Revista Argentina de Dermatologia

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ISSN 0325-2787

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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: to assess the practical utility of Revised Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus Disease Area and Severity Index (RCLASI) in our population. To correlate: RCLASI with DLQI (Dermatology Life Quality Index). Materials and Methods: observational, descriptive and transversal study that was performed in Hospital General de Agudos José María Ramos Mejía, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires Argentina by two groups of observers divided by their level of experience in dermatology. RCLASI and DLQI were assessed in 12 patients with Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus (CLE). Time spent, inter observer variability and method's levels of difficulty were evaluated. Results: the mean activity score for the group of low experience was 11,8 (SD 8,1) and for the group of moderate / high experience 12,7 (SD 8). The mean damage score for the former was 4 (SD 4,79) and for the later 4,4 (SD 5,4). The mean time spent by both groups was 7,76 minutes (9,79 minutes mean by the group of low experience and 5,73 by the group of moderate / high experience). The method was considered easy in more than 50% of the cases, independently of the observers's level of experience. 50% of the patients did not show effect in their quality of life whereas 16,5% showed little effect, 25% mild effect, and 8,5% big effect. Conclusions: RCLASI is a useful and feasible method to evaluate all types of CLE. It's easy and rapid, however it lacks a severity scale. This later limited its comparison with DLQI.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Revista Argentina de Dermatologia
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: dandruff is defined as excessive flaking of the scalp accompanied by itching. The etiology is multifactorial and depends on the presence of Malassezia yeasts, sebum production and individual susceptibility. Beyond traditional treatments to control dandruff, there are new formulations that may include keratolytics such as salicylic acid; climbazole, an antifungal agent which potential antiproteolytic properties, or terpineol, broad-spectrum antifungal with antiinflammatory action. Objective: the main objective of this study was to evaluate the effect on seborrheic dandruff of a shampoo with terpineol, willow extract, salicylic acid, climbazole and sebum-regulating lipoaminoacid, and a lotion with terpineol, salicylic acid, climbazole and glycosides from oak and green tea extract. Effectiveness on dry dandruff of a shampoo containing terpineol, willow extract, salicylic acid and climbazole was also evaluated. Three study visits were performed (T0, T28 and T42). Methods: single-center, open, non-randomized, single-blind, 42day study conducted in 78 patients with seborrheic or dry dandruff. Dandruff severity was classified into 4 grades. A shampoo for oily dandruff (A), a shampoo for dry dandruff (B), a lotion for oily dandruff (C) and a neutral shampoo (D) were administered. Four treatment groups were established according to the assigned treatment (A, B, AC and CD). Results: 59% of participants were women and 41% men. The average age was 47 years (range 2072). Of the total patients, 20 had medium-low oily dandruff (group A), 20 dry dandruff at any level (group B), 17 severe oily dandruff (AC) and 21 medium-high oily dandruff (group CD). After four weeks of treatment the severity of dandruff was reduced vs. baseline in =70% of cases in all groups; for oily dandruff results were 70% (low-medium grade), 76.2% (medium-high) and 88.2% (high level); the effect was most marked in patients with dry dandruff (90%). Dandruff removal was complete in 78.5%, 62.5%, 47% and 44.4% of them, respectively. Two weeks after having suspended the treatment, dandruff level continued to decline in 55% of patients treated with shampoo A, 57.1% of those who used the lotion C, 58.8% of patients who used shampoo A + lotion C, and 35% of those receiving shampoo B. Seventy per cent of patients in group A, 80% in group B, 66.7% of the CD group and 70.6% of the AD group were satisfied or very satisfied with the study treatments. Conclusions: the results obtained in this study suggest the effectiveness against oily and dry dandruff of two shampoos and a lotion based on terpineol, salicylic acid and climbazole. Further research to extend the results in this field is required.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Revista Argentina de Dermatologia
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: solar radiations are an important factor in the human health. However, to be exposed them in an inadequate way without protection provoques the cutaneous aging, the appearance of photo induced illnesses and at least one skin cancer. Objective: to evaluate the level of knowledge, means of information and photo-protection practices in patients with clinical history of vitiligo in the Placental Histotherapy Center. Materials and Methods: it was an intervention study through a questionnaire applied 107 cubans patients, during the period 20132014. In the questionnaire partner-demographic variables and general aspects of knowledge were explored on the damages taken place by the exhibition to the solar radiation, factors of risk for the appearance of skin cancer, means of information and photo-protection practices. In the processing of data was used the Statistical Package for the Social Science SPSS (version 20.0). Health promotion activities were developed and informative sheets were distributed. We consider that the satisfactory level of knowledge when the patient response the 75% of the questionnaire correctly. Results: the level of knowledge was not satisfactory in 51,4% of those patients. The main source of information was the audiovisual means and the dermatologist. The most used actions were: the use of sunscreen, the search of places with shade, the use of umbrellas and wide wing hats, caps or long visor. The level of knowledge was significantly associated with the sunscreen use (p=0.006), and the group of patient smaller than 20 years old (p=0.03). Conclusions: the evaluation of the knowledge was not satisfactory in more than 50% of those patients. They carried out inadequate photo-protection practices. The means of information should be efficiently used as strategies of prevention in patients with vitiligo.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Revista Argentina de Dermatologia
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    ABSTRACT: Angioleiomyoma is a rare, benign skin neoplasia derived from smooth muscle cells of blood vessels. It usually occurs in the lower limbs of middle-aged women as a painful tumor, palms and soles. The cavernous histological subtype is unusual. The treatment of choice is surgical removal of the lesion. We present a case of a patient with a left cavernous angioleiomyoma planting.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Revista Argentina de Dermatologia
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    ABSTRACT: Hailey-Hailey disease is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by acantholysis. It is caused by mutations of ATP2C1 gene encoding the secretory pathway Ca++/Mn++ ATPase localized in Golgi apparatus. It usually presents as erythematous, erosive plaques with fissures at folds and sites of friction. The course is chronic, with relapses and remissions. Treatment options are neither specific nor totally effective for this disease. Topical corticosteroids in combination with antibiotics, systemic, surgical and physical therapy can be used. We report a female patient with self-limited disorder and another one with extensive disease, poor adherence and little response to treatment.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Revista Argentina de Dermatologia
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    ABSTRACT: Histoplasmosis is an endemic mycosis caused by a dimorphic fungus, Histoplasma capsulatum. Histoplasmosis is a fungal disease most prevalent in patients with advance HIV/AIDS disease and CD4 +T cell counts less than 100 cells/uL. Acute and subacute disseminated forms of the disease result from reactivation of latent infection and are much more severe in patients with AIDS compared with other immunodeficiencies. In some cases, oral lesions appear to be the only primary manifestation of the disease and may compromise the tongue, palate or the oral mucosa. Here we present a patient with infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who developed a subacute disseminated histoplasmosis with ulcerative lesions in the oral mucosaas the initial manifestation of the opportunistic disease.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Revista Argentina de Dermatologia
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    ABSTRACT: The sign of Leser-Trélat is abrupt appearance and rapid increase in size and number of seborrheic keratoses in the context of an associated internal malignancy. From its very inception, however, the sign of Leser-Trélat was beset by problems conceptual. For one, Leser and Trélat did not describe seborrheic keratoses in association with malignancy of an internal organ and, moreover, not a single picture of the lesions they described was published by them. In actuality, the original article concerned cherry hemangiomas. Moreover, no citations by Trélat pertained to what came to be known as the sign of LeserTrélat. It was Höllander, in 1900, who was the first to suggest a relationship between sudden onset and widespread distribution of seborrheic keratoses on one hand and presence of a malignancy internally on the other.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Revista Argentina de Dermatologia
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    ABSTRACT: The abuse of drugs ingestion and the creation of new ones, has generated an uprise of Adverse Drug Reaction, which must be defined due to the implication in people's health. One of these ADR is Fixed Drug Eruption (FDE), reason why we will discuss the case of a FDE associated to gemfibrozil. A 75 years old chilean man, who presented dermatologic lesions in the same location in two opportunities associated to the ingestion of GMZ. FDE represents 510% of all ADR and can manifest on skin and/or mucous membranes and recurs in the same site every time the patient takes the drug. The most common medications that cause FDE are: antibiotics, analgesics and hypnotics, but there are no reports of cases associated with GMZ. Generalized bullous FDE may be clinically misdiagnosed as StevensJohnson syndrome (SJS) or toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), but there are clinical and histopathological differences. The analysis of the signs and symptoms and the histopathological findings of the case, are consistent with generalized bullous FDE due to gemfibrozil.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Revista Argentina de Dermatologia
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    ABSTRACT: 56years old woman who suffer a Crohn disease and had have treated with adalimumab, developed a disseminated and severe pyoderma gangrenosum. The response to meprednisona in standard doses was good. The ulcers and entericcutaneous fistulae cured.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Revista Argentina de Dermatologia
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: female androgenetic alopecia (FAGA) and telogen effluvium (TE) are common causes of hair loss in women. A known fact in these types of alopecia is the increased activity of 5a-reductase which reduces testosterone to dihydrotestosterone, accelerating hair cycle and shortening its duration. Serenoa serrulata is a plant species whose components have an inhibitory effect on 5a reductase. Objective: the main objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerance against female alopecia of a food supplement with Serenoa serrulata extract, L-cystine, tocotrienol-tocopherol complex, iron, zinc, and vitamins H, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6 and B12 administered daily for six months. Material and Methods: single-center, open-label, nonrandomized, single-blind, 180-days pilot study conducted in women with FAGA or TE. The study assessed the macroscopic appearance of the hair, hair density by microphotograph, the anagen / telogen ratio (A/T) by trichogram, and the number of detached hair by combing and wash tests. Self-assessment survey of the results was performed. Results: the mean age of participants (n = 10) was 40 ± 15.5 years. FAGA and ET had an evolution of 4.5 ± two years and three months, respectively. After treatment the participants had an average increase of 6.9% in the proportion of hairs in anagen phase, and the mean A/T ratio increased to 3.3. Eighty percent or patients showed an increased capillary density at study end. After three months, all participants had a mean reduction of hair loss of 56% vs baseline. Ninety percent perceived a greater or equal amount of hair at the end of the study and 80% noticed it stronger. No adverse effects induced by treatment were observed. Conclusions: the good results of the analyzed variables suggest a therapeutic benefit against FAGA and ET. Additional research is warranted to confirm the observed data.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Revista Argentina de Dermatologia
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    ABSTRACT: Erythema nodosum is a rare acute reactional inflammatory dermatoses, with a prevalence of two-three cases per 10.000 in habitants per year. It can occur at any age, appearing more in women (3-5:1) between 20 and 45 years; there seems to be a seasonal incidence during the first half of the year. It is an even rarer tegumentary pathology in children. There are few isolated cases and small groups of patients reported in the medical literature. Brilliantly described by Willan in 1798 and later supplemented by von Hebra in 1866, it is a septal panniculitis with interlobular septa of the subcutaneous fatty tissue involvement without vasculitis. An immune response to different antigens with deposit of immunoglobulins (IgM) and complement fractions (C3) in the deep perivenular plexus is hipothetized, probably involving a delayed hypersensitivity reaction. It has a benign nature and autolimited course; it resolves spontaneously within three to six weeks, sometimes with outbreaks of repetition for months or even years. I present a case of a child of 9 years of age whose tegumentary lesions are associated an acute myeloblastic leukemia with fatal outcome.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Revista Argentina de Dermatologia
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    ABSTRACT: We report the case of a female patient of 41 yearsold, with disseminated dermatosis on trunk and proximal portion of the extremities, characterized by highly itching maculopapular rash of chronic course with exacerbations, caused by external physical and thermal stimuli with partial remissions treated with oral antihistamines irregularly. The clinical diagnosis of urticaria pigmentosa was made and confirmed by pathologic examination. Urticaria pigmentosa is the most common variant of the wide spectrum of mastocytosis, a disease occasionally observed in children and rarely in adults, without internal organ involvement. The interest of this presentation is based on the low reported prevalence of this disease in adulthood without evidence of infiltrative involvement of the medullar and bone tissue in regular monitoring of control.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Revista Argentina de Dermatologia
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    ABSTRACT: Pyogenic Granuloma (GP) is a common vascular lesion of the skin and mucous membranes, usually presented as a solitary neoplasm with a bright red, smooth surface; usually sessile or pedunculated that grows rapidly to reach 1 to 2 inches in a few weeks and then remains stationary. It is included in the classification of vascular anomalies of the International Society for the study of vascular anomalies (ISSVA) to under "other" vascular tumors despite their controversial name and their "reactional" pathogenesis. Our goal is to present a case of pyogenic granuloma in an 18yearold rural worker in the 2nd trimester with an atypical presentation for its size (4 x 4 cm) and acral location with excellent response to surgery and emphasize that such damage can result from repeated trauma, impaired wound healing and neovascularization and overexpression of the growth factor vascular endothelial (VEGF) at this period of life.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Revista Argentina de Dermatologia
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    ABSTRACT: With the eponymous "nodule Sister Mary Joseph" we are referring to the presence of an umbilical lesion, usually of long duration, and it actually represents an umbilical cutaneous metastasis is usually related to intraabdominal neoplasia. The case of a patient seen in the outpatient dermatology service of Private Hospital of Cordoba, which had umbilical lesion indicative nodule Sister Mary Joseph and was a primary manifestation of colon adenocarcinoma is presented.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Revista Argentina de Dermatologia
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    ABSTRACT: A 38 years-old woman with a type B of lymphomatoid papulosis, is reported. A review of this peculiar disease and its unresolved questions is made. We make tribute to the dermatologist who described the disease and the initial name: Warren L. Macaulay and rhythmic paradoxical eruption, respectively.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Revista Argentina de Dermatologia
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: basosquamous cell carcinoma is a rare and poor prognosis histological type, that presents intermediate clinical and histological features between squamous and basal cell carcinoma. The diagnosis is made by biopsy, and the treatment is primarily surgical. Objective: determine epidemiological and clinical characteristics of cases of diagnosed basosquamous cell carcinomas, at Dr. Hernán Henríquez Aravena Hospital of Temuco, during the period 2003-2007 and proceed to compare the results with the literature. Materials and Methods: a retrospective review including all individuals with histological confirmation of basosquamous carcinoma, between 2003 and 2007 at Dr. Hernán Henríquez Aravena Hospital of Temuco. Were considered epidemiological variables of sex, age at diagnosis and mapuche surname, and clinical variables of location of the lesion, presentación (single or multiple) and the clinical-pathologic correlation. Results: 36 cases were found, 52.8% male, the average age at diagnosis was 74.6 years. 5.6% had a mapuche surname. 80.6% occurred in the head and neck. In the 63.9% of the cases, the clinical diagnosis based on the morphology of the lesion was basal cell carcinoma. We did not found clinical-pathologic correlation in any case. Discussion: our results maintain the trend recorded in the literature in relation to sex distribution, age of presentation and location. We did not found works about characteristics of this disease in mapuche population. The macroscopic diagnosis leads to confusion, so the diagnosis it has to be histological in every case.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Revista Argentina de Dermatologia