Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin (Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull)

Publisher: Bangladesh Medical Research Council, Bangladesh Medical Research Council

Journal description

The BMRC bulletin is published thrice a year. The authors are assisted in publishing their research work in this journal. It also consists of scientific articles based on research projects conducted with financial assistance given by the council.

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Other titles Bangladesh Medical Research Council bulletin
ISSN 0377-9238
OCLC 2340011
Material type Periodical
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

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Bangladesh Medical Research Council

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Publications in this journal

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    ABSTRACT: This case-control study was done to identify the correlation between the familial, social and environmental risk factors and autism. This hospital and specialized centre based study done from January 2002 to November, 2004. Thirty two children from the autism group and 14 children from the control group were enrolled. Mean age were 3.75 yrs. and 2.83 yrs. respectively. Significant proportion of children were in the highest birth orders, 68.8% in autism and 78.6% in the control group. Full term children were 96.9% and 92.9% respectively. 53.1% children in the autism and 57.1% in the normal speech delay group were born by cesarean sections. Higher education of parents in autism group was statistically significant (p<0.05). Too much watching TV, inadequate opportunity to mix with peers and inadequate interactive relationship with the family members in the early childhood were significantly (p= 0.001) related to the development of autism.Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull 2014; 40 (3): 113-117
    Preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
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    ABSTRACT: not availableBangladesh Med Res Counc Bull 2014; 40 (3): 122-123
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
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    ABSTRACT: Both consensus and controversy remains regarding surrogacy of hepatitis B virus (HBV) deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT), however, these markers are used to ascertain the extent of liver damages and to guide therapeutic options in patients with chronic hepatitis B. However, little is known about liver histology of patients with chronic hepatitis B with undetectable HBV DNA and persistently normal ALT. Thirty-five incidentally-detected patients with chronic HBV infection (assessed by expression of hepatitis B surface antigen for more than 6 months) with undetectable HBV DNA and normal serum ALT were enrolled in this study. Liver biopsy specimens were taken from all patients and the extent of hepatic necroinflammation and liver fibrosis were evaluated. Moderate degree of hepatic necroinflammation was detected in 2 of 35 patients and severe hepatic fibrosis was seen in 6 of 35 patients. Two patients with undetectable HBV DNA and sustained normal ALT had moderate hepatic necroinflammation and severe hepatic fibrosis. In spite of undetectable HBV DNA for prolonged period and persistently normal ALT, some patients with chronic hepatitis B express evidences of progressive liver diseases. Large scale studies in different races and geographical regions should be accomplished to develop insights about management of these patients. Studies about extent of liver diseases in these patients should be accomplished in Treatment recommendation and management strategies should be developed for these patients.Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull 2014; 40 (3): 92-96
    Preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
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    ABSTRACT: Human leukocyte antigen B27 (HLA-B27), a class I molecules of the major histocompatibility complex has a strong disease association with different types of spondarthropathies (SpA). The strength of this disease association varies markedly among racial and ethnic populations. The present study aimed to identify the HLA-B27 antigen frequencies among suspected SpA patients as well as healthy Bangladeshi individuals. The frequency of HLA-B27 was determined in 1500 patients and 1000 healthy subjects attending the Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU). HLAB 27 typing was done by microlymphocytotoxicity test using commercial kit. A total of 738 (49.2%) suspected SpA patients and 107 (10.7%) healthy subjects tested positive for HLA-B27 antigen with higher frequency among younger age groups (54.9%, 52.4% and 56.2% in 0-14 years, 15-24 years and 25–34 years of age respectively). The male female positivity was almost same (11.4% and 9.6%) among control group, but in patient group it was 53.0% and 41.2% respectively. The findings of this hospital based study showed a high frequency of HLA-B27 among suspected SpA patients with male preponderance which is comparable with neighboring countries.Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull 2014; 40 (3): 102-106
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
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    ABSTRACT: Gamma interferon (IFN-γ) plays an important role in the immune response to live measles virus vaccination. To study the immune response to measles vaccination, IFN-γ level was estimated in 30 children. Of these, 24 children vaccinated with a single dose of measles vaccine at nine months of age and 06 children vaccinated with a second dose during the Measles Catch-up Immunization campaign. Measles vaccine strain was cultured in Vero cell line and the Tissue Culture Infective Dose (TCID)50 was used as standard live virus. Peripheral blood Mononuclear cells (PBMCs) was separated by Ficoll- Hypaque density gradient centrifugation and stimulated with measles virus antigens and mitogens (lectin), cultured in CO2 and IFN-γ level was measured from culture supernatant by ELISA. On stimulation with measles antigen and lectin respectively, IFN-γ level was highest (105 pg/ml and 226.54 pg/ml) in the 109-120 months age group while it was lowest (12.97±8.16 pg/ml and 13.16±8.0 pg/ml) in the 61-72 months age group. No significant difference was observed in IFN-γ level after stimulation with either measles antigen or lectin among well-nourished (p<0.8) and mal-nourished (p<0.7) children suggesting that nutritional status did not have any effect on IFN-γ level. However, IFN-γ level was higher in children who received two dose of measles vaccine than those who received a single dose (p<0.001).Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull 2014; 40 (3): 118-121
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
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    ABSTRACT: Angiotensin (Ang II) II is known to promote oxidative stress in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Inhibition of renin angiotensin system (RAS) or blockade of Ang II receptors may therefore be effective in reducing oxidative stress during AMI. The study evaluates and compares the protective effect of Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) inhibitor and AT1 receptor blocker in adrenaline induced oxidative stress in rats. Rats were treated with two successive injections of adrenaline subcutaneously at a dose of 2 mg/kg administered 24 hours apart. In other two groups of rats enalapril (30 mg/kg) or valsartan (30 mg/kg) were given orally once daily through intragastric tube for 2 weeks and then two injections of adrenaline were administered 24 hours apart. Serum Aspertate Transaminase (AST), plasma Malonde Aldehyde (MDA), erythrocyte GSH and serum vitamin E levels were measured 24 hours after the 2nd injection of adrenaline in all the groups. Administration of adrenaline caused significant increase (p < 0.001) in serum AST and plasma MDA levels and decrease (p < 0.001) in erythrocyte GSH and serum vitamin E levels. Pre-treatment of enalapril or valsartan for 14 days reduced (p < 0.001) serum AST and plasma MDA levels and increased the concentration of erythrocyte GSH in enalapril pre-treated group (p < 0.01) and in valsartan pre-treated group (p < 0.05). Pre-treatment of enalapril or valsartan also increased (p < 0.01) serum vitamin E levels in adrenaline treated rats. However, no significant difference was noted between the effect of enalapril and valsartan on serum AST, plasma MDA, erythrocyte GSH and serum vitamin E levels. It may be concluded that both enalapril and valsartan offered cardioprotection in adrenaline induced oxidative stress, but the protection afforded by valsartan was not superior to enalapril.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2014 · Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin

  • No preview · Article · Apr 2014 · Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
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    ABSTRACT: The objectives of the study were to demonstrate hearing status in newborns at first screening by Transient Evoked Otoacoustic Emissions and to find out the relationship between abnormal hearing screening and known risk factors. This study was conducted in the department of neonatology of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University in collaboration with department of otolaryngology and department of obstetrics and gynaecology. This prospective observational study included a cohort of 168 neonates from Neonatal Intensive Care Unit and neonatal Nursery (Minimal care unit). All were screened for hearing impairment using Transient Evoked Otoacoustic Emissions in out-patient department of otolaryngology by a trained audiologist before discharge from hospital. Risk factors analysed were according to the criteria of American Academy of Pediatrics. Of the total neonates screened, Refer rate was 32.7% irrespective of presence or absence of risk factors. Small for gestational age, in-utero infections, ototoxic medications, birth weight < 1500, sepsis/meningitis, hyperbilirubinemia were found to be significant risk factors (p < 0.0001). It can be recommended that hearing screening should be universally done for all newborns.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2014 · Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
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    ABSTRACT: The present study aimed to investigate the households' impoverishment due to the healthcare costs in Shiraz in 2012. In this household's survey, 800 households were studied in Shiraz. The study sample was selected using stratified and cluster sampling in the urban and rural areas, respectively. The information was collected using the household section of the World Health Survey questionnaire. In order to determine impoverishment due to health spending, at first, the households' food-based poverty line (subsistence expenditure) was measured. Then, households' health expenditure was subtracted from their total expenditure and if the obtained value was lower than the households' food-based poverty line, the households was considered to be impoverished due to health expenditures. The collected data were entered into the SPSS (version 16) statistical software and analyzed using descriptive statistic, Chi-square test, and logistic regression in backward method. The study results showed that 7.1% of the households (CI: 0.071±0.018) were impoverished because of healthcare expenditures. Besides, the households in the first quintile were more likely to be faced with poverty compared to those in the other quintiles (p<0.05). Being covered by health insurance did not affect the protection from poverty due to health costs. Moreover, the participants living in rural areas were faced with poverty more than those living in urban areas (p<0.05). It seems that health expenditure can be an economic shock for household in Shiraz and through spending on health a household may fall into poverty. As insurance had no effect on impoverishment, it implies that change in health insurance plans and ways of health financing is necessary.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: To study outcomes after using perfluoro-n-octane (PFO) as a short-term postoperative vitreous substitute in eyes undergoing primary vitrectomy with or without sclera buckling for complex rhegmatogenous retinal detachments with inferior/multiple breaks or giant retinal tears (GRTs) or retinal detachment with extensive proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR). Methods: A prospective study was carried out where in 43 patients (Group 1) PFO was exchanged with silicon oil in the same surgical procedure and in 22 patients (Group 2) PFO was kept for 3 days and then exchanged with silicon oil by a separate surgical procedure. The respective surgeon took the decision whether to exchange PFO on the same day or after 3 days. The patients were followed up for 6 months to analyze the anatomical attachment rates, visual acuity gain, and postoperative complications in both the groups. Results: There were 33 male and 10 female patients in group 1 and 18 male and 4 female patients in group 2. Mean age distribution in group 1 was 38.88 years (SD±21.45) and in group 2 was 38.09 years (SD±16.36). Mean preoperative best corrected visual acuity in group 1 was 2.02±0.58 and in group 2 was 2.01±0.53 logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (LogMAR). The LogMAR Visual acuity in group 1 improved to 1.76±0.43 after 1 month (P=0.01, paired t test) and to 1.62±0.62 after 6 months (P=0.01, paired T test). This visual acuity in group 2 improved to 1.85±0.42 after 1 month (P=0.24, paired T test) and 1.90±0.72 after 6 months (P=0.49, paired T test). There was no difference regarding visual improvement in between two groups after 1 month and 6 months of follow-up (P=0.125, independent sample T test). The retina was detached in 6 patients (14%) in group 1 and in 7 patients (31%) in group 2 after 6 months of follow-up. There was no statistically significant difference in between two groups regarding final attachment of retina (P= 0.109, Fisher exact test). There was also no significant complication like increased posterior capsular opacification or glaucoma found after retaining PFO for 3 days. Conclusion: Perfluoro-n-octane is efficacious and safe as a short-term vitreous substitute in primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment repair cases with inferior/multiple breaks or GRTs or with extensive PVR. But keeping perfluoro-n-octane for 3 days does not significantly reduce the risk of re-detachment with complex rhegmatogenous retinal detachment cases.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: Thyroid disorders are among the common endocrine problems in pregnant women. It is now well established that not only overt but subclinical thyroid dysfunction also has adverse effects on maternal and fetal outcome. There are few data from Bangladesh about the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in pregnancy. With this background, this study aims to find out thyroid dysfunction (both overt and subclinical hypothyroidism) in pregnancy and its impact on obstetrical outcome. Methods: We studied the evaluation of 50 admitted pregnancies corresponding to 29 women with subclinical hypothyroidism and rest 21 was overt hypothyroidism. Detailed history and examination were performed. Apart from routine obstetrical investigations, Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) estimation was done. Their obstetrical and perinatal outcomes were noted. Results: Overt hypothyroidism was significantly (p<0.05) higher in 25 to 44 years age group. However two and three abortions were significantly (p<0.05) higher in overt hypothyroidism patients. In sub clinical hypothyroidism 86.2% conceived firstly within 2 years and 66.7% in overt hypothyroidism patients conceived firstly in between 3 to 5 years after marriage. Overt hypothyroids were prone to have pregnancy-induced hypertension 42.9%, intrauterine growth restriction (P=0.001) and gestational diabetes (38.1%) as compared to subclinical cases. Neonatal complications were significantly more in overt hypothyroidism group. Mean TSH level was significantly (p<0.05) higher in overt hypothyroidism patients but mean FT4 level was almost similar in both groups. Majority of the patient underwent caesarean section in both groups due to associated medical and obstetrical complications. None of the babies showed hypothyroidism by cord blood tests. In this analysis our results showed that overt hypothyroidism among Bangladeshi pregnant women are associated with more maternal complication & adverse parental outcome than subclinical hypothyroidism. The adequate treatment of hypothyroidism during gestation minimizes risks and generally, makes it possible for pregnancies to be carried to term without complications. Significant adverse effects on maternal and fetal outcome were seen emphasizing the importance of routine antenatal thyroid screening.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
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    ABSTRACT: Antinuclear antibody (ANA) is useful in the diagnosis of connective tissue disorder (CTD). Association of specific autoantibodies with the immunofluorescence pattern of ANA in CTD, noted in western literature has been considered as reference in all over the world. However, in Bangladesh no such research work or data correlating the autoantibodies and their ANA patterns is found. Objective of the study was to identify an association between immunofluorescence patterns of antinuclear antibody on HEp-2 cell and more specific antinuclear reactivities (e.g. anti-dsDNA and anti-extractable nuclear antigen) in the serum samples of CTD patients. Serum samples of 152 CTD patients (Systemic lupus erythematosus, Rhumatoid arthritis, Sjogren's syndrome, Systemic sclerosis, Polymyositis, Mixed connective tissue disease) were diagnosed clinically, attending at Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) during the study period of January, 2010 to December, 2010. Samples were subjected for ANA testing by Indirect Immunofluorescence (IIF) on HEp-2 cell (ALPHADIA) in dilution of 1:40, anti-dsDNA by ELISA and anti- extractable nuclear antigen (anti-ENA) by Dot Immunoblot. Dot blot strips were tested for anti-Sm, anti-RNP, anti-SSA/Ro, anti-SSB/La, anti-Scl-70 and anti-Jo-1. Out of 152 patients 110 (72.3%) cases were ANA positive by IIF on HEp-2 cell. ANA positive sera exhibited four fluorescence patterns such as speckled (50.8%), peripheral (21.6%), homogenous (18.1%) and nucleolar pattern (9%). Peripheral pattern and homogenous pattern was predominantly associated with anti-dsDNA (p<0.05). Speckled pattern was significantly associated with anti-ENA (p<0.05).The most commonly identified antinuclear autoreactivity was directed towards anti-RNP (25.7%) then anti-Scl-70 (20%), anti-SSA (14.2%) and anti-SSB (5.7%). Multiple anti-ENA reactivities were identified in 34.28% cases. Peripheral and homogenous pattern is strongly associated with anti-dsDNA and speckled pattern may predict anti-ENA (specially ribonucleoprotiens). As a definite correlation between the ANA patterns and the group of antibodies was detected by dot immunoblot, one could predict presence of certain specific auto antibodies for a particular ANA pattern identified. This may restrict on the cost of laboratory investigations in a developing country like Bangladesh. Thus, ANA-IIF method may reduce the expense of detailed immunological work-up with minimal loss in diagnostic accuracy.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The present study aims to compare hemophilic patients' fingerprint types with the normal people to help diagnose the disease, particularly new occurrences of the disease. Method: This casecontrol study was conducted in 2012. Sixty two patients with hemophilia type A and 62 normal healthy people were selected. The type of fingerprint was determined by a forensic specialist who was kept unaware of the participants' group. Using advanced Henry method, the main types of fingerprints were classified as arch, loop, whorl, as well as other types. Results: In the control group, loop type (65%) and in the case group the whorl type (34%) were the most frequent fingerprint type (p<0.001) and there was a significant difference of fingerprint in each finger between two groups. In addition, the average number of whorl type in the patients with mild disease was significantly higher and the average number of arch and other types of fingerprints was significantly lower than patients with moderate or severe disease. Conclusion: The findings of the present study indicated that not only are the fingerprints of normal and hemophilic people different, but also a difference was observed between hemophilic patients with the mild factor level and patients with moderate or severe one.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
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    ABSTRACT: Double balloon enteroscopy (DBE) is a newly developed endoscopic modality for diagnosis and treatment of small bowel disorders. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic and therapeutic impact of DBE in patient with suspected small bowel disease. This was a prospective study. Sixty one double balloon enteroscopy procedures (30 antegrade 31 retrograde) were done in thirty six patients (20M/16F, mean age 40 ± 12.5 range 16-65 years ) at gastroenterology department, Sir Salimullah Medical College, Dhaka between October 2011 and September 2012. Indications for DBE included chronic abdominal pain 14 (38.9%), obscure GI bleeding 11 (30.56%), Small bowel obstruction 05 (13.89%), and chronic diarrhea 06 (16.67%). The morphologic findings were ulcerations 13 (36.11%), growth 03 (8.33%), vascular ectasia 03 (8.33%) and polyp 01 (2.78%). Therapeutic interventions were performed in one patient only. No serious complications were observed. Diagnostic yields in case of chronic abdominal pain, chronic diarrhea, obscure GI bleeding and small bowel obstruction were 50%, 66%, 63% and 40% respectively. The findings were adenocarcinoma 04 (11%), lymphoma 03 (8.4%), tuberculosis 03 (8.4%), non specific findings 05 (13.9%), IPSID 01(2.8%), Crohn's disease 01 (2.8%), vascular ectasia 03 (8.33%) and normal 16 (44.44%). DBE is well tolerated, feasible and useful technique for the diagnosis as well as treatment of small intestinal disorders.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2013 · Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of A1chieve was to remedy the deficit of data on the efficacy and safety of insulin analogues in routine clinical care in less well-resourced developed countries. To present results from the Bangladesh cohort of the A1chieve study receiving BIAsp 30 ± oral anti diabetic drugs. A1chieve was a 6-month, observational study of 66,726 people with type 2 diabetes, started on insulin detemir, insulin aspart or biphasic insulin aspart (BIAsp 30) in 28 countries across four continents. A total of 1,093 subjects were recruited from 49 sites in Bangladesh and 580 subjects initiated on BIAsp 30 were studied. In the entire cohort, treatment with BIAsp 30 for 24 weeks significantly reduced mean HbA(1c) (2.8%, p < 0.001), fasting plasma glucose (4.0 mmol/L, p < 0.001) and post prandial plasma glucose (6.6 mmol/L, p < 0.001) levels from baseline. The rate of overall hypoglycaemic events in the entire cohort also reduced significantly at 24 weeks (1.86 to 0.02 events/person year, p < 0.0001). BIAsp 30 can be considered as a safe and effective option for initiating as well as intensifying insulin therapy for type 2 diabetes.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2013 · Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin