International Journal of Aromatherapy

Publisher: Elsevier

Journal description

The journal exists for the benefit of all who have an interest in aromatherapy, the use of natural, aromatic plant oils in the pursuit of health and well being, whether mental, emotional, physical or aesthetic. The Editor welcomes contributions on any aspect of the study of fragrance or use of essential oils or their components which might be deemed of interest in a broad aromtherapy context. A section of the IJA is devoted to peer-reviewed papers, and full authors' instructions are available on request. The articles which appear do not necessarily represent the views of the Editor or the publishers. The IJA is published quarterly, is available only by subscription, and is currently read in over 40 countries.

Current impact factor: 0.00

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Additional details

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Website International Journal of Aromatherapy website
Other titles International journal of aromatherapy (Online), International journal of aromatherapy
ISSN 0962-4562
OCLC 45255119
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Elsevier

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Authors pre-print on any website, including arXiv and RePEC
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on open access repository after an embargo period of between 12 months and 48 months
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months
    • Author's post-print may be used to update arXiv and RepEC
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Must link to publisher version with DOI
    • Author's post-print must be released with a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License
    • Publisher last reviewed on 03/06/2015
  • Classification
    green

Publications in this journal


  • No preview · Article · Jul 2013 · International Journal of Aromatherapy
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    No preview · Article · Jul 2013 · International Journal of Aromatherapy

  • No preview · Article · Jul 2013 · International Journal of Aromatherapy
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    No preview · Article · Jul 2013 · International Journal of Aromatherapy
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    No preview · Article · Jul 2013 · International Journal of Aromatherapy
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    ABSTRACT: This paper will seek to outline the development of aromatherapy as practised in France and Britain, will discuss the question of regulation and the position of British aromatherapy vis a vis the House of Lords Report [House of Lords Select Committee on Science and Technology, Complementary and Alternative Medicine HL paper 123; November 2000], the effect on these of therapists moving towards the internal and intensive use of essential oils and examine the potential changes that such practices may require in terms of training and regulation.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2006 · International Journal of Aromatherapy
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    ABSTRACT: We examined whether it was possible to practice hygienic massage by using six essential oils (eucalyptus, lavender, niaouli, sage, tea tree, and thyme linalool) that in previous studies or anecdotally have been found to have antibacterial effects. First, to determine the inhibitory properties of the six essential oils against 4.80 × 105 colony forming units (CFU) of strain ATCC-25923 of Staphylococcus aureus, we used a disc method to measure the inhibition zones. Niaouli and eucalyptus showed higher growth inhibitory effects. We then examined the results of using these two essential oils in seven different massage sessions. The niaouli and eucalyptus were each diluted to 1%, 3%, or 6% v/v with jojoba oil base and jojoba oil without any essential oil was used as a control. Bacterial samples were taken from the therapist’s palms and the subject’s skin, and the surviving bacteria were counted.The antibacterial effects were correlated in vitro with the concentration of the essential oil and massage sessions with niaouli oil were more hygienic than those with eucalyptus oil.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2006 · International Journal of Aromatherapy
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    ABSTRACT: Adsorption of the major constituents of lavender, tea tree, lemongrass and thyme thymol essential oils on hairless mouse skin was determined in an aromatic bath. Adsorption occurred in a concentration-dependent manner. Sesquiterpene hydrocarbons showed the most dominant adsorption, especially in dilute solution. This was followed by the hydrophobic monoterpene hydrocarbon and ester. The relatively hydrophilic monoterpene alcohol, phenol and aldehyde constituents were poorly adsorbed. The same tendency was observed on hairy mice, mouse hairs, guinea pig hairs and human hairs. This selective adsorption of sesquiterpenes was not observed on natural rubber but observed on keratin, a major protein forming skin and hairs. When examined using the authentic compounds, the sesquiterpene hydrocarbon (β-caryophyllene) and the sesquiterpenols (farnesol, nerolidol, and bisabolol) exhibited the highest adsorption, while the monoterpene limonene and linalyl acetate showed moderate adsorption, and the monoterpenic camphor, linalool, perillaldehyde, and thymol showed low adsorption. Human hairs were suggested to be an alternative to mouse skin for adsorption studies of essential oils.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2006 · International Journal of Aromatherapy

  • No preview · Article · Dec 2006 · International Journal of Aromatherapy
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    ABSTRACT: There is a strong need for new antifungal agents with a different mode of action due to the therapeutic limitations of existing drugs and the development of fungal resistances ([NIAID, The second NIAID workshop in medical mycology: molecular and immunologic approaches to the diagnosis and treatment of systemic mycoses, http://www.niaid.nih.gov/dmid/meetings/mycology94/fungal.htm (2001)]). Mammalians, plants and fungi produce at least different cell wall sterols from common precursors. No antifungal drug is known that specifically prevents the formation of the fungal ergosterol, without affecting sterol biosynthesis at early, common stages (DiDomenico, B., Novel antifungal drugs, Curr Opin Microbiol 1999;2:509–15; Walsh TJ, Viviani MA, Arathoon E, Chiou C, Ghannoum M, Groll AH, et al., New target and delivery systems for antifungal therapy, Med Mycol 2000;38(Suppl. I):335–47). To find new inhibitors that may inhibit ergosterol biosynthesis, a query of a database on antimicrobials (Pauli, A., AmicBase 2005. Weinheim, New York: Wiley, 2005a; Pauli, A., Anticandidal low molecular compounds from higher plants with special reference to compounds from essential oils. Med Res Rev doi:10.1002/med.20050; 2005b) was performed with substructures of intermediates of ergosterol biosynthesis. As a result a series of Candida albicans-inhibiting compounds were identified that all possess the side chain of zymosterol as a substructure; their anticandidal activity was found to be increased with increase of their molecular volume. The entire structure of the Chamomile constituent α-bisabolol is found as a substructure in similar form within zymosterol. It was therefore concluded that compounds of this type interfere with ergosterol biosynthesis at the level of zymosterol and prevent the formation of fecosterol from zymosterol, which is the first fungi specific step in ergosterol biosynthesis. Due to the low toxicity of α-bisabolol (Schilcher H, Wirkungsweise und Anwendungsformen der Kamillenblüten, BMV Berliner Medizinische Verlagsanstalt GmbH, Berlin; 2004) the compound comes into question as a therapeutic agent and may serve as a lead compound in the development of new antifungal drugs.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2006 · International Journal of Aromatherapy
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    ABSTRACT: Public and healthcare professionals’ interest in the use of aromatherapy to ease levels of psychological distress and improve the quality of life for cancer patients is greater than ever. Aromatherapy is increasingly incorporated into clinical practice, particularly in palliative care settings, and has been reported as the most commonly used complementary therapy within the NHS. Yet questions remain regarding the safety and efficacy of essential oil use and there are concerns around the evidence available to support actual benefits. Much of the evidence is anecdotal with a distinct lack of quantitative and objective data available, due to concerns about scientific research methods for complementary therapies. This article is a review of the literature relating to the safety and efficacy of aromatherapy use for cancer care, and will highlight methodological issues and implications for research. However, the primary aim is to provide cancer patients and their carers’ access to the body of information and research available, thereby enabling patient empowerment through choice and education.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2006 · International Journal of Aromatherapy
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    ABSTRACT: The management of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) that occurs in 30% of all surgical cases is indispensable for a rapid recovery, patient comfort and the overall image of general anaesthesia. Currently, allopathic drugs proposed in surgery include major drugs such as morphine as well as analgesics of class IIB such as Nefopam and Tramadol. We wanted to demonstrate that it is possible to treat these negative effects of anaesthesia with a mixture of three essential oils via percutaneous application on the anterolateral aspect of the neck.This study comprised of 73 cases and used a mixture of Zingiber officinale (ginger), Elletaria cardamomum (cardamom) and Artemisia dracunculus (tarragon) essential oils in equal parts.The results were collected approximately 30 min following application as soon as the symptoms appeared in the theatre recovery room. Seventy five percent of cases had a favourable outcome. The best results were obtained with patients who had received a single drug that provoked the symptoms. In all other cases, results were reduced to a 50% success rate.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2006 · International Journal of Aromatherapy
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    ABSTRACT: An evaluation was made of the usefulness of fragrance application in discontinuing the long-term use of hypnotic benzodiazepines in primary insomniacs with low-dose dependence. Based on the results of pentobarbital sleep time in rats, we made a new fragrance consisting primarily of sandalwood (35%), juniper berry (12%), rose (8%) and orris (6%). This mixed fragrance was found to prolong the pentobarbital sleep time in rats. A total of 42 outpatients with low-dose dependence on hypnotic benzodiazepines, all of whom met DSM-IV criteria for primary insomnia, participated in the study. In advance, all subjects attempted to reduce the doses of drugs gradually (25% reduction a week if possible) and 29 subjects who had failed to do so at all participated in the study on the application of fragrance. A mixed fragrance described above was used. A gradual tapering of hypnotic benzodiazepines (25% reduction a week if possible) was attempted while sniffing the fragrance in bed. The application of fragrance reduced the doses of hypnotic benzodiazepines in 26 of 29 subjects and 12 subjects did not require any drug for sound sleep. The present study indicated that a kind of fragrance may prove effective as an alternative to hypnotic benzodiazepines.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2006 · International Journal of Aromatherapy
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    ABSTRACT: A selection of essential oils and components were tested in vitro for potential immunomodulating effects on natural killer cell activity (NKCA) and lymphocyte activation through CD69 expression.Matricaria recutita, Boswellia carteri, Pelargonium graveolens, Lavandula angustifolia, Citrus limon, Melaleuca alternifolia, Melaleuca viridiflora, Santalum spicatum, Cedrus atlantica, and Thymus vulgaris ct. linalool essential oils were solubilised with ethanol and methylated â-cyclodextrin 1:5:25 (w/v) and pre-incubated at 10 ìg/mL and 2 ìg/mL (M. alternifolia and C. atlantica: 2 and 1 ìg/mL) with human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) for 2 h. They were then incubated for 2 h with K562 target cells before determination of NKCA. The first 6 of these oils were similarly solubilised, pre-incubated for 2 h with aliquots of whole blood, then incubated with PHA for 4 h before measurement of CD69 antigen expression. Reference components á-pinene, S-(−)-limonene, linalool, geraniol, thymol, 1,8-cineole, linalyl acetate, eugenol, (+)-terpinen-4-ol, and trans-caryophyllene were solubilised with ethanol 1:5 and similarly tested.Dose-dependent stimulation of NKCA was found for trans-caryophyllene and linalyl acetate. No other effects of essential oils or components were found in these assays. Methylated â-cyclodextrin proved to be a less than ideal agent for enhancing solubility of essential oils, due to substantial effects on assay outcomes.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2006 · International Journal of Aromatherapy
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    ABSTRACT: Thirty-six aromatic herbs were cultivated in Chichibu district of Japan, and their volatile constituents were elucidated by GC/MS analysis using ethyl acetate extract of the herbs to determine the chemotype. The volatile compositions of 30 herbs were similar to those of commercial essential oils and literature except for Eupatorium japonicum, marjoram, Japanese mint, oregano and yarrow. The volatile composition of Eupatorium laciniatum was first elucidated in this study. The vapour activity of the ethyl acetate extracts was determined by box vapour assay against Trichophyton mentagrophytes to search for the anti-infectious herbs to treat tinea pedis by vapour therapy. For comparison, the contact activity was determined by agar diffusion assay. The results showed that most of herbs exhibited potent vapour activity against the test organism, of which Roman chamomile, curry plant, hyssop, lavandin, marjoram sweet, orange mint, spearmint, monarda, oregano, rosemary, rue sage, tansy, tarragon, thyme common and yarrow showed the most potent activity. Most of the activity was correlated with the contact activity and also with main active ingredients of the herbs, but no correlation was found for curry plant, oregano, rosemary, rue, sage and yarrow.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2006 · International Journal of Aromatherapy
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    ABSTRACT: Honey is reported to have wound healing properties. This study aimed at investigating its effect as well as those of surfactants on the antibacterial activity of the essential oil of Ocimum gratissimum L. (ocimum oil). The antibacterial activity of dispersions of ocimum oil (2%) in methanol, honey, a macrogol blend, nonionic and ionic emulsifiers were assessed by cup–plate method using type bacteria and wound isolates. Honey enhanced the antibacterial activity of ocimum oil to a greater extent than the macrogol blend. The activity of ocimum oil emulsion in cetrimide (cationic) was lower than obtained for cetrimide solution. Emulsion of the oil in sodium lauryl sulphate (anionic) exhibited a slightly higher activity than the solution of the surfactant alone. Although Tween® 20 (nonionic) and aqueous methanol had no activity, the emulsion of the oil in Tween® 20 showed lesser activity than the oil solution in methanol. Honey’s inherent antibacterial activity, surfactant charge interaction and the effect of emulsification were adduced to the observed differences in antibacterial activity of the ocimum oil formulations. Our findings indicated honey as a suitable base for ocimum oil especially in the treatment of infected wounds. Caution is, however, desirable in the use of surfactants with ocimum oil.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2006 · International Journal of Aromatherapy