Chemical Society Reviews (CHEM SOC REV)

Publisher: Chemical Society (Great Britain), Royal Society of Chemistry

Journal description

Chemical Society Reviews publishes short introductory overviews of topics of current interest across the chemical sciences. The philosophy of the journal is to introduce chemists not familiar with the field under discussion to the most recent thinking and developments. The reviews are not aimed at the expert and as such are written in a friendly, informative style. Authors, who are renowned workers in the field, are asked to define necessary technical terms but to avoid jargon. A background and historical context to the review are given as well as a clear but concise guide to current thought. Interdisciplinary and innovative ideas are positively encouraged by the Editorial Board; this makes the reviews accessible to the non-expert. A comprehensive account is not provided, rather, the review should act as a springboard for interested readers to begin further reading. The expert may also gain new insights into the field because of the interdisciplinary approach. As a result, Chemical Society Reviews has a wide appeal. Students about to embark on a career in research will find valuable background information to a wide variety of topics. Experienced researchers looking for a new direction will be inspired by the interdisciplinary nature of the reviews. Chemists wanting to keep up with advances outside their own immediate interests will be fascinated by the research explained in the journal. Chemical Society Reviews keeps you at the frontiers of chemical science.

Current impact factor: 33.38

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 33.383
2013 Impact Factor 30.425
2012 Impact Factor 24.892
2011 Impact Factor 28.76
2010 Impact Factor 26.583
2009 Impact Factor 20.086
2008 Impact Factor 17.419
2007 Impact Factor 13.082
2006 Impact Factor 13.69
2005 Impact Factor 13.747
2004 Impact Factor 10.836
2003 Impact Factor 9.569
2002 Impact Factor 8.718
2001 Impact Factor 9.137
2000 Impact Factor 10.747
1999 Impact Factor 8.798
1998 Impact Factor 5.936
1997 Impact Factor 6.67
1996 Impact Factor 6.223
1995 Impact Factor 5.604
1994 Impact Factor 4.913
1993 Impact Factor 6.152
1992 Impact Factor 5.563

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 36.00
Cited half-life 3.90
Immediacy index 7.60
Eigenfactor 0.25
Article influence 9.60
Website Chemical Society Reviews website
Other titles Chemical Society reviews, CSR
ISSN 0306-0012
OCLC 1784930
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Royal Society of Chemistry

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Pre-prints on non-commercial repositories and arXiv
    • Post-print on author's personal website
    • Author's post-print on institutional repository after 12 months from acceptance
    • Publisher's version/PDF may be used on author's personal website only
    • Publisher PDF will be supplied and may be used on author's personal website only
    • Publisher will deposit the authors post-print, if appropriate in non-commercial repositories, not limited to funder's repositories after 12 months
    • Restrictions on further re-use and further distribution to be noted
    • Publisher will deposit in Chemical Sciences Article Repository if requested, after 12 months
    • Publisher last reviewed on 21/07/2015
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Despite being one of the oldest materials described in the chemical literature, graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) has just recently experienced a renaissance as a highly active photocatalyst, and the metal-free polymer was shown to be able to generate hydrogen under visible light. The semiconductor nature of g-C3N4 has triggered tremendous endeavors on its structural manipulation for enhanced photo(electro)chemical performance, aiming at an affordable clean energy future. While pursuing the stem of g-C3N4 related catalysis (photocatalysis, electrocatalysis and photoelectrocatalysis), a number of emerging intrinsic properties of g-C3N4 are certainly interesting, but less well covered, and we believe that these novel applications outside of conventional catalysis can be favorably exploited as well. Thanks to the general efforts devoted to the exploration and enrichment of g-C3N4 based chemistry, the boundaries of this area have been possibly pushed far beyond what people could imagine in the beginning. This review strives to cover the achievements of g-C3N4 related materials in these unconventional application fields for depicting the broader future of these metal-free and fully stable semiconductors. This review starts with the general protocols to engineer g-C3N4 micro/nanostructures for practical use, and then discusses the newly disclosed applications in sensing, bioimaging, novel solar energy exploitation including photocatalytic coenzyme regeneration, templating, and carbon nitride based devices. Finally, we attempt an outlook on possible further developments in g-C3N4 based research.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Chemical Society Reviews
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    ABSTRACT: This review updates recent advances in Cu-catalyzed (anaerobic) oxidative carbon-heteroatom bond formation on sp(3)- and sp(2)-C-H bonds as well as alkenes, classified according to the types of stoichiometric oxidants.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Chemical Society Reviews
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    ABSTRACT: The chemistry of the p-block elements is a huge playground for fundamental and applied work. With their bonding from electron deficient to hypercoordinate and formally hypervalent, the p-block elements represent an area to find terra incognita. Often, the formation of cations that contain p-block elements as central ingredient is desired, for example to make a compound more Lewis acidic for an application or simply to prove an idea. This review has collected the reactive p-block cations (rPBC) with a comprehensive focus on those that have been published since the year 2000, but including the milestones and key citations of earlier work. We include an overview on the weakly coordinating anions (WCAs) used to stabilize the rPBC and give an overview to WCA selection, ionization strategies for rPBC-formation and finally list the rPBC ordered in their respective group from 13 to 18. However, typical, often more organic ion classes that constitute for example ionic liquids (imidazolium, ammonium, etc.) were omitted, as were those that do not fulfill the - naturally subjective - "reactive"-criterion of the rPBC. As a rule, we only included rPBC with crystal structure and only rarely refer to important cations published without crystal structure. This collection is intended for those who are simply interested what has been done or what is possible, as well as those who seek advice on preparative issues, up to people having a certain application in mind, where the knowledge on the existence of a rPBC that might play a role as an intermediate or active center may be useful.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Chemical Society Reviews
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    ABSTRACT: The last decade has witnessed a renaissance of peptides as drugs. This progress, together with advances in the structural behavior of peptides, has attracted the interest of the pharmaceutical industry in these molecules as potential APIs. In the past, major peptide-based drugs were inspired by sequences extracted from natural structures of low molecular weight. In contrast, nowadays, the peptides being studied by academic and industrial groups comprise more sophisticated sequences. For instance, they consist of long amino acid chains and show a high tendency to form aggregates. Some researchers have claimed that preparing medium-sized proteins is now feasible with chemical ligation techniques, in contrast to medium-sized peptide syntheses. The complexity associated with the synthesis of certain peptides is exemplified by the so-called "difficult peptides", a concept introduced in the 80's. This refers to sequences that show inter- or intra-molecular β-sheet interactions significant enough to form aggregates during peptide synthesis. These structural associations are stabilized and mediated by non-covalent hydrogen bonds that arise on the backbone of the peptide and-depending on the sequence-are favored. The tendency of peptide chains to aggregate is translated into a list of common behavioral features attributed to "difficult peptides" which hinder their synthesis. In this regard, this manuscript summarizes the strategies used to overcome the inherent difficulties associated with the synthesis of known "difficult peptides". Here we evaluate several external factors, as well as methods to incorporate chemical modifications into sequences, in order to describe the strategies that are effective for the synthesis of "difficult peptides". These approaches have been classified and ordered to provide an extensive guide for achieving the synthesis of peptides with the aforementioned features.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Chemical Society Reviews
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    ABSTRACT: Organic and inorganic hybrid perovskites (e.g., CH3NH3PbI3), with advantages of facile processing, tunable bandgaps, and superior charge-transfer properties, have emerged as a new class of revolutionary optoelectronic semiconductors promising for various applications. Perovskite solar cells constructed with a variety of configurations have demonstrated unprecedented progress in efficiency, reaching about 20% from multiple groups after only several years of active research. A key to this success is the development of various solution-synthesis and film-deposition techniques for controlling the morphology and composition of hybrid perovskites. The rapid progress in material synthesis and device fabrication has also promoted the development of other optoelectronic applications including light-emitting diodes, photodetectors, and transistors. Both experimental and theoretical investigations on organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites have enabled some critical fundamental understandings of this material system. Recent studies have also demonstrated progress in addressing the potential stability issue, which has been identified as a main challenge for future research on halide perovskites. Here, we review recent progress on hybrid perovskites including basic chemical and crystal structures, chemical synthesis of bulk/nanocrystals and thin films with their chemical and physical properties, device configurations, operation principles for various optoelectronic applications (with a focus on solar cells), and photophysics of charge-carrier dynamics. We also discuss the importance of further understanding of the fundamental properties of hybrid perovskites, especially those related to chemical and structural stabilities.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Chemical Society Reviews
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    ABSTRACT: Membranes are playing paramount roles in the sustainable development of myriad fields such as energy, environmental and resource management, and human health. However, the unalterable pore size and surface properties of traditional porous membranes restrict their efficient applications. The performances of traditional membranes will be weakened upon unavoidable membrane fouling, and they cannot be applied to cases where self-regulated permeability and selectivity are required. Inspired by natural cell membranes with stimuli-responsive channels, artificial stimuli-responsive smart gating membranes are developed by chemically/physically incorporating stimuli-responsive materials as functional gates into traditional porous membranes, to provide advanced functions and enhanced performances for breaking the bottlenecks of traditional membrane technologies. Smart gating membranes, integrating the advantages of traditional porous membrane substrates and smart functional gates, can self-regulate their permeability and selectivity via the flexible adjustment of pore sizes and surface properties based on the "open/close" switch of the smart gates in response to environmental stimuli. This tutorial review summarizes the recent developments in stimuli-responsive smart gating membranes, including the design strategies and the fabrication strategies that are based on the introduction of the stimuli-responsive gates after or during membrane formation, and the positively and negatively responsive gating models of versatile stimuli-responsive smart gating membranes, as well as the advanced applications of smart gating membranes for regulating substance concentration in reactors, controlling the release rate of drugs, separating active molecules based on size or affinity, and the self-cleaning of membrane surfaces. With self-regulated membrane performances, smart gating membranes show great power for use in global sustainable development.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Chemical Society Reviews
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    ABSTRACT: Hollow micro-/nano-spheres with large-through-holes in shells (denoted as HMLS) have demonstrated great potential in biomedical applications owing to the combination of hollow structure and their porous shells. In this review, we provide a comprehensive overview of synthesis methods of HMLS obtained from the template-directed approach, shell-breaking method, Ostwald ripening and galvanic replacement primarily based on the formation mechanism of the large-through-holes in the shell. We further discuss the biomedical applications of HMLS including guest adsorption and encapsulation of proteins, drug/gene delivery, biomedical imaging, and theranostics. We conclude this review with some perspectives on the future research and development of the HMLS with desired morphologies and properties.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Chemical Society Reviews
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    ABSTRACT: Arynes are unique aromatic species that display versatile reactivity in a variety of transformations. It has been demonstrated that the reaction profiles of arynes can be altered by transition metal additives, and one of the earliest examples of the metal additive effect was observed with silver ions (Ag+). Especially, in the presence of Ag+, benzyne showed distinctive reactivity and selectivity toward π-nucleophiles compared to the corresponding reaction in its absence. Although more experimental data need to be accumulated to accurately define the Ag+ additive effect, based on its role displayed in various transformations, we can infer that Ag+ interacts with arynes to form a reactive intermediate, which behaves like a silver-bound aryl cation or 1,2-carbene-silver carbenoid. In this tutorial review, various aryne-mediated reactions involving Ag+ or other organosilver species are discussed, which show a bird's-eye view on the Ag+ effect in aryne chemistry such that further explorations of the unique reactivity of arynes under the influence Ag+ will be inspired.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Chemical Society Reviews
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    ABSTRACT: The past decade has witnessed some remarkable advances in our appreciation of the structural and reaction chemistry of the heavier alkaline earth (Ae = Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba) elements. Derived from complexes of these metals in their immutable +2 oxidation state, a broad and widely applicable catalytic chemistry has also emerged, driven by considerations of cost and inherent low toxicity. The considerable adjustments incurred to ionic radius and resultant cation charge density also provide reactivity with significant mechanistic and kinetic variability as group 2 is descended. In an attempt to place these advances in the broader context of contemporary main group element chemistry, this review focusses on the developing state of the art in both multiple bond heterofunctionalisation and cross coupling catalysis. We review specific advances in alkene and alkyne hydroamination and hydrophosphination catalysis and related extensions of this reactivity that allow the synthesis of a wide variety of acyclic and heterocyclic small molecules. The use of heavier alkaline earth hydride derivatives as pre-catalysts and intermediates in multiple bond hydrogenation, hydrosilylation and hydroboration is also described along with the emergence of these and related reagents in a variety of dehydrocoupling processes that allow that facile catalytic construction of Si–C, Si–N and B–N bonds.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Chemical Society Reviews
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    ABSTRACT: In this review article, we highlight recent advances in the field of solar energy conversion at a molecular level. We focus mainly on investigations regarding fullerenes as well as endohedral metallofullerenes in energy and/or electron donor-acceptor conjugates, hybrids, and arrays, but will also discuss several more advanced systems. Hereby, the mimicry of the fundamental processes occurring in natural photosynthesis, namely light harvesting (LH), energy transfer (EnT), reductive/oxidative electron transfer (ET), and catalysis (CAT), which serve as a blue print for the rational design of artificial photosynthetic systems, stand at the focalpoint. Importantly, the key processes in photosynthesis, that is, LH, EnT, ET, and CAT, define the structure of this review with the only further differentiation in terms of covalent and non-covalent systems. Fullerenes as well as endohedral metallofullerenes are chosen by virtue of their small reorganization energies in electron transfer processes, on the one hand, and their exceptional redox behaviour, on the other hand.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Chemical Society Reviews
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    ABSTRACT: This review presents the state of the art in molecular simulations of interfacial systems and of the calculation of the surface tension from the underlying intermolecular potential. We provide a short account of different methodological factors (size-effects, truncation procedures, long-range corrections and potential models) that can affect the results of the simulations. Accurate calculations are presented for the calculation of the surface tension as a function of the temperature, pressure and composition by considering the planar gas-liquid interface of a range of molecular fluids. In particular, we consider the challenging problems of reproducing the interfacial tension of salt solutions as a function of the salt molality; the simulations of spherical interfaces including the calculation of the sign and size of the Tolman length for a spherical droplet; the use of coarse-grained models in the calculation of the interfacial tension of liquid-liquid surfaces and the mesoscopic simulations of oil-water-surfactant interfacial systems.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Chemical Society Reviews
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    ABSTRACT: Two-dimensional (2D) van der Waals semiconductors represent the thinnest, air stable semiconducting materials known. Their unique optical, electronic and mechanical properties hold great potential for harnessing them as key components in novel applications for electronics and optoelectronics. However, the charge transport behavior in 2D semiconductors is more susceptible to external surroundings (e.g. gaseous adsorbates from air and trapped charges in substrates) and their electronic performance is generally lower than corresponding bulk materials due to the fact that the surface and bulk coincide. In this article, we review recent progress on the charge transport properties and carrier mobility engineering of 2D transition metal chalcogenides, with a particular focus on the markedly high dependence of carrier mobility on thickness. We unveil the origin of this unique thickness dependence and elaborate the devised strategies to master it for carrier mobility optimization. Specifically, physical and chemical methods towards the optimization of the major factors influencing the extrinsic transport such as electrode/semiconductor contacts, interfacial Coulomb impurities and atomic defects are discussed. In particular, the use of ad hoc molecules makes it possible to engineer the interface with the dielectric and heal the vacancies in such materials. By casting fresh light on the theoretical and experimental studies, we provide a guide for improving the electronic performance of 2D semiconductors, with the ultimate goal of achieving technologically viable atomically thin (opto)electronics.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Chemical Society Reviews
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    ABSTRACT: One of the critical issues in the industrial development of fuel cells (e.g., proton exchange membrane fuel cells, direct methanol fuel cells and biofuel cells) is the high cost, serious intermediate tolerance, anode crossover, sluggish kinetics, and poor stability of the platinum (Pt) as the preferred electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) at the cathode. The development of novel noble-metal-free electrocatalysts with low cost, high activity and practical durability for ORR has been considered as one of the most active and competitive fields in chemistry and materials science. In this critical review, we will summarize recent advances on engineering advanced carbon nanomaterials with different dimensions for the rational design and synthesis of noble-metal-free oxygen reduction electrocatalysts including heteroatom-doped carbon nanomaterials, transition metal-based nanoparticle (NP)-carbon nanomaterial composites and especially the stable iron carbide (Fe3C)-based NP-carbon nanomaterial composites. Introducing advanced carbon nanomaterials with high specific surface area and stable structure into the noble-metal-free ORR field has not only led to a maximized electrocatalyst surface area for the electron transfer but also resulted in enhanced electrocatalyst stability for long-term operation. Therefore, the rational design and synthesis of noble-metal-free electrocatalysts based on heteroatoms, transition metal-based NPs and Fe3C-based NP functionalized carbon nanomaterials are of special relevance for their ORR applications, and represents a rapidly growing branch of research. The demonstrated examples in this review will open new directions on designing and optimizing advanced carbon nanomaterials for the development of extremely active and durable earth-abundant cathodic catalysts for fuel cell applications.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Chemical Society Reviews
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    ABSTRACT: The ability to detect multiple disease-related targets from a single biological sample in a quick and reliable manner is of high importance in diagnosing and monitoring disease. The technique known as surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) has been developed for the simultaneous detection of multiple targets present in biological samples. Advances in the SERS method have allowed for the sensitive and specific detection of biologically relevant targets, such as DNA and proteins, which could be useful for the detection and control of disease. This review focuses on the strengths of SERS for the detection of target molecules from complex mixtures and the clinical relevance of recent work combining SERS with multiplexed detection of biological targets.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Chemical Society Reviews