Cell Biology and Toxicology (CELL BIOL TOXICOL)

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Journal description

Cell Biology and Toxicology is an international journal which provides a rapid publication outlet for papers of high scientific standards in the areas of cell biology genetic molecular and cellular toxicology. The scope of publication includes scientific reports dealing with the basic biology and with the physiological pharmacological and toxic response of cellular systems. Studies of subcellular and cellular systems derived from both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell types are appropriate. Studies of toxic effects may include but are not limited to cytotoxicity mutagenicity carcinogenicity and teratogenicity. Moreover investigations on the development of cell systems for these purposes are relevant. In particular the journal welcomes approaches to cellular studies or molecular structure activity correlations that provide sound scientific information leading to the reduced use of experimental animals. Cell Biology and Toxicology publishes several types of articles including papers describing original research results and reviews on subjects of contemporary importance to cell biologists and cell toxicologists. Also brief announcements of scientific meetings or courses and of the availability of funding fellowships and scholarships are published.

Current impact factor: 2.68

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 2.677
2013 Impact Factor 1.971
2012 Impact Factor 2.338
2011 Impact Factor 2.511
2010 Impact Factor 2.056
2009 Impact Factor 1.746
2008 Impact Factor 2.155
2007 Impact Factor 1.758
2006 Impact Factor 1.4
2005 Impact Factor 1.548
2004 Impact Factor 1.338
2003 Impact Factor 1.58
2002 Impact Factor 1.275
2001 Impact Factor 1.177
2000 Impact Factor 1.107
1999 Impact Factor 1.3
1998 Impact Factor 0.511
1997 Impact Factor 0.492
1996 Impact Factor 0.883
1995 Impact Factor 0.711
1994 Impact Factor 0.696
1993 Impact Factor 0.703
1992 Impact Factor 0.981

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 2.48
Cited half-life 7.70
Immediacy index 0.35
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.61
Website Cell Biology and Toxicology website
Other titles Cell biology and toxicology (Princeton Scientific Publishers: Online)
ISSN 0742-2091
OCLC 41558232
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Author's pre-print on pre-print servers such as arXiv.org
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on any open access repository after 12 months after publication
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Medicinal plant extracts have been widely used for cancer treatment. Gaillardin is a natural sesquiterpene lactone that has recently been reported to have anticancer properties. The ability to induce apoptosis is an important property of a candidate anticancer drug, which discriminates between anticancer drugs and toxic compounds. The current study was therefore carried out to address the issue if Gaillardin is able to induce apoptosis in the breast cancer cell lines MCF-7 and MDA-MB-468 and to determine the underlying mechanism of its anticancer effects. Apoptosis induction by Gaillardin treatment was confirmed by annexin V–FITC/PI staining, and caspase-3,-6, and-9 activation. Using Western blot analysis, we found that Gaillardin upregulated the pro-apoptotic protein Bax and p53 and downregulated the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2. Moreover, the apoptotic effect of Gaillardin was also related to ROS production and loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm). Taken together, these results demonstrate that Gaillardin can inhibit proliferation of breast cancer cells via inducing mitochondrial apoptotic pathway and therefore, might be a promising molecule in cancer chemoprevention or chemotherapy.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Cell Biology and Toxicology
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    ABSTRACT: Rauwolfia serpentina (or Snake root plant) is a botanical dietary supplement marketed in the USA for maintaining blood pressure. Very few studies have addressed the safety of this herb, despite its wide availability to consumers. Its reported pleiotropic effects underscore the necessity for evaluating its safety. We used a human kidney cell line to investigate the possible negative effects of R. serpentina on the renal system in vitro, with a specific focus on the renal proximal tubules. We evaluated cellular and mitochondrial toxicity, along with a variety of other kidney-specific toxicology biomarkers. We found that R. serpentina was capable of producing highly detrimental effects in our in vitro renal cell system. These results suggest more studies are needed to investigate the safety of this dietary supplement in both kidney and other target organ systems.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Cell Biology and Toxicology
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    ABSTRACT: Methanol ingestion is neurotoxic in humans due to its metabolites, formaldehyde and formic acid. Here, we compared the cytotoxicity of methanol and its metabolites on different types of cells. While methanol and formic acid did not affect the viability of the cells, formaldehyde (200-800 μg/mL) was strongly cytotoxic in all cell types tested. We investigated the effects of formaldehyde on oxidative stress, mitochondrial respiratory functions, and apoptosis on the sensitive neuronal SK-N-SH cells. Oxidative stress was induced after 2 h of formaldehyde exposure. Formaldehyde at a concentration of 400 μg/mL for 12 h of treatment greatly reduced cellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) levels. Confocal microscopy indicated that the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) was dose-dependently reduced by formaldehyde. A marked and dose-dependent inhibition of mitochondrial respiratory enzymes, viz., NADH dehydrogenase (complex I), cytochrome c oxidase (complex IV), and oxidative stress-sensitive aconitase was also detected following treatment with formaldehyde. Furthermore, formaldehyde caused a concentration-dependent increase in nuclear fragmentation and in the activities of the apoptosis-initiator caspase-9 and apoptosis-effector caspase-3/-7, indicating apoptosis progression. Our data suggests that formaldehyde exerts strong cytotoxicity, at least in part, by inducing oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, and eventually apoptosis. Changes in mitochondrial respiratory function and oxidative stress by formaldehyde may therefore be critical in methanol-induced toxicity.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Cell Biology and Toxicology
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    ABSTRACT: This report describes the alterations induced by an environmentally realistic concentration of cadmium in skeletal muscle fibre organization, composition, and function in the teleost zebrafish. Results demonstrate that the ion induces a significant quantitative and qualitative deterioration, disrupting sarcomeric pattern and altering glycoprotein composition. These events, together with a mitochondrial damage, result in a significant reduction in swimming performance. In conclusion, the evidence here collected indicate that in presence of an environmental cadmium contamination, important economic (yields in fisheries/aquaculture), consumer health (fish is an important source of proteins), and ecological (reduced fitness due to reduced swimming performance) consequences can be expected.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Cell Biology and Toxicology
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    ABSTRACT: Nano-Mg(OH)2 is efficiently used in pollutant adsorption and removal due to its high adsorption capability, low-cost, and recyclability. A recent research from our group showed that Mg(OH)2 nanoflakes are not evidently internalized by cancer cells and are not cytotoxic. But the biocompatibility and potential toxicity of nano-Mg(OH)2 in a normal biological system are largely unclear. Nanoparticles could affect the function of endothelial cells, and endothelial dysfunction represents an early sign of lesion within the vasculature. Here, we applied the human umbilical vein vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs) as an in vitro model of the endothelium to study the cytotoxicity of nano-Mg(OH)2. Our results showed that nano-Mg(OH)2 at 200 μg/ml impaired proliferation and induced dysfunction of HUVECs, but did not result in cell necrosis and apoptosis. Transmission electron microscopy images and immunofluorescence results showed that the nano-Mg(OH)2 could enter HUVECs through caveolin-1-mediated endocytosis. Nano-Mg(OH)2 at high concentrations decreased the level of caveolin-1 and increased the activity of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), thus leading to the production of excess nitric oxide (NO). In this work, we provide the cell damage concentrations of nano-Mg(OH)2 nanoparticles, and we propose a mechanism of injury induced by nano-Mg(OH)2 in HUVECs.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Cell Biology and Toxicology
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    ABSTRACT: Many contaminated sites are characterized by the presence of different metals, thus increasing the complexity of toxic responses in exposed organisms. Within toxicogenomics, transcriptomics can be approached through the use of microarrays aimed at producing a genetic fingerprint for the response of model organisms to the presence of chemicals. We studied temporal changes in the early gene expression profiles of Escherichia coli cells exposed to three metal doses of a polymetallic solution over three exposure times, through the application of cDNA microarray technology. In the absence of metals, many genes belonging to a variety of cellular functions were up- and down-regulated over time. At the lowest metal dose, an activation of metal-specific transporters (Cus and ZraP proteins) and a mobilization of glutathione transporters involved in metal sequestration and trafficking was observed over time; this metal dose resulted in the generation of ROS capable of stimulating the transcription of Mn-superoxide dismutase, the assembly of Fe-S clusters and the synthesis of cysteine. At the intermediate dose, an overexpression of ROS scavengers (AhpF, KatG, and YaaA) and heat shock proteins (ClpP, HslV, DnaK, and IbpAB) was observed. Finally, at the highest dose, E. coli cells showed a repression of genes related with DNA mutation correctors (MutY glycopeptidases).
    No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Cell Biology and Toxicology
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    ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress has been involved in various neurological disorders and, in the central nervous system, astrocytes represent the cell type that contributes to neuroprotection via glutathione (GSH) metabolism, GSH-metabolizing enzymes like γ-glutamyltransferase (GGT), and apoE secretion. In this study, using IL-1β, a proinflammatory and prooxidant cytokine that is increased in numerous pathological situations, cells of astrocytoma cell line U373-MG were exposed to an oxidative stress, leading to c-Jun and c-Fos activation. IL-1β decreased both GGT activity and intracellular GSH content and increased apoE secretion, initiating astroglial response to injury. We observed that antioxidants inhibit IL-1β effects on c-Jun and c-Fos proteins, GGT activity and the GSH pool but not on apoE secretion. Our results allow us to conclude that neurological disorders associated with an IL-1β-induced oxidative stress could be, at least experimentally, reversible in the presence of one antioxidant, N-acetylcysteine.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2012 · Cell Biology and Toxicology
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    ABSTRACT: Exposure of rat alveolar epithelial cells to 10 μmol/L CdCl2 causes time-dependent increases in steady-state mRNA levels of the γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase catalytic (heavy) subunit (γ-GCS) and of glutathione S-transferase isoforms (GST-α and GST-π). The expression of γ-GCS was significantly increased as early as 2 h after addition of cadmium. Maximal induction of γ-GCS mRNA (∼4-fold), at 8 h, was subsequently followed by increases in γ-GCS activity/protein and glutathione (GSH) levels. Maximal elevations in GST-π (∼2-fold) and GST-α (∼10-fold) transcripts, at 8 and 24 h, respectively, were also accompanied by enhanced GST activity. Cadmium-induced oxidative stress, assessed by alterations in GSH homeostasis and an accelerated rate of intracellular oxidant production, could constitute early events in the signal transduction pathway mediating these responses. The dimeric transcription factor, activator protein-1 (AP-1), may also play a regulatory role in this process. This association is suggested by transcriptional activation of the immediate-early response genes, c-fos and c-jun, within 15 min after exposure to cadmium and by the enhancement of AP-1 DNA binding activity, involving a c-Jun protein complex, which is maximally induced (∼4-fold) by 2 h. These molecular changes likely function together to protect alveolar epithelial cells against cadmium toxicity.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2012 · Cell Biology and Toxicology

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2012 · Cell Biology and Toxicology
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    ABSTRACT: Western lifestyle plays an important role in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes by causing insulin resistance and pancreatic β-cell dysfunction, a prerequisite for the development of diabetes. High fat diet and alcohol are major components of the western diet. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of ethanol and fatty acids on β-cell survival and metabolism. We treated the rat β-cell line RINm5F with ethanol, a mixture of palmitic and oleic acids, or both. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) were determined by (5-(and-6)-chloromethyl-2′,7′-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate) (CM-H2DCFDA) fluorescence assay, and mitochondrial activity was assessed by 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) reduction assay and by determining ATP production. Cell viability was assessed with a cell counter and trypan blue exclusion, and the mode of cell death by Hoechst33342 and propidium iodide staining. With both ethanol and fatty acid treatments, MTT reduction and ATP production decreased, whereas ROS production increased. Ethanol treatment had no effect on cell number, whereas fatty acid treatment reduced the cell number. Cell incubation with ethanol, fatty acids, or both increased the number of Hoechst 33342-positive nuclei. However, the majority of nuclei from fatty acid-treated cells were stained with propidium iodide, indicating a loss of plasma membrane integrity. We conclude that both ethanol and fatty acids generate cellular oxidative stress, and affect mitochondrial function in RINm5F β-cells. However, ethanol causes β-cell death by apoptosis, whereas fatty acids cause cell death predominantly by necrosis. It is not known whether these results are applicable to human β-cells.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2009 · Cell Biology and Toxicology
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    ABSTRACT: This report summarises practical aspects to measuring cell motility in culture. The methods described here were discussed at a 1-day European Tissue Culture Society (ETCS-UK) workshop organised by John Masters and Gareth E Jones that was held at University College London on 19th April 2007.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2008 · Cell Biology and Toxicology

  • No preview · Conference Paper · Oct 2008
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    ABSTRACT: 2-(6-(2-thieanisyl)-3(Z)-hexen-1, 5-diynyl) aniline (THDA), an enediyne compound, was identified in our laboratory as a novel antineoplastic agent against human leukemia K562 cells. THDA-induced apoptosis was associated with the upregulation of Bax, downregulation of X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP), as well as the activation of caspase-3 and caspase-9. In addition, the mitogen-activated protein family kinases, including c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) kinases, and the transcription factor c-Jun were all activated by phosphorylation after 6 h exposure to THDA. Phosphorylation (activation) of JNK and ERK kinases by THDA was blocked by an ERK inhibitor, PD98059, or a JNK inhibitor, JNK-1, respectively, suggesting that THDA-induced apoptosis in K562 cells is ERK and JNK dependent. Moreover, the blockade of ERK and JNK also attenuated the modulation of Bax and XIAP, as well as the activation of caspase-3 and caspase-9 induced by THDA. These findings suggest that the activation of JNK and ERK is involved in the THDA-induced apoptosis of K562 cells. Therefore, this investigation, for the first time, uncovered the biological properties of this novel antitumor enediyne.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2008 · Cell Biology and Toxicology