Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology (SOC PSYCH PSYCH EPID)

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Journal description

Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology is intended to provide a medium for the prompt publication of scientific contributions concerned with all aspects of the epidemiology of psychiatric disorders - social biological and genetic. In addition the journal has a particular focus on the effects of social conditions upon behaviour and the relationship between psychiatric disorders and the social environment. Such contributions may be of a clinical nature provided they relate to social issues or they may deal with specialised investigations in the fields of social psychology sociology anthropology epidemiology health service research health economies or social administration. Original work and review articles may be submitted. Fields of interest: Social psychology sociology anthropology epidemiology health service research health economies social administration.

Current impact factor: 2.54

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 2.537
2013 Impact Factor 2.575
2012 Impact Factor 2.861
2011 Impact Factor 2.696
2010 Impact Factor 2.147
2009 Impact Factor 2.052
2008 Impact Factor 1.959

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 2.73
Cited half-life 7.80
Immediacy index 0.60
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.85
Website Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology website
Other titles Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology (Online), Soc psychiatry psychiatr epidemiol
ISSN 0933-7954
OCLC 43804529
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

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    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose: People with severe mental illnesses (SMI) experience a 17- to 20-year reduction in life expectancy. One-third of deaths are due to cardiovascular disease. This study will establish the relationship of SMI with cardiovascular disease in ethnic minority groups (Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi, black Caribbean, black African and Irish), in the UK. Methods: E-CHASM is a mixed methods study utilising data from 1.25 million electronic patient records. Secondary analysis of routine patient records will establish if differences in cause-specific mortality, cardiovascular disease prevalence and disparities in accessing healthcare for ethnic minority people living with SMI exist. A nested qualitative study will be used to assess barriers to accessing healthcare, both from the perspectives of service users and providers. Results: In primary care, 993,116 individuals, aged 18+, provided data from 186/189 (98 %) practices in four inner-city boroughs (local government areas) in London. Prevalence of SMI according to primary care records, ranged from 1.3-1.7 %, across boroughs. The primary care sample included Bangladeshi [n = 94,643 (10 %)], Indian [n = 6086 (6 %)], Pakistani [n = 35,596 (4 %)], black Caribbean [n = 45,013 (5 %)], black African [n = 75,454 (8 %)] and Irish people [n = 13,745 (1 %)]. In the secondary care database, 12,432 individuals with SMI over 2007-2013 contributed information; prevalent diagnoses were schizophrenia [n = 6805 (55 %)], schizoaffective disorders [n = 1438 (12 %)] and bipolar affective disorder [n = 4112 (33 %)]. Largest ethnic minority groups in this sample were black Caribbean [1432 (12 %)] and black African (1393 (11 %)). Conclusions: There is a dearth of research examining cardiovascular disease in minority ethnic groups with severe mental illnesses. The E-CHASM study will address this knowledge gap.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: This study aimed to describe the workings of an urban male remand prison mental health service exploring the key challenges and successes, levels of integration and collaboration with other services. Method: A purposive sampling was used to recruit key prison and healthcare professionals for in-depth interviews. A thematic analysis was used to analyse transcripts based on an initial coding frame of several predefined themes. Other key themes were also identified. Results: Twenty-eight interviews were conducted. Prisoners referred to the service had complex, sometimes acute mental illness requiring specialist assessment and treatment. Key successes of the in-reach service included the introduction of an open referral system, locating a mental health nurse at reception to screen all new prisoners and a zoning system to prioritise urgent or non-urgent cases. Achieving an integrated system of healthcare was challenging because of the numerous internal and external services operating across the prison, a highly transient population, limited time and space to deliver services and difficulties with providing inpatient care (e.g., establishing the criteria for admission and managing patient flow). Collaborative working between prison and healthcare staff was required to enable best care for prisoners. Conclusions: The prison mental health in-reach service worked well in assessing and prioritising those who required specialist mental health care. Although the challenges of working within the prison context limited what the in-reach team could achieve. Further work was needed to improve the unit environment and how best to target and deliver inpatient care within the prison.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose To examine the effect of the Australian educational intervention Mental Health First Aid (MHFA) in a Danish context. Primary outcome was improvement concerning confidence in help-giving behavior towards people suffering from mental illness. Secondary outcomes were increased knowledge and ability to recognize mental illness and improved positive attitudes towards people suffering from mental health problems. Method Study design was a randomized trial with a waitlist control group. The intervention group was compared with the control group at 6-month follow-up. Both groups completed at baseline and at 6-month follow-up. Results A significant difference was found between employees trained in the intervention group compared to the control group at 6-month follow-up on the items of confidence in making contact to (Cohen’s d 0.17), talking to (Cohen’s d 0.18) and providing help to (Cohen’s d 0.31) people suffering from a mental health illness. Further, participants improved in knowledge (Cohen’s d depression vignette 0.40/Cohen’s d schizophrenia vignette 0.32) and in the ability to recognize schizophrenia OR = 1.75 (95 % CI 1.00–3.05), p = 0.05. A significant difference between the intervention group and control group at follow-up concerning actual help offered was not found. Changes in attitudes were limited. Conclusion The MHFA training was effective in a Danish context.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose An epidemic of carbon monoxide poisoning suicide by burning charcoal occurred in Hong Kong and Taiwan. An epidemic also emerged in Japan from February 2003 and resulted in an increase of 10–20 % in overall suicide rates in younger adults (aged <45 years) in the mid-2000s. We investigated the spatial and temporal evolution of the epidemic to assess its impact on the epidemiology of suicide in Japan. Methods Mortality data were obtained from the official vital statistics of Japan. Smoothed standardized mortality ratios of charcoal-burning and non-charcoal-burning suicide were estimated for the period 2003–2013 using Bayesian hierarchical models. Joinpoint regression analysis was performed to analyze secular trends in suicide rates by gender, method used and geographic location between 1999 and 2013. Results Suicide by burning charcoal rose sharply in the mid-2000s and was not accompanied by a simultaneous decline in alternative methods. The epidemic of charcoal-burning suicide in Japan showed a pronounced spatial pattern, being concentrated in rural prefectures particularly among males. For men but not women, the epidemic contributed to the widening of urban–rural disparities in suicide rates (higher rates in rural areas). Conclusions Our results differ from previous research in other Asian countries (e.g., Taiwan), where the epidemic of charcoal-burning suicide emerged more prominently in urban areas. In Japan, the introduction and diffusion of charcoal burning contributed to a real excess in suicide rates, as well as a widening of the urban/rural disparity in suicide.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: We assessed the relationship of self-reported racial discrimination with illicit drug use among US Blacks, and whether this differed by socioeconomic position (SEP). Methods: Among 6587 Black participants in Wave 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (2004-2005), we used multiple logistic regression models to test the association between racial discrimination (measured on the 6-item Experiences of Discrimination scale) and past-year illicit drug use, and whether this differed by SEP. Results: Racial discrimination was associated with past-year drug use [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 2.32; 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.70, 3.16] and with frequent drug use (aOR 1.91; 95 % CI 1.22, 2.99). For frequent illicit drug use, this relationship was stronger among higher SEP participants (aOR 3.55; 95 % CI 2.09, 6.02; p interaction < 0.01). Conclusions: The stronger association between racial discrimination and frequent illicit drug use among higher SEP Blacks suggests a complex interplay between disadvantaged and privileged statuses that merits further investigation. The finding of a significant difference by SEP highlights the importance of considering differences within heterogeneous race/ethnic groups when investigating health disparities.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: India has the highest absolute number of maternal deaths, preterm birth cases, and under-5 mortality in the world, as well as high domestic violence (DV) rates. We sought to examine the impact of DV and its psychosocial correlates on pregnancy and birth outcomes. Methods: Women seeking antenatal care in Tamil Nadu, South India (N = 150) were assessed during pregnancy, and birth outcomes were abstracted from medical records after the babies were born. Results: We found that psychological abuse (OR 3.9; 95 % CI 1.19-12.82) and mild or greater depressive symptoms (OR 3.3; 95 % CI 0.99-11.17) were significantly associated with increased risk of preterm birth. Physical abuse was also associated with increased risk of preterm birth, but this was not statistically significant (OR 1.9; 95 % CI 0.59-6.19). In each of the above adjusted models, low maternal education was associated with increased risk of preterm birth, in the analysis with depressive symptoms OR 0.18, CI 0.04-0.86 and in the analyses with psychological abuse OR 0.19, CI 0.04-0.91. Conclusions: These findings suggest that future research should focus on understanding the psychosocial antecedents to preterm birth, to better target interventions and improve maternal child health in limited resource settings.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Women have a higher prevalence of major depressive episodes (MDE) than men, and the annual prevalence of MDE declines with age. Age by sex interactions may occur (a weakening of the sex effect with age), but are easily overlooked since individual studies lack statistical power to detect interactions. The objective of this study was to evaluate age by sex interactions in MDE prevalence. Methods: In Canada, a series of 10 national surveys conducted between 1996 and 2013 assessed MDE prevalence in respondents over the age of 14. Treating age as a continuous variable, binomial and linear regression was used to model age by sex interactions in each survey. To increase power, the survey-specific interaction coefficients were then pooled using meta-analytic methods. Results: The estimated interaction terms were homogeneous. In the binomial regression model I (2) was 31.2 % and was not statistically significant (Q statistic = 13.1, df = 9, p = 0.159). The pooled estimate (-0.004) was significant (z = 3.13, p = 0.002), indicating that the effect of sex became weaker with increasing age. This resulted in near disappearance of the sex difference in the 75+ age group. This finding was also supported by an examination of age- and sex-specific estimates pooled across the surveys. Conclusions: The association of MDE prevalence with sex becomes weaker with age. The interaction may reflect biological effect modification. Investigators should test for, and consider inclusion of age by sex interactions in epidemiological analyses of MDE prevalence.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Current measures of anxiety and depression for children and young people (CYP) include somatic symptoms and can be lengthy. They can inflate scores in cases where there is also physical illness, contain potentially distressing symptoms for some settings and be impractical in clinical practice. The present study aimed to develop and evaluate a new questionnaire, the paediatric index of emotional distress (PI-ED), to screen for emotional distress in CYP, modelled on the hospital anxiety and depression scale. Methods: A school-based sample (n = 1026) was employed to examine the PI-ED's psychometric properties and a clinical sample of CYP (n = 143) was used to establish its sensitivity and specificity. Results: Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses identified a bi-factor model with a general emotional distress factor ('cothymia') and anxiety and depression as co-factors. The PI-ED demonstrated good psychometric properties and clinical utility with a cutoff score of 20. Conclusion: The PI-ED is a brief, valid and reliable clinical screening tool for emotional distress in CYP.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Previous studies assessing secondhand smoke (SHS) and risk of mental health problems have yielded inconsistent results. We performed a meta-analysis to statistically assess the association between SHS exposure, depressive symptoms and psychological distress among adults. Methods: A systematically search of Pubmed (1946-2015) and EMBASE (1976-2015) was conducted and supplemented by bibliographies of all retrieved articles to find additional relevant citations. Odds ratios (OR) and associated 95 % confidence interval (CI) of each eligible study were extracted and pooled in our meta-analysis. Results: A total of 11 studies comprising 86,739 participants met the inclusion criteria. A random-effect model was used in meta-analysis since considerable heterogeneity was expected. Our results indicate that SHS exposure was significantly associated with depressive symptoms (OR 1.60, 95 % CI 1.35-1.90) and psychological distress (OR 1.32, 95 % CI 1.11-1.56). Conclusion: Exposure to SHS among non-smoker is associated with depressive symptoms and psychological distress, emphasizing the significance of reducing SHS exposure at a population level.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The link between depression and paranoia has long been discussed in psychiatric literature. Because the causality of this association is difficult to study in patients with full-blown psychosis, we aimed to investigate how clinical depression relates to the presence and occurrence of paranoid symptoms in clinical high-risk (CHR) patients. Methods: In all, 245 young help-seeking CHR patients were assessed for suspiciousness and paranoid symptoms with the structured interview for prodromal syndromes at baseline, 9- and 18-month follow-up. At baseline, clinical diagnoses were assessed by the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV, childhood adversities by the Trauma and Distress Scale, trait-like suspiciousness by the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire, and anxiety and depressiveness by the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale. Results: At baseline, 54.3 % of CHR patients reported at least moderate paranoid symptoms. At 9- and 18-month follow-ups, the corresponding figures were 28.3 and 24.4 %. Depressive, obsessive-compulsive and somatoform disorders, emotional and sexual abuse, and anxiety and suspiciousness associated with paranoid symptoms. In multivariate modelling, depressive and obsessive-compulsive disorders, sexual abuse, and anxiety predicted persistence of paranoid symptoms. Conclusion: Depressive disorder was one of the major clinical factors predicting persistence of paranoid symptoms in CHR patients. In addition, obsessive-compulsive disorder, childhood sexual abuse, and anxiety associated with paranoia. Effective pharmacological and psychotherapeutic treatment of these disorders and anxiety may reduce paranoid symptoms in CHR patients.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology