Gerontology (GERONTOLOGY)

Publisher: Karger

Journal description

As the ratio of people over sixty-five continues to rise, understanding the basic mechanisms of aging and age-related diseases has become a matter of urgent necessity. ëGerontologyí responds to this need by drawing experimental contributions from diverse medical, biological and behavioral disciplines to provide a primary source of high-quality papers covering all aspects of aging in man and animals. Recent research on the clinical problems of aging and the practical applications of laboratory results is also included to support the fundamental goals of extending active life and enhancing its quality. Informative reviews and an open debate section for stimulating, speculative articles carry strong reader approval.

Current impact factor: 3.06

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 3.059
2013 Impact Factor 2.681
2012 Impact Factor 2.676
2011 Impact Factor 2.777
2010 Impact Factor 2.203
2009 Impact Factor 1.661
2008 Impact Factor 1.69
2007 Impact Factor 1.358
2006 Impact Factor 1.439
2005 Impact Factor 1.636
2004 Impact Factor 1.31
2003 Impact Factor 1.6
2002 Impact Factor 1.48
2001 Impact Factor 1.418
2000 Impact Factor 1.424
1999 Impact Factor 1.711
1998 Impact Factor 1.5
1996 Impact Factor 0.969
1995 Impact Factor 0.778
1994 Impact Factor 1.101
1993 Impact Factor 1.17
1992 Impact Factor 1.074

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 3.23
Cited half-life 7.60
Immediacy index 0.80
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 1.04
Website Gerontology website
Other titles Gerontology (Online)
ISSN 0304-324X
OCLC 44723306
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • On author's server or institutional server
    • Server must be non-commercial
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Chronic conditions paired with normal aging put home-bound individuals at risk of harm during a disaster. Because of their high rate of comorbidities, veterans receiving care from the Veterans Health Administration (VHA)'s home-based primary care (HBPC) program are especially vulnerable, which may prevent them from being prepared for disaster. With intimate knowledge of their patients' home environments, medical needs, resources, and limitations, HBPC practitioners are uniquely positioned to assess and improve disaster preparedness of patients. Objective: This study explored issues regarding disaster preparedness for HBPC patients, including ways in which policy and procedures support routine assessment of disaster preparedness for patients as well as patient education activities. Methods: This project involved 32 semi-structured interviews with practitioners and leadership at 5 VHA HBPC programs - 3 urban and 2 rural. Transcripts of the interviews were analyzed using content analysis techniques. Results: Three themes emerged regarding the assessment of a patient's disaster preparedness: (1) assessment tools are rudimentary and, in some cases, individually developed by practitioners; (2) comprehension of criteria for assigning risk categories varies among practitioners, and (3) patients' cognitive impairment, limited resources, and out-of-date or inaccessible materials are the primary challenges to their preparedness. A fourth additional theme emerged as well: (4) the interdisciplinary nature of the HBPC team allows for unique innovative practices, such as a central focus on caregiver support and personal safety, as it relates to assessment and preparedness of the patient. Conclusion: Health and functional limitations may prevent home-bound patients from being adequately prepared for disasters. Standardized strategies and tools concerning disaster preparedness assessment for HBPC patients, which allow flexibility in consideration of factors such as local hazards, could assist in creating more comprehensive planning approaches and, in turn, more prepared persons.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Gerontology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Delirium is a common complication of hip fracture and is associated with negative outcomes. Previous studies document risk factors for post-operative delirium but have frequently excluded patients with pre-operative delirium. Objective: This study endeavours to document prevalence and risk factors for pre-operative delirium in hip fracture patients and compares risk factor profiles and outcomes between pre- and post-operative delirium. Methods: 283 hip fracture patients were assessed pre-operatively with the Delirium Elderly At Risk (DEAR) instrument, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and Confusion Assessment Method (CAM). They were followed on post-operative days 1, 3, and 5 for the presence of delirium. Doses of opioids were recorded. Wait time to surgery, length of stay, and discharge site were noted. Results: Delirium was present in 57.6% patients pre-operatively and 41.7% post-surgery. Not all patients (62%) with pre-operative delirium also had post-operative delirium. There was a considerable overlap in risk factors, with some differences. Wait time to surgery, number of comorbidities, and total pre-operative opioid and lorazepam doses were associated with pre- but not post-operative delirium. Negative outcomes were more closely associated with post-operative delirium. Conclusion: Delirium is common in pre-hip fracture surgery patients, and not all patients with pre-operative delirium go on to have post-operative delirium. Risk factor profiles are not identical, raising the possibility of identifying and intervening in patients at high risk of delirium pre-operatively.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Gerontology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This review discusses existing and developing state-of-the-art noninvasive methods for quantifying the effects of integrative medicine (IM) in aging populations. The medical conditions of elderly patients are often more complex than those of younger adults, making the multifaceted approach of IM particularly suitable for aging populations. However, because IM interventions are multidimensional, it has been difficult to examine their effectiveness and mechanisms of action. Optimal assessment of IM intervention effects in the elderly should include a multifaceted approach, utilizing advanced analytic methods to integrate psychological, behavioral, physiological, and biomolecular measures of a patient's response to IM treatment. Research is presented describing methods for collecting and analyzing psychological data; wearable unobtrusive devices for monitoring heart rate variability, activity and other behavioral responses in real time; immunochemical methods for noninvasive molecular biomarker analysis, and considerations and analytical approaches for the integration of these measures. The combination of methods and devices presented in this review will provide new approaches for evaluating the effects of IM interventions in real-life ambulatory settings of older adults, and will extend the concept of mobile health to the domains of IM and healthy aging.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Gerontology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aging is one of the primary risk factors for the development of obesity, a pathology that develops due to an imbalance of increased energy consumption over reduced expenditure. Brown adipocytes are responsible for thermogenesis and could therefore counter obesity by increasing energy expenditure. It is by now well established that humans possess thermogenesis-competent brown adipocytes throughout life, and recent findings indicate that brown fat is actively involved in metabolic control and body weight regulation in adults. Aging is accompanied by a loss of classical brown adipocytes as well as the brown-like adipocytes found in white adipose tissue, suggesting that loss of their energy-expending capacity might contribute to an obesity-prone phenotype with increased age. We here discuss the hypothesis that the age-related loss of brown adipocyte regenerative capacity is a result of dysfunctional stem/progenitor cells. The possible molecular mechanisms that lead to an age-related decline in brown adipogenic stem/progenitor cell function include cell-autonomous and external effects. General loss of mitochondrial biogenesis and function has repeatedly been linked to age-related perturbation of metabolic processes. We also discuss the possibility that alterations in neuronal control by the sympathetic nervous system may contribute to impaired regeneration and thermogenesis in aged brown adipocytes. Finally, age-related changes of endocrine signals have been proposed to exacerbate the loss of brown adipose tissue. In conclusion, age-induced impairment of brown adipogenic stem/progenitor cell function could contribute to the loss of brown adipocyte regeneration, thereby promoting the development of obesity and other metabolic disorders with age. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Gerontology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Zebrafish have become a valuable model for the study of developmental biology and human disease, such as cardiovascular disease. It is difficult to discriminate between disease-related and age-related alterations. Objective: This study was aimed to investigate the effects and potential mechanisms of age-related cardiac modifications in an older zebrafish population. Methods: In this study, we calculated the survival rate and measured the spinal curvature through the aging process. A swimming challenge test was performed and showed that swimming capacity and endurance dramatically dropped in older fish groups. Results: To find out the effect of stress on zebrafish during the aging process, we recorded electrocardiograms on zebrafish and showed that during stress, aging not only led to a significant reduction in heart rate, but also caused other age-related impairments, such as arrhythmias and ST-T depression. Echocardiography showed a marked increase in end-diastolic ventricular dimensions and in isovolumic relaxation time and a notably slower mean and peak velocity of the bulboventricular valve in older zebrafish, but stroke volume and cardiac output were not different in young and old zebrafish. Both nppa and nppb (cardiac fetal genes for natriuretic factor) expression detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis increased in older fish compared to the younger group. Histological staining revealed fibrosis within cardiomyocytes and an increase in ventricular myocardial density and a decrease in epicardial vessel dimensions in older fish hearts that may correlate with a deterioration of cardiac function and exercise capacity. Conclusion: These data suggest that cardiac functional modifications in zebrafish are comparable to those in humans and may partly be due to changes in the cardiovascular system including cardiac fetal gene reprogramming, myocardial density, and epicardial vessel dimensions. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Gerontology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Future time perspective has been associated with subjective well-being, though depending on the line of research considered either an open-ended future time perspective or a limited future time perspective has been associated with high well-being. Most of this research however has conceptualized future time perspective as a one-dimensional construct, whereas recent evidence has demonstrated that there are likely at least two different underlying dimensions, a focus on opportunities and a focus on limitations. This project first seeks to replicate the two-dimensional structure of the Future Time Perspective Scale, and then examines the associations these dimensions may have with different measures of subjective well-being and a biological index of chronic stress. Objective: To test if the two dimensions of the Future Time Perspective Scale, a focus on opportunities and a focus on limitations, differentially associate with two measures of subjective well-being and a biological indicator of chronic stress, namely hair cortisol. Method: Sixty-six community-dwelling participants with a mean age of 72 years (SD = 5.83) completed the Future Time Perspective Scale, Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, and Philadelphia Geriatric Center Morale Scale. Participants also provided a 3-cm-long hair strand to index cortisol accumulation over the past 3 months. Following the results of a factor analysis, a mediation model was created for each dimension of the Future Time Perspective Scale, and significance testing was done through a bootstrapping approach to harness maximal statistical power. Results: Factor analysis results replicated the two-dimensional structure of the Future Time Perspective Scale. Both dimensions were then found to have unique associations with well-being. Specifically, a high focus on opportunities was associated with fewer depressive symptoms and higher morale, whereas a low focus on limitations was associated with reduced hair cortisol, though this association was mediated by subjective well-being. Conclusion: Results replicate and extend previous research by pointing to the multi-dimensional nature of the Future Time Perspective Scale. While an open future time perspective was overall beneficial for well-being, the exact association each dimension had with well-being differed depending on whether subjective measures of well-being or biological indices of chronic stress were considered. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Gerontology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Technologies that provide immersive experiences continue to become more ubiquitous across all age groups. This paper presents a review of the literature to provide a snapshot of the current state of research involving the use of immersive technologies and the elderly. A narrative literature review was conducted using the ScienceDirect, EBSCOhost, Springerlink and ERIC databases to summarize primary studies from which conclusions were drawn into a holistic interpretation. The majority of the studies examined the effect of immersive technologies on elder peoples' age-related declines, including sensory and motor changes (vision, hearing, motor skills), cognitive changes and social changes. Various immersive technologies have been described and tested to address these age-related changes, and have been categorized as 'games and simulations', 'robotics' and 'social technologies'. In most cases, promising results were found for immersive technologies to challenge age-related declines, especially through the increase of morale. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Gerontology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Sarcopenia is age-associated deterioration of muscle mass and function caused by a wide scope of physiological and pathological changes ranging from hormonal disorders to loss of subcellular homeostasis. Recent research indicates that mitochondrial dysregulation with advanced age plays a central role in the development of sarcopenia due to the multifactorial functions of this organelle in energy supply, redox regulation, crosstalk with nuclear gene expression and apoptosis. In order to fulfill these roles, it is crucial that mitochondria maintain their own structural and functional integrity through biogenesis, antioxidant defense, fusion/fission dynamics and autophagy (mitophagy). Unfortunately, mitochondria undergo age-associated changes that compromise the above-mentioned properties that eventually contribute to the development of sarcopenia. The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) is involved in the transcriptional regulation of numerous nuclear and mitochondrial gene products participating in the cellular events that control muscle mass and function. Thus, it is not surprising that maintaining an optimal intracellular PGC-1α level and signaling activity is crucial in protecting the muscle from many degradative and destructive processes, such as proteolysis, oxidative damage, inflammation, uncontrolled autophagy and apoptosis. Physical exercise is a powerful stimulus to PGC-1α expression and signaling. Recent research indicates that PGC-1α-controlled mitochondrial biogenesis is not limited by old age per se and that elderly individuals can still benefit from increased muscular activity in terms of skeletal muscle health that ultimately contributes to quality of life in old age. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Gerontology