Cell Biology and Toxicology (CELL BIOL TOXICOL)
Cell Biology and Toxicology is an international journal which provides a rapid publication outlet for papers of high scientific standards in the areas of cell biology genetic molecular and cellular toxicology. The scope of publication includes scientific reports dealing with the basic biology and with the physiological pharmacological and toxic response of cellular systems. Studies of subcellular and cellular systems derived from both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell types are appropriate. Studies of toxic effects may include but are not limited to cytotoxicity mutagenicity carcinogenicity and teratogenicity. Moreover investigations on the development of cell systems for these purposes are relevant. In particular the journal welcomes approaches to cellular studies or molecular structure activity correlations that provide sound scientific information leading to the reduced use of experimental animals. Cell Biology and Toxicology publishes several types of articles including papers describing original research results and reviews on subjects of contemporary importance to cell biologists and cell toxicologists. Also brief announcements of scientific meetings or courses and of the availability of funding fellowships and scholarships are published.
Current impact factor: 2.68
Impact Factor Rankings
|2016 Impact Factor||Available summer 2017|
|2014 / 2015 Impact Factor||2.677|
|2013 Impact Factor||1.971|
|2012 Impact Factor||2.338|
|2011 Impact Factor||2.511|
|2010 Impact Factor||2.056|
|2009 Impact Factor||1.746|
|2008 Impact Factor||2.155|
|2007 Impact Factor||1.758|
|2006 Impact Factor||1.4|
|2005 Impact Factor||1.548|
|2004 Impact Factor||1.338|
|2003 Impact Factor||1.58|
|2002 Impact Factor||1.275|
|2001 Impact Factor||1.177|
|2000 Impact Factor||1.107|
|1999 Impact Factor||1.3|
|1998 Impact Factor||0.511|
|1997 Impact Factor||0.492|
|1996 Impact Factor||0.883|
|1995 Impact Factor||0.711|
|1994 Impact Factor||0.696|
|1993 Impact Factor||0.703|
|1992 Impact Factor||0.981|
Impact factor over time
|Website||Cell Biology and Toxicology website|
|Other titles||Cell biology and toxicology (Princeton Scientific Publishers: Online)|
|Material type||Document, Periodical, Internet resource|
|Document type||Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper|
- Author can archive a pre-print version
- Author can archive a post-print version
- Author's pre-print on pre-print servers such as arXiv.org
- Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
- Author's post-print on any open access repository after 12 months after publication
- Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
- Published source must be acknowledged
- Must link to publisher version
- Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy)
- Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
Publications in this journal
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Extracellular adenosine-5′-triphosphate (ATP) regulates cell death and survival of neighboring cells. The detailed effects are diverse depending on cell types and extracellular ATP concentration. We addressed the effect of ATP on ethanol-induced cytotoxicity in epithelial cells, the cell type that experiences the highest concentrations of alcohol. Using pancreatic duct epithelial cells (PDEC), we found that a micromolar range of ATP reverses all intracellular toxicity mechanisms triggered by exceptionally high doses of ethanol and, thus, improves cell viability dramatically. Out of the many purinergic receptors expressed in PDEC, the P2Y1 receptor was identified to mediate the protective effect, based on pharmacological and siRNA assays. Activation of P2Y1 receptors increased intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP). The protective effect of ATP was mimicked by forskolin and 8-Br-cAMP but inhibited by a protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor, H-89. Finally, ATP reverted leakiness of PDEC monolayers induced by ethanol and helped to maintain epithelial integrity. We suggest that purinergic receptors reduce extreme alcohol-induced cell damage via the cAMP signal pathway in PDEC and some other types of cells.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Phagocytosis is a critical process to maintain tissue homeostasis. In the retina, photoreceptor cells renew their photoexcitability by shedding photoreceptor outer segments (POSs) in a diurnal rhythm. Shed POSs are phagocytosed by retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells to prevent debris accumulation, retinal degeneration, and blindness. Phagocytosis ligands are the key to understanding how RPE recognizes shed POSs. Here, we characterized mesoderm development candidate 2 (Mesd or Mesdc2), an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) chaperon for low-density lipoprotein receptor-related proteins (LRPs), to extrinsically promote RPE phagocytosis. The results showed that Mesd stimulated phagocytosis of fluorescence-labeled POS vesicles by D407 RPE cells. Ingested POSs were partially degraded within 3 h in some RPE cells to dispense undegradable fluorophore throughout the cytoplasm. Internalized POSs were colocalized with phagosome biomarker Rab7, suggesting that Mesd-mediated engulfment is involved in a phagocytosis pathway. Mesd also facilitated phagocytosis of POSs by primary RPE cells. Mesd bound to unknown phagocytic receptor(s) on RPE cells. Mesd was detected in the cytoplasm, but not nuclei, of different retinal layers and is predominantly expressed in the ER-free cellular compartment of POSs. Mesd was not secreted into medium from healthy cells but passively released from apoptotic cells with increased membrane permeability. Released Mesd selectively bound to the surface of POS vesicles and apoptotic cells, but not healthy cells. These results suggest that Mesd may be released from and bind to shed POSs to facilitate their phagocytic clearance.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Caudatin as one species of C-21 steroidal from Cynanchum bungei decne displays potential anticancer activity. However, the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. In the present study, the growth suppressive effect and mechanism of caudatin on human glioma U251 and U87 cells were evaluated in vitro. The results indicated that caudatin significantly inhibited U251 and U87 cell growth in both a time- and dose-dependent manner. Flow cytometry analysis revealed that caudatin-induced cell growth inhibition was achieved by induction of cell apoptosis, as convinced by the increase of Sub-G1 peak, PARP cleavage and activation of caspase-3, caspase-7 and caspase-9. Caudatin treatment also resulted in mitochondrial dysfunction which correlated with an imbalance of Bcl-2 family members. Further investigation revealed that caudatin triggered U251 cell apoptosis by inducing reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation through disturbing the redox homeostasis. Moreover, pretreatment of caspase inhibitors apparently weakens caudatin-induced cell killing, PARP cleavage and caspase activation and eventually reverses caudatin-mediated apoptosis. Importantly, caudatin significantly inhibited U251 tumour xenografts in vivo through induction of cell apoptosis involving the inhibition of cell proliferation and angiogenesis, which further validate its value in combating human glioma in vivo. Taken together, the results described above all suggest that caudatin inhibited human glioma cell growth by induction of caspase-dependent apoptosis with involvement of mitochondrial dysfunction and ROS generation.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Telocytes (TCs) are typically defined as cells with telopodes by their ultrastructural features. Their presence was reported in various organs, however little is known about their presence in human trigeminal ganglion. To address this issue, samples of trigeminal ganglia were tested by immunocytochemistry for CD34 and examined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). We found that TCs are CD34 positive and form networks within the ganglion in close vicinity to microvessels and nerve fibers around the neuronal–glial units (NGUs). TEM examination confirmed the existence of spindle-shaped and bipolar TCs with one or two telopodes measuring between 15 to 53 μm. We propose that TCs are cells with stemness capacity which might contribute in regeneration and repair processes by: modulation of the stem cell activity or by acting as progenitors of other cells present in the normal tissue. In addition, further studies are needed to establish if they might influence the neuronal circuits.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Human basophils have been implicated in the pathogenesis of chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU), and substance P (SP) is a possible candidate as histamine-releasing factor in some patients with CSU. However, little is known of relationship between basophils and SP in CSU. In the present study, we investigated expression of SP and NK1R on basophils from patients with CSU, and influence of SP on basophil functions by using flow cytometry analysis, basophil challenge, and mouse sensitization model techniques. The results showed that plasma SP level and basophil numbers in CSU patients were higher than that in HC subject. The percentages of SP+ and NK1R+ basophils were markedly elevated in CSU blood in comparison with HC blood. Once added, SP induced up to 41.2 % net histamine release from basophils of CSU patients, which was comparable with that provoked by anti-IgE, and fMLP. It appeared that SP induced dramatic increase in blood basophil numbers of mice following peritoneal injection. Ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized mice had much more SP+ and NK1R+ basophils in blood than non-sensitized mice. In conclusion, the elevated plasma concentration of SP, upregulated expression of SP and NK1R on basophils, and the ability of SP in induction of basophil degranulation and accumulation indicate strongly that SP is most likely a potent proinflammatory mediator, which contributes greatly to the pathogenesis of CSU through basophils. Inhibitors of SP and blockers of NK1R are likely useful agents for treatment of CSU.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: High-fat diet, exposure to saturated fatty acids, or the presence of adipocytes in myoblast microenvironment affects skeletal muscle growth and function. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of palmitate supplementation on transcriptomic profile of mouse C2C12 myoblasts. Global gene expression was evaluated using whole mouse genome oligonucleotide microarrays, and the results were validated through qPCR. A total of 4047 genes were identified as differentially expressed, including 3492 downregulated and 555 upregulated genes, during a 48-h exposure to palmitate (0.1 mmol/l). Functional classification showed the involvement of these genes in several processes which regulate cell growth. In conclusion, the addition of palmitate modifies the expression of genes associated with (1) myoblast responsiveness to hormones and growth factors, (2) cytokine and growth factor expression, and (3) regulation of cell-cell and cell-matrix communication. Such alterations can affect myoblast growth and differentiation; however, further studies in this field are required.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a heterogeneous syndrome that occurs as a result of various risk factors, including either direct or indirect lung injury, and systemic inflammation triggered also by severe pneumonia (SP). SP-ARDS-associated morbidity and mortality remains high also due to the lack of disease-specific biomarkers. The present study aimed at identifying disease-specific biomarkers in SP or SP-ARDS by integrating proteomic profiles of inflammatory mediators with clinical informatics. Plasma was sampled from the healthy as controls or patients with SP infected with bacteria or infection-associated SP-ARDS on the day of admission, day 3, and day 7. About 15 or 52 cytokines showed significant difference between SP and SP-ARDS patients with controls or 13 between SP-ARDS with SP alone and controls, including bone morphogenetic protein-15 (BMP-15), chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 16 (CXCL16), chemokine (C-X-C motif) receptor 3 (CXCR3), interleukin-6 (IL-6), protein NOV homolog (NOV/CCN3), glypican 3, insulin-like growth factor binding protein 4 (IGFBP-4), IL-5, IL-5 R alpha, IL-22 BP, leptin, MIP-1d, and orexin B with a significant correlation with Digital Evaluation Score System (DESS) scores. ARDS patients with overexpressed IL-6, CXCL16, or IGFBP-4 had significantly longer hospital stay and higher incidence of secondary infection. We also found higher levels of those mediators were associated with poor survival rates in patients with lung cancer and involved in the process of the epithelial mesenchymal transition of alveolar epithelial cells. Our preliminary study suggested that integration of proteomic profiles with clinical informatics as part of clinical bioinformatics is important to validate and optimize disease-specific and disease-staged biomarkers.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The present study is undertaken to explore quinocetone-induced autophagy and its possible mechanism. Western blotting and green fluorescence protein (GFP)-LC3 vector transfection were performed to determine the ratio of LC3 conversion and its subcellular localization. Results revealed that the quinocetone induced autophagy in time- and dose-dependent manners. Besides, we tested the expressions of immunoglobulin heavy chain binding protein (BiP) and C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP) and the transcription of BiP, HerpUD, and sec24D by western blotting and RT-PCR, respectively. Results showed that quinocetone also induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress during quinocetone-induced autophagy. Furthermore, we observed the cleavage of ATF6, the phosphorylation of MRLC, and the expression of death-associated protein kinase (DAPK1) by western blotting; the transcription of DAPK1 by RT-PCR; and the subcellular localization of ATF6 and mAtg9 by immunofluorescence. These results suggest that quinocetone stimulates the MRLC-mediated mAtg9 trafficking, which is critical for autophagosome formation, via the ATF6 upregulated expression of DAPK1. Last, we generated ATF6 and DAPK1 stable knockdown HepG2 cell lines and found that the conversion ratios of LC3 were decreased upon the treatment of quinocetone. Together, we propose that quinocetone induces autophagy through ER stress signaling pathway-induced cytoskeleton activation.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Previously, we reported that the LIM homeobox transcription factor 1, alpha (LMX1A) presented tumor-suppressing roles in gastric AGS cells. Here, we showed that LMX1A also inhibits metastasis-related behaviors including migration and invasion of gastric cancer cells. Mechanistic study revealed that the role of LMX1A was mediated by β-catenin, as knockdown of LMX1A upregulated the expression of β-catenin and knockdown of β-catenin reversed the effects of LMX1A silencing. β-catenin is essential for the activation of WNT signaling pathway. Indeed, knockdown of LMX1A activated the expressions of WNT signaling target genes T cell-specific transcription factor 4 (TCF4) and matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP7). What is more, the expression of LMX1A was negatively correlated with WNT signaling target genes in two datasets of human gastric cancer tissues. Thus, our study revealed an anti-metastatic role of LMX1A in gastric cancer which is mediated by the negative regulation of β-catenin signaling target genes.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The role of nitric oxide (NO) in doxorubicin (DOX; cancer chemotherapeutic)-induced cardiotoxicity is well established. In skeletal muscle (SM), NO regulation plays a critical role in health, biogenesis, and function. Despite the increasing evidence that indicates the negative impact of DOX on SM function, the effect of DOX on NO production in SM has yet to be examined. The purpose of the current study was to simultaneously examine intracellular and interstitial NO concentrations in the SM following the administration of DOX. A single dose of 1.5 or 4.5 mg/kg was administered intraperitoneally to male Sprague Dawley rats, and interstitial (IS) and intracellular (IC) NO was quantified every 24 up to 192 h post-injection. There was no significant difference in IC NO following the injection of 1.5 mg/kg DOX when compared to the control; however, the administration of 4.5 mg/kg DOX resulted in lower (P < 0.05) concentrations of NO in the IC. Interestingly, a consistently higher (P < 0.05) concentration of NO in the IS was established following the administration of 1.5 mg/kg compared to the control while no significant changes in IS NO resulted from the administration of the 4.5 mg/kg dose. The fluctuation of IS and IC NO was not a result of substrate availability as arginine concentrations remained stable throughout the experiment. By utilizing the microdialysis technique, we have simultaneously quantified for the first time the IS and IC concentrations of NO in SM following DOX administration. These data provide important insight in the possible mechanisms leading to DOX-related SM dysfunction.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Antiproliferative signaling of combinations of the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) and indole-3-carbinol (I3C), a natural indolecarbinol compound derived from cruciferous vegetables, was investigated in human melanoma cells. Melanoma cell lines with distinct mutational profiles were sensitive to different extents to the antiproliferative response of aspirin, with oncogenic BRAF-expressing G361 cells and wild-type BRAF-expressing SK-MEL-30 cells being the most responsive. I3C triggered a strong proliferative arrest of G361 melanoma cells and caused only a modest decrease in the proliferation of SK-MEL-30 cells. In both cell lines, combinations of aspirin and I3C cooperatively arrested cell proliferation and induced a G1 cell cycle arrest, and nearly ablated protein and transcript levels of the melanocyte master regulator microphthalmia-associated transcription factor isoform M (MITF-M). In melanoma cells transfected with a -333/+120-bp MITF-M promoter-luciferase reporter plasmid, treatment with aspirin and I3C cooperatively disrupted MITF-M promoter activity, which accounted for the loss of MITF-M gene products. Mutational analysis revealed that the aspirin required the LEF1 binding site, whereas I3C required the BRN2 binding site to mediate their combined and individual effects on MITF-M promoter activity. Consistent with LEF1 being a downstream effector of Wnt signaling, aspirin, but not I3C, downregulated protein levels of the Wnt co-receptor LDL receptor-related protein-6 and β-catenin and upregulated the β-catenin destruction complex component Axin. Taken together, our results demonstrate that aspirin-regulated Wnt signaling and I3C-targeted signaling pathways converge at distinct DNA elements in the MITF-M promoter to cooperatively disrupt MITF-M expression and melanoma cell proliferation.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Galectin 3 (Gal-3) is upregulated in gastric epithelial cells as a host response to Helicobacter pylori infection. However, the significance of Gal-3 expression in H. pylori-infected cells is not well established. We analyzed Gal-3 intracellular expression, localization, and its effects in H. pylori-infected gastric epithelial cells. The predominantly nuclear confined Gal-3 was shown to be upregulated and exported out to the cytoplasm in H. pylori-infected AGS cells. The nuclear export was channeled through CRM-1 (exportin-1) protein. Interestingly, knock down of Gal-3 expression led to reduced NF-κB promoter activity and interleukin-8 (IL-8) secretion, suggesting its pro-inflammatory roles. Furthermore, Gal-3 was found to be pro-proliferative and anti-apoptotic in nature, as its knock down caused a reduction in cell proliferation and an increase in apoptosis, respectively. Taken together, our data suggest the expression and upregulation of Gal-3 as a critical endogenous event in H. pylori infection that interferes with various intracellular events, causing prolonged cell survival, which is characteristic in carcinogenesis.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pesticide exposure can occur directly or indirectly in an occupational setting or otherwise. The health hazards of pesticides have long been studied; however, little is known about the ocular insult of these potent chemicals. In this study, we examined the consequences of long-term pesticide exposure on the ocular tissue in animal model with special focus on the cornea. Swiss Albino mice were sacrificed to obtain the eye globes and various cytological, cytotoxic and histological evaluations, in vitro growth kinetic studies and flow cytometric analyses of select cytokeratins were performed to determine the structural and functional damage due to pesticide exposure. Our study revealed the detrimental impact of this xenobiotic insult by cataloguing the damage to each layer of the cornea wherein it was discovered that all the functional layers as well as the membranes were compromised. We hope that our investigation will pave the way for future studies in this oft overlooked area of affront caused by pesticide exposure to the ocular surface.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.