Neuroreport (NEUROREPORT)

Publisher: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins

Journal description

NeuroReport, with its exceptionally fast publication times, is consistently up to date with the latest advances in neuroscience research. One of the fastest fully refereed journals, NeuroReport aims to publish manuscripts within 12 weeks of receipt. All aspects of neuroscience are covered by this prestigious journal.

Current impact factor: 1.52

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 1.52
2013 Impact Factor 1.644
2012 Impact Factor 1.404
2011 Impact Factor 1.656
2010 Impact Factor 1.822
2009 Impact Factor 1.805
2008 Impact Factor 1.904
2007 Impact Factor 2.163
2006 Impact Factor 2.137
2005 Impact Factor 1.995
2004 Impact Factor 2.351
2003 Impact Factor 2.503
2002 Impact Factor 2.265
2001 Impact Factor 2.374
2000 Impact Factor 2.696
1999 Impact Factor 2.682
1998 Impact Factor 2.591
1997 Impact Factor 2.262
1996 Impact Factor 2.487
1995 Impact Factor 2.57
1994 Impact Factor 3.079
1993 Impact Factor 2.277

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.71
Cited half-life >10.0
Immediacy index 0.33
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.56
Website NeuroReport website
Other titles Neuro report
ISSN 0959-4965
OCLC 22982547
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 months embargo
  • Conditions
    • Some journals have separate policies, please check with each journal directly
    • Pre-print must be removed upon acceptance for publication
    • Post-print may be deposited in personal website or institutional repository
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Must include statement that it is not the final published version
    • Published source must be acknowledged with full citation
    • Set statement to accompany deposit
    • Must link to publisher version
    • NIH authors will have their accepted manuscripts transmitted to PubMed Central on their behalf after a 12 months embargo (see policy for details)
    • Wellcome Trust and HHMI authors will have their accepted manuscripts transmitted to PubMed Central on their behalf after a 6 months embargo (see policy for details)
    • Publisher last reviewed on 19/03/2015
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Uric acid (UA), the final product of purine metabolism, has been reported to be reduced in patients with various neurological disorders and is considered to be a possible indicator for monitoring the disability and progression of multiple sclerosis. However, it remains unclear whether there is a close relationship between UA and myasthenia gravis (MG), or whether UA is primarily deficient or secondarily reduced because of its peroxynitrite scavenging activity. We investigated the correlation between serum UA levels and the clinical characteristics of MG. We assessed 338 serum UA levels obtained in 135 patients with MG, 47 patients with multiple sclerosis, and 156 healthy controls. In addition, we compared serum UA levels when MG patients were stratified according to disease activity and classifications performed by the Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America, age of onset, duration, and thymus histology (by means of MRI or computed tomography). MG patients had significantly lower serum UA levels than the controls (P<0.001). Moreover, UA levels in patients with MG were inversely correlated with disease activity and disease progression (P=0.013). However, UA levels did not correlate significantly with disease duration, age of onset, and thymus histology. Our findings suggest that serum level of UA was reduced in patients with MG and serum UA might be considered a surrogate biomarker of MG disability and progression.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Neuroreport
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    ABSTRACT: Any decision that is based upon personal preferences utilizes subjective values; however, for objectively equivalent items, whether romantic love modulates subjective value as well as the neural mechanism of this process remains unknown. In this functional MRI study, 30 items with equivalent value were first selected and assigned into three groups, and participants were trained to associate each group of items with their lover, a familiar person, or an unfamiliar person. Thereafter, the participant rated the values of the items during functional MRI scanning, after which they performed a post-test of memory of the associations. Behavioral results demonstrated that, although the items were well remembered, the items that were associated with the lover were rated significantly higher than the other images. Furthermore, we found higher activation related to the items associated with the lover than for those associated with a familiar person or an unfamiliar person in the striatum and the medial prefrontal cortex (related to cognitive control process). Finally, a morphometric analysis demonstrated that gray matter thickness in the striatum was positively associated with gray matter thickness in the medial prefrontal cortex but negatively correlated with the activation that was elicited by the items that were associated with the lover in the same brain area. Our results suggest that the romantic love-related brain region (the striatum) may modulate subjective value through the striatal-prefrontal pathway, further suggesting a potential bottom-up (control impulsivity) process.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Neuroreport
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    ABSTRACT: Substantial evidence supports the neurochemical vulnerability to lead (Pb) as one of the most potent neurotoxic heavy metals. In the present study, we aimed to assess: (i) The subcommissural organ (SCO) responsiveness as a secretory circumventricular organ to chronic and acute Pb intoxication together with its serotoninergic innervation. (ii) The possible restorative effect of curcumin against Pb intoxication under the same pathological conditions. We used immunohistochemistry with antibodies against Reissner's fiber and serotonin [5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HT)] in Wistar rats following chronic as well as acute Pb administration, respectively, at 25 mg/kg intraperitoneally for 3 days and 0.3% in drinking water from the intrauterine stage until 2 months of adult age. Our data showed a significant decrease in Reissner's fiber material immunoreactivity concomitant with an overall increased 5-HT innervation of the SCO and the ventricular borders. Coadministration of curcumin (50 mg/kg body weight) restores this impairment by reversing the effect of chronic and acute Pb on the secretory activity and the 5-HTergic innervation of the SCO. The investigation showed, on the one hand, the involvement of the SCO in the response to heavy metals, especially Pb, and on the other, the beneficial corrector role of curcumin. As a part of the circumventricular organ, known as a privileged area of brain-blood exchanges, the SCO may play a key role in the mechanism of brain defense against heavy metal neurotoxicity in rats.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Neuroreport
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    ABSTRACT: P2X3 receptor plays a role in nociception transmission of orofacial pain in temporomandibular disorder patients. A previous study found that P2X3 receptors in masseter muscle afferent neurons and the trigeminal ganglia were involved in masseter muscle pain induced by inflammation caused by chemical agents or eccentric muscle contraction. In this study, we attempted to investigate changes in P2X3 receptors in the trigeminal subnucleus caudalis (Vc) and midbrain periaqueductal gray (PAG) in relation to the hyperalgesia of masseter muscles induced by occlusal interference. Experimental occlusal interference by crown application was established in 30 rats and another 30 rats were treated as sham controls. On days 1, 3, 7, 14, and 28 after crown application, the mechanical pain threshold was examined by von-Frey filaments. The expression of the P2X3 receptor in Vc and PAG was investigated by immunohistochemistry and quantitative PCR. We found that mechanical pain threshold of bilateral masseter muscles decreased significantly after occlusal interference, which remained for the entire experimental period. The mRNA expression of the P2X3 receptor increased significantly and the number of P2X3R-positive neurons increased markedly in Vc and PAG accordingly. These results indicate that the upregulated expression of P2X3 receptors in Vc and PAG may contribute toward the development of orofacial pain induced by occlusal interference and P2X3 receptors in the PAG may play a key role in the supraspinal antiociception effect.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Neuroreport
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to investigate the dysfunctional ascending/descending pain pathways at the thalamic level in patients with migraine without aura (MWoA) using the effective connectivity analysis of the resting-state functional MRI. Twenty MWoA and 25 matched healthy controls participated in the resting-state functional MRI scans. The directional interactions between the posterior thalamus (PTH) and other brain regions were investigated using the Granger causality analysis and choosing bilateral PTH as two individual seeds. Pearson's correlation analysis was carried out between the abnormal effective connectivity and the headache duration and pain intensity of MWoA. Compared with healthy controls, MWoA showed decreased inflows to the bilateral PTH from the ventromedial prefrontal cortex and the left precuneus/posterior cingulate cortex, decreased outflow from the left PTH to the ipsilateral dorsomedial prefrontal cortex, and increased inflow to the right PTH from the ipsilateral dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. In addition, the abnormal inflows to the right PTH from the ventromedial prefrontal cortex and the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex correlated positively with the headache duration and pain intensity, respectively. The abnormal ascending/descending pain pathways between the thalamus and these cortical regions indicate a disrupted pain modulation in affective and sensory domains, which suggests a disequilibrium of pain inhibition and facilitation in MWoA. These findings may help to shed light on the pathophysiologic mechanisms of migraine.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Neuroreport
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    ABSTRACT: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a noninvasive treatment tool for the recovery of cerebral palsy (CP). This report describes the modulation effect of rTMS to functional connectivity, functional network connectivity, motor, and cognitive ability following treatment in a child with mild ataxia CP. After receiving 8 months of 0.5 Hz rTMS treatment over the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, the child showed a gradual improvement in motor and cognitive-related functional connectivity and functional network connectivity following treatment as well as improved motor, cognitive functions. These pilot results provide the first evidence of the efficiency of 0.5 Hz of rTMS on a child with CP. Further large sample studies are needed to verify and expand the present findings.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Neuroreport
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    ABSTRACT: Excitatory neurotransmitter signaling through glutamate receptors modulates cognitive functions such as memory and learning, which are usually impaired in autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The aim of this study was to assess the clinical significance of plasma glutamate levels in ASD. Fifty-one children diagnosed with ASD, 51 typically developing children, and 51 children with intellectual disability matched for sex and age were assessed for plasma glutamate at admission. Plasma levels of glutamate were measured by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and the severity of ASD was evaluated using the Childhood Autism Rating Scale Score. We found that the mean plasma glutamate levels were significantly (P<0.0001) higher in children with ASD compared with healthy controls and intellectual disability controls [36.1 (SD: 8.3) vs. 23.4 (4.2) vs. 24.7 (4.6) [micro]M; P<0.001, respectively]. Levels of glutamate increased with increasing severity of ASD as defined by the Childhood Autism Rating Scale score. Receiver operating characteristics to diagnose ASD showed areas under the curve of glutamate of 0.92 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.87-0.96], which was superior to high-sensitivity C-reactive protein [0.64 (95% CI, 0.55-0.75), P<0.001] and homocysteine (area under the curve, 0.72; 95% CI, 0.64-0.81; P<0.000). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, glutamate was an independent diagnosis indicator of ASD with an adjusted odds ratio of 1.362 (95% CI, 1.164-1.512; P<0.0001). The present study shows that autistic children had higher plasma levels of glutamate and elevated plasma glutamate levels may play an important role in the pathogenesis of autism. Further larger studies are required to support our findings.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Neuroreport
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    ABSTRACT: Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy is generally manifested as central nervous system disorder, emotional disturbances, and visceral discomfort. We present the case of an elderly male patient with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy presenting with rising epigastric sensation as the only manifestation. A 60-year-old male patient who had been regularly suffering from episodic epigastric sensations three to seven times every day was admitted to our hospital. 'Rising air' initiated from epigastria, ascending to his chest, and terminated in the throat. Brain MRI showed sclerosis of the right hippocampus and enlargement of the right temporal horn. Video electroencephalography showed that the seizure was associated with a high-amplitude spike and slow wave, originating from the right anterior temporal region and extending to the leads in the right hemisphere. Extensive gastrointestinal and cardiothoracic investigations showed no abnormality, and so an underlying seizure disorder was suspected. The patient was prescribed a low dose of carbamazepine of 200 mg daily and was discharged the next day. A repeat video electroencephalography confirmed the satisfactory efficacy of the treatment. During the follow-up period of 22 months, there was no reappearance of epilepsy. Primary physicians, especially gastroenterologists, should be acquainted with the manifestations of simple partial seizures to avoid any dispensable medical examinations, even maltreatments. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Neuroreport
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to track the migration of human umbilical cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUCB-MSCs) administered through a single intravenous injection and to observe the consequential therapeutic effects in a transgenic Alzheimer's disease mouse model. Ten-month-old APP/PS1 mice received a total injection of 1×10^5 cells through the lateral tail vein and were killed 1, 4, and 7 days after administration. On the basis of immunohistochemical analysis, hUCB-MSCs were not detected in the brain at any of the time points. Instead, most of the injected mesenchymal stem cells were found to be distributed in the lung, heart, and liver. In terms of the molecular effects, statistically significant differences in the amyloid β protein, neprilysin, and SOX2 levels were not observed among the groups. On the basis of the results from this study, we suggest that single intravenously administered hUCB-MSCs are not delivered to the brain and also do not have a significant influence on Alzheimer's disease pathology.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Neuroreport
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    ABSTRACT: In the superior colliculus, visual stimuli can induce gamma frequency oscillations of neuronal activity. It has been shown that in cats, these oscillations are synchronized over distances of greater than 300 μm that may contribute toward visual information processing. We investigated the spatial properties of such oscillations in a rodent because the availability of molecular tools could enable future studies on the role of these oscillations in visual information processing. Using extracellular electrode array recordings in anesthetized rats, we found that visual stimuli-induced gamma and eta frequency (30-115 Hz) oscillations of the local field potential that were synchronized over distances of ∼600 µm. Multiple-unit events were phase locked to the local field potential signal and showed prominent oscillations during OFF responses. The rate of lower than 5 ms cross-electrode coincidences was in line with the response-corrected predictions for each electrode. These data suggest that the synchronized superior colliculus neuronal activity is largely network driven, whereas common synaptic inputs play a minor role.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Neuroreport
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    ABSTRACT: Although several studies have shown left-right hippocampus asymmetry during learning, it is unclear whether such asymmetry also exists for the parahippocampal cortex, a structure within the limbic system that is also involved in memory and learning. Using a common mental navigation task known to activate the bilateral parahippocampal cortex, this study aimed at determining how BOLD activation in these two areas changes after 1 year of medical school, a program characterized by intensive verbal learning. Fifteen first-year medical students participated in this study and underwent two sessions of functional MRI, at a 1-year interval. In the first session, we observed marginal differences between left and right parahippocampal cortex activity. However, 1 year later, left parahippocampal activation significantly increased (+4.7%), whereas the right remained stable. These results bring new information as to how intensive learning can modify regional metabolism in the human brain and how the left parahippocampal region is particularly important for cumulative verbal memory.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Neuroreport

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Neuroreport
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    ABSTRACT: Reprogrammed glucose metabolism is an emerging hallmark of cancer cells, which show a unique metabolic phenotype known as the Warburg effect. Lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA), a key enzyme in the glycolytic process, executes the final step by conversion of lactate into pyruvate. However, little is known about the roles of LDHA in human glioblastoma (GBM). In this study, we aimed to determine the effects of LDHA and elucidate related underlying mechanisms. Data derived from Oncomine database showed that LDHA is commonly upregulated in GBM tissues in comparison with corresponding normal controls. Silencing of LDHA expression resulted in reduced glycolysis, decreased cell growth, increased cell apoptosis, and attenuated invasive ability. In the presence of 2-deoxyglucose, a glycolysis inhibitor, the oncogenic activities of LDHA were completely blocked. These findings provide evidence of the cellular functions of LDHA in the progression of GBM and suggest that LDHA might act as a potential therapeutic target for GBM treatment.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Neuroreport
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    ABSTRACT: Isoflurane, a commonly used volatile anesthetic, causes widespread neuronal apoptosis in the developing brain of rodents. Signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT3) signaling is crucial for cell survival during the neural network establishment period. The aim of this study was to determine whether isoflurane would target STAT3 to deliver its neurotoxicity. Mice at postnatal day 7 and primary cortical neurons cultured for 5 days were treated with isoflurane. Our data showed that isoflurane exposure downregulated the STAT3 survival pathway in the brain of mice and in primary neurons, whereas the mRNA levels of STAT3 remained unchanged after isoflurane exposure. We found that inhibiting the activity of calcineurin, which specifically promotes STAT3 degradation, alleviated isoflurane-induced neural apoptosis. Further studies showed that isoflurane increased calcineurin activity and that the inositol 1, 4, 5-trisphosphate-sensitive Ca2+ channel was involved in these isoflurane-induced molecular cascades. These findings suggest that isoflurane-induced neurotoxicity may stem from STAT3 degradation, partially through the activation of calcineurin.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Neuroreport
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    ABSTRACT: Ventriloquism is a well-studied multisensory illusion of audiovisual spatial perception in which the perceived location of an auditory stimulus is shifted in the direction of a synchronous, but spatially discrepant visual stimulus. This effect is because of vision's superior acuity in the spatial dimension, but has also been shown to be influenced by the perception of unity of the two signals. We sought to investigate whether a similar phenomenon may occur between vision and somatosensation along the surface of the body as vision is known to possess superior spatial acuity to somatosensation. We report the first demonstration of the visuotactile ventriloquist illusion: individuals were instructed to localize visual stimuli (small white disks) or tactile stimuli (brief localized vibrations) that were presented concurrently or individually along the surface of the forearm, where bimodal presentations included spatially congruent and incongruent stimuli. Participants showed strong visual-tactile interactions. The tactile localization was strongly biased in the direction of the visual stimulus and the magnitude of this bias decreased as the spatial disparity between the two stimuli increased. The Bayesian causal inference model that has previously been shown to account for auditory-visual spatial localization and the ventriloquism effect also accounted well for the present data. Therefore, crossmodal interactions involving spatial representation along the surface of the body follow the same rules as crossmodal interactions involving representations of external space (auditory-visual).
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Neuroreport
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    ABSTRACT: Voltage-gated potassium channels (KV) regulate pain transmission by controlling neuronal excitability. Changes in KV expression patterns may thus contribute toward hyperalgesia following nerve injury. The aim of this study was to characterize KV current density in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons following chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the right sciatic nerve, a robust model of post-traumatic neuropathic pain. The study examined changes in small-diameter potassium ion currents (<30 µm) in neurons in the L4-L6 DRG following CCI by whole-cell patch-clamping and the association with post-CCI mechanical and thermal nociceptive thresholds. Compared with the control group, 7 days after CCI, the mechanical force and temperature required to elicit ipsilateral foot withdrawal decreased significantly, indicating tactile allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia. Post-CCI neurons had a significantly lower rheobase current and depolarized resting membrane potential than controls, suggesting KV current downregulation. Some ipsilateral DRG neurons also had spontaneous action potentials and repetitive firing. There was a 55% reduction in the total KV current density caused by a 55% decrease in the sustained delayed rectifier potassium ion current (IK) density and a 17% decrease in the transient A-type potassium ion current (IA) density. These results indicated that changes in DRG neuron IK and IA current density and concomitant afferent hyperexcitability may contribute toward neuropathic pain following injury. The rat CCI model may prove valuable for examining pathogenic mechanisms and potential therapies, such as KV channel modulators.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Neuroreport
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    ABSTRACT: Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating injury causing significant morbidity and mortality. Experimental studies have demonstrated that SCI induced cellular damage and disruption of the blood-spinal cord barrier can initiate an autoimmune response. This response is thought to be pathogenic and contribute to poor outcome. The objective of this research was to investigate whether human SCI mounts an autoimmune response to self-antigens. Plasma samples were collected longitudinally from SCI patients (n=18) at acute (T1, <48 h) and subacute (T2, 2-4 weeks) time points to probe western blots of human brain homogenates in order to screen patients for the presence of putative autoantibodies. To identify the corresponding antigens, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, western blot and liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) analyses were performed. We found that four of 18 patients (22%) had novel immunoreactive bands ranging in size from 36 to 42 kDa present in subacute, but not in acute, plasma samples suggesting postinjury production. To identify the cross-reacting antigens, we separated brain proteins by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and identified nine immunoreactive spots. Amino acid sequence analysis of these spots identified peptides that mapped to glial fibrillary acidic protein. Our results suggest that ∼22% of SCI patients generated autoantibodies to glial fibrillary acidic protein. Future studies will be required to determine whether these autoantibodies contribute to the pathogenic sequelae of SCI.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Neuroreport
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    ABSTRACT: We have previously demonstrated that noxious stimulation of craniofacial tissues including the frontal dura reflexly evokes significant increases in neck muscle electromyographic (EMG) activity. The primary aim of this study was to determine whether purinergic receptor mechanisms may be involved in these EMG effects, and whether N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor processes modulate the purinergic mechanisms. Application of the P2 X 1, P2X3 and P2 X 2/3 receptor agonist α,β-methylene ATP (but not vehicle) to the dural surface evoked a significant (P<0.05) increase in ipsilateral neck EMG activity that could be suppressed by dural or intrathecal application of the selective P2 X 1, P2X3 and P2 X 2/3 receptor antagonist 2′,3′-O-(2,4,6-trinitrophenyl) ATP (TNPATP) but not by vehicle; the intrathecal application of 2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid, an NMDA receptor antagonist, also significantly reduced the neck EMG activity evoked by dural application of α,β-methylene ATP. These data suggest that purinergic receptor mechanisms contribute to the increased neck activity that can be reflexly evoked by noxious stimulation of the frontal dura, and that NMDA as well as purinergic receptor mechanisms in the medulla may modulate these purinergic-related effects. NeuroReport 26:1155-1160
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Neuroreport
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    ABSTRACT: Although 6-hydroxydopamine-induced (6-OHDA-induced) rats are a well-known Parkinson's disease model, the effects of dopamine D2 agonists in mice with 6-OHDAinduced lesions are not completely understood. We produced mice with 6-OHDA-induced lesions and measured their total locomotion counts following administration of several dopamine D2 agonists (pramipexole, ropinirole, cabergoline, rotigotine, apomorphine, talipexole, and quinelorane). Cabergoline showed the longest duration of drug action, which was in agreement with its long-lived anti-Parkinson effects in rats and humans. In contrast, pramipexole and ropinirole had notably short durations of drug action. We demonstrated that mice with 6-OHDA-induced lesions accompanied with significant lesions in the striatum may be reasonable models to predict the action duration of anti-Parkinson drug candidates in humans. NeuroReport 26:1126-1132
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Neuroreport