Zoomorphology (ZOOMORPHOLOGY)

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Journal description

The journal will accept original papers based on morphological investigation of invertebrates and vertebrates at the macroscopic microscopic and ultrastructural levels including embryologcial studies. Special emphasis will be placed on: Comparative anatomical studies that correlate structure with function including morphometric analysis Analysis of interrelationship between structural-functional systems of animals and their general biology including environmental adaptations and behavior Analysis of interdependency among complex structural functional systems in adult organisms as well as during embryological and phylogenetical development Studies of developmental phenomena and homologies as the basis for phylogenetic relationships.

Current impact factor: 1.70

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 1.702
2013 Impact Factor 1.277
2012 Impact Factor 1.133
2011 Impact Factor 1.283
2010 Impact Factor 1.8
2009 Impact Factor 1.786
2008 Impact Factor 1
2007 Impact Factor 1.405
2006 Impact Factor 1.211
2005 Impact Factor 1.561
2004 Impact Factor 1.059
2003 Impact Factor 1.156
2002 Impact Factor 1.118
2001 Impact Factor 1.429
2000 Impact Factor 1
1999 Impact Factor 0.784
1998 Impact Factor 1.122
1997 Impact Factor 0.821
1996 Impact Factor 0.976
1995 Impact Factor 0.932
1994 Impact Factor 0.625
1993 Impact Factor 0.909
1992 Impact Factor 0.484

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.37
Cited half-life >10.0
Immediacy index 0.24
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.47
Website Zoomorphology website
Other titles Zeitschrift für Morphologie der Tiere
ISSN 0720-213X
OCLC 43497915
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Author's pre-print on pre-print servers such as arXiv.org
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on any open access repository after 12 months after publication
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The domestic duck, as a representative of birds living in the water, is considered as a specialist filter-feeder. Behavioral observations of foraging revealed that these birds also use a terrestrial feeding mechanism such as grazing and pecking. This study examined the entirety of the lingual mucosa in relation to the structural adaptations required for this range of feeding activities. The structures on the lateral surfaces of the tongue, the conical and filiform papillae, constitute the food filtration apparatus. The process of pecking involves the spatula-shaped apex of the tongue and a specific horny plate—the lingual nail. In the grazing mechanism, large conical papillae and lamellae in the beak are required. Structures engaged in intra-oral transport include the median groove, lingual combs, the rostral border of the lingual prominence and distinct rows of conical papillae on the lingual prominence. Two types of keratinized epithelia, the ortho- and parakeratinized epithelium, as well as nonkeratinized epithelium cover individual areas of the tongue. The rostral and caudal lingual glands present in the lamina propria of the body, lingual prominence and root of the tongue produce mucus. The specific arrangement of Grandry and Herbst corpuscles form so-called bill-tongue organ monitoring food transportation. Our research confirm that the lingual mucosa in domestic duck is characterized by microstructural species-specific modifications of particular areas of the tongue, which is formed not only under the influence of the filtering mechanism, but also by terrestrial feeding mechanisms such as grazing or pecking.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Zoomorphology
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    ABSTRACT: The Chinese giant salamander (Andrias davidianus, Blanchard, 1871) is the largest amphibian on earth. While the number of the wild Chinese giant salamanders is declining and becoming a rare endangered species, breeding of giant salamander in China has launched since 1980s. However, scoliosis often occurs in the breeding giant salamander juveniles. To explore the pathomorphological changes and bone mineral density of the morbid breeding giant salamander, molybdenum–rhodium target X-ray photography and conventional histopathological analysis have been adopted to investigate the disease occurred in affected salamander juveniles. Vertebra, spinal core, vertebral foramen, paravertebral skeletal muscle, and other related parts were examined. The results showed that the bone mineral density in the body-curved giant salamander juveniles is significant lower compared to the peer normal controls (p > 0.05). In addition, spinal cord, spine, and its surrounding muscles were deformed in the diseased salamander.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Zoomorphology
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    ABSTRACT: The structure of the late doliolaria, pentactula and 1-month-old juvenile of the holothurian Apostichopus japonicus was studied using light microscopy and 3D reconstruction methods. It was shown that metamorphosis in this species consists in the reorganization of the shape of the body and the destruction of provisional organs. The late doliolaria has a spindle-like form, ciliary rings and hyaline spheres shifted relative to the anterior-posterior axis of the body. Some provisional organs (ciliary rings, hyaline spheres) are destroyed during settlement, and others (hydropore and hydroporic canal) remain after metamorphosis. Definitive organogenesis in A. japonicus begins long before metamorphosis. The late doliolaria already has well-developed water-vascular and digestive systems, and the ectoneural part of the nervous system. Muscle and hemal systems begin to form in the pentactula. Moreover, the calcareous ring and connective tissue part of the body wall develop at this stage. The pentactula has anlages of the hyponeural part of the nervous system, which form in the mid-ventral and dorsal nerve cords. The hemal ring of the pentactula is located on the inner wall of the water-vascular ring. It remains unclosed in the left ventral radius. One-month-old juveniles have all the major organ systems except respiratory and reproductive systems. The hemal vessels of the intestine are well developed and begin to form the rete mirabile. Differentiation of the intestine into regions due to differential specialization of the enterocytes begins in 1-month-old juveniles. Obviously, emergence of new types of enterocytes enables the animal to consume a wider range of food items and indicates its increased feeding activity.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Zoomorphology
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    ABSTRACT: Although it is stated that dietary lipids are absorbed proximally in the small intestine of vertebrates, there are variations of the primary site for lipid absorption even when closely related species are considered. Moreover, there are evidences suggesting that the small intestine distal segments are equally capable of absorbing lipids, although it is not known whether it is the case for crocodilians. The lipoprotein assembling process and secretion routes are also largely unknown for crocodilians and therefore, assumed to be similar to mammals. The aims of this study were to identify the crocodilian Caiman yacare intestinal segments where lipid absorption occurs, to characterize the intestinal lipoproteins secreted by enterocytes and to evaluate lymphatic system contribution to exportation of lipoproteins from the intestine. For this, soybean oil was injected into C. yacare stomach and intestinal lipid absorption process was characterized by light and electron microscopy 24, 48 and 72 h after oil injection. The same amount of lipid inclusions was present in the duodenum, in the proximal jejunum and in the distal jejunum. The colon also showed a few lipid inclusions. The bulk of lipoproteins secreted by the enterocytes was <200 nm in diameter and was observed inside the lymphatic central lacteals. Lipid inclusions were absent from the intestinal mucosa and from the lacteals of the control animals. Finally, the high amount of lipids ingested did not recruit innate immune cells to the mucosa in any intestinal segment, suggesting that soybean oil is not pro-inflammatory for intestinal mucosa of C. yacare in the short time analyzed.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Zoomorphology
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    ABSTRACT: Anelasma squalicola is a barnacle found attached to deep-water lantern sharks of the family Etmopteridae and is the only known cirriped on fish hosts. While A. squalicola is equipped with mouth and thoracic appendages (cirri), which are used for suspension feeding in conventional barnacles, its attachment device (peduncle) appears to have evolved into a feeding device, embedded into the tissue of its host. Here we demonstrate, through comparisons of the feeding apparatuses between A. squalicola and conventional suspension-feeding barnacles, that mouthparts and cirri of A. squalicola are highly reduced, and incapable of suspension-feeding activities. We show that in conventional suspension-feeding barnacles strong symmetries exist within these vital trophic structures. In A. squalicola strong asymmetries are widespread, indicating that those structures have been uncoupled from natural selection. The digestive tract is consistently empty, suggesting that feeding via cirri does not occur in A. squalicola. In addition, comparisons of stable isotope ratios (δ13C and δ15N) between A. squalicola, its shark host, and a conventional suspending feeding barnacle indicate that A. squalicola is taking nutrition directly from its host shark and not from the surrounding water. Our results strongly indicate that this barnacle has abandoned suspension feeding and now solely relies on obtaining nutrition from its host by a de novo evolved feeding mechanism.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Zoomorphology
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    ABSTRACT: Assessed multiple times over a 100-year period, yet poorly understood, we provide a new view of trophic structure and function in predatory muscid larvae based on Phaonia goberti (Mik) and Phaonia subventa (Harris) (Diptera, Muscidae). Trophic structure and function were investigated by morphological analysis, direct observation and filming. Larvae search for prey using a compartmentalised body. The rear compartment grips the substrate, while the middle one turns to the sides and the front one grabs prey. Two feeding mechanisms were recorded, sucking and lunging. Sucking occurs when the head is anchored inside the prey, and fluids are ingested using the pump in the head skeleton. Lunging is the head moving forwards and backwards, coordinated with lowering and raising of the mandibles during which fluids and tissue are gathered into the cup-shaped, oral cavity prior to sucking in. These mechanisms rely on prey being pierced, and this is achieved by a remarkable structural and functional partnership between the pseudocephalon, mandibles and accessory sclerites. The partnership involves tightening the integument of the prey between the oral bars and disengaging the mandible hooks to pierce it. Due to connections between the oral bars and pseudocephalon, the hooks do not extend from their sheaths except when piercing, an unusual feature in larvae of the Cyclorrhapha (Diptera).
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Zoomorphology