Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery

Publisher: Springer Verlag

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Other titles SpringerLink
ISSN 0973-7707
OCLC 288980540
Material type Document, Periodical
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Computer File

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Springer Verlag

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Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Tracheostomy is the life saving procedure in patients presenting with upper airway obstruction. The procedure is also performed in patients on chronic ventilatory support. It is generally considered a safe procedure with a low complication rate. Vascular injuries are the most serious and life threatening complications. Injury to a high lying innominate artery is the most frequent vascular injury in such cases. Injury to other vessels e.g. carotid arteries is less frequent. We are presenting one such rare type of vascular injury with a fistulous communication between trachea and carotid artery leading to massive hemoptysis.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: The voice onset time is a temporal acoustic parameter defined as the time between the release of the oral constriction for plosive production and the onset of vocal fold vibrations. Hearing impairment is one of the factors that can effect the magnitude of voice onset time. Since voice onset time is a useful, noninvasive method for documenting the articulatory–phonatory aspects of vocal training during speech, we investigated voice onset time values for Turkish stop consonants in adult cochlear implanted patients in order to clarify the effect of CI and sequential hearing rehabilitation over voice onset time values. The CI patients were divided into two groups according to duration of CI usage. We looked for relations between results of the study and average voice onset time values in Turkish language for adults. Mean VOT values for for both males and females in the first and second group are shown in Tables 1, 2, 3, and 4. Most syllables both in males and females statistically significant differ from average VOT values, e.g. They did not reach to normal hearing adults level. These acoustic results indicated that VOT may be an effective measure for examining the effect of cochlear implantation over the articulatory accuracy. As far as we know, this is the first publication using voice onset time values for the efficiency of cochlear implantation in adult patients.Table 1 Mean VOT values in the 1 group, females
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2013 · Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: A rare case of gastric duplication cyst of tongue is reported.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2011 · Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Only static medialisation of the paralysed vocal cord is most commonly performed today for vocal cord palsy which does not offer very good voice post-operatively. Colledge and Balance's (1927) operation of anastomosis of the phrenic nerve to the recurrent laryngeal nerve for laryngeal palsy or Tuckers (1976) nerve muscle pedicle technique has not offered significant reanimation of the paralysed muscles of the vocal cord. Moreover, it is virtually impossible to offer dynamism to the paralysed muscles; but dynamism can conveniently be transmitted to the paralysed vocal cord by appropriate muscle transplantation as has been done in palatopharyngoplasty for rhinolalia aperta (Ghosh 1983, 1986). Isshiki's laryngoplasty operations (1977) also offer only static correction. In view of the above short comings, the present statico-dynamic operation was conceptualised. A new technique of medialisation of the paralysed vocal cord statico-dynamically for improvement of voice is described here. In one operation, such as this, both arytenoid adduction and vocal cord adduction are expected to be achieved. A rectangular island of lamina of the thyroid cartilage, attached to the inner perichondrium, on the paralysed side, is created by drilling an endless canal on the lateral aspect of the thyroid lamina to the level of the inner perichondrium. The mobile cartilage island along with the vocal cord and the arytenoid is fixed in a medialised position. Dynamism is quintessential for normal vocal cord function. For this, superiorly and inferiorly based superior and inferior bellies of the omohyoideus are passed over the island of cartilage crossing each other, forming the 'crossed musculoplasty'. By their contractions further adduction of the island along with its attached vocal cord is brought about, thus further improving the quality of voice.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2011 · Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Neck swelling is a common clinical presentation in ENT practice and it carries significant morbidity and even mortality if not managed properly. Thyroid swelling being the most common type we conducted a prospective study to assess the role of FNAC in diagnosing the nature of thyroid swelling and comparing its result with histopathology finding. It was observed that FNAC is a very reliable test having high sensitivity and specificity in thyroid swelling.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2011 · Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Schwannoma arising from the vagus is an uncommon (2-5%) benign nerve tumour. This tumour most often presents as a slow growing asymptomatic solitary neck mass which rarely undergoes malignant transformation. Definitive pre-operative diagnosis may be difficult and investigations such as FNAC have low specificity. The carotid artery and internal jugular vein may be displaced antero-laterally. Diagnosis is based on clinical suspicion and confirmation is obtained by means of surgical pathology. Surgical excision is the treatment of choice for this tumour, with recurrence being rare. We describe three cases of schwannoma involving the vagus who presented differently to our unit during past 5 years.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2011 · Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is rare but life threatening multimicrobial soft tissue infection characterized by progressive, usually rapid, necrotizing process of the subcutaneous tissues and fascial planes, with resulting skin gangrene and systemic toxicity. The groin, abdomen and extremities are the most frequent sites involved by this disease and it is rarely seen in the head and neck region. NF of the head and neck region has a potentially high morbidity and mortality. Delay in diagnosis leads to poor outcome. Hence early recognition and aggressive management is imperative for successful outcome. Here we present a case of acute onset of cervical necrotizing fasciitis in a young male.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2011 · Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Invasive aspergillosis usually affects immune-compromised patients and is common in diabetics. Proptosis, visual loss and ophthalmoplegia due to intra-orbital extension are common presentations. Three out of five patients in our series were immune-compromised. All the patients had visual loss and three patients presented with unilateral blindness. Three patients were treated by surgical debridement followed by Amphotericin B therapy. Two patients who had intra-cranial extension of the disease died during the treatment. Only one patient had improvement in vision following the treatment. High index of suspicion in immune-compromised patients, early diagnosis and prompt aggressive treatment is required to achieve clinical cure.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2011 · Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery