy in vivo is attributed to possible pullulan-mediated integrin receptor uptake and interaction with tumor collagen. Histopathology confirmed safety and suggested promise of Pul NPs in improved anticancer efficacy.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Drug Delivery
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    ABSTRACT: To increase the anti-tumor activity of paclitaxel (PTX), novel temperature-sensitive liposomes loading paclitaxel (PTX-TSL) were developed. In vitro, characteristics of PTX-TSL were evaluated. The mean particle diameter was about 100 nm, and the entrapment efficiency was larger than 95%. The phase-transition temperature of PTX-TSL determined by differential scanning calorimetry was about 42 °C. The result of in vitro drug release from PTX-TSL illustrated that release rate at 37 °C was obviously lower than that at 42 °C. Stability data indicated that the liposome was physically and chemically stable for at least 3 months at -20 °C. In vivo study, after three injections with hyperthermia in the xenograft lung tumor model, PTX-TSL showed distinguished tumor growth suppression, compared with non-temperature-sensitive liposome and free drug. The results of intratumoral drug concentration indicated that PTX-TSL combined with hyperthermia delivered more paxlitaxel into the tumor location than the other two paxlitaxel formulations. In summary, PTX-TSL combined with hyperthermia significantly inhibited tumor growth, due to the increased targeting efficiency of PTX to tumor tissues. Such approach may enhance the delivery efficiency of chemotherapeutics into solid tumors.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Drug Delivery
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    ABSTRACT: Context: Doxorubicin (DOX)-loaded folate-targeted poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyoctanoate) [P(HB-HO)] nanoparticles [DOX/FA-PEG-P(HB-HO) NPs] have potential application in clinical treatments for cervical cancer due to specific affinity of folate and folate receptor in HeLa cells. Objective: The aim of this study was to develop an optimized formulation for DOX/FA-PEG-P(HB-HO) NPs, and investigate the targeting and efficacies of the nanoparticles. Materials and methods: DOX/FA-PEG-P(HB-HO) NPs were prepared by W1/O/W2 solvent extraction/evaporation method, and an orthogonal experimental design [L9 (3(4))] was applied to establish the optimum conditions. The physico-chemical characteristics, microscopic observation and in vivo antitumor study of the nanoparticles were evaluated. Results: The optimum formulation was obtained with DOX 10% (w/v), FA-PEG-P(HB-HO) 6.5% (w/v), PVA 3%(w/v) and oil phase/internal water phase volume ratio of 3/1. The size distribution, drug loading and encapsulation efficiency of the optimized nanoparticles were 150-350 nm, 29.6 ± 2.9% and 83.5 ± 5.7%, respectively. In vitro release study demonstrated that 80% of the drug could release from the nanoparticles within 11 days. Furthermore, in vitro microscopic observation and in vivo antitumor study showed that DOX/FA-PEG-P(HB-HO) NPs could inhibit HeLa cells effectively, and the tumor inhibition rate (TIR) in vivo was 76.91%. Discussion and conclusions: DOX/FA-PEG-P(HB-HO) NPs have been successfully developed and optimized. In vitro drug release study suggested a sustained release profile. Moreover, DOX/FA-PEG-P(HB-HO) NPs could effectively inhibit HeLa cells with satisfying targeting, and reduce side effects and toxicity to normal tissues. DOX/FA-PEG-P(HB-HO) NPs were superior in terms of inhibiting HeLa tumor over non-targeted formulations therapy.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Drug Delivery
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    ABSTRACT: Context: After arterial occlusion, diametrical growth of pre-existing natural bypasses around the obstruction, i.e. arteriogenesis, is the body's main coping mechanism. We have shown before that continuous infusion of chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 1 (CXCL1) promotes arteriogenesis in a rodent hind limb ischemia model. Objective: For clinical translation of these positive results, we developed a new administration strategy of local and sustained delivery. Here, we investigate the therapeutic potential of CXCL1 in a drug delivery system based on microspheres. Materials and methods: We generated poly(ester amide) (PEA) microspheres loaded with CXCL1 and evaluated them in vitro for cellular toxicity and chemokine release characteristics. In vivo, murine femoral arteries were ligated and CXCL1 was administered either intra-arterially via osmopump or intramuscularly encapsulated in biodegradable microspheres. Perfusion recovery was measured with Laser-Doppler. Results: The developed microspheres were not cytotoxic and displayed a sustained chemokine release up to 28 d in vitro. The amount of released CXCL1 was 100-fold higher than levels in native ligated hind limb. Also, the CXCL1-loaded microspheres significantly enhanced perfusion recovery at day 7 after ligation compared with both saline and non-loaded conditions (55.4 ± 5.0% CXCL1-loaded microspheres versus 43.1 ± 4.5% non-loaded microspheres; n = 8-9; p < 0.05). On day 21 after ligation, the CXCL1-loaded microspheres performed even better than continuous CXCL1 administration (102.1 ± 4.4% CXCL1-loaded microspheres versus 85.7 ± 4.8% CXCL1 osmopump; n = 9; p < 0.05). Conclusion: Our results demonstrate a proof of concept that sustained, local delivery of CXCL1 encapsulated in PEA microspheres provides a new tool to stimulate arteriogenesis in vivo.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Drug Delivery
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    ABSTRACT: The ocular prescription application of nanometer materials are mainly concentrated in controlled release systems. Due to the unique properties of nanometer materials such as higher bioavailability and less side effects, it has great advantages in carrying ocular drugs of eye diseases compared with the traditional dosing method. As a result, nano-controlled release system has good application prospect in eye diseases. At present, a variety of different types of nano-controlled release systems have been used to enhance the efficiency of the ocular drugs including nanomicelles, nanoparticles, nanosuspensions, liposomes and dendrimers. In this article, the research progress and the application of nano-controlled release system in ophthalmic drug delivery are reviewed.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Drug Delivery
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    ABSTRACT: 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is one among the anti-cancer agents in FOLFORINOX treatment along with oxaliplatin and irinotecan for the treatment of colorectal cancer. Despite its potential activity on the tumor cells, it lacks site specificity partly attributed by its biodistribution to healthy cells resulting in toxic effects to healthy cells. Therefore, we have formulated 5-fluorouracil enteric-coated nanoparticles (5-FUEC) to localize the drug in the colon area that enables its prolonged presence in target area in a sustained manner. The current work emphasizes on enhanced anti-cancer activity of 5-FUEC sequencing its apoptotic activity on HCT 116 colorectal cancer cell lines in vitro. MTT assay exhibited 5.5-fold decrease in IC50 value of nanoparticles comparable to 5-FU. Nuclear fragmentation with irregular edges in nucleus of cells justified its improved activity. Furthermore, flow cytometric analysis confirms the majority of cells gated in early apoptotic (39.75%) and late apoptotic phase (36.25%). Acridine orange/ethidium bromide staining (AO/EB) exhibited cells with red fluorescence (indicating apoptosis) comparable to the control and 5-FU. γ-Scintigraphic studies determined the applicability and feasibility of the enteric coating with mean gastric emptying time, mean intestinal transit time and mean colon arrival time of 1.89 ± 0.03, 2.15 ± 0.05 and 4.03 ± 0.27 h, respectively. Moreover, nanoparticulate approach was found significant in reducing tumor size and volume in xenograft tumor models in vivo along with sustained release. These superior anti-cancer activities exhibited by 5-FUEC indicated that it could be a potential alternative to chemotherapy for colorectal cancer.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Drug Delivery
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    ABSTRACT: The present systematic study focused to investigate the oleic acid derivative of branched polyethylenimine (bPEI-OA)-functionalized proliposomes for improving the oral delivery of extract of Ginkgo biloba (GbE). The GbE proliposomes were prepared by a spray drying method at varying ratios of egg yolk phosphatidylcholine and cholesterol, and the optimized formulation was tailored with bPEI-OA to obtain bPEI-OA-functionalized proliposomes. The formulations were characterized for particle size, zeta potential, and entrapment efficiency. The release of GbE from proliposomes exhibited a sustained release. And the release rate was regulated by changing the amount of bPEI-OA on the proliposomes. The physical state characterization studies showed some interactions between GbE and other materials, such as hydrogen bonds and van der Waals forces during the process of preparation of proliposomes. The in situ single-pass perfusion and oral bioavailability studies were performed in rats. The significant increase in absorption constant (Ka) and apparent permeability coefficient (Papp) from bPEI-OA-functionalized proliposomes indicated the importance of positive charge for effective uptake across the gastrointestinal tract. The oral bioavailability of bPEI-OA-functionalized proliposomes was remarkable enhanced in comparison with control and conventional proliposomes. The bPEI-OA-functionalized proliposomes showed great potential of improving oral absorption of GbE as a suitable carrier.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Drug Delivery

  • No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Drug Delivery
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    ABSTRACT: Context: Overactive bladder (OAB) is a common problem and anticholinergic drugs are first-line therapy, but they have side effects. Objective: Development of oxybutynin chloride (OC) proniosomal gels and analyses of its efficacy for OAB treatment. Materials and methods: Phase separation coacervation was used to prepare proniosomal gels using various non-ionic surfactants, lipids, soy lecithin and isopropyl alcohol. Gels were characterized with regard to entrapment efficiency (EE), vesicle size, surface morphology (using environmental scanning electron microscopy [E-SEM]), stability, attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy, in vitro skin permeation, in vivo animal studies and histopathology. Results and discussion: EE was 87-92%, vesicle size was 0.38-5.0 μm, and morphology showed some loosened pores in proniosomes after hydration. ATR-FTIR spectroscopy showed no significant shifts in peaks corresponding to OC and excipients. Most formulations exhibited >50% permeation but the cholesterol-containing formulations P3 (Span 20:Span 60 [1:1]) and P4 [Tween 20:Tween 80 (1:1)] had the highest percent cumulative permeation. P3 and P4 also showed faster recovery of cholinergic effects on salivary glands than oral formulations. P3 and P4 had pronounced therapeutic effects in reduction of urinary frequency and demonstrated improvements in bladder morphology (highly regenerative surface of the transitional epithelium). Conclusion: These results suggest that OC could be incorporated into proniosomal gels for transdermal delivery in the treatment of OAB.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Drug Delivery
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic plaque psoriasis is an inflammatory skin disease affecting 2-3% of the world population. With increasing understanding of the progress of disease and its causes, bacterial infection is reported to be one of the potential reasons. In this regard, fusidic acid (FA), a steroidal antibiotic, has been a drug of choice which could play an important role by virtue of its unique mechanism of action. Despite many topical formulations of FA in practice, drug-delivery issues like permeability in the prevailing infectious conditions and stability of the drug are yet the challenges not been covered so far from the formulation development perspective. For these issues, liposomes, on account of their carrier-specific properties, have been suggested as delivery tools to fulfill the expectations. In the present work, FA liposomes (FA-LP) were prepared and characterized for its varied traits such as size (420-740 nm), surface charge, morphology, percent skin permeation (>75%), and retention (1.620 ± 0.8 mg/cm(2)). Confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM) images revealed appreciable cell-uptake of fluorescent dye-loaded liposomes. In stability, FA-LP proved to be stable with respect to drug leakage and vesicle size. In vivo studies using the mouse tail model, FA-LP, are found significantly better (p < 0.05) vis-à-vis conventional one with improved efficacy in and around the target site by the carrier-effect. Hence, the work suggests for the possibility of a better FA liposome-based formulation as a potential option in addressing the infectious challenges of psoriasis.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Drug Delivery
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To prepare and optimize the topical elastic liposome (EL)-loaded carbopol-980 gel of 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) containing permeation enhancers (azone, propylene glycol (PG) and lauryl alcohol (LA)) and further evaluation for permeation flux of 5-FU, the activation energy and irritation in the rat skin. Methods: EL formulations were prepared using phosphatidylcholine and varied surfactants (Span 60, Span 80 and Tween-80) by rotator evaporation method and optimized by experimental design. In vitro characterizations dictated the EL containing Span 80 (lipid:surfactant = 7:3) (EL3-S80) for further optimization of gel. Different gel formulations (5% w/w) with varying concentration (1-3%) of permeation enhancers were prepared and evaluated for viscosity, spreadability, the 5-FU permeation and deposition. The activation energy using the Franz diffusion cell and the plausible irritation using the Draize test were assessed on the albino rat and rabbit, respectively. Results and discussion: EL3-S80 was selected as an optimized EL owing to maximum desirability (0.99) and enhanced 5-FU flux (187.86 ± 14.1 μg/cm(2)/h). EL3-S80 suspension loaded gels (0.5%) revealed reduced viscosity leading to higher spreadability than blank gel. EL containing 3% azone in gel, EL containing 3% LA in gel and EL containing 3% PG in gel portrayed 187.86 ± 14.1, 117.7 ± 13.4 and 106.7 ± 7.3 μg/cm(2)/h as enhanced 5-FU flux values, respectively as compared to drug solution (8.8 ± 0.76 μg/cm(2)/h). Furthermore, reduced value of activation energy (2.63-folds) and the non-irritancy of gel could be effective and safe. Conclusion: ELA-3 gel formulation could be used as an effective and economic gel in cutaneous cancer and skin-related keratoses.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Drug Delivery
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    ABSTRACT: In order to enhance oral bioavailability and liver targeting delivery of silybin, two amphiphilic hyaluronic acid derivatives, hyaluronic acid-deoxycholic acid (HA-adh-DOCA) and hyaluronic acid-glycyrrhetinic acid (HA-adh-GA) conjugates, were designed and synthesized. Silybin was successfully loaded in HA-adh-DOCA and HA-adh-GA micelles with high drug-loading capacities (20.3% ± 0.5% and 20.6% ± 0.6%, respectively). The silybin-loaded micelles were spherical in shape with the average size around 130 nm. In vitro release study showed that two silybin-loaded micelles displayed similar steady continued-release pattern in simulated gastrointestinal fluids and PBS. Single-pass intestinal perfusion studies indicated that silybin-loaded micelles were absorbed in the whole intestine and transported via a passive diffusion mechanism. Compared with suspension formulation, silybin-loaded HA-adh-DOCA and HA-adh-GA micelles achieved significantly higher AUC and Cmax level. Moreover, liver targeting drug delivery of micelles was confirmed by in vivo imaging analysis. In comparison between the two micellar formulations, HA-adh-GA micelles possessed higher targeting capacity than HA-adh-DOCA micelles, owing to the active hepatic targeting properties of glycyrrhetinic acid. In the treatment of acute liver injury induced by CCl4, silybin-loaded HA-adh-GA micelles displayed better effects over suspension control and silybin-loaded HA-adh-DOCA micelles. Overall, pharmaceutical and pharmacological indicators suggested that the HA-adh-GA conjugates can be successfully utilized for liver targeting of orally administered therapeutics.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Drug Delivery

  • No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Drug Delivery

  • No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Drug Delivery