DTW. Deutsche tierärztliche Wochenschrift (DEUT TIERARZTL WOCH)

Publisher: Schlütersche Verlagsgesellschaft

Journal description

Established in 1893 Deutsche Tierärztliche Wochenschrift is one of the leading German speaking journals in veterinary science with a worldwide reputation. Original papers, essential new findings encourage veterinarian scientists from many parts of the world to submit their latest results for publication. All articles published in Deutsche Tierärztliche Wochenschrift have been reviewed by at least two recognized experts to ensure suitability, accuracy and thoroughness. Short publication time - accepted papers are usually published within 3 months - guarantees that the latest results reach you quickly. Published 12 times a year a volume contains about 100 original articles. Deutsche Tierärztliche Wochenschrift is listed in the Citation index and in all major literature services such as Current contents. The journal provides scientists in research, veterinary officers in administration and practitioners a more integrated view of the field of veterinary medicine. Deutsche Tierärztliche Wochenschrift offers reliable information that keeps pace with the rapidly advancing field of veterinary medicine providing a monthly forum for highly-selected, thoroughly reviewed, quality articles in German and English.

Current impact factor: 0.41

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2011 Impact Factor 0.41
2010 Impact Factor 0.512
2009 Impact Factor 0.523
2008 Impact Factor 0.373
2007 Impact Factor 0.469
2006 Impact Factor 0.35
2005 Impact Factor 0.356
2004 Impact Factor 0.284
2003 Impact Factor 0.413
2002 Impact Factor 0.521
2001 Impact Factor 0.454
2000 Impact Factor 0.416
1999 Impact Factor 0.448
1998 Impact Factor 0.435
1997 Impact Factor 0.377
1996 Impact Factor 0.219
1995 Impact Factor 0.231
1994 Impact Factor 0.274
1993 Impact Factor 0.425
1992 Impact Factor 0.286

Impact factor over time

Impact factor
Year

Additional details

5-year impact 0.44
Cited half-life >10.0
Immediacy index 0.05
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.13
Website Deutsche Tierärztliche Wochenschrift (DTW) website
Other titles DTW. Deutsche tierärztliche Wochenschrift, Deutsche tierärztliche Wochenschrift
ISSN 0341-6593
OCLC 3418218
Material type Periodical
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Schlütersche Verlagsgesellschaft

  • Pre-print
    • Author cannot archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Classification
    white

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Veterinary medicine, previously a male-dominated profession, has experienced a significant increase in the number of women applying for veterinary colleges. Today approximately 85% of veterinary students are female. Parallel to this development there has been a decline in the number of graduates entering food supply veterinary medicine careers. More and more food animal veterinarians, foremost in rural areas, are complaining about their problems to recruit young professionals for their practice. Feminization as well as the shortage of food animal veterinarians is an international phenomenon. In veterinary practice and scientific literature it has been discussed if these two trends are related. Extensive research has been conducted about this subject, mainly in Australia, Canada and the USA. In this article the existing data have been compared and discussed.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2009 · DTW. Deutsche tierärztliche Wochenschrift
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the quality and the diagnostic relevance of the radiographs of the reticular area obtained using an x-ray beam-limiting cone (LC), both conventional and LC images were analysed in 12 cows affected by traumatic reticuloperitonitis (TRP). The improvement in resolution, definition and contrast of the LC images and a clinical assessment of the diagnostic relevance of the procedure were scored. The use of LC improved the quality of the radiographs in 10 cases (83%) thanks to an improvement in the resolution (67%), definition (58%) and contrast (83%). The procedure was diagnostically relevant in 5 cases (42%), facilitating the detection of details not clearly visualised by previous conventional survey radiographs: a very thin foreign body responsible of TRP, a mass in the ventro-caudal contour of the reticulum, the exact position of the foreign bodies. A consistency test for the x-rays was performed in a clinically healthy cow to confirm the improvement in the radiographic quality determined by the procedure. Although conventional imaging is often sufficient to confirm diagnosis of TRP, the use of the LC improves the quality of reticular radiographs and in several cases can be fundamental for the identification of a thin foreign body or a lesion.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2009 · DTW. Deutsche tierärztliche Wochenschrift
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    ABSTRACT: Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus (TMEV) infection of L cells results in a cytopathic effect (CPE) characterised by cell death and the formation of small plaques. The potential of pleconaril, a novel broad-spectrum capsid function inhibitor that blocks effectively the replication of most rhino- and enteroviruses, to inhibit the replication of TMEV was investigated using a plaque reduction assay. L cells were infected with 10-5 or 10 -6TCID50/ml of the laboratory BeAn strain of TMEV supplemented with defined log2 dilutions of pleconaril. No significant dose depended reduction of the plaque numbers was seen. This study demonstrated the inability of pleconaril to inhibit the infection of L cells with the BeAn strain of TMEV which is in contrast to previous studies that showed that pleconaril inhibits the replication of other picornaviruses.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2009 · DTW. Deutsche tierärztliche Wochenschrift
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    ABSTRACT: Transportation remains a major stressor for pigs leading to altered organ function and thereby affecting also product quality. The underlying molecular mechanisms remain to be clarified. Heat shock proteins (Hsps) are considered to counteract intracellular stress reactions. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate changes in the expression and localization of such a major defense molecule, namely Hsp90 in 2 h transported piglets. We analyzed Hsp90 at the protein and transcript level in the heart and kidney using qualitative and quantitative methods. Immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization of Hsp90 identified the protein and mRNA in the cytoplasm and the nucleus of myocardial and renal tubular epithelial cells.The different localizations demonstrate the vital functions of Hsp90. Endothelial cells of both organs expressed high levels of Hsp90, which could be related to Hsp90 role in regulating blood flow. No obvious morphological changes of the Hsp90 distribution pattern could be identified in the cells of the transported piglet groups. However, using quantitative approaches, we identified a significant decrease of Hsp90 in the hearts at the protein (53.8% reduction, P < 0.05) and mRNA (45.3% reduction, P < 0.05) level. Hsp90 was also decreased in the kidney but did not reach a significant level. These results suggest that a short-term transport of 2 h is sufficient to decrease the amount of a vital stress defense molecule, which could explain transportation induced organ damage.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2009 · DTW. Deutsche tierärztliche Wochenschrift
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    ABSTRACT: Farmers in Bali live in close contact to pigs, a setting which favours transduction of leptospirosis to humans. Since little is known about the prevalence of different Leptosipra (L) serovars in Bali, a serosurvey was initiated to identify Leptospira serovars predominating in domestic pigs. In 1999, a total of 484 sera from pigs on 138 farms in two geographically distinct provinces of Bali (Gianyar and Tabanan), Indonesia, were collected. Agglutinins against 7 serovars of pathogenic Leptospira were determined using the microscopic agglutination test (MAT). The overall percentage of sera giving titres of ≥ 100 against at least one serovar was 27.1 %. Prevalences varied between the provinces Gianyar (30.1%) and Tabanan (22.4%) but didn't differ significantly. Prevalence of Seroreactivity for individual serovars was 1.0% (L grippotyphosa), 2.1 % (L tarassovi), 1.2% (L copenhageni), 16.3% (L pomona), 5.4% (L hardjo), and 9.3% (L bratislava). Agglutinins against L canicola could not be detected. High titres (≥ 400) were almost exclusively directed against L pomona, implying that L pomona is the predominant Leptospira serovar in Balinese pigs.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2009 · DTW. Deutsche tierärztliche Wochenschrift
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    ABSTRACT: Scrapie in sheep can present with a range of clinical and pathological features. The variation in the pathological phenotype has been attributed mainly to differences in the breed and the prion protein genotype of affected sheep as well as the strain of agent producing the infection. The influence of these factors on the clinical phenotype has not been studied extensively. This study was conducted to investigate factors that may affect the clinical presentation. A detailed clinical assessment was performed on 162 confirmed classical scrapie field cases in Great Britain. Fourteen healthy, scrapie-free sheep were assessed by the same clinical methods to provide a baseline of normal behaviour. Eight prion protein genotypes were affected and the majority displayed pruritic behaviour (97%) and loss of body condition (76%). Cud soiling, temperament change, pruritus, poor body condition, frequent nibbling and increased rubbing were positively or negatively associated with the genotypes ARQ/ARQ ARQ/VRQ or VRQ/VRQ. Breed and flock were highly correlated with genotype due to the selection of cases. A significant association was found between the presence of tremors, temperament change, loss of body condition, abnormal gait, teeth grinding, pruritus and other clinical variables. This study confirms the variability of clinical signs in scrapie although almost all sheep displayed signs of pruritus. The clinical presentation may be influenced by the genotype (and possibly breed, flock or predominant strain).
    No preview · Article · Nov 2009 · DTW. Deutsche tierärztliche Wochenschrift
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    ABSTRACT: A four day old male lamb of the sheep breed Pomeranian Coarsewool exhibited locomotory disturbances since birth. Its head was tilted to the right with insecure position. The lumbar spine was scoliotic.The lamb, which died spontaneously, showed a partial occipito-atlanto fusion, malformations of atlas and axis, a missing dens axis and a subluxation of the atlanto-axial joint in X-rays and patho-morphological investigations. These findings supported the diagnosis of a congenital occipito-atlanto-axial malformation (OAAM). The cause of the malformation could not be clarified. As this case was sporadic, it was not possible to draw conclusions on inheritance.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2009 · DTW. Deutsche tierärztliche Wochenschrift
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    ABSTRACT: The efficacy of a metaphylactical treatment with toltrazurii (Baycox 5% suspension) against ovine coccidiosis, with special regard to the pathogenic species Eimeria (E.) ovinoidalis and E. crandallis, was investigated in a multicentric field study. 120 male lambs aged 1 to 5 days were selected on study day (SD) 1. On SD 12 the lambs were randomly assigned to two study groups (toltrazuril-treated and control group). Lambs of the treated group received a single oral dose of toltrazuril (20 mg/kg body weight). From SD 13 to SD 49 faecal samples were collected at two-day- intervals. Efficacy assessment was based on total oocyst excretion, excretion of oocysts of E. ovinoidalis and E crandallis as well as faecal consistency throughout the study. Subclinical to moderate clinical coccidiosis was observed in all farms. In the toltrazuril-treated group, the level and duration of oocyst excretion of Eimeria spp. as well as level and duration of coccidia-related diarrhoea were significantly reduced compared to the control group. In regard to E. ovinoidalis and E. crandallis, the number of positive samples and level of oocyst excretion were significantly reduced by toltrazurii treatment. In general, the results obtained by the analysis over all farms also applied to the single farms. In this study a single metaphylactic treatment with toltrazuril proved to be highly effective in the control f ovine coccidiosis, in particular it showed high efficacy against E. ovinoidalis and E. crandallis.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2009 · DTW. Deutsche tierärztliche Wochenschrift
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    ABSTRACT: A black and white male German Holstein calf affected by schistosomas reflexus was born through cesarean section. The stillborn calf showed a thoracoabdomi-nopelvic hernia with prolapse of the abdominal organs. In addition, there was a high-grade lordose with a 180° angle.The angular point was localized between the thoracic and the lumbar part of the vertebral column. This vertebral defect caused the forelimbs and hindlimbs stretched over the head. The liver was abnormally shaped, cysticly modified and showed an abnormal histological structure. The diaphragms was hypoplastic. Some joints of the limbs were ankylosed. tum and anus were missing and the genital system was malformed. We could not find inbreeding in the pedigree of the calf and there were no further affected relatives known before at this farm. An X-chromosomal codominant mode of inheritance like in the human thoraco-abdominal syndrome is unlikely for this present case.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2009 · DTW. Deutsche tierärztliche Wochenschrift
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    ABSTRACT: A 3-month-old female trotter foal was euthanized due to severe dyspnoea. Pathomorphologically a chronic granulomatous to necrotizing pneumonia was found and Rhodoccocus (R.) equi was isolated microbiologically. An immunohistological method using a murine monoclonal antibody against a 15-17 kDa antigen of virulent R. equi was established in formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissue sections using various antigen retrieval techniques to optimize the staining results. Microwave treatment was most suitable for the demonstration of bacterial antigen localized predominantly in intralesional macrophages. Immunohistology is an additional method for identifying R. equi-infections in equine tissue and may be useful in retrospective studies on paraffin-embedded archive material.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2009 · DTW. Deutsche tierärztliche Wochenschrift
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    ABSTRACT: A multicentre field study was conducted in accordance with VICH Guideline on Good Clinical Practice (VICH 2000) to confirm the efficacy and safety of a new formulation of cefquinome for the treatment of naturally occurring severe bacterial infections and septicaemia in foals. Thirty-nine foals suffering from severe bacterial infections (such as pneumonia, gastro-enteritis, arthritis, omphalitis, or wound infections) or acute septicaemia were treated twice daily with the test product (1 mg cefquinome/kg body weight) intravenously for three days and then intramuscularly for three to 11 days. Investigators examined the foals daily and scored both systemic and local clinical signs to assess the response to treatment, treatment success and relapses. On the day of inclusion a blood sample was taken from each foal for IgG determination and blood culture. In case of abnormal clinical findings additional samples were taken for bacteriology. Treatment was successful in 87.2% of cases (34 of 39 foals) and no relapses were observed. The average duration of treatment was 7.5 days. At inclusion, bacterial culture was positive in 40.5% (15 out of 37) of the blood cultures. Escherichia coli, Clostridium perfringens and Staphylococcus spp. were the most common isolates and were all susceptible to cefquinome. E. coli predominated in swabs from umbilical and open wound infections, and in rectal swabs E. coli. There was no correlation between IgG at inclusion and study outcome or treatment duration. The test product was very well tolerated by all of the foals following intravenous and intramuscular injection. The cefquinome formulation tested was effective and safe in the treatment of severe bacterial infections and septicaemia in foals under field conditions.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2009 · DTW. Deutsche tierärztliche Wochenschrift
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    ABSTRACT: This report deals with an enzootic due to Salmonella Typhimurium in two free living Eurasian siskins (Spinus spinus Linnaeus, 1758). Other birds in the vicinity of the siskins were not affected. Clinical signs consisted of non-specific symptoms such as ruffled plumage, apathy and reduced food intake. During necropsy, gross lesions were enlarged livers with focal necrosis, pale spleens, enlarged kidneys, pneumonia and enteritis. Salmonella Typhimurium was isolated from internal organs in pure culture. Using the polymerase chain reaction, the detection of Salmonella according to EN ISO 6579:2002 was confirmed. The detailed characterisation of both isolates in the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment and in the Robert Koch Institute yielded for the first siskin Salmonella Typhimurium, 4, 5, 12: i : 1, 2, LT DT104, BT a and for the second siskin Salmonella Typhimurium, 4,12 i : 1, 2, LT DT013, BT c. These phage types were identified for the first time in siskins. The detected phage types have importance as causes of disease not only for free living siskins but also as infectious and zoonotic agents for domestic poultry and poultry products.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2009 · DTW. Deutsche tierärztliche Wochenschrift
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    ABSTRACT: The study was aimed at determining the cause of a disease in a horse exhibiting symptoms of fever, joint effusion, weakness, and extravasations on the mucous membranes. Blood was drawn from the animal for haematological and biochemical molecular tests. The PCR technique revealed the presence of 16S RNA Ehrlichia spp. genetic material in the blood samples. DNA amplification by means of primers EHR 521 and EHR 747 gave a product with a volume of 247 bp.The sequence of the PCR product obtained showed a 97.6% similarity with a sequence of a fragment of 16S RNA Ehrlichia phagocytophila, gene number EU 090186 in the GenBank. A microscopic examination of blood smears demonstrated the presence in the neutrophiles of intracytoplasmatic structures characteristic for Ehrlichia.The treatment involved the intravenous application of oxytetracycline at a dose of 8 mg/kg of body mass for 7 days, and resulted in a gradual recovery. The positive results of the molecular test and the positive reaction to the therapy are an indication of the first case of ehrlichiosis in a horse in Poland as confirmed in laboratory test.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2009 · DTW. Deutsche tierärztliche Wochenschrift
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of the present study was to investigate the role of heat shock proteins (Hsps) as potential stress response marker in several organs of transported pigs. Constitutive (Hsp90, Hsp70 and Hsp27) and inducible (Hsp72 and Hsp86) Hsps expressed in skeletal muscle, heart, liver and kidney of transported young pigs were investigated. The study comprised 13 German Landrace line pigs (mean weight, approx. 35 +/- 1 kg). Eight animals (n = 8) were transported for a period of 6 h, whereas the control group (n = 5) was kept under normal housing conditions. Identification of Hsps was performed by immunoblot using porcine specific antibodies. Although the 5 Hsps were regularly detected in all porcine tissues, no clear up-regulation could be observed due to transportation. Densitometrical analysis of the immunoblots revealed an unexpected result. Every tissue had a significant reduction of at least 2 Hsp members: Kidney (Hsp90 and Hsp70), M. longissimus dorsi (Hsp90 and Hsp72) and M. gluteus maximus superficialis (Hsp90 and Hsp86), liver (Hsp90, Hsp86 and Hsp27). The heart was most affected, all Hsps were significantly reduced by 26% to 41% after 6 h of transportation. The regular reduction of the large Hsp90 and Hsp86 in nearly all tissues examined point to a new and critical role these Hsps might have in counteracting short-term stress reactions. The fast reduction of Hsps in fatal organs such as heart and kidney may have a relation to organ failure. Hsp90 level may therefore serve as a potential marker for the stress pigs are suffering during transportation.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2009 · DTW. Deutsche tierärztliche Wochenschrift
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    ABSTRACT: For a long time MRSA were associated only with human medicine, although with Summary increased incidence in human medicine, MRSA was almost simultaneously reported to occur in veterinary medicine as well. Following initial intermittent reports of appearances of MRSA in cattle and milkers, clusters of nosocomial infections in various animal species in several European as well as one Canadian animal hospital stated. During 2003-2007 the cluster of MRSA ST 254, t036 and MRSA ST 398, t011/t034 were isolated from wound infections in hospitalised horses as well as from nasal swabs from horses and from veterinary staff in a horse clinic at the veterinary university Vienna (VUW). MRSA ST 1, t127 were for first time detected in infect localisations solely in three horses. Considered epidemiologically, MRSA ST 254, t009 is known as "Hannover-epidemic strain" from health care settings. However, with the spa-type and the SCCmec-element IVc it exhibits two major differences and is therefore definitely distinct from the MRSA ST 254 found in horses and veterinary employees from UVW. With respect to evolution both lineages evolved independently from on another but can be ascribed to a common ancestor within the clonal complex CC8. MRSA ST 398, in 2003 observed for the first time as MSSA in pigs in France, was first detected in horses in 2006 following augmented confirmations at the VUW in 2007. Although the primary reservoir of MRSA ST398 is obviously in pigs as also recorded in Germany, it is obviously to colonize and to cause infections in other host species such as humans, cattle, dogs, cats and poultry. Infections in hospitals in individuals even without contact to animals and two cases with death in exceptional severe situation point at the pronounced patho-potency. Its flexibility concerning host adaptation and acquisition of additional virulence genes gets the claim for the obligation to report MRSA cases. The proportion of MRSA ST398 among infections in humans is infrequent so far, mainly patients with direct or familial contacts to livestock are affected. There were, however, also a few cases of invasive nosocomial infections in patients without any association to animal husbandry. This underlines the necessity for further surveillance of the evolution of MRSA ST398 and its dissemination.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2009 · DTW. Deutsche tierärztliche Wochenschrift
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    ABSTRACT: The present study was undertaken to investigate the effects of type of ram presence (permanent vs. intermittent) on estrus onset, estrus duration and frequency of sexual behaviours in Kivircik ewes. During the breeding season, 20 multiparous Kivircik ewes were divided into two groups of permanent (PR) and intermittent (IR) presence of ram. Estrus was synchronized with fluorgestone acetate intravaginal sponges left for 14 days, plus an injection of 600 IU PMSG at the time of sponge removal. PR ewes introduced with ram immediately after sponge removal and remained with the ram throughout the study (5 days). IR ewes were exposed to ram twice a day, only during the observation periods. Behavioural observations were performed twice a day (at 07:00 a. m. and 07:00 p.m.) for a 2-hour period. Estrus onset was 32.40 +/- 1.60 h for PR group and 27.60 +/- 2.40 h for IR group (p > 0.05). Estrus duration was 15.60 +/- 1.83 h and 34.80 +/- 2.15 h for the same groups, respectively (p < 0.001). Standing was the most frequently displayed behaviour in both groups. IR ewes displayed sexual (p < 0.001), eating (p < 0.001), standing (p < 0.001), walking (p < 0.001), urination (p < 0.001) and defecation (p < 0.05) behaviours much more than the PR ewes. Frequency of each sexual behaviour was higher in IR group compared with PR group throughout the study. Among the proceptive behaviours investigated, head-turning was the most frequently displayed behaviour in both groups. Soliciting, non-firm standing, sniffing scrotum and anogenital sniffing behaviours were also expressed by the ewes considerably. It is concluded that, if the ewes are exposed to ram intermittently, behavioural signs of estrus could be recognized more successfully. Furthermore, the possibility of insemination of estrous ewes becomes much higher by the intermittent presence of ram and thus reproductive performance of the herd could be improved.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2009 · DTW. Deutsche tierärztliche Wochenschrift
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    ABSTRACT: Campylobacter coli is an etiological agent of gastrointestinal and extraintestinal infections in man and animals, and can be found as a commensal in gastrointestinal tract of animals. In this study, we aimed to determine differences among C coli strains in colonization of the intestinal tract of mice. Seven C coli strains isolated from diarrheic patients, asymptomatic hosts and chicken carcasses were used for this study. Each strain was inoculated with 0.1 ml of a bacterial suspension (3 x 10(8) CFU/ml) to 5 weanling mice, intragastrically. For the isolation of C coli, faecal pellets collected before inoculation and after inoculation at particular intervals were cultured on Campylobacter Selective Agar. Seven C. coli strains were divided into 3 colonization groups, based on faecal shedding. Group I showed immediate colonization, with prolonged excretion of organism in all mice. Group II showed delayed and short time colonization of C. coli. Group III could not colonize mice. Division of isolates into colonization groups was as follows: Group I included 3 strains from gastrointestinal disease; Group II included 2 strains from asymptomatic hosts and Group III included 2 strains from chicken carcasses. The study showed that there were marked differences among C coli strains with respect to their colonization potential and it may depend upon the origin of the strain. For understanding the complete pathogenesis of Campylobacter spp., a greater number of strains from different sources and geographical locations require to be tested in further investigations in the light of our findings.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2009 · DTW. Deutsche tierärztliche Wochenschrift
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    ABSTRACT: By treatment of single animals or a live stock a treatment regimen has to be chosen, which guarantees a sufficient concentration of the administered drug in the target tissue. On the other hand, particular care has to be taken to avoid that single animals get a too high, intolerable dose of the administered drug. These elementary requirements must be met by the attending veterinarian.The treatment schedule must be in line with the current phamaceutical law. Some of the most outstanding problems associated with application via feed and water are discussed. Crucial factors apart from practicability are the bioavailability depending on pharmaceutical form and the avoidance of displacements of drugs. Future efforts should focus on the optimization of oral medication.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2009 · DTW. Deutsche tierärztliche Wochenschrift
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    ABSTRACT: A 13-year-old Standardbred gelding was referred for evaluation of continuous abdominal pain. Rectal examination revealed a dislocated large colon (Dislocatio coli ad dextram). The horse showed muscle fasciculations and appeared lethargic. It was sent to surgery because of persistent colic. In transit the gelding showed an unstable walk and immediately prior to surgery a wide-based stance in the hindlimbs. Laparotomy revealed a retroflexion of the large colon and a secundary mesenterial volvulus. After surgery the horse remained recumbent. Due to the comatose state and poor prognosis the gelding was euthanized after 15 hours of recumbency. Necropsy indicated hyperaemic meninges, edema of gliacells and submeningeal tissue with vacuolization and loss of several cerebellar Purkinjecells as well as multiple conglomerates of Alzheimer type II astrocyte groups within the grey matter. Further findings included marked hepatolipidosis, multiple gastric ulcers, small intestinal hyperaemia with mild mononuclear inflammation, tapeworm-infestation of the caecum and moderate chronic enteritis with eosinophilic component in the large intestine. To the best of our knowledge, this was the first case of a horse with colic and concurrent encephalopathy without primary liver disease described in a German-speaking country.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2009 · DTW. Deutsche tierärztliche Wochenschrift