Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery (ARCH ORTHOP TRAUM SU)

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Journal description

The journal will serve as a source of instruction and information for physicians in clinical practice and research in the extensive field of orthopaedics and traumatology. Papers dealing with diseases and injuries of the musculoskeletal system from all fields and aspects of medicine will be considered particularly if they satisfy the information needs of orthopaedic clinicians and practitioners.

Current impact factor: 1.60

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 1.597
2013 Impact Factor 1.31
2012 Impact Factor 1.358
2011 Impact Factor 1.369
2010 Impact Factor 1.196
2009 Impact Factor 1.117
2008 Impact Factor 0.965
2007 Impact Factor 0.913
2006 Impact Factor 0.793
2005 Impact Factor 0.678
2004 Impact Factor 0.579
2003 Impact Factor 0.502
2002 Impact Factor 0.508
2001 Impact Factor 0.502
2000 Impact Factor 0.507
1999 Impact Factor 0.362
1998 Impact Factor 0.353
1997 Impact Factor 0.429
1996 Impact Factor 0.297
1995 Impact Factor 0.16
1994 Impact Factor 0.208
1993 Impact Factor 0.242
1992 Impact Factor 0.24

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.57
Cited half-life 6.60
Immediacy index 0.15
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.52
Website Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery website
Other titles Archives of orthopaedic and trauma surgery (Online), Archives of orthopedic and trauma surgery
ISSN 0936-8051
OCLC 42787413
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

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  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • Philip L. Riches · Firas K. Elherik · Sean Dolan · Frank Unglaub · Steffen J. Breusch
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: A multitude of surgical interventions are recognised for the treatment of the rheumatoid hand and wrist, however there seems to be a distinct lack of patient rated outcome measures (PROMs) studies reporting on the efficacy of these procedures. The aim of this study was to assess the PROMs related to hand and wrist surgery in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Materials and methods: A single surgeon series identified 94 patients (133 hands) with RA who had undergone one of eight surgical procedures (Swanson's arthroplasty, finger joint or wrist arthrodesis, carpal tunnel decompression, posterior interosseous nerve denervation, RA nodule excision, synovectomy/tenosynovectomy and tendon repair/release) with a mean follow-up period of 3 years. The primary outcome measures were the same for all patients and comprised the validated modified score for the assessment and quantification of chronic rheumatoid affections of the hand (M-SACRAH) and a separate satisfaction questionnaire. Results: Highly significant improvements in both function and pain scores are reported across the cohort as a whole following hand surgery, with this pattern replicated within all of the operative subgroups. In keeping with these favourable results very high levels of overall satisfaction were reported with 93 % of patients reporting themselves to be very or fairly satisfied with their procedure. Conclusions: Overall, patient reported outcomes in functional, stiffness and pain domains of the M-SACRAH questionnaire appear very favourable across the range of surgical procedures that can be performed in the rheumatoid hand. We believe this data supports the use of all the procedures explored, and will be helpful in patient guidance.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: The field of shoulder endoprothetics has undergone a rapid development in the last years. The purpose of the study was to provide an overview of the development of shoulder arthroplasties in Germany from 2005 until 2012. This study hypothesized that the surgical procedures of the shoulder joint is still increasing and have not reached a plateau until 2012. Methods: Data of the German federal statistical office from 2005 until 2012 were analyzed to quantify hemiarthroplasty, anatomic total shoulder and reversed total shoulder arthroplasty rates depending on age, gender and main coded indications. Procedure codes and diagnosis were analyzed for each year. Comparative analyses were used to visualize the difference between the types of shoulder endoprostheses. Results: A total number of 139.272 shoulder arthroplasties were performed between 2005 and 2012. Total should arthroplasties have increased continuously until 2009. In 2009 more total shoulder arthroplasties have been performed than hemiprothesis implantations, which have culminated in 2008. All in all, women have been treated 3-fold higher than men regarding hemiarthroplasty, total shoulder arthroplasties or reversed total shoulder arthroplasties. Under the age of 60 years the majority of treated patients were male. Conclusion: Since 2005 shoulder arthroplasties are still increasing in Germany, whereas a slight reduction could be detected for shoulder hemiarthroplasty from 2009 up until 2012. Meanwhile total shoulder arthroplasties and reversed total shoulder arthroplasties are still increasing. Women have experienced a 3-fold higher hemiarthroplasty, total shoulder and reversed shoulder arthroplasties than men except for individual younger than 60 years.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Humeral shaft nonunion after intramedullary nailing is a rare but serious complication. Treatment options include implant removal, open plating, exchange nailing and external fixation. The objective of this retrospective study was to determine whether augmentation plating without nail removal is feasible for treating a humeral shaft nonunion. Materials and methods: Between 2002 and 2014, 37 patients (mean age 51, range 20-84 years) with aseptic humeral shaft nonunions prior to intramedullary nailing were treated with augmentation plating. The initial fractures had been fixed with retrograde nails (10 cases) or anterograde nails (27 cases). There were 34 atrophic nonunions and 3 hypertrophic nonunions. Nonunion treatment of all patients consisted of local debridement through an anterior approach to the humerus and anterior placement of the augmentation plates. Supplemental bone grafting was performed in all atrophic nonunion cases. All patients were followed until union was radiologically confirmed. Results: Union was achieved in 36 patients (97 %) after a mean of 6 months (range 3-24 months). There was one case of iatrogenic median nerve palsy that showed complete spontaneous recovery 6 weeks postoperatively. One patient sustained a peri-implant stress fracture that was treated successfully by exchanging the augmentation plate to bridge the nonunion and the fracture. No infections or wound healing complications developed. At a mean follow-up of 14 months, all patients showed free shoulder and elbow motion and no restrictions in daily or working life. Conclusions: The results indicate that augmentation plating using an anterior approach is a safe and reliable option for humeral shaft nonunions after failed nailing, and the treatment has no substantial complications. Because the healing rates are similar to the standard technique of nail removal and fixation by compression or locking plates, we consider this technique to be an alternative choice for treatment.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction Mechanical complications, such as cut-out of the head-neck fixation device, are the most common causes of morbidity after trochanteric femur fracture treatment. The causes of cut-out complications are well defined in patients who are treated with sliding hip screws and biaxial cephalomedullary nails but there are few reports about the patients who are treated with proximal femoral nail antirotation. Aim The purpose of this study was to evaluate the most important factor about occurance of cutout complication and also to evaluate the risks of the combination of each possible factors. Patients and methods Overally 298 patients were enrolled in the study. Medical records were reviewed for patients’ age, fracture type, gender, anesthesia type and occurance of cut-out complication. Postoperatively taken radiographs were reviewed for tip-apex distance, obtained collo-diaphyseal angle, the quadrant of the helical blade and Ikuta reduction subgroup. The most important factor (s) and also predicted probability of cut-out complication was calculated for each combination of factors. Results Cut-out complication was observed in 14 patients (4.7 %). The most important factor about occurrence of the cut-out complication was found as varus reduction (p: 0.01), the second important factor was found as implantation of the helical blade in the improper quadrant (p: 0.02). Tip—apex distance was found as third important factor (p: 0.10). The predicted probability of cut-out complication was calculated as 45.6 % when whole of the four surgeon dependent factors were improperly obtained. Conclusion Althought obtaining proper tip-apex distance is important to prevent cutout complication in these fractures, if the fracture is not reduced in varus position and helical blade is inserted in the proper quadrant, possibility of cut-out complication is very low even in the patients with high tip-apex distance.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction So far, recurrent rotator cuff defects are described to occur in the early postoperative period after arthroscopic repair. The aim of this study was to evaluate the musculotendinous structure of the supraspinatus, as well as bone marrow edema or osteolysis after arthroscopic double-row repair. Therefore, magnetic resonance (MR) images were performed at defined intervals up to 2 years postoperatively. Study design Case series; Level of evidence, 3. Materials and methods MR imaging was performed within 7 days, 3, 6, 12, 26, 52 and 108 weeks after surgery. All patients were operated using an arthroscopic modified suture bridge technique. Tendon integrity, tendon retraction [“foot-print-coverage” (FPC)], muscular atrophy and fatty infiltration (signal intensity analysis) were measured at all time points. Furthermore, postoperative bone marrow edema and signs of osteolysis were assessed. Results MR images of 13 non-consecutive patients (6f/7m, ∅ age 61.05 ± 7.7 years) could be evaluated at all time points until ∅ 108 weeks postoperatively. 5/6 patients with recurrent defect at final follow-up displayed a time of failure between 12 and 24 months after surgery. Predominant mode of failure was medial cuff failures in 4/6 cases. The initial FPC increased significantly up to 2 years follow-up (p = 0.004). Evaluations of muscular atrophy or fatty infiltration were not significant different comparing the results of all time points (p > 0.05). Postoperative bone marrow edema disappeared completely at 6 months after surgery, whereas signs of osteolysis appeared at 3 months follow-up and increased to final follow-up. Conclusions Recurrent defects after arthroscopic reconstruction of supraspinatus tears in modified suture bridge technique seem to occur between 12 and 24 months after surgery. Serial MRI evaluation shows good muscle structure at all time points. Postoperative bone marrow edema disappears completely several months after surgery. Signs of osteolysis seem to appear caused by bio-absorbable anchor implantations.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical results of surgical repair for proximal long head of the biceps (LHB) tendon ruptures comparing chronic primary and postsurgical revision LHB tendon ruptures. Materials and methods Patients who underwent subpectoral LHB tenodesis for chronic ruptures with a minimum of 2 years from surgery were identified. ASES and SF-12 PCS scores and surgical and demographic data were collected prospectively. At final follow-up, patients were interviewed regarding symptoms related to their biceps. Symptoms were converted into a Subjective Proximal Biceps Score (SPBS). Results Twenty-seven patients (22 males, 5 females) with a mean age of 61 years (range 40–76 years) underwent LHB tenodeses. Twenty patients (74.1 %) were primary repairs for chronic ruptures and seven patients (25.9 %) were revision repairs after failed prior LHB tenodesis. Twenty-five patients (92.6 %; n = 18 primary; n = 7 revision) were available for follow-up a mean of 3.8 years (range 2–6.1). The overall median postoperative SPBS showed significant improvement over the preoperative baseline (p < 0.001). Individual components of the SPBS showed substantial improvements. The SPBS significantly correlated with the postoperative ASES score (r = −0.478; p = 0.038). There were no differences in postoperative SPBSs between the primary and revision tenodesis groups. The mean postoperative ASES score was 90.3 and SF-12 PCS was 52.6. Conclusions Open subpectoral LHB tenodesis was a safe and effective method for the treatment of chronic LHB tendon ruptures and for the revision of failed post-surgical LHB ruptures. Patients had less pain, cramping, and deformity after LHB tenodesis. The SPBS, ASES, and SF-12 PCS scores significantly improved among this group of patients. Level of evidence Level III; Retrospective comparative study.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction A systematic literature review on periprosthetic/interprosthetic fracture fixation after hip arthroplasties was performed to summarize available clinical data. Operation techniques and implants used were evaluated as possible risk factors for outcomes. Materials and methods MEDLINE and Cochrane databases were searched. Articles describing patients with postoperative periprosthetic femur fractures sustained around a hip arthroplasty and with interprosthetic fractures treated with plates, nails, screws and/or cerclage were included. Considered articles were from 2000 or newer. Eligible abstracts were screened by two independent persons and discrepancies were resolved by consensus. Absolute numbers of complications and/or reoperation events along with their corresponding rates were calculated according to operation technique and type of implant. Relative risks of having a complication and/or a reoperation according to the operation technique and the type of implant used were estimated. Results Available data from 49 prospective and retrospective studies were analyzed. Of 1574 fractures, 81.7 % were treated with plating. For 83.0 % of all fractures, an open approach was applied. The overall complication rate was 14.3 %. Fixation failure and nonunion were most often reported (fixation failure: 4.4 %; nonunion: 3.9 %). Nonunion and refracture occurred more often after open approaches than after minimal invasive osteosynthesis (nonunion: 4.5 vs. 0.0 %, p = 0.001; refracture: 3.8 vs. 0.6 %. p = 0.024). The relative risk for nonunion was 11.9 (95 % CI 4.5–31.5) times higher (p < 0.0001) for non-locking plates (13.0 %) than for locking plates (1.1 %). Conclusions The clinical evidence of published studies dealing with periprosthetic/interprosthetic fractures after hip arthroplasty is generally low. This literature search suggested higher rates of nonunion and refracture after an open approach and a higher risk of nonunion for non-locking plates compared to locking plates. Based on the available clinical evidence, no treatment recommendations can be given.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction With the increasing number of primary anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions, revision surgery has become more frequent. The purpose of the present study is to retrospectively compare the clinical outcome of contralateral hamstring tendon autografts vs. allografts for ACL revision surgery, specifically with regard to patient satisfaction, return to preinjury activity level, and postoperative functional outcomes. Materials and methods Between 2004 and 2011, 59 patients underwent ACL revision surgery. 44 were successfully recontacted and retrospectively reviewed at an average follow-up of 5.2 years. 23 subjects underwent revision ACL reconstruction with contralateral autogenous hamstring tendon grafts; 21 underwent allograft revision ACL surgery. Clinical, arthrometric, and functional evaluations were performed. The Tegner, Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) Subjective Knee Form were used. Objective evaluation included range of motion, Lachman test, pivot-shift test and KT-1000 instrumented laxity testing. Results No major complications were reported. Follow-up examination showed that there were no significant differences IKDC and KOOS scores between the groups. The percentage of patients returning to pre-injury level was high in both groups. Anterior tibial translation according to manual laxity testing and as measured with KT-1000 arthrometer was not statistically different in the two groups. With regard to return to sports, patients undergoing revision surgery with autografts experienced a quicker return to sports compared to patients who underwent allograft revision surgery. Conclusions The use of contralateral hamstring tendon autografts for ACL revision surgery produced similar subjective and objective outcomes at 5.2 years follow-up compared to revision with allograft patellar or Achilles tendon. Patients undergoing revision surgery with autografts experienced a quicker return to sports compared to patients who underwent allograft revision surgery.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Retrospective studies demonstrated inadequate soft tissue balance is associated with the long-term outcome of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, most of these studies have evaluated the joint laxity only postoperatively without anesthesia. Therefore information about the effect of anesthesia on knee laxity is important for soft tissue balancing at the time of surgery. This study was conducted to determine how anesthesia affects the varus and valgus stress tests after TKA. Materials and methods: A consecutive series of 26 patients undergoing staged bilateral TKA was evaluated. Varus and valgus laxity of the knee with the TKA implant was measured a few days before the contralateral TKA without anesthesia and again immediately after the contralateral TKA under spinal anesthesia. Results: The laxity was significantly increased from 3.0° to 3.6° (p = 0.005) and from 4.7° to 5.7° (p = 0.007) in medial and lateral side, respectively, when the stress tests were performed under anesthesia in comparison to the laxity measured without anesthesia. The major change in laxity (≥3°) was measured in 6 (23 %) patients tested without anesthesia. Conclusions: Anesthesia significantly influenced knee joint laxity after TKA. The findings of this study suggest that muscular forces impart a stabilizing force across the joint.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a challenging procedure in patients with a high body mass index (BMI). The aim of our study was to assess the outcome and accuracy of restoration of mechanical alignment in TKA using patient-specific guides (PSG) involving patients with high BMI. Materials and methods: Patients with BMI of 30 or above were enrolled in the study. The mean age of the patients was 65.15 years. The study comprised of 46 males and 54 females. Total knee arthroplasty was planned after a pre-operative MRI and long leg x-ray films using customized PSG. Results: Of the 105 knees (100 patients) in the study, average BMI was 35.42 kg/m(2) (30-56). Twenty patients (20 %) had class III obesity (≥40 kg/m(2)). The average blood loss and operative time were 236.1 ml (range 50-700 ml) and 92.2 min (65-130 min), respectively. The average post-operative mechanical axis was noted to be 1.85° varus (range 4° valgus to 6° varus). Eighty-eight patients (86.27 %) had mechanical alignment within 3° of neutral. There were no adverse intraoperative events. One patient had deep infection that required a two-stage revision. The average post-operative range of motion at 1-year follow-up was 105.8° (range 80°-130°). Conclusion: Patient-specific guides technology restores the coronal mechanical axis reliably in obese patients without adversely affecting outcomes. Our short-term follow-up has shown favorable outcomes. Surgeons should use these customized jigs as a guide and adjust the size of components, alignment and rotation according to normal surgical principles.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Uncemented short, curved femoral stems may help save proximal bone stock during total hip arthroplasty (THA) and facilitate insertion in minimal invasive surgery. The aim of this 2 year, prospective, single-center study was to examine the stability and migration of the Fitmore (®) stem in THA using model-based radiostereometric analysis (RSA), and thus predict the implant's long-term survival. In addition, we evaluated the stem's clinical performance using standard clinical measures. Patients and methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study of 34 THA patients who received the short Fitmore Hip Stem (Zimmer, Winterthur, Switzerland). At 3, 6, 12 and 24 months postoperatively, the patients underwent clinical evaluation and radiostereometric analysis (RSA) to measure stem migration. Results: RSA analysis revealed a mean subsidence of -0.39 mm (95 % CI -0.60 to -0.18) at 3 months with no further migration after 2 years. Mean internal rotation along the longitudinal axis was 1.09° (95 % CI 0.52-1.66) at 2 years, versus 0.85° (95 % CI 0.44-1.26) at 3 months. The Harris hip score improved from 60 (range 30-80) preoperatively to 99 (range 83-100) after 2 years. Three patients underwent revision due to deep infection, non-specific thigh pain and aseptic loosening in one case. Conclusion: We conclude that the Fitmore Hip Stem stabilizes after 3 months and achieves good short-term clinical results in most cases.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Intraoperative kinematic analysis using a navigation system in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has been increasing. The purpose of the present study was to assess the reproducibility of the intraoperative kinematics analysis in TKA using the image-free knee navigation system. Materials and methods: Fifty-one knees in 45 patients who received TKA, performed by a single surgeon (the senior consultant) with the resident, were included in this retrospective study. There were 7 men and 38 women and the mean age was 74.3 years. Cruciate retaining (CR) type and posterior stabilized (PS) type implants were inserted into 38 and 13 knees. The senior consultant and the resident analyzed initial kinematics, the axial rotation of the tibia and the coronal alignment of the lower limb, three times in each knee on manual passive knee flexion intraoperatively using the navigation system. Intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC) with 95 % confidence intervals were calculated to determine the reproducibility of this analysis. Results: In regard to intra-rater reproducibility with axial rotation of the tibia, the ICC of the senior consultant was 0.965 for CR knees and 0.972 for PS knees while the ICC of the resident were 0.966 and 0.956. Inter-rater reproducibility was excellent for both knee types (ICC, 0.885 for CR knees and 0.864 for PS knees). In regard to intra-rater reproducibility with coronal alignment of the lower limb, ICC of the senior consultant was 0.990 for CR knees and 0.996 for PS knees while those of the resident were 0.990 and 0.995. Inter-rater reproducibility was also excellent for both knee types (ICC, 0.978 for CR knees and 0.994 for PS knees). Conclusions: Manual intraoperative kinematic analysis using a navigation system in TKA showed excellent reproducibility. This result may encourage further studies about intraoperative kinematic analysis using a navigation system in TKA.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Heterotopic ossification (HO) is a benign condition of abnormal bone formation in soft tissue. It is frequently asymptomatic, though it manifests as decreased range of motion in the affected joints that may occur in the shoulder after a substantial traumatic injury and can complicate the functional outcome of the affected upper extremity. However, severe HO is an extremely rare event following acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) injury. Materials and methods: We are presenting a case of a 29-year-old male patient who had a trauma with resultant Rockwood type II injury. He subsequently complained of left shoulder pain with decreased range of motion 3 years later. HO was diagnosed after X-rays and the severity was assessed with a computerized tomography scan and magnetic resonance imaging. The patient was treated with a combination of pre-operative radiotherapy, surgical excision, mobilization under anesthesia, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) therapy and physiotherapy. Results: At 6-month follow-up, excellent clinical and radiological outcomes were achieved with a Constant score of 92 points, DASH score of 24 %, and ASES score 100 %, with a full range of motion of the left shoulder. Furthermore, there was no more radiological evidence of HO on plain radiographs. Conclusion: Severe heterotopic ossification after a Rockwood type II ACJ injury in this case was successfully treated with combination of pre-operative radiotherapy, surgical excision and manipulation under anesthesia as well as NSAID therapy and physiotherapy.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: ACL reconstruction with either patellar tendon or semitendinosus tendon autografts are standard procedures. Between these two grafts might be differences in stability, morbidity, or long-term changes. This study investigates outcomes of ACL reconstruction with patellar tendon versus semitendinosus tendon autografts. We hypothesize no significant differences in clinical outcome and knee stability between both groups. Methods: In a randomized prospective trial, we operated 62 ACL-deficient patients, 45 males and 17 females with a mean age of 29.8 years (min. 18, max. 44). We reconstructed the ligament using either autologous patellar tendon (n = 31) or semitendinosus tendon (n = 31). After 10 years of follow-up, we investigated 47 patients of the study. For evaluation we used a standard clinical examination including one-leg jump test and KT-1000 instrumental translation measure, visual analog pain scale, IKDC subjective knee form, Lysholm score, Tegner activity scale, and standard X-rays of the knee. Results: The data did not show any significant differences between the two groups. Between 5 and 10 years after ACL reconstruction both groups started to develop degenerative arthritic changes, which were detectable in standard radiographs of the knee. At 10-year follow-up mean IKDC for the BPTB group was 1.8 (min. 1, max. 3) and for the ST group it was 2.2 (min 1, max. 4), p = 0.35. Regarding Tegner activity scale after 10 years, the BPTB group showed a mean score of 5.9 (min. 4, max. 9) versus 5.1 (min. 3, max. 7) in the ST group, p = 0.53. For the Lysholm score the BPTB group reached a mean of 92.0 (min. 63, max. 98) and the ST group 91.8 (min. 62, max. 98) points, p = 0.66. There is a tendency for higher donor site morbidity in the BPTB group than in the ST group, p = 0.07. Conclusions: Both, patellar tendon and semitendinosus tendon are safe autografts for ACL reconstruction. Regarding graft selection, individual patient-dependent factors should be considered. ACL reconstruction cannot fully restore pre-injury status of knee joint function in the majority of cases.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Open-wedge high tibial osteotomy is considered to be an effective treatment for medial compartmental osteoarthritis. It is generally admitted that tibial slope increases after open-wedge high tibial osteotomy and decreases after closing-wedge high tibial osteotomy. Young patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficiency along with medial compartment osteoarthritis need a combined procedure of ACL reconstruction along with high tibial osteotomy to regain physiological knee kinematics and to avoid chondral damage. Materials and methods: We retrospectively analysed data from 30 patients who underwent arthroscopic ACL reconstruction along with medial opening-wedge osteotomy from Jan 2004 to June 2012 with a minimum follow up of 2 years. The pre-operative and post-operative posterior tibial slopes were measured. Functional outcome was analysed using clinico-radiological criteria, IKDC scoring and Lysholm score. Results: Post-operative patients improved both clinically and functionally. The patients who had posterior tibial slope >5° decrease, compared to patients who had less <5° decrease, had better functional scores (IKDC and Lysholm score), which was statistically significant (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Our study has shown that decreasing the tibial slope >5° compared to pre-operative value has functionally favourable effect on the reconstructed ACL graft and outcome. It is known that increasing slope causes an anterior shift in tibial resting position that is accentuated under axial loads. This suggests that decreasing tibial slope may be protective in an ACL deficient knee. Hence by placing the tricortical graft posterior to midline in the opening wedge reduces the posterior tibial slope and thereby reduces the stress on the graft leading to better functional outcome.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Hip resurfacing (HR) is intended to preserve the femoral bone stock during primary arthroplasty. On the other hand, little has been reported regarding the intraoperative need of bone reconstruction for extended acetabular defects during hip resurfacing revision. Thus, the aim of the presented study was to identify whether there is an increased need for acetabular bone reconstruction in HR revision surgery. Materials and methods: We analyzed the data of 38 patients who underwent 39 conversions from a HR to a total hip arthroplasty (THA). Acetabular bone defects and the respective revision technique were compared against a temporary cohort of patients undergoing revision surgery of a conventional THA. Results: In 29 HR patients revision required either autogenous or allogenous impaction bone grafting to adequately manage acetabular host bone degradation. In 10 cases additional implantation of a reinforcement device was necessary. Compared to the THA cohort revision of failed HR is associated with a significantly increased risk of higher grade bone defects (Paprosky classification) and extended acetabular reconstruction (p < 0.05). Conclusions: This study provides evidence that revision of failed HR devices is associated with an increased risk for extensive acetabular defects. Furthermore, the preoperative radiographic assessment of HR devices often underestimates the intraoperative acetabular defect. Surgeons should be aware of this fact not to technically underestimate HR revision procedures.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery