Global Biogeochemical Cycles (GLOBAL BIOGEOCHEM CY)

Publisher: American Geophysical Union, American Geophysical Union

Journal description

Global Biogeochemical Cycles includes papers in the broad areas of global change involving the geosphere and biosphere. Marine, hydrologic, atmospheric, extraterrestrial, geologic, biologic, and human causes of and response to environmental change on timescales of tens, thousands, and millions of years are the purview of the journal.

Current impact factor: 3.97

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 3.965
2013 Impact Factor 4.528
2012 Impact Factor 4.682
2011 Impact Factor 4.785
2010 Impact Factor 5.263
2009 Impact Factor 4.294
2008 Impact Factor 4.09
2007 Impact Factor 4.335
2006 Impact Factor 3.796
2005 Impact Factor 3.373
2004 Impact Factor 2.864
2003 Impact Factor 3.383
2002 Impact Factor 3.957
2001 Impact Factor 3.292
2000 Impact Factor 3.084
1999 Impact Factor 4.309
1998 Impact Factor 4.204
1997 Impact Factor 3.606
1996 Impact Factor 4.146
1995 Impact Factor 4.898

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 5.37
Cited half-life >10.0
Immediacy index 0.69
Eigenfactor 0.02
Article influence 2.37
Website Global Biogeochemical Cycles website
Other titles Global biogeochemical cycles
ISSN 0886-6236
OCLC 12954754
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

American Geophysical Union

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Authors' Pre-print on authors' personal website or departmental website
    • Authors' Post-print on authors' personal website or departmental website
    • Set statements to accompany submitted, accepted and published articles
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged with DOI
    • Publisher's version/PDF must be used in Institutional Repository 6 months after publication.
    • Publisher last reviewed on 04/08/2015
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The global ocean contains a massive reservoir (662±32 Pg C) of dissolved organic carbon (DOC), and its dynamics, particularly in the deepest zones, are only slowly being understood. DOC in the deep ocean is ubiquitously low in concentration (~35 to 48 µmol kg-1; Hansell et al., 2009) and aged (4000 to 6000 years; Druffel et al., 1992), persisting for multiple meridional overturning circulations. Deep waters relatively enriched in DOC form in the North Atlantic, migrate to the Southern Ocean to mix with waters from Antarctic shelves and the deep Pacific and Indian Oceans, in turn forming the voluminous waters of the Circumpolar Deep Water. Here we seek evidence for local (autochthonous) versus distant (allochthonous) processes in determining the distribution of DOC in the deep Southern Ocean. Prior analyses on DOC in the deep Southern Ocean have conflicted, describing both conservative and nonconservative traits: the deep DOC field has been reported as uniform in distribution yet local inputs have been suggested as quantitatively important. We use multiple approaches (multiple linear regression, mass transport, and mass balance calculations) with data from CLIVAR Repeat Hydrography sections to evaluate the system. We find that DOC concentrations in the deep Southern Ocean largely reflect the conservative mixing of the several deep waters entering the system from the north. Mass balance suggests that the relatively depleted DOC radiocarbon content in the deep Southern Ocean is a conserved property as well. These analyses advance our understanding of the controls on the DOC reservoir of the Southern Ocean.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Global Biogeochemical Cycles

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Global Biogeochemical Cycles
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    ABSTRACT: This paper presents a revised and updated synthesis of the biogeochemical cycle of boron at the Earth's surface, where the largest fluxes are associated with the injection of seasalt aerosols to the atmosphere (1.44 Tg B/yr), production and combustion of fossil fuels (1.2 Tg B/yr), atmospheric deposition (3.48 Tg B/yr), the mining of B ores (1.1 Tg B/yr) and the transport of dissolved and suspended matter in rivers (0.80 Tg B/yr). The new estimates show that anthropogenic mobilization of B from the continental crust is equivalent to and in some cases exceeding the naturally occurring processes, resulting in substantial fluxes to the ocean and the hydrosphere. The anthropogenic component contributes 81% of the flux in rivers. The mean residence time for B in seawater supports the use of δ11B in marine carbonates as an index of changes in the pH of seawater over time periods of >1 million years.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Global Biogeochemical Cycles
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    ABSTRACT: A time series of organic carbon export from Gulf of Maine (GoM) watersheds was compared to a time series of biological, chemical, bio-optical and hydrographic properties, measured across the GoM between Yarmouth, NS, Canada and Portland, ME, USA. Optical proxies were used to quantify the dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and particulate organic carbon (POC) in the GoM. The LOADEST regression model applied to river discharge data demonstrated that riverine DOC export (and its decadal variance) has increased over the last 80 years. Several extraordinarily wet years (2006–2010) resulted in a massive pulse of chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM; proxy for DOC) into the western GoM along with unidentified optically-scattering material (<0.2 µm diameter). A survey of DOC in the GoM and Scotian Shelf showed the strong influence of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence on the DOC that enters the GoM. A deep plume of CDOM-rich water was observed near the coast of Maine which decreased in concentration eastwards. The Forel-Ule color scale was derived and compared to the same measurements made in 1912-13 by Henry Bigelow. Results show that the GoM has yellowed in the last century, particularly in the region of the extension of the Eastern Maine Coastal Current. Time lags between DOC discharge and its appearance in the GoM increased with distance from the river mouths. Algae were also a significant source of DOC but not CDOM. Gulf-wide algal primary production has decreased. Increases in precipitation and DOC discharge to the GoM are predicted over the next century.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Global Biogeochemical Cycles
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    ABSTRACT: Mercury (Hg) natural biogeochemical cycle is complex and a significant portion of biological and chemical transformation occurs in the marine environment. To better understand the presence and abundance of Hg species in the remote ocean regions, waters of South Atlantic Ocean along 40°S parallel were investigated during UK-GEOTRACES cruise GA10. Total mercury (THg), methylated mercury (MeHg) and dissolved gaseous mercury (DGM) concentrations were determined. The concentrations were very low in the range of pg/L (femtomolar). All Hg species had higher concentration in western than in eastern basin. THg did not appear to be a useful geotracer. Elevated methylated Hg species were commonly associated with low-oxygen water masses and occasionally with peaks of Chlorophyll a, both involved with carbon (re)cycling. The overall highest MeHg concentrations were observed in the mixed layer (500 m) and in the vicinity of the Gough Island.. Conversely, DGM concentrations showed distinct layering and differed between the water masses in a nutrient-like manner. DGM was lowest at surface, indicating degassing to the atmosphere; and was highest in the Upper Circumpolar Deep Water, where the oxygen concentration was lowest. DGM increased also in Antarctic Bottom Water. At one station, dimethylmercury was determined and showed increase in region with lowest oxygen saturation. Altogether, our data indicate that the South Atlantic Ocean could be a source of Hg to the atmosphere and that its biogeochemical transformations depend primarily upon carbon cycling and are thereby additionally prone to global ocean change.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Global Biogeochemical Cycles
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    ABSTRACT: Rock contains > 99% of Earth's reactive nitrogen (N); but questions remain over the direct importance of rock N weathering inputs to terrestrial biochemical cycling. Here we investigate the factors that regulate rock N abundance and develop a new model for quantifying rock N mobilization fluxes across desert to temperate rainforest ecosystems in California, USA. We analyzed the N content of 968 rock samples from 531 locations, and compiled 178 cosmogenically derived denudation estimates from across the region to identify landscapes and ecosystems where rocks account for a significant fraction of terrestrial N inputs. Strong coherence between rock N content and geophysical factors, such as protolith (i.e. parent rock), grain-size, and thermal history are observed. A spatial model that combines rock geochemistry with lithology and topography demonstrates that average rock N reservoirs range from 0.18 – 1.2 kg N m−3 (80 to 534 mg N kg−1) across the 9 geomorphic provinces of California, and estimates a rock N denudation flux of 20 – 92 Gg yr−1 across the entire study area (natural atmospheric inputs ~ 140 Gg yr−1). The model highlights regional differences in rock N mobilization, and points to the Coast Ranges, Transverse Ranges, and the Klamath Mountains as regions where rock N could contribute meaningfully to ecosystem N cycling. Contrasting these data to global compilations suggests that our findings are broadly applicable beyond California and that the N abundance and variability in rock are well constrained across most of the Earth system.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Global Biogeochemical Cycles
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    ABSTRACT: The δ30Si of biogenic silica (δ30SiBSi) in marine sediments is a promising proxy for the reconstruction of silicic acid utilization by diatoms in the geological past. The application of this proxy, however, requires an understanding of the modern δ30Si distributions and their controlling mechanisms. Here we present results from a modern climate simulation with a coupled ocean-sediment model that includes a prognostic formulation of biogenic silica production with concurrent silicon isotopic fractionation. In agreement with previous studies, biological fractionation combined with physical transport and mixing determine the oceanic distribution of simulated δ30Si. A new finding is a distinct seasonal cycle of δ30Si in the surface ocean, which is inversely related to that of silicic acid concentration and mixed layer depth. We also provide the first simulation results of sedimentary δ30Si, which reveal that (1) the δ30SiBSi distribution in the surface sediment reflects the exported δ30SiBSi signal from the euphotic zone and (2) the dissolution of biogenic silica in the sediment acts as a source of relatively light δ30Si into the bottom waters of the polar oceans, while it is a source of heavier δ30Si to the subtropical South Atlantic and South Pacific.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Global Biogeochemical Cycles