Critical Reviews in Immunology (CRIT REV IMMUNOL)

Publisher: Begell House

Journal description

The great advances in immunology in recent years make this field one of the most rapidly growing in biological sciences. This remarkable growth is stimulated by the influx of investigators from other disciplines such as biochemistry, genetics, molecular biology, and by an increased number of investigators who came to immunology through the more traditional routes of microbiology and various medical disciplines. As a consequence, immunology has become a vast and rich field encompassing outlooks that range from the highly clinical to the highly molecular. Although such perspectives may appear diverse, they are, in fact, highly interdependent. Critical Reviews in Immunology presents a balanced overview of contemporary immunology and melds together molecular immunology and immunobiology.

Current impact factor: 3.70

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 3.698
2013 Impact Factor 3.889
2012 Impact Factor 3.383
2011 Impact Factor 3.317
2010 Impact Factor 3.857
2009 Impact Factor 2.625
2008 Impact Factor 3.241
2007 Impact Factor 4.058
2006 Impact Factor 3.938
2005 Impact Factor 3.214
2004 Impact Factor 3.595
2003 Impact Factor 3.113
2002 Impact Factor 3.019
2001 Impact Factor 6.07
2000 Impact Factor 6.981
1999 Impact Factor 5.726
1998 Impact Factor 5.955
1997 Impact Factor 3.967
1996 Impact Factor 3
1995 Impact Factor 4.333
1994 Impact Factor 6
1993 Impact Factor 3.931
1992 Impact Factor 4.774

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 3.52
Cited half-life 8.20
Immediacy index 0.30
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 1.25
Website Critical Reviews in Immunology website
Other titles Critical reviews in immunology, Chemical Rubber Company critical reviews in immunology, CRC critical reviews in immunology
ISSN 1040-8401
OCLC 18553639
Material type Periodical
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Begell House

  • Pre-print
    • Archiving status unclear
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Deposit in institutional repositories is not allowed
    • NIH Authors can deposit in PubMed Central for public release after 12 month embargo
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Publisher last reviewed on 25/06/2015
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Ribosomal proteins have long been known to serve critical roles in facilitating the biogenesis of the ribosome and its ability to synthesize proteins. However, evidence is emerging that suggests ribosomal proteins are also capable of performing tissue-restricted, regulatory functions that impact normal development and pathological conditions, including cancer. The challenge in studying such regulatory functions is that elimination of many ribosomal proteins also disrupts ribosome biogenesis and/or function. Thus, it is difficult to determine whether developmental abnormalities resulting from ablation of a ribosomal protein result from loss of core ribosome functions or from loss of the regulatory function of the ribosomal protein. Rpl22, a ribosomal protein component of the large 60S subunit, provides insight into this conundrum; Rpl22 is dispensable for both ribosome biogenesis and protein synthesis yet its ablation causes tissue-restricted disruptions in development. Here we review evidence supporting the regulatory functions of Rpl22 and other ribosomal proteins
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Critical Reviews in Immunology
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    ABSTRACT: Autoimmune diseases (ADs), or autoinflammatoiy diseases, are growing in complexity as diagnoses improve and many factors escalate disease risk. Considerable genetic similarity is found among ADs, and they are frequently associated with major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes. However, a given disease may be associated with more than one human leukocyte antigen (HLA) allotype, and a given HLA may be associated with more than one AD. The associations of non-MHC genes with AD present an additional problem, and the situation is further complicated by the role that other factors, such as age, diet, therapeutic drugs, and regional influences, play in disease. This review discusses some of the genetics and biochemistry of HLA-linked AD and inflammation, covering some of the best-studied examples and summarizing indicators for class I- and II-mediated disease. However, the scope of this review limits a detailed discussion of all known ADs.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Critical Reviews in Immunology
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    ABSTRACT: Numerous studies have shown that TH17 cells and their signature cytokine IL-17A are critical to host defense against various bacterial and fungal infections. The protective responses mediated by TH17 cells and IL-17A include the recruitment of neutrophils, release of antimicrobial peptides and chemokines, and enhanced tight junction of epithelial cells. Due to the importance of TH17 cells in infections, efforts have been made to develop TH17-based vaccines. The goal of vaccination is to establish a protective immunological memory. Most currently approved vaccines are antibody-based and have limited protection against stereotypically different strains. Studies show that T-cell-based vaccines may overcome this limitation and protect hosts against infection of different strains. Two main strategies are used to develop TH17 vaccines: identification of TH17-specific antigens and TH17-skewing adjuvants. Studies have revealed that cholera toxin (CT) induces a potent Th17 response following vaccination. Antigen vaccination along with CT induces a robust TH17 response, which is sometimes accompanied by TH1 responses. Due to the toxicity of CT, it is hard to apply CT in a clinical setting. Thus, understanding how CT modulates TH17 responses may lead to the development of successful TH17-based vaccines.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Critical Reviews in Immunology
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    ABSTRACT: Lipocalin-2 (LCN2), a secretory protein, regulates diverse cellular processes such as cell death/survival, cell migration/invasion, cell differentiation, iron delivery, inflammation, insulin resistance, and tissue regeneration. Recently, we reported that LCN2 is secreted by brain astrocytes under inflammatory conditions and that it promotes apoptosis, morphological changes, and migration in astrocytes both in vitro and in vivo. Activated astrocytes release LCN2 not only to induce the morphological transformation associated with reactive astrocytosis, but also to promote their own death. Under inflammatory conditions, activated astrocytes also show functional dichotomy similar to the M1/M2 phenotypes of microglia and macrophages. LCN2 is thought to be a chemokine inducer and an autocrine promoter of the classical proinflammatory activation of astrocytes. This article summarizes the current knowledge regarding the role of astrocyte-derived LCN2 as a proinflammatory mediator in the central nervous system and discusses LCN2’s role in neuroinflammatory disorders.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Critical Reviews in Immunology

  • No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Critical Reviews in Immunology
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    ABSTRACT: Neuroinflammation contributes to neuronal deficits in neurodegenerative CNS (central nervous system) autoimmune diseases, such as multiple sclerosis and uveitis. The major goal of most treatment modalities for CNS autoimmune diseases is to limit inflammatory responses in the CNS; immune-suppressive drugs are the therapy of choice. However, lifelong immunosuppression increases the occurrence of infections, nephrotoxicity, malignancies, cataractogenesis, and glaucoma, which can greatly impair quality of life for the patient. Biologics that target pathogenic T cells is an alternative approach that is gaining wide acceptance as indicated by the popularity of a variety of Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved anti-inflammatory compounds and humanized antibodies such as Zenapax, Etanercept, Remicade, anti-ICAM, rapamycin, or tacrolimus. B cells are also potential therapeutic targets because they provide costimulatory signals that activate pathogenic T cells and secrete cytokines that promote autoimmune pathology. B cells also produce autoreactive antibodies implicated in several organ-specific and systemic autoimmune diseases including lupus erythematosus, Graves' disease, and Hashimoto's thyroiditis. On the other hand, recent studies have led to the discovery of several regulatory B-cell (Breg) populations that suppress immune responses and autoimmune diseases. In this review, we present a brief overview of Breg phenotypes and in particular, the newly discovered IL35-producing regulatory B cell (i35-Breg). We discuss the critical roles played by i35-Bregs in regulating autoimmune diseases and the potential use of adoptive Breg therapy in CNS autoimmune diseases.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Critical Reviews in Immunology
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    ABSTRACT: Development and central tolerance of T lymphocytes in the thymus requires both TCR signals and collaboration with signals generated through costimulatory molecule interactions. In this review, we discuss the importance of CD28-CD80/86 and CD40-CD40L costimulatory interactions in promoting normal thymic development. This discussion includes roles in the generation of a normal thymic medulla, in the development of specific T-cells subsets, including iNKT and T regulatory cells, and in the generation of a tolerant mature T-cell repertoire. We discuss recent contributions to the understanding of CD28-CD80/86 and CD40-CD40L costimulatory interactions in thymic development, and we highlight the ways in which the many important roles mediated by these interactions collaborate to promote normal thymic development.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Critical Reviews in Immunology
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    ABSTRACT: Natural killer T (NKT) cells are αβ T cells that express a semi-invariant T-cell receptor (TCR) along with natural killer (NK) cell markers and have an innate cell-like ability to produce a myriad of cytokines very quickly upon antigen exposure and subsequent activation. These cells are diverted from conventional single positive (SP) T-cell fate at the double positive (DP) stage, where TCR-mediated recognition of a lipid antigen presented on a CD1d molecule promotes their selection into the NKT lineage. Although many key regulatory molecules have been shown to play important roles in the development of NKT cells, the mechanism of lineage specification and acquisition of effector functions in these cells still remain to be fully addressed. In this review, we specifically discuss the role of a family of class-I helix-loop-helix proteins known as E proteins, and their antagonists Id proteins in NKT celldevelopment. Recent work has shown that these proteins play key roles in invariant NKT (iNKT) development, from the invariant TCR rearrangement to terminal differentiation and maturation. Elucidating these roles provides an opportunity to uncover the transcriptional network that separates NKT cells from concurrently developed conventional αβ T cells.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Critical Reviews in Immunology
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    ABSTRACT: Dengue virus (DENV), the most prevalent mosquito-borne viral diseases in humans worldwide, causes dengue fever, a mild form of the disease, as well as dengue hemorrhagic fever/dengue shock syndrome, a more severe form which can be life-threatening. The four serotypes of DENV (DENV1-4) are positive-sense, single stranded RNA virus belonging to the Flaviviridae family and are transmitted by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes. Together, they are estimated to cause almost 100 million symptomatic cases, 2.1 million cases of dengue hemorrhagic fever/dengue shock syndrome, and 21,000 deaths per year worldwide. There are currently no effective vaccines or antiviral treatment for DENV. Innate immune defenses play a key role in controlling DENV infection in the early stages. Herein we review the innate antiviral immunity against DENV by delineating the intracellular mechanisms of the immune response and the evasion mechanisms evolved by the virus. A better understanding of the innate immune response will impact the development of novel animal models, antiviral drugs as well as potential targeted adjuvants for DENV vaccines.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Critical Reviews in Immunology
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    ABSTRACT: Circadian rhythms have long been known to regulate numerous physiological processes that vary across the diurnal cycle. The circadian clock system also controls various parameters of the immune system and its biological defense functions, allowing an organism to anticipate daily changes in activity and feeding and the associated risk of infection. Inflammation is an immune response triggered in living organisms in response to external stimuli. The risk of sepsis, an excessive inflammatory response, has been shown to have a diurnal variation. On the other hand, inflammatory responses are emerging to be induced by endogenous factors. Recent studies have suggested that chronic inflammation causes chronic diseases including rheumatoid arthritis, allergies, and aging-related diseases and that proteins encoded by clock genes affect the development of such chronic inflammatory diseases or increase the severity of their symptoms. Therefore, detailed understanding of circadian rhythm effects on inflammatory responses is expected to lead to new strategies for prevention or treatment of inflammatory diseases.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Critical Reviews in Immunology

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Critical Reviews in Immunology

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Critical Reviews in Immunology