Irrigation Science (IRRIGATION SCI)

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Journal description

Irrigation Science will publish original contributions and short communications reporting the results of irrigation research including relevant contributions from the plant soil and atmospheric sciences as well as the analysis of field experimentation. Special emphasis will be given to multi-disciplinary studies dealing with the problems involved in maintaining the long term productivity of irrigated lands and in increasing the efficiency of agricultural water use. Aspects of particular interest are: Physiology of plant growth and yield response to water status. Physical and chemical aspects of water status and movement in the plant-soil-atmosphere system. Salinity and alkalinity control by soil and water management. Measurement and modification of crop and control of water in plant soil and atmosphere. Water requirements in irrigation practice. Ecological aspects of irrigated agriculture.

Current impact factor: 2.06

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 2.056
2013 Impact Factor 2.843
2012 Impact Factor 2.289
2011 Impact Factor 1.635
2010 Impact Factor 2.113
2009 Impact Factor 1.753
2008 Impact Factor 1.891
2007 Impact Factor 1.737
2006 Impact Factor 1.16
2005 Impact Factor 1.605
2004 Impact Factor 0.605
2003 Impact Factor 0.966
2002 Impact Factor 0.364
2001 Impact Factor 0.467
2000 Impact Factor 0.63
1999 Impact Factor 0.267
1998 Impact Factor 0.361
1997 Impact Factor 0.292
1996 Impact Factor 0.317
1995 Impact Factor 0.388
1994 Impact Factor 0.316
1993 Impact Factor 0.44
1992 Impact Factor 0.344

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 2.43
Cited half-life 7.00
Immediacy index 0.22
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.80
Website Irrigation Science website
Other titles Irrigation science (Online), Irrig sci
ISSN 0342-7188
OCLC 41983898
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Author's pre-print on pre-print servers such as
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on any open access repository after 12 months after publication
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Irrigation Science

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Irrigation Science
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A tool named DOPIR (Dimensioning Of Pressurized IRrigation) was developed to optimize the process of water abstraction from an aquifer for pressurized irrigation systems. This tool integrates the main factors throughout the irrigation process, from the water source to the emitter. The objective is to minimize the total cost of water abstraction and application (C T) (investment (C a) + operation (C op) per unit of irrigated area according to the type of aquifer, crop water requirement and electricity rate periods. To highlight the usefulness of this tool, DOPIR has been applied to a corn crop in Spain with a permanent sprinkler irrigation system, considering two types of aquifer: confined and unconfined. The effects of parameters such as the static water table in the aquifer (SWT), irrigated area (S), number of subunits in the plot (NS), sprinkler and lateral pipe spacing, and average application rate (ARa) on C T have been analyzed. Results show that energy cost (C e) is the most important component of C T (50–72 % in the case studies). Thus, it is very important to adapt the design and management of the irrigation and pumping system throughout the irrigation season to the energy rate periods.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Irrigation Science
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Agricultural water is delivered by open irrigation canals in system of reservoirs with a widespread distribution in South Korea. Traditional irrigation management problems include water distribution systems with less capacity than the peak demand, irregular delivery rates, and low irrigation efficiency and uniformity. It is necessary to strategically compare the estimated irrigation demands with the actual water supplies for decision making in order to maintain the water supply according to the demand. Accurate measurement and monitoring of water distribution systems is essential in order to solve the problems of water efficiency and availability. Auto water level gauges installed at the head and tail sections of each irrigation canal in the Dongjin River were used to measure the discharge during irrigation periods. In this study, we introduced an approach to assess the water delivery performance indicators of the open irrigation canals, which is essential for identifying the key issues for water management improvement. The irrigation efficiencies according to the water delivery performance indicators were measured with an automatic water gauge in the irrigation canals and were calculated from the spatial and temporal distribution of the water supply for the lack of planning in water delivery. The calculated performance indicators are useful to understand the irrigator behavior and general irrigation trends. Analysis of the results yielded insights into possible improvement methods in order to develop water management policies that enable irrigation planners to improve the temporal uniformity and equity in the water distribution.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Irrigation Science
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The sensitivity to water stress of different plant water status indicators was evaluated during two consecutive years in early nectarine trees grown in a semi-arid region. Measurements were made post-harvest and two irrigation treatments were applied: a control treatment (CTL), irrigated at 120 % of crop evapotranspiration demand to achieve non-limiting water conditions, and a deficit irrigation treatment, that applied around 37 % less water than CTL during late postharvest. The plant water status indicators evaluated were midday stem water potential (Ψ stem) and indices derived from trunk diameter fluctuations: maximum daily shrinkage (MDS), trunk daily growth rate, early daily shrinkage measured between 0900 and 1200 hours solar time (EDS), and late daily shrinkage that occurred between 1200 hours solar time and the moment that minimum trunk diameter was reached (typically 1600 hours solar time). The most sensitive [highest ratio of signal intensity (SI) to noise] indices to water stress were Ψ stem and EDS. The SI of EDS was greater than that of Ψ stem, although with greater variability. EDS was a better index than MDS, with higher SI and similar variability. Although MDS was linearly related to Ψ stem down to −1.5 MPa, it decreased thereafter with increasing water stress. In contrast, EDS was linearly related to Ψ stem, although the slope of the regression decreased as the season progressed, as in the case of MDS. Further studies are needed to determine whether EDS is a sensitive index of water stress in a range of species.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Irrigation Science
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Removal of irrigation network limitations under a rotational delivery schedule has been focused on improving infrastructures without paying sufficient attention to improving management. We developed a methodology to assess the yield and water productivity gaps in the Río Dulce irrigation system, Santiago del Estero, Argentina. The AquaCrop model was used to determine the potential and attainable yields of maize and cotton under different water management scenarios. Actual yields and irrigation practices were determined by field surveys and farmers interviews. The AquaGIS tool facilitated the assessment of the spatial and temporal variations in yield using a daily climatic database of 26 years. The average yield gap (potential minus actual) amounted to 6 t ha−1 in maize and 2 t ha−1 in cotton. The average water productivity gap was 7 kg ha−1 mm−1 in maize and 2 kg ha−1 mm−1 in cotton. By a more effective use of the rotational delivery schedule, the yield gap could be partially closed, in particular if associated with other agronomic practices, namely nitrogen fertilization. The approach demonstrated the potential of combining field data collection with the use of AquaCrop to quantify the yield and WP gaps, and to propose management recommendations for closing the gaps.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Irrigation Science
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Canal companies are adapting automation equipment to assist in the management of their canal systems and provide water to users at a near constant flow rate. Many of these canal companies have been motivated out of need to meet the water demands of their customers while limiting flow rate and depth fluctuations. Several canal automation schemes have been successful, while a few systems have had problems. After studying 179 canal automation projects, key points have been identified that contribute to the success of the automation systems. The most important factor is that the automation system has the support of the board of directors and the management personal. Other factors include a supportive automation company, use of simple, understandable sensors, and reliable equipment.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Irrigation Science
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The saline soil was irrigated by the shallow groundwater of high salinity (12 g L−1) during the air temperature below −5 °C in winter, and the saline water was frozen into saline ice on the soil expeditiously. With air temperatures increasing in spring, the saline ice melted and infiltrated into soil gradually, and the saline soil may be improved by the infiltration of the meltwater. Based on this, a field experiment was conducted to evaluate changes in saline ice during melting, seasonal dynamics of soil temperature, water, salt and sodium adsorption ratios (SAR). After the meltwater infiltrated into soil in spring, the plastic mulching (FM) and non-mulching (FN) were designed, and the control treatment (CK) did not include irrigation or mulching. The results showed that the salinity of the saline ice was reduced upon melting, and the mulching of saline ice increased the soil temperature and reduced the frozen soil layers. After infiltration of meltwater, the soil salinity and SAR were both reduced significantly (p < 0.05), and the mulching of plastic film maintained the lower level of soil salinity and SAR. During the sowing season for cotton, the soil salinity and SAR were below 4 g kg−1 and 9, respectively, in FM. And higher than 65 % of emergence rates and greater than 3.4 t ha−1 seed cotton yields were obtained in this treatment, while for the FN and CK treatments, the soil salinities were both above 8 g kg−1, which leads to yields that were not obtained.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Irrigation Science
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We measured the effects of planting density (238, 317 and 476 trees ha−1), irrigation (fully irrigated control vs. deficit irrigation) and their interaction on the vegetative growth, yield and irrigation water use efficiency (IWUE) of young olive trees during three seasons. In the water deficit treatment, irrigation was applied when midday stem water potential (SWP) dropped below −2.5 MPa; SWP of controls was maintained between −1.2 and −1.5 MPa. Across irrigation treatments, oil yield at high density (968 kg ha−1) was 70 % higher than at low density. Reduction in oil yield due to deficit irrigation was not significant compared to control (501 vs. 664 kg ha−1). IWUE at lower tree density averaged 1.5 kg ha−1 mm−1, increased by 50 % in intermediate density and by 57 % at the highest density. Deficit irrigation increased IWUE twofold with respect to controls. IWUE responded to the interaction density × irrigation whereby the highest IWUE (4.6 kg ha−1 mm−1) was obtained at highest density and deficit irrigation. IWUE was nonlinearly related to seasonal water stress integral ((Formula presented.)), where maximum efficiency corresponded to 180 MPa days. The negative correlation between fruit water concentration and (Formula presented.) highlights the potential benefit of deficit irrigation of increasing oil extractability. The positive outcomes of increasing the density (higher oil yield) and deficit irrigation (higher IWUE, lower water concentration in fruit) need to be weighed against the long-term effect on vegetative growth. Under our conditions, three seasons of water deficit reduced crown and trunk size by 35 % in relation to fully irrigated.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Irrigation Science
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A comparative study of an outside signal sprinkler (OS), a fluidic sprinkler (FS), and an impact sprinkler (IS) was carried out. The OS, FS, and IS were evaluated individually under indoor experimental conditions. Water distribution evaluations were measured under four operating pressures at a 1.5-m nozzle height (above the ground). Approximately 36 individual trials were performed. The results show that the discharge coefficient of the OS and FS was slightly larger than that of the IS. The water distribution profiles of the OS, FS, and IS were parabola-shaped, ellipse-shaped, and doughnut-shaped, respectively. The wetted radius for the OS was similar to the wetted radius of the FS and was 8.7–12 % less than the IS. An accurate and simple empirical equation for the wetted radius of OS and FS is reported. Additionally, equations of water application rate, with regard to distance from the sprinklers, are given. The average coefficients of determination for the OS, FS, and IS were 91.8, 89.2, and 79.1 %, respectively. Individual spray sprinkler water distributions were mathematically overlapped to calculate the combined uniformity coefficient (CU). Maximal combined CUs of 80.88, 80.92, and 78.12 % were found for the OS, FS, and IS, respectively. Both the OS and FS were found to have greater CU values than the IS, which indicates that the OS and FS provided a better water distribution pattern than the IS at low pressure.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Irrigation Science
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Monitoring the moisture patterns at the root zone is necessary for agricultural, hydrological, and environmental applications. Conventional monitoring methods are usually invasive, destructive, and only sample at a small spatial scale. Electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) can set an alternative or be complementary to common traditional methods in evaluating the moisture content and its spatiotemporal patterns. In this study, we used the ERT method to monitor the hydro-geophysical dynamics under a drip-irrigated citrus orchard in a semi-arid region. Geophysical surveys were performed monthly for over a year. The obtained data from the electrical measurements were inverted to produce 2D tomograms of the bulk electrical conductivity. Calibrations of the petrophysical relations were conducted using both laboratory and field procedures. The obtained electrical results, and especially their temporal dynamics, cannot always be explained using the common assumption of uniform spatiotemporal distribution of the pore water electrical conductivity. To separate the two main components of the petrophysical relations, namely water content and pore water conductivity, we used a modeling approach. A coupled flow and transport model was calibrated using the electrical conductivity measurements, allowing separation of the contribution of the water content and pore water electrical conductivity to the bulk electrical conductivity. This allowed explaining the temporal dynamics of the measured electrical signal and a better understanding of the water and solute dynamics in the root zone.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Irrigation Science