Clinical Rheumatology (CLIN RHEUMATOL)

Publisher: International League of Associations for Rheumatology, Springer Verlag

Journal description

Clinical Rheumatology is an international journal devoted to publishing in the English language original clinical investigation and research in the general field of rheumatology with accent on clinical aspects at postgraduate level. Studies carried out anywhere in the world will be considered the basic criterion for acceptance being the medical and scientific standard of the work described.

Current impact factor: 1.70

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 1.696
2013 Impact Factor 1.774
2012 Impact Factor 2.037
2011 Impact Factor 1.996
2010 Impact Factor 1.687
2009 Impact Factor 1.668
2008 Impact Factor 1.559
2007 Impact Factor 1.644
2006 Impact Factor 1.459
2005 Impact Factor 1.261
2004 Impact Factor 1.154
2003 Impact Factor 0.85
2002 Impact Factor 0.976
2001 Impact Factor 0.838
2000 Impact Factor 0.724
1999 Impact Factor 0.615
1998 Impact Factor 0.633
1997 Impact Factor 0.638
1996 Impact Factor 0.484
1995 Impact Factor 0.559
1994 Impact Factor 0.541
1993 Impact Factor 0.634
1992 Impact Factor 0.51

Impact factor over time

Impact factor
Year

Additional details

5-year impact 1.91
Cited half-life 6.10
Immediacy index 0.48
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.53
Website Clinical Rheumatology website
Other titles Clinical rheumatology (Online)
ISSN 0770-3198
OCLC 42852134
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

  • Pre-print
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  • Conditions
    • Author's pre-print on pre-print servers such as arXiv.org
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on any open access repository after 12 months after publication
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification
    green

Publications in this journal

  • Sanna Halonen · Eeva Kankaanpää · Juho Kari · Pinja Parmanne · Heikki Relas · Kai Kronström · Riitta Luosujärvi · Ritva Peltomaa

    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Clinical Rheumatology
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic nonspecific musculoskeletal pain (CNMP) is an idiopathic condition often seen in general practice and rheumatology clinics, the aetiology of which may include vitamin D deficiency. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the effectiveness of vitamin D supplementation in the management of CNMP through a systematic review and meta-analysis. According to PRISMA guidelines, PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane and Scopus electronic databases were searched for randomised controlled trials comparing vitamin D supplementation to a control or placebo in CNMP patients; the search was not limited by language or date. Meta-analysis was performed using the mean and standardised mean difference which was computed with 95 % confidence intervals, and overall effect size was calculated. Both fixed and random effects models were used in meta-analysis to account for heterogeneity in the studies. The initial search identified 107 studies, of which 10 were potentially relevant, with 7 studies excluded because they did not meet selection criteria. Three studies were included in the meta-analysis. We found no effect of vitamin D supplementation (standardised mean difference (SMD) 0.004; 95 % confidence interval (CI) −0.248 to 0.256) on pain in CNMP patients. Forest plot is used to present the results from meta-analysis. Contrary to a widespread clinical view, there is a moderate level of evidence that vitamin D supplementation is not helpful for treating CNMP patients.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Clinical Rheumatology
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of balneotherapy (BT), which is applied in addition to physical therapy (PT), in the treatment of chronic neck pain. Sixty patients with chronic neck pain were divided into study (n = 30) and control (n = 30) groups. All of the patients in both groups were treated with a 15-session standard PT program consisting of hot pack, ultrasound, and transcutaneous electrical stimulation. Patients in the study group were also treated with a 15-session BT program lasting 20 min/day in addition to the standard PT program. Visual analogue scale (VAS), modified neck disability index (mNDI), and Nottingham Health Profile (NHP) scores of all patients were evaluated at three different times as pretreatment, posttreatment, and posttreatment third week. There was no statistically significant difference between the clinical and demographic characteristics of the patients in different groups before treatment. Intragroup analysis revealed significant improvement in all parameters for both of the groups at all time intervals. Intergroup analysis uncovered the superiority of the study group. According to the results of this study, BT in combination with PT is superior to PT alone in reducing pain and disability and improving quality of life in patients with chronic neck pain.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Clinical Rheumatology

  • No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Clinical Rheumatology
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    ABSTRACT: Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging with maximum intensity projection (MRI-MIP) is an easy, useful imaging method to evaluate synovitis in rheumatoid hands. However, the prognosis of synovitis-positive joints on MRI-MIP has not been clarified. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between synovitis visualized by MRI-MIP and joint destruction on X-rays in rheumatoid hands. The wrists, metacarpophalangeal (MP) joints, and proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints of both hands (500 joints in total) were evaluated in 25 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Synovitis was scored from grade 0 to 2 on the MRI-MIP images. The Sharp/van der Heijde score and Larsen grade were used for radiographic evaluation. The relationships between the MIP score and the progression of radiographic scores and between the MIP score and bone marrow edema on MRI were analyzed using the trend test. As the MIP score increased, the Sharp/van der Heijde score and Larsen grade progressed severely. The rate of bone marrow edema-positive joints also increased with higher MIP scores. MRI-MIP imaging of RA hands is a clinically useful method that allows semi-quantitative evaluation of synovitis with ease and can be used to predict joint destruction.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Clinical Rheumatology
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies have documented an association between thyroid dysfunction, predominant hypothyroidism, and antibody positivity in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). There are no studies reporting the relationship between thyroid volume and thyroid functions in patients with SSc. This study was conducted to correlate thyroid dysfunction with thyroid volume as measured on ultrasound and antibody positivity. Complete thyroid workup was done in 106 patients of SSc which included thyroid function test, antithyroid peroxidase (TPO) antibody, antithyroid-stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR) antibody, antithyroglobulin antibody, and thyroid ultrasound to assess thyroid volume, echogenicity and blood flow, and fine needle aspiration cytology of suspicious thyroid lesions. Prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism was 8.5 %, overt hypothyroidism 1.9 %, subclinical hyperthyroidism 2.8 %, and overt hyperthyroidism in 0.9 % of the patients. Antithyroid peroxidase antibody was positive in 16 %, anti-TSH receptor antibody in 5.7 %, and antithyroglobulin antibody in none of the patients. Thyroid volume was in the range of atrophy (<4.5 ml) in 57.5 % patients, echogenicity altered in 15.1 %, and blood flow increased in 15.1 %. Thyroid volume correlated strongly with the pulmonary function test (FEV1). Routine thyroid ultrasound and thyroid function tests may be included in the workup of patients with SSc for the early detection of hypothyroidism since a small but significant percentage of patients developed thyroid dysfunction. Antithyroid antibodies may not correlate with the thyroid functions and hence should not be recommended.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Clinical Rheumatology
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    ABSTRACT: Calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPP) crystal deposition in the articular cartilage can often be seen radiographically as chondrocalcinosis (CC). CPP crystals preferentially deposit in fibrocartilages such as the knee menisci and symphysis pubis (SP). We sought to determine the prevalence of CC in the SP on computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen and pelvis. This retrospective study involved readings on 1070 consecutive CTs of the abdomen and pelvis performed over 3 months in patients over 65 years of age. Medical records of 226 patients found to have CC were reviewed to determine age, gender, documentation of CPPD on problem lists or in medical histories, and whether radiology readings of the CTs mentioned CC. SP CC was identified in 21.1 % (226/1070) of consecutive CT scans with the mean age of CT+ patients being 78.6. Of the 226 patients with SP CC, the observation of CC was documented in only 5.3 % (12/226) of the radiology reports. Of the 12 instances in which the radiology reports mentioned CC, this observation was never (0/12) transmitted to the medical history or problem list. The prevalence of SP CC in patients older than 65 was 21.1 %. Since the majority of CTs of the abdomen and pelvis are not ordered for evaluation of musculoskeletal conditions, this is likely a true prevalence without selection bias. When CC of the SP was present on images, radiologists routinely overlooked or chose not to report CC. Even in the rare instances when it was reported, that information was not added to the medical history or problem list. There are several clinical situations (e.g., acute monoarthritis or atypical osteoarthritis) in which recognizing that a patient has CPP deposition would be useful. Taking the time to review images may yield clinically important findings that are not mentioned anywhere on the patient chart.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Clinical Rheumatology
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to determine the main demographic, epidemiological, clinical characteristics, and outcome in patients with various types of brucellar monoarticular involvement. Retrospectively, we analyzed medical histories of 331 patients with brucellar monoarticular involvement who were treated at the infectious diseases departments in Prilep, Shtip, and Veles, Republic of Macedonia, during the period 1990–2012. Their data were compared accordingly to the affected joint (sacroiliac, hip, knee, ankle, wrist, and shoulder).Patients with shoulder arthritis were significantly the oldest (mean ± standard deviation [SD] 46.0 ± 14.5 years) whereas sacroiliitis and hip arthritis were present predominantly in younger patients (mean ± SD 28.7 ± 14.1 and 28.3 ± 18.3 years, respectively) (p = 0.014). Shoulder arthritis duration was significantly the longest (mean ± SD 24.5 ± 12.4 days), and wrist arthritis duration was significantly the shortest (mean ± SD 4.1 ± 2.5 days) (p < 0.001), before establishing the diagnosis of brucellosis. With appropriate treatment, the need for restitution of the joint impairment was significantly longer when sacroiliitis and hip arthritis were present (mean ± SD 32.8 ± 23.0 and 24.6 ± 12.5 days, respectively) (p < 0.001). The relapses were noted in 14.5, 14, 16.5, 5.5, 6, and 5.5 % of the patients with sacroiliitis, hip-, shoulder-, knee-, ankle-. and wrist arthritis, respectively. In endemic areas, brucellosis should be included in the differential diagnostic consideration in patients with monoarticular involvement. Knee-, ankle-, and wrist arthritis seem to be more benign and with appropriate treatment result in short duration and satisfactory outcome. On the other hand, the involvement of sacroiliac, hip-, and shoulder joint deserves more serious approach due to longer arthritis duration and higher frequency of relapses.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Clinical Rheumatology
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    ABSTRACT: Several classification schemes have been developed for anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV), with actual debate focusing on their clinical and prognostic performance. Sixty-two patients with renal biopsy-proven AAV from a single center in Mexico City diagnosed between 2004 and 2013 were analyzed and classified under clinical (granulomatosis with polyangiitis [GPA], microscopic polyangiitis [MPA], renal limited vasculitis [RLV]), serological (proteinase 3 anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies [PR3-ANCA], myeloperoxidase anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies [MPO-ANCA], ANCA negative), and histopathological (focal, crescenteric, mixed-type, sclerosing) categories. Clinical presentation parameters were compared at baseline between classification groups, and the predictive value of different classification categories for disease and renal remission, relapse, renal, and patient survival was analyzed. Serological classification predicted relapse rate (PR3-ANCA hazard ratio for relapse 2.93, 1.20-7.17, p = 0.019). There were no differences in disease or renal remission, renal, or patient survival between clinical and serological categories. Histopathological classification predicted response to therapy, with a poorer renal remission rate for sclerosing group and those with less than 25 % normal glomeruli; in addition, it adequately delimited 24-month glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) evolution, but it did not predict renal nor patient survival. On multivariate models, renal replacement therapy (RRT) requirement (HR 8.07, CI 1.75-37.4, p = 0.008) and proteinuria (HR 1.49, CI 1.03-2.14, p = 0.034) at presentation predicted renal survival, while age (HR 1.10, CI 1.01-1.21, p = 0.041) and infective events during the induction phase (HR 4.72, 1.01-22.1, p = 0.049) negatively influenced patient survival. At present, ANCA-based serological classification may predict AAV relapses, but neither clinical nor serological categories predict renal or patient survival. Age, renal function and proteinuria at presentation, histopathology, and infectious complications constitute the main outcome predictors and should be considered for individualized management.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Clinical Rheumatology
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine the role of vitamin A in modulating T helper 17 (Th17) and regulatory T cell (Treg) balance in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. Sixty-two female SLE patients and sixty-two female controls were measured for vitamin A levels from serum by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and percentages of Th17 and Treg from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) by flow cytometry. We also performed an in vitro study to evaluate the effects of retinoic acid treatment (0, 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3 μg/ml) in modulating Th17/Treg balance in CD4(+) T cell culture from hypovitaminosis A SLE patients. Th17 and Treg percentages from cell cultures were measured by flow cytometry. Vitamin A levels in the SLE patients were lower compared to those in the healthy control (46.9 ± 43.4 vs. 75.6 ± 73.1 ng/ml, p = 0.015). Vitamin A levels also had a negative correlation to Th17 percentages in the SLE patients (p = 0.000, R = -0.642). Th17 percentages in the hypovitaminosis A SLE patients were higher compared to those SLE patients with normal vitamin A levels (10.9 ± 5.3 vs. 2.9 ± 2.2 %, p = 0.000). Treatment of 0.3 μg/ml of retinoic acid could increase Treg differentiation (33.9 ± 1.6 vs. 21.8 ± 1.1 %, p = 0.000) and decrease Th17 differentiation (27.2 ± 2.5 vs. 37.4 ± 1.3 %, p = 0.000). In conclusion, vitamin A has important roles in modulating Th17/Treg balance in the SLE patients shown by the significant decrease of vitamin A levels in the SLE patients which negatively correlate with Th17 population, and treatment of retinoic acid could decrease Th17 and increase Treg percentages in CD4(+) T cells cultures.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Clinical Rheumatology
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and rheumatic diseases among the indigenous Qom (Toba) population in the city of Rosario, Santa Fe, Argentina. An analytical cross-sectional study using methodology of the Community Oriented Program for the Control of Rheumatic Diseases (COPCORD) was performed. Subjects ≥18 years of age were interviewed by advanced students of medicine and nursing, bilingual translator-facilitators, and coordinators. Individuals with musculoskeletal pain (positive cases) were evaluated sequentially for 7 days by internists and rheumatologists for diagnosis and treatment. The study included 1656 individuals (77 % of the census population). Of these, 1020 (61.5 %) were female, with mean age of 35.3 (SD 13.9) years, and 1028 (62.0 %) were bilingual. The public health care system covers 87.1 % of the population. Musculoskeletal pain in the previous 7 days and/or at some time during their life was present in 890 subjects (53.7 %). Of those with pain in the last 7 days, 302 (64.1 %) subjects had an Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ-DI) score ≥0.8. The most frequent pain sites were lumbar spine (19.3 %), knees (13.0 %), and hands (12.0 %). The prevalence of rheumatic diseases was as follows: mechanical back pain (20.1 %), rheumatic regional pain syndrome (2.9 %), osteoarthritis (4.0 %) rheumatoid arthritis (2.4 %), inflammatory back pain (0.2 %), systemic sclerosis (0.1 %), Sjögren syndrome (0.1 %), fibromyalgia (0.1 %), mixed connective tissue disease (0.06 %), and systemic lupus erythematosus (0.06 %). The prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders was 53.7 % and rheumatic diseases 29.6 %. Rheumatoid arthritis prevalence was 2.4 % using COPCORD methodology, one of the highest reported at present.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Clinical Rheumatology
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    ABSTRACT: Despite considerable evidence on the efficacy and safety of early aggressive treat-to-target (T2T) strategies in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a proportion of patients still fail to reach remission. The goal of this study is to examine remission rates and predictors of remission in a real life T2T cohort of consecutive patients with a recent diagnosis of RA. Baseline demographics, clinical, laboratory and patient-reported variables and 1-year follow-up disease activity data were used from patients with early RA included in the DREAM remission induction cohort II study. Survival analyses and simple and multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to examine remission rates and significant predictors of achieving remission. A total of 137 recently diagnosed consecutive RA patients were available for this study. During the first year after inclusion, DAS28 remission was achieved at least once in 77.2 % of the patients and the median time to first remission was 17 weeks. None of the examined baseline variables were robustly associated with achieving remission within 1 year and in the multivariable analysis only lower ESR (p = 0.005) remained significantly associated with achieving fast remission within 17 weeks. During the first year of their disease a high proportion of recently diagnosed RA patient achieved remission, with only a small percentage of patients needing bDMARD therapy. Combined with the absence of baseline predictors of remission, this suggests that clinicians in daily clinical practice may focus on DAS28 scores only, without needing to take other patients characteristics into account.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Clinical Rheumatology
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) reportedly have a higher mortality and morbidity risk. Osteoprotegerin (OPG) was recently defined as an important cardiovascular (CV) marker in the general population. We aimed to assess the relationship of serum OPG levels with arterial stiffness, carotid intima media thickness (CIMT), and clinical and laboratory data in AS patients. We examined 60 AS patients without CV disease or risk factors and 50 healthy controls. Disease activity was evaluated using the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) and the Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score (ASDAS), whereas functional capacity was evaluated using the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI). Serum OPG levels were measured with the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) was used as an indicator of arterial stiffness, whereas CIMT (examined via carotid ultrasonography) was used to evaluate preclinical atherosclerosis. The mean serum OPG level, PWV, and CIMT were significantly higher in AS patients than in controls (106.7 ± 50.9 vs. 58.1 ± 12.7 pg/mL; 7.4 ± 1.8 vs. 6.2 ± 1.2 m/s; 0.72 ± 0.13 vs. 0.57 ± 0.07 mm, respectively; P < 0.001 for all). In AS patients, the serum OPG levels were not significantly correlated with PWV and CIMT but were significantly correlated with erthrocyte sedimentation rate, BASFI, and ASDAS. AS patients without CV disease or risk exhibited high OPG levels and increased PWV and CIMT values. Although OPG levels were not significantly correlated with PWV or CIMT, future long-term follow-up studies will help define the predictive value of OPG in these patients.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Clinical Rheumatology
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    ABSTRACT: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive disease, characterised by recurrent, self-limited attacks of fever with serositis. Recently, it was shown that patients with early disease onset during childhood period had more severe disease. The aim of this study was to describe the demographic, clinical and genetic features of FMF patients who had late-onset disease during childhood period and to compare them to those with earlier onset patients. Files of patients who had been seen in our department between January 2013 and January 2014 were retrospectively evaluated. Patients were divided into two groups according to age of disease onset (group I, ≤8 years; group II, >8 years), and clinical findings were compared between the two groups. The study group comprised 317 FMF patients. There were 267 patients in group I and 50 patients in Group II. Median attack frequency was 24/year in group I and 12/year in group II (p < 0.05). Fever and M694V homozygosity were less frequently detected in group II (p = 0.003 and p = 0.022). Median delay in diagnosis was 24 months in group I and 12 months in group II (p = 0.002). Disease severity scores and final colchicine dosages were lower in group II (p < 0.001 and p = 0.003). Only a small number of FMF patients had disease onset at older ages in childhood period. It seems that FMF patients with late-onset disease have milder illness. However, more readily expression of their clinical findings in older ages yields earlier diagnosis in this group.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Clinical Rheumatology
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    ABSTRACT: This study assessed the overall and specific prevalence of the main rheumatic regional pain syndromes (RRPS) in four Latin-American indigenous groups. A Community Oriented Program for Control of Rheumatic Diseases (COPCORD) methodology-based census study was performed in 4240 adults (participation rate: 78.88 %) in four indigenous groups: Chontal (Oaxaca, Mexico, n = 124), Mixteco (Oaxaca, Mexico; n = 937), Maya-Yucateco (Yucatán, Mexico; n = 1523), and Qom (Rosario, Argentina; n = 1656). Subjects with musculoskeletal pain were identified using a cross-cultural, validated COPCORD questionnaire administered by bilingual personnel, and reviewed by general practitioners or rheumatologists using standardized case definitions for the 12 most frequent RRPS. The overall prevalence of RRPS was confirmed in 239 cases (5.64 %, 95 % CI: 4.98-6.37). The prevalence in each group was Chontal n = 19 (15.32 %, 95 % CI: 10.03-22.69); Maya-Yucateco n = 165 (10.83 %, 95 % CI: 9.37-12.49); Qom n = 48 (2.90 %, 95 % CI: 2.19-3.82); and Mixteco n = 7 (0.75 %, 95 % CI: 0.36-1.53). In the whole sample, the syndrome-specific prevalence was rotator cuff tendinopathy: 1.98 % (95 % CI: 1.60-2.45); lateral epicondylalgia: 0.83 % (95 % CI: 0.59-1.15); medial epicondylalgia: 0.73 % (95 % CI: 0.52-1.04); biceps tendinopathy: 0.71 % (95 % CI: 0.50-1.01); anserine syndrome: 0.64 % (95 % CI: 0.44-0.92); inferior heel pain: 0.61 % (95 % CI: 0.42-0.90); trochanteric syndrome: 0.49 % (95 % CI: 0.25-0.64); de Quervain's tendinopathy: 0.45 % (95 % CI: 0.29-0.70); trigger finger: 0.42 % (95 % CI: 0.27-0.67); carpal tunnel syndrome: 0.28 % (95 % CI: 0.16-0.49); Achilles tendinopathy (insertional): 0.12 % (95 % CI: 0.05-0.28); and Achilles tendinopathy (non-insertional): 0.07 % (95 % CI: 0.02-0.21). Leaving aside the comparison between Maya-Yucateco and Chontal groups (p = 0.18), we found significant differences (p < 0.001) in overall RRPS prevalence between the remaining pairs of indigenous groups. Syndrome-specific prevalences were also different between groups. Our findings support the hypothesis that overall RRPS prevalence and syndrome-specific prevalences are modulated by population-specific factors.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Clinical Rheumatology
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    ABSTRACT: There are currently limited data regarding paediatric Behçet's disease (BD), particularly in the UK. We describe the clinical spectrum, treatment and outcome of BD, and explore the relative sensitivities of the criteria for the diagnosis of BD in a UK paediatric cohort. Single retrospective case note review of children with a clinical diagnosis of BD presenting between 1987 and 2012. Demographics, clinical features, treatment and outcomes were recorded. The sensitivities of the International Study Group (ISG) and International Criteria for BD (ICBD) criteria were explored. BD disease activity was calculated using the Behçet's Disease Activity Index (BDAI). Forty-six patients (22 male) were identified. Median age of onset was 4.87 (0.04-15.71) years; median time to diagnosis was 3.74 (0.25-13.48) years. Clinical features were recurrent oral ulceration (97.8 %), recurrent genital ulceration (73.9 %), gastrointestinal (58.7 %), musculoskeletal (47.83 %), cutaneous (23.9 %) involvement and uveitis (2 %). Recurrent genital ulceration was more common in female patients (P = 0.044). Thirty-seven patients (80.4 %) fulfilled the ICBD criteria; only 12 patients (26.1 %) fulfilled the ISG criteria. BDAI score at diagnosis was 7/20 (0-10/20) and significantly decreased to 5/20 (0-9/20) (P < 0.0001) at latest follow-up. The commonest systemic treatment was colchicine (76.1 %); anti-TNFα treatment was reserved for severe cases (15.5 %). Paediatric BD in the UK may present very early in life, sometimes with a family history, and with a low incidence of ocular involvement. Diagnostic delay is common. The majority of our patients required systemic therapy; anti-TNFα was reserved for severe cases and has largely superseded the use of thalidomide.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Clinical Rheumatology
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    ABSTRACT: A population-based cohort was utilized to evaluate medications and intra-articular injection utilization for patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) to inform clinical practice and further research. In a geographically defined population, all incident cases of JIA cases were identified between January 1, 1994 and December 31, 2013 based first on diagnosis code followed by medical chart confirmation. Medications and intra-articular glucocorticoid injections were abstracted. Predictors of the first disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD)/biologic and injections were reported as a hazard ratio (HR) with 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) adjusted for age and sex. Kaplan-Meier methods evaluated therapy at 6 months and 1 year. Injections were reported per 100 person-years (py) with 95 % CI using the Poisson methods. Seventy-one incident cases were identified. Forty-two (59 %) were female with mean age (standard deviation) at diagnosis of 8.2 (5.3) years. Twenty-six (37 %) utilized at least one DMARD or biologic, in which 77 % of these were prescribed in the first 6 months. Subtype of JIA was significantly associated with DMARDs/biologics (p < 0.001). Intra-articular injections were performed in 48 %. The rate of intra-articular injections was 20.7 per 100 py (95 % CI 16.5, 25.6). The rate of joint injections was higher in the first year after diagnosis (p < 0.001) and more common in recent years (p < 0.001). The majority of patients with JIA in a modern population-based cohort do not require DMARDs or biologics. In those who do, the majority receives these within the first 6 months. Intra-articular injections were utilized in almost half of patients with JIA and were increasingly used.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Clinical Rheumatology
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    ABSTRACT: The expression of interferon inducible genes are reported to be heightened in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE); nevertheless, not much is known regarding the genetic variants underlying these genes and their role in the pathogenesis of disease. Herein, we aim to explore the potential association and contribution of polymorphisms in MX1 gene (i) promoter with part of exon 1 (ii) intron 6, and (iii) their resulting haplotypes, with susceptibility to SLE. A total of 306 subjects, 152 SLE and 154 healthy controls (HC), were screened by direct sequencing method. Statistical analysis was carried out using appropriate software. The screening region of interest in MX1 revealed the existence of promoter (−123C/A, −88G/T, −20 A/C) and intron 6 (+9862G/A, +10190G/A, +9901C/G, +9920C/A, +9959C/T, +10047A/G) variants in SLE and HC. A significant association was observed between MX1 −88G/T SNP and susceptibility to SLE (χ 2 = 4.18, p = 0.04, OR = 1.89, 95 % CI 1.03–3.5). Haplotype analysis also revealed increased risk of SLE among individuals carrying CTA haplotype (−123 C, −88 T, −20 A) (χ 2 = 5.74, p = 0.017, OR = 4.28, 95 % CI 1.30–14.06). None of the other tested variants showed any significant association with SLE. The present study is the first to reveal the influence of genetic variation in MX1 gene in susceptibility to SLE.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Clinical Rheumatology