Mental health and society (Ment Health Soc)

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Other titles Mental health and society
ISSN 0302-2811
OCLC 1208609
Material type Periodical
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

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    ABSTRACT: Numerous studies document that higher education is associated with a reduced likelihood of depression. The protective effects of higher education, however, are known to vary across population subgroups. This study tests competing theories for who is likely to obtain a greater protective benefit from a college degree against depression through an analysis of data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health and recently developed methods for analyzing heterogeneous treatment effects involving the use of propensity scores. The analysis examines how the effects of two “treatments” (at least some college education and attaining at least a four-year college degree) on latent depressive symptomology vary by background disadvantage, as indicated by having a low propensity for completing some college or attaining a four-year college degree. Results indicate that people from disadvantaged backgrounds realize a greater protective effect of higher education, either completing some college or attaining a four-year degree, against depressive symptomology than people from advantaged backgrounds. This pattern is more pronounced for people who attain at least a four-year degree than for people who complete at least some college education.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Mental health and society
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    ABSTRACT: Structural resources, including access to health insurance, are understudied in relation to the stress process. Disability increases the likelihood of mental health problems, but health insurance may moderate this relationship. We explore health insurance coverage as a moderator of the relationship between disability and psychological distress. A pooled sample from 2008-2010 (N=57,958) was obtained from the Integrated Health Interview Series. Chow tests were performed to assess insurance group differences in the association between disability and distress. Results indicated higher levels of distress associated with disability among uninsured adults compared to their peers with public or private insurance. The strength of the relationship between disability and distress was weaker for persons with public compared to private insurance. As the Affordable Care Act is implemented, decision-makers should be aware of the potential for insurance coverage, especially public, to ameliorate secondary conditions such as psychological distress among persons who report a physical disability.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2014 · Mental health and society
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    ABSTRACT: Stress process researchers note that people actively seek to alter the impact of stressful life events through various coping mechanisms. Spousal bereavement sometimes requires individuals to revise their assumptions about the world and themselves. Meaning-making, comprising the dual processes of searching for and finding meaning, may be employed to alleviate symptoms of grief following spousal bereavement. The current study uses multilevel modeling to examine the influence of searching for and finding meaning on individual growth trajectories of psychological distress using data from 764 widows and widowers from a nationally representative longitudinal study. Results indicate that searching for meaning after spousal loss may be a double-edged sword: it is beneficial when meaning is found, but harmful when meaning remains elusive. Widows and widowers who searched for but did not find meaning exhibited the highest initial levels of psychological distress, but they also had slightly faster declines in psychological distress, becoming more similar to other meaning-making groups over time.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Mental health and society
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    ABSTRACT: Despite extensive evidence of the importance of marriage and marital processes for mental health, little is known about the interpersonal processes around depression within marriage and the extent to which these processes are gendered. We use a mixed-methods approach to explore the importance of gender in shaping processes around depression within marriage. We approach this in two ways: First, using quantitative longitudinal analysis of 2,601 couples from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), we address whether depressive symptoms in one spouse shape the other spouse’s depressive symptoms and whether men or women are more influential in this process. We find that a wife’s depressive symptoms influence her husband’s future depressive symptoms, but a husband’s depressive symptoms do not influence his wife’s future symptoms. Second, we conduct a qualitative analysis of in-depth interviews with 29 couples wherein one or both spouses experienced depression to provide additional insight into how gender impacts depression and reactions to depression within marriage. Our study points to the importance of cultural scripts of masculinity and femininity in shaping depression and emotional processes within marriage and highlights the importance of applying a gendered couple-level approach to better understand the mental health effects of marital processes.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2013 · Mental health and society
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    ABSTRACT: This article deals with some of the psychodynamics of terrorism. The act of terrorism, the use of force to produce a fearful state of mind, is discussed with the distinctions drawn between target and victim, demands and aims. Those involved in the terrorist act include the terrorist, the victim, the target, and the audience. Topics dealt with include terrorism as the pursuit of the absolute end, as a response to lack of self‐esteem, as a promotion of a renewed sense of masculinity, as a reaction‐formation to positive feelings toward the target, and as a kind of symbol‐magic or sacrament of violence. Recommendations for dealing with acts of terrorism are included. This article will appear in a forthcoming book.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2008 · Mental health and society
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    ABSTRACT: The impact of collective representations on a person's health may be considerable. It is worthwhile for those who work in the health services to get acquainted with the representations of their patients and with the world view in which they figure. This is illustrated by an example of a Moroccan in Holland and the application of local beliefs which caused a serious problem for attending doctors.
    No preview · Article · Feb 1979 · Mental health and society
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    ABSTRACT: A token economy (TE) aimed at enhancing self care, work habits, and social participation was initiated in conjunction with the restructuring of a chronic ward into a therapeutic community. Recorded data over a year revealed a differential impact of the TE on various patients. An attempt is made to characterize differential response modes to the TE and to delineate their correlates. Both participants in the program and therapeutic agents were interviewed as to their attitudes towards the TE. Beneficial effects were demonstrated mainly in patients with a relatively late onset of psychiatric illness, but a favorable attitude towards the TE was displayed by both patients and staff members. Implications for psychosocial readaptation are discussed taking into account humanistic and psychodynamic points of view. The reconsideration of possible merging of different therapeutic techniques seems to be desirable.
    No preview · Article · Feb 1979 · Mental health and society
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    ABSTRACT: The attitudes of 77 physicians in a general university hospital towards the psychiatric consultation service were studied using a questionnaire. The main findings were that the physicians found the psychiatric consultation helpful and not too difficult to obtain. Many of them wanted regular participation of the psychiatrist in the routine of their departments and in case conferences. The findings indicate that the expectations of the departments of surgery are for a consultation service and those of medicine for liaison service. The discrepancy between the positive attitudes of the physicians and the dissatisfaction of the consultants strongly suggest that emotional problems of the consultant, i.e. ambivalence about their profession, is the source of the common tension between psychiatric consultant and other physicians.
    No preview · Article · Feb 1979 · Mental health and society
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    ABSTRACT: The concept of 'social profitableness' is explicated as a crucial determinant in community acceptance of formerly hospitalized psychiatric patients. Increase emphasis upon patients' capability to provide rewards to citizens as well as to forgo costly deviant behavior is recommended.
    No preview · Article · Feb 1979 · Mental health and society
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    ABSTRACT: This article describes the linguistic changes that occurred amongst a group of repentant delinquents and assesses their importance in the self-reconstitution process. Each of the three major themes of transformative labelling are not only reflected in the way that the repentants talk; they are also highly influenced by it. In particular, the adoption of new pattern of speech helps the repentants to (i) come to terms with their delinquent past and turn over a new leaf and (ii) forestall the doubts that are bound to occur during the escalation to normal identity.
    No preview · Article · Feb 1979 · Mental health and society