Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology (J NUTR SCI VITAMINOL)

Publisher: Nihon Eiyō, Shokuryō Gakkai; Nihon Bitamin Gakkai

Current impact factor: 0.83

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 0.827
2013 Impact Factor 0.868
2012 Impact Factor 0.992
2011 Impact Factor 1.199
2010 Impact Factor 1.228
2009 Impact Factor 0.929
2008 Impact Factor 0.797
2007 Impact Factor 0.784
2006 Impact Factor 0.758
2005 Impact Factor 0.787
2004 Impact Factor 0.741
2003 Impact Factor 0.701
2002 Impact Factor 0.72
2001 Impact Factor 0.727
2000 Impact Factor 0.653
1999 Impact Factor 0.617
1998 Impact Factor 0.452
1997 Impact Factor 0.68
1996 Impact Factor 0.613
1995 Impact Factor 0.515
1994 Impact Factor 0.585
1993 Impact Factor 0.387
1992 Impact Factor 0.383

Impact factor over time

Impact factor
Year

Additional details

5-year impact 1.06
Cited half-life 9.50
Immediacy index 0.09
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.26
Other titles Journal of nutritional science and vitaminology
ISSN 0301-4800
OCLC 2105431
Material type Periodical
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

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    ABSTRACT: Brain protein synthesis and the plasma concentration of growth hormone (GH) are sensitive to dietary ornithine. The purpose of this study was to determine whether dietary arginine, the metabolite of ornithine, affects the brain protein synthesis, and to that end, the effects of arginine on brain protein synthesis were compared with that of ornithine treatment in young rats. Two experiments were done on five or three groups of young rats (5-wk-old) given 0%, 0.25%, 0.5%, 0.7% arginine or 0.7% ornithine-HCl added to a 20% casein diet for 1 d (only one 3 h period) (Experiment 1), or given a diet containing 0% or 0.7% ornithine-HCl or 0.7% arginine added to a 20% casein diet (Experiment 2). The concentrations of plasma growth hormone (GH) and fractional rates of protein synthesis in the brains increased significantly with the 20% casein+0.7% arginine diet and still more with the 20% casein+0.7% ornithine diet compared with the 20% casein diet alone. In the cerebral cortex and cerebellum, the RNA activity [g protein synthesized/(g RNA•d)] significantly correlated with the fractional rate of protein synthesis. The RNA concentration (mg RNA/g protein) was also related to the fractional rate of protein synthesis in these organs. The results suggest that the treatment with arginine is likely to increase the concentrations of GH and the rate of brain protein synthesis in rats, and that the effects of arginine on brain protein synthesis and GH concentration were lower than that of ornithine. The RNA activity is at least partly related to the fractional rate of brain protein synthesis.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
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    ABSTRACT: We hypothesized that a zinc-deficient diet alters the mineral (calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus) components of bones, as well as hormones related to bone remodeling, and negatively affects bone metabolism. Four-week-old male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to one of three groups for 4 wk: a zinc-adequate group (C, 30 ppm); a zinc-deficient group (ZD, 1 ppm); and a pair-fed group (PF, 30 ppm), which was pair-fed to the ZD group. Bone mineral density and bone mechanical properties were reduced in the ZD group compared to the C and PF groups. Compared with the C and PF groups, serum osteocalcin, a bone formation marker, was reduced in the ZD group. Conversely, urine deoxypyridinoline, a bone resorption marker, was increased in the ZD group compared to the C and PF groups. Calcium and phosphorus concentrations in bone were not different among all groups. The bone magnesium concentration was significantly higher in the ZD group than in the PF and C groups. Interestingly, compared with the C and PF groups, the ZD group showed a reduction in serum calcium concentration along with an increase in serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentration. Although serum 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol concentration was significantly higher in the ZD and PF groups than in the C group, the rate of apparent calcium absorption was significantly lower in the ZD group than in the C and PF groups. Therefore, zinc deficiency is suspected to cause an increase in serum PTH concentration owing to an inability to maintain calcium homeostasis, resulting in bone fragility. © 2015, Center for Academic Publications Japan. All rights reserved.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
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    ABSTRACT: Oral immunotherapy (OIT) is a promising therapeutic approach for treating food allergy. Past studies have shown that OIT reduces allergic response only in severe allergy model mice. We worked to establish mild allergy model mice, and investigated whether ‘rush’ OIT for 10 d improved the allergic response and biomarkers in these mice. Balb/c mice were sensitized to ovomucoid (OM) in alum. The rush OIT was done for 10 d. Oral OM challenge was used to determine the impact of OIT on the allergic response. We measured allergic biomarkers, such as vascular permeability in the skin, plasma levels of total IgE, OM-specific IgE, IgG1 and IgG2a and cytokines in splenocyte culture supernatant. OIT for 10 d did not improve allergy symptoms and increased vascular permeability. Total IgE in the plasma of OIT-treated mice was significantly higher than in that of non-treated mice. OM-specific IgG1 and IgG2a plasma levels were not significantly different between OIT-treated and non-treated mice. Among the cytokine secretion of splenocyte from OIT-treated mice, IFN-γ and IL-10 were significantly lower than in non-treated mice, and IL-4 and IL-5 were significantly higher. Total TGF-β in the OIT-treated group was not detected. The IFN-γ/IL-4 ratio of the OIT-treated group was about 1/8 that of the non-treated group. OIT for 10 d was not effective and some biomarkers showed negative responses in the mild allergy model mice. We suggest OIT should be used very carefully as this treatment carries a risk of worsening allergy symptoms for mice with mild allergy. © 2015, Center for Academic Publications Japan. All rights reserved.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
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    ABSTRACT: Licorice flavonoid oil (LFO) is a new functional food ingredient consisting of hydrophobic licorice polyphenols in medium-chain triglycerides. Recent studies reported that LFO prevented and ameliorated diet-induced obesity via the regulation of lipid metabolism-related gene expression in the livers of mice and rats, while it reduced body weight in overweight human subjects by reducing total body fat. However, the direct effects of LFO on energy metabolism have not been studied in human subjects. Therefore, we investigated the effects of ingestion of LFO on energy metabolism, including fat oxidation, by measuring body surface temperature under resting conditions and respiratory gas analysis under exercise conditions in healthy humans. We showed that ingestion of a single 600 mg dose of LFO elevated body trunk skin temperature when measured in a slightly cooled air-conditioned room, and increased oxygen consumption and decreased the respiratory exchange ratio as measured by respiratory gas analysis during 40% Vo2max exercise with a cycle ergometer. Furthermore, repeated ingestion of 300 mg of LFO for 8 d decreased respiratory exchange during the recovery period following 40 min of 30% Vo2max exercise on a treadmill. These results suggest that LFO enhances fat oxidation in humans during light exercise. © 2015, Center for Academic Publications Japan. All rights reserved.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
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    ABSTRACT: Reduced estrogen secretion and low calcium (Ca) intake are risk factors for bone loss and arterial calcification in female rodents. To evaluate the effects of Ca intake at different amounts on bone mass changes and arterial calcification, 8-wk-old female Wistar rats were randomly placed in ovariectomized (OVX) control and OVX with vitamin D3 plus nicotine (VDN) treatment groups. The OVX with VDN rats were then divided into six groups to receive different amounts of Ca in their diets: 0.01%, 0.1%, 0.3%, 0.6%, 1.2%, or 2.4% Ca. After 8 wk of administration, low Ca intake groups with 0.01% and 0.1% Ca diets had significantly reduced bone mineral density (BMD) and bone mechanical properties as compared with those of the other groups, whereas high Ca intake groups with 1.2% and 2.4% Ca diets showed no differences as compared with the 0.6% Ca intake group. For both the 0.01% and 2.4% Ca intake groups, Ca levels in their thoracic arteries were significantly higher as compared with those of the 0.6% Ca diet group, and that was highly correlated with serum PTH levels. An increase in relative BMP-2 mRNA expression in the arterial tissues of the 0.01% and 2.4% Ca diet groups was also observed. These results suggested that extremely low Ca intake during periods of estrogen deficiency may be a possible risk for the complications of reduced BMD and arterial calcification and that extremely high Ca intake may promote arterial calcification with no changes in BMD. © 2015, Center for Academic Publications Japan. All rights reserved.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
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    ABSTRACT: Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) are effective treatments for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the extent of treatment depends on hepatic functional reserve. L-Carnitine is a vitamin-like substance and several reports have described the usefulness of L-carnitine supplementation in cases of cirrhosis, with confirmed effectiveness against refractory hepatic encephalopathy. On the other hand, we have previously reported that in patients who underwent TACE or RFA, administration of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) pre-intervention significantly reduced inflammatory reactions. We first determined serum levels of total, free, and acyl-carnitine before and at 7 d after performing TACE in 10 HCC patients. We administered levocarnitine (L-carnitine chloride, a biologically active form of carnitine) at 900 mg/d to 69 consecutive HCC patients hospitalized to undergo TACE and/or RFA, and compared changes in blood test values with those in 119 consecutive patients not administered this drug. Sixty-seven patients had a history of using BCAAs at the time of admission. We found that after 7 d of TACE, serum levels of total and acyl-carnitine are significantly decreased. On comparing the four groups, the carnitine +BCAA, carnitine-alone, and BCAA-alone groups showed significantly higher values for changes in NH3 when compared with the non-dosed group. The decrease in albumin (Alb) was significantly suppressed in the carnitine +BCAA and BCAA-alone groups. We also conducted the same examinations in a subset of patients classified as Child-Pugh class A, and noted the same trends. Administration of levocarnitine and/or BCAAs during invasive treatments reduced blood NH3 concentrations and suppressed decreases in Alb.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
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    ABSTRACT: Prostate cancer is one of the most frequently occurring cancers and often acquires the potential of androgen-independent growth as a malignant phenotype. Androgen-independent prostate cancer has severe chemoresistance towards conventional chemotherapeutic agents, so a new treatment approach is required for curing such prostate cancer. In this context, the present study was undertaken to check if annatto tocotrienol (main component delta-tocotrienol) could suppress cell growth in human prostate cancer (PC3, androgen-independent type) cells via the inhibition of Src and Stat3. The tocotrienol showed cytotoxic effects on PC3 cells in a dose-dependent manner, and the effect depended on Cl arrest in the cell cycle and subsequent induction of apoptosis. In a cytotoxic dose, the tocotrienol suppressed cellular growth via the simultaneous inhibition of Src and Stat3. Similarly, the treatment combination of both Src and Stat3 inhibitors induced cytotoxic effects in PC3 cells in an additive manner compared to each by itself. With respect to cell cycle regulation and the induction of apoptosis, the combination treatment showed a similar effect to that of the tocotrienol treatment. These results suggest that annatto tocotrienol effectively induces cytotoxicity in androgen-independent prostate cancer cells via the suppression of Src and Stat3.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
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    ABSTRACT: An efficient purification method for simultaneous recovery of polar saponins, protodioscin (PD) and dioscin (DC), and non-polar aglycon, diosgenin (DG), from plasma of mice fed diets containing seed flours of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) was established for subsequent quantitative analysis by LC-ESI-MS/MS. Mice plasma samples were first deproteinated by addition of acetonitrile, and the supernatant was applied to a carbon-based solid phase extraction tube. After successive washing with methanol and 35% chroloform/methanol (v/v), PD, DC and DG were eluted simultaneously with 80% chroloform/methanol (v/v). The eluate was evaporated to dryness, and re-dissolved in 80% methanol (v/v). The filtered sample was analyzed with an LC-ESI-MS/MS system. After the purification procedure, recovery rates between 89.3 to 117.4% were obtained without notable ion suppression or enhancement. The use of internal standards was therefore not necessary. The utility of the method was demonstrated by analyzing plasma of mice from a fenugreek feeding study.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
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    ABSTRACT: Asparagine synthetase (ASNS), 3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase (PHGDH) and serine dehydratase (SDS) in rat liver are expressed in response to protein and amino acid intake. In the present study, we examined the expression of these enzymes in relation to amino acid imbalance caused by leucine. Rats were subjected to leucine administration in the diet or orally between meals. Consumption of more than 2% leucine in a 6% casein diet suppressed food intake and caused growth retardation in a dose-dependent manner, but this was not seen in a 12% or 40% casein diet. ASNS and PHGDH expression in the liver was significantly induced by the 6% casein diet and was suppressed by leucine in a dose-dependent manner, whereas the SDS expression was induced. These effects were leucine specific and not seen with ingestion of isoleucine or valine. However, leucine orally administered between meals did not change the food intake or growth of rats fed a 6% casein die, though it similarly affected the expression of ASNS, PHGDH and SDS in the liver. These results suggest that the growth retardation caused by leucine imbalance was mainly because of the suppression of food intake, and demonstrated that there are no causal relationships between ASNS, PHGDH and SDS expression and amino acid imbalance caused by leucine.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, proteoglycan was purified from the nasal cartilage of salmon. Although several physiological effects have been reported, the effect of salmon nasal cartilage proteoglycan (salmon PG) on glucose metabolism remains unclear. We studied the effect of salmon PG on rat plasma glucose levels. Oral administration of 1% salmon PG significantly attenuated the increase in portal plasma glucose levels following an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Additionally 1% salmon PG delayed the increase in peripheral glucose concentration induced by the OGTT. Mucosal administration of 1% salmon PG significantly decreased active glucose transport using the everted jejunal sac method. Furthermore, transmural potential difference (Delta PD) measurements using the everted jejunum revealed that 1% salmon PG significantly decreased glucose-dependent and phlorhizin (inhibitor of sodium-glucose co-transporter 1; SGLT1)-sensitive Delta PD. These results suggest that salmon PG decreases glucose absorption via SGLT1 in the jejunum, thereby attenuating the increase in portal and peripheral plasma glucose levels in rats.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
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    ABSTRACT: Short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) are produced in the colonic lumen mainly by bacterial fermentation of dietary fiber. Emerging evidence shows that SCFA has important physiological and pathophysiological effects on colonic and systemic events. Recently, propionate, known as a kind of SCFA, has been shown to lower fatty acid contents in plasma and reduce food intake. However, the detailed mechanism underlying the propionate-mediated lipid metabolism action remains poorly understood. The intestinal lipid metabolism process is critical for systemic energy homeostasis. Therefore, we investigate here the effects of propionate on intestinal lipid metabolism. Results show that propionate induced peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPAR alpha) expression time-dependently and concentration-dependently in YAMC (a mouse intestinal epithelial cell line) cells. The expression levels of PPARa-responsive genes such as carnitine palmitoyl transferase II (CPTII) and trifunctional protein alpha (TFP alpha) were up-regulated in the presence of propionate, thereby suppressing triglyceride (TG) accumulation. Furthermore, propionate-mediated PPAR alpha induction required phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase. Collectively, these data indicate that propionate regulates intestinal lipid metabolism through the induction of PPAR alpha expression. Results suggest that the inhibitory effect of propionate on TG accumulation partly contributes to the propionate-mediated fatty acid-lowering effect.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
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    ABSTRACT: Glycine oxidase, encoded by the thiO gene, participates in the biosynthesis of thiamin by providing glyoxyl imine to form the thiazole moiety of thiamin. We have purified and characterized ThiO from Pseudomonas putida KT2440. It has a monomeric structure that is distinct from the homotetrameric ThiOs from Bacillus subtilis and Geobacillus kaustophilus. The P. putida ThiO is unique in that glycine is its preferred substrate, which differs markedly from the B. subtilis and G. kaustophilus enzymes that use D-proline as the preferred substrate.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
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    ABSTRACT: Supplements and naturally occurring nutraceuticals effective for maintenance or enhancement of skeletal muscle mass are expected to contribute to prevention of decreased mobility and increased risk of developing metabolic diseases. However, information about available food components remains widely unavailable. In the present study, we investigated the effects of dietary beta-carotene on the quantity and quality of skeletal muscle under physiological conditions. Male ddY mice (8 wk old) were orally administered beta-carotene (0.5 mg once daily) for 14 d. Dietary beta-carotene had no influence on body weight, but increased the soleus muscle/body weight ratio. The cross-sectional area (CSA) in muscle fibers of the soleus muscle was increased, indicating that administration of beta-carotene induces muscle hypertrophy. In the soleus muscle of the beta-carotene-administered mice, twitch force tended to be increased (p=0.06) and tetanic force was significantly increased, whereas specific force (force per CSA) remained unchanged. Dietary beta-carotene increased the mRNA level of insulin-like growth factor 1 (Igf-1) as its splicing variant Igf-1ea, but had no influence on the liver mRNA level or serum IGF-1 level. beta-Carotene promoted protein synthesis in the soleus muscle and reduced levels of ubiquitin conjugates, but had no influence on the mRNA levels of two atrogenes, Atrogin-1 and Murf1. On the other hand, beta-carotene had no influence on the processing of the autophagy marker protein light chain 3. These results indicate that in mice, administration of beta-carotene increases mass and induces functional hypertrophy in the soleus muscle, perhaps by promoting IGF-1-mediated protein synthesis and by reducing ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
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    ABSTRACT: Vitamin K is essential for bone health, but the effects of low-dose vitamin K intake in Japanese subjects remain unclear. We investigated the effective minimum daily menaquinone-7 dose for improving osteocalcin gamma-carboxylation. Study 1 was a double-blind, randomized controlled dose-finding trial; 60 postmenopausal women aged 50-69 y were allocated to one of four dosage group and consumed 0, 50, 100, or 200 mu g menaquinone-7 daily for 4 wk, respectively, with a controlled diet in accordance with recommended daily intakes for 2010 in Japan. Study 2 was a double-blind, randomized placebo-controlled trial based on the results of Study 1; 120 subjects aged 20-69 y were allocated to the placebo or MK-7 group and consumed 0 or 100 mu g menaquinone-7 daily for 12 wk, respectively. In both studies, circulating carboxylated osteocalcin and undercarboxylated osteocalcin were measured. The carboxylated osteocalcin/undercarboxylated osteocalcin ratio decreased significantly from baseline in the 0 mu g menaquinone-7 group, in which subjects consumed the recommended daily intake of vitamin K with vitamin K-1 and menaquinone-4 (Study 1). Menaquinone-7 increased the carboxylated osteocalcin/undercarboxylated osteocalcin ratio dose dependently, and significant effects were observed in both the 100 and 200 mu g groups compared with the 0 mu g group. Undercarboxylated osteocalcin concentrations decreased significantly, and the carboxylated osteocalcin/undercarboxylated osteocalcin ratio increased significantly in the 100 mu g menaquinone-7 group compared with the placebo group (Study 2). Daily menaquinone-7 intake >= 100 mu g was suggested to improve osteocalcin y-carboxylation.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
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    ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to determine the effects of 50% ethanolic extract from Sasa borealis leaves (SBE) on swimming capacity and oxidative metabolism in mice. The mice were divided into 2 groups with similar swimming times and body weights; Ex-Control and Ex-SBE were orally administered with distilled water and 250 mg/kg body weight/d of SBE. Exhaustive swimming times were prolonged by 1.5-fold in the Ex-SBE group compared to the Ex-Control. The Ex-SBE group displayed lower lactate and higher non-esterified fatty acid levels 15 min after swimming and the hepatic and muscle glycogen levels were significantly higher than that in the Ex-Control. SBE potentially enhanced mRNA expression of citrate synthase (CS), carnitine palmitoyltransferase (CPT-1), and P-hydroxyacyl coenzyme A dehydrogenase (beta-HAD) in skeletal muscle. The activities and mRNA expression of catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were elevated in the Ex-SBE compared with the Ex-Control after exhaustive swimming. These results suggest that SBE might be used as an effective agent to enhance swimming capacity by utilization of energy substrates and might ameliorate physical exhaustion by facilitating energy-generating metabolic genes and enhancing endogenous antioxidants.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
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    ABSTRACT: Lignosulfonic acid is a waste lignin produced from the sulfite pulping of softwood. We investigated the effect of lignosulfonic acid on alpha-glucosidase and found that lignosulfonic acid produced a reversible and non-competitive inhibition of the enzyme activity. Moreover, in human colorectal adenocarcinoma cells, lignosulfonic acid inhibited 2-deoxy-glucose uptake, while in vivo studies demonstrated a significant reduction in the blood glycemic response to sucrose or glucose ingestion in rats treated with lignosulfonic acid. Feces of rats fed a diet supplemented with 5% lignosulfonic acid had higher sugar content compared to those of rats fed a control diet. These results suggest that lignosulfonic acid suppresses the rise in blood glucose levels through inhibition of alpha-glucosidase activity and intestinal glucose absorption.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
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    ABSTRACT: Hypophosphatemia has been found to be associated with multiple organ dysfunction. In this study we aimed to investigate the association between low serum phosphorus and acute heart failure. A total of 213 subjects, 101 patients with acute heart failure and 112 healthy subjects were included in this case-control study. Serum phosphorus levels, calcium levels, and PTH concentrations were measured. Ejection fraction percentages, pulse rates, systolic and diastolic blood pressures were recorded. The groups were similar in terms of age and gender (p=0.067 and 0.995, respectively). The phosphorus levels and ejection fraction percentages of the patients with heart failure were lower than for the healthy subjects (p<0.001). Frequency of hypophosphatemia was higher in the heart failure group (p<0.001). There was a strong relationship between low serum phosphorus level and acute heart failure (OR 9.85, CI 95% 3.6-26.3, p<0.001). The phosphorus level of patients with acute heart failure was found to be low in this study. Therefore, the phosphorus level should be controlled in patients with acute heart failure and phosphorus supplementation can be a complimentary treatment for these patients.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology