Journal of Rural Studies (J RURAL STUD)
International and interdisciplinary in scope, the Journal of Rural Studies publishes research articles relating to such rural issues as society, demography, housing, employment, transport, services, land-use, recreation, agriculture and conservation. The journal focuses on those areas encompassing extensive land-use, with small-scale and diffuse settlement patterns and communities linked into the surrounding landscape and milieux.
Journal Impact: 3.33*
Journal impact history
|2016 Journal impact||Available summer 2017|
|2015 Journal impact||3.33|
|2014 Journal impact||4.11|
|2013 Journal impact||3.31|
|2012 Journal impact||2.79|
|2011 Journal impact||2.45|
|2010 Journal impact||3.58|
|2009 Journal impact||3.19|
|2008 Journal impact||2.36|
|2007 Journal impact||1.97|
|2006 Journal impact||2.31|
|2005 Journal impact||2.75|
|2004 Journal impact||1.79|
|2003 Journal impact||0.78|
|2002 Journal impact||1.38|
|2001 Journal impact||0.99|
|2000 Journal impact||0.85|
Journal impact over time
|Website||Journal of Rural Studies website|
|Other titles||Journal of rural studies|
|Material type||Periodical, Internet resource|
|Document type||Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource|
Publications in this journal
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: When rural communities face major changes whether due to natural disasters, decline of old industries or the development of new ones, some appear to adapt well to the changes while others languish. From an extensive literature review, Brown and Westaway (2011) argue that community resilience, wellbeing, capacity, and capabilities inform agency, which in turn underlies different community responses to change. Further, it needs to be recognised that not everyone within a community is equally affected and groups of residents might perceive the community's response differently. To empirically examine the factors underlying five different perceptions of a community's response to change (resisting, not coping, only just coping, adapting, or transforming) a detailed telephone survey was conducted with 400 residents of the Western Downs region in Queensland, Australia, a rural area experiencing widespread changes in its social profile, economy, and landscape due to the rapid construction of unconventional gas infrastructure such as wells each kilometre, condensers, and pipelines. Most respondents thought the community was either adapting or only just coping with the changes. Two orthogonal factors underlay respondents' perceptions: community functioning and social engagement. Community functioning was by far the stronger factor and key aspects of community agency were reflected in four of community functioning's six dimensions: 1) community resilience actions such as planning and leadership, 2) collective efficacy, 3) community trust, and 4) inclusive decision making processes and citizen voice. High ratings of community functioning were associated with transforming followed by adapting, only just coping, resisting and not coping, in that order. Perceptions of the community's response were not predicted by demographic differences but the social engagement factor suggested that those with stronger social networks were more likely to think the community was not coping whereas those with weak social networks thought it was resisting, perhaps because they obtained their impressions from the Australian media which publicises public resistance to unconventional gas. The results support Brown and Westaway's analysis and also suggest that communities undergoing rapid change need support to be able to work with governments and industry and to facilitate key aspects of community agency.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: As the agricultural industries of developed countries undergo an extended period of change, increasing numbers of farmers are leaving farming. In this paper, we investigate the relationship between intention to exit farming and farmer wellbeing, drawing on and adapting the conservation of resources theory of stress. In a quantitative analysis of 674 Australian farmers, we show that the more likely a farmer is to leave farming, the poorer their wellbeing; but this is moderated by smaller farm size, greater profitability, earning a larger proportion of income off-farm and older age, all of which attenuate the relationship between exit intention and poorer wellbeing. We conclude that it is important for policy-makers to consider the wellbeing of farmers when designing strategies to assist exiting farmers, as poor wellbeing at exit may reduce capacity to adapt successfully to life after farming.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This paper, Depictions of Youth Homicide: Films Set in Rural Environments, reviews portrayals of youth homicide within six films that are set in rural environs. It examines depictions concerning the environment or setting of the film, including how media may explore notions of formal and informal social control as a means by which to explain some aspects of rural crime. The findings suggest that though films that depict youth homicide in rural settings encompass stereotypes often associated with rural crime, such as perceived police incompetence and the importance of informal social control in regard to community ties. However, there are still some instances in which rural homicide was framed in a realistic light, for example, the fact that rural firearm use for their actual purpose is common and firearm accidents are common, but firearms as a means of homicide are rare.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This article focuses on understanding the question: what do recent studies on the modernization of Brazilian agriculture tell us about the changes in gender dynamics as a traditional family farm moves to alternative strategies for reproduction and how do these respective roles empower or disempower women? To understand this issue, this article determines what kinds of roles women occupy in traditional family farms, as well as the urban roles they take on after the phenomenon of pluriactivity manifests, and evaluates these roles in an empowerment index. The analysis shows that the family farm is the least empowering option of the strategies I identified (and urban migration the most empowering), and that we can seek to emulate the empowering qualities of urban employment within family farms to maximize their future empowerment. A possible pathway to empowering women on family farms includes feminist support for the institutionalization of programs that make gender dynamics more equal within family farms.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Small towns in the rural periphery are often seen as the chronic patients of regional policy, constantly in need of care but never getting well. Even in highly developed and densely populated countries, such regions and settlements are scarred by economic decline and demographic shrinking, leading to a spatial form of inequalities that can be described as “peripheralisation”. The discourse on peripheralisation processes is relatively new. It was introduced by the German sociologist Karl-Dieter Keim (2006), who identified the socio-spatial decoupling of rural areas from the dominant processes of centralisation and the weakening of economic potential as central features of peripheralisation. In this paper Keim's approach is applied to analyse and to compare the current situation in two small towns that have experienced serious population decline from about 10,000 (1965) to about 4000 inhabitants (2015): Johanngeorgenstadt in Germany and Ōya in Japan. Although the course of regional policy in the two countries has differed to some extent, processes of peripheralisation have been similar in the two towns, including tendencies of economic downturn and a loss of original functions. Against this backdrop, the main finding of the paper is that market-oriented strategies like neoliberal austerity policy or a Keynesian approach have not yielded the expected positive results in the past and cannot be viewed as the remedy for small towns in decline as seen here. Since endogenous development approaches also did not play a major role in either case, it is concluded that strategies negating quantitative growth like Slow City and Life Beyond Growth, which focus on quality-of-life factors, well-being and deceleration, could be a viable alternative. However, more cross-country comparative research on peripheralisation processes and their connection with socio-economic decline in small towns amidst demographic change seems to be necessary.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this paper we broaden the debate on agri-environmental scheme participation to include farm woodland expansion and renewable energy production, developing a conceptualisation of ‘agri-environmental diversification’. Utilising structural equation modelling, we assess a telephone survey of 2416 Scottish farmers, undertaken in 2013. Findings demonstrate the path dependencies of farming participants, with those already engaged in each of these activities the most likely to plan to be involved in future. Similar factors have influenced the uptake of all three activities since 2005, and intention to increase involvement by 2020. Farmers who are: younger, better educated, information-seeking, certified as organic, receive subsidies, have non-farming income and plan to continue farming in the medium term, are more likely to plan for future engagement in the three activities. Environmental attitudes are also important, but a stronger relationship was found between observation of environmental gains from agri-environmental schemes and the three forms of agri-environmental diversification, suggesting that scheme involvement enables farmers to learn to produce, recognise and value environmental goods. We argue that when assessed within the broader perspective of agri-environmental diversification, agri-environmental scheme participation may represent an initial step on a farming trajectory that involves multiple forms of agri-environmental engagement.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This paper offers a nuanced understanding of rural people's agency in cultural governance. Most of the existing literature on rural cultural governance in China confines the discussion of people's agency within the given political context of cultural governance, in which villagers are described as reactive agents in response to the state-oriented cultural transformation. I argue that rural people's agency in cultural governance has not been fully investigated and a richer understanding requires a close examination of the wider rural socio-spatial processes. In my case study of the re-production of traditional ancestral temples in rural areas of Xincheng Town, southeast China, I show that rural people develop great initiatives in promoting the transformation of lineage culture by drawing on their experiences of the changing rural environment. The state-sponsored cultural project, which seeks to convert traditional ancestral temples into cultural halls, memorials and elderly activity centers and to develop a modern, civilized and socialist countryside, is in fact incorporated into the self-development of modern lineage culture by local people. On the one hand, the state's cultural governance in Xincheng is significantly shaped and confined by specific rural socio-spatial relations. On the other hand, lineage groups take firm control of the construction of temple landscapes and even reproduce converted temples as ‘extended’ and ‘shadow’ temples. This paper contributes to understanding the complexity and flexibility of local people's interaction with the state in rural cultural governance.
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