The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences

Publisher: Kaohsiung Medical University, Elsevier

Journal description

Discontinued in 1995. Continued by The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences (1607-551X).

Current impact factor: 0.61

Impact Factor Rankings

Additional details

5-year impact 0.00
Cited half-life 6.70
Immediacy index 0.02
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.00
Website Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences, The website
Other titles Kaohsiung journal of medical sciences (En ligne)
ISSN 0257-5655
OCLC 174145138
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
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  • Conditions
    • Authors pre-print on any website, including arXiv and RePEC
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on open access repository after an embargo period of between 12 months and 48 months
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months
    • Author's post-print may be used to update arXiv and RepEC
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Must link to publisher version with DOI
    • Author's post-print must be released with a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License
    • Publisher last reviewed on 03/06/2015
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Penile fracture is an uncommon injury in the genitourinary organ which occurs following a blunt injury on the rigid penis. Penile fracture with urethral injury is even rarer. A total of 11 new patients with penile fracture were treated at our institution from 1989 to 1993. All of these injuries occurred during sexual intercourse and received immediate surgical repair to preserve the sexual function. Only one patient with complete transection of the urethra received end-to-end anastomosis of the urethra. Unfortunately, he suffered from urethral-cutaneous fistula ten days later. Suprapubic urinary diversion was performed in 3 patients with partial urethral tearing, and they enjoyed satisfactory outcomes during the limited follow-up. Immediate surgical repair of tunica albuginea is recommended for preserving penile function. If associated with partial urethral tear, suprapubic urinary diversion is sufficient to treat urethral lesions.
    No preview · Article · Jan 1996 · The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: The purposes of this study were: 1) to investigate the risk factors related to alcohol use among adolescents of fathers with alcoholism. 2) to compare their drinking behaviors with the adolescents whose fathers were non-alcoholics. Sixty-one adolescents, including 29 males and 32 females, aged from 12 to 22 whose fathers were alcoholics formed the case group. 122 age and sex matched adolescents in a ratio of 1:2 whose fathers were non-alcoholics were recruited as the comparison group (normal/control). Data were collected by interview during home visits or by mailing questionnaires to patients. The prevalence rates of drinking, smoking and betel-nut chewing among the adolescents of fathers with alcoholism were 67.2%, 19.7%, 18%. There was no significant difference in drinking behavior between the two groups. Beer was the most popular drink in adolescents' drinking habits. The most popular motivation of drinking was the peer pressure by friends. The significant risk factors of alcohol use among the adolescents included male poor mental health status adolescents with behavioral problems and alcohol use amongst classmates or friends.
    No preview · Article · Jan 1996 · The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to describe norms of isometric lifting strength for normal college students and to investigate the effects of gender, body weight, height, and upper and lower limb length on lifting strength. Three types of lifting (i.e., arm, back, and leg lifting) were measured in a sample of 104 college students aged between 18 and 26 years. A Force Evaluation and Testing System (FET 5000) was used for strength measurements with three standard lifting positions. The average of three trials for each lifting strength test was used as the subject's test score. The results showed that the highest mean lifting strength was recorded for leg lifting in both males and females. Both groups also had the lowest score in arm lifting. Of the total sample, there was a difference of strength of nearly three- times between leg and arm lifting. Males were stronger than females in all lifting patterns. In addition, lifting strengths were significantly affected by such variables as sex, weight and height. Body weight was an effective predictor of arm lifting strength, and height an effective predictor of leg lifting strength. Finally, we found that strength in one position had positive relations with strength in other positions. These findings and the establishment of data base can in future provide therapists with an objective evaluation regarding lifting strength of individuals for clinical use.
    Preview · Article · Jan 1996 · The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was (1) to examine the interaction patterns of mothers and their developmentally delayed infants during free play and instructional episodes; (2) to investigate the influence of an early intervention program on the interaction patterns of mothers and their developmentally delayed infants; and (3) to investigate to what extent the maternal perceptions and expectations, perceived stress and involving motivation were associated with maternal behavior while interacting with their developmentally delayed infants. The participants of this study were twenty-one developmentally delayed infants and their mothers. Each mother-child dyad was videotaped in a laboratory playroom for 10-minutes of free play and a 5-minute instructional session. Mental and psychomotor development of the child were measured by Bayley scale. The perception of child development, expectation, and the stress of mothers were measured by a self-report questionnaire which was designed by a researcher in this study. The mothers' motivation of involvement was evaluated by teachers. On year after early intervention, it was found that (1) developmentally delayed infants increased locomotion, (2) mothers demonstrated more positive emotional expression during mother-child interaction, and (3) the score of HOME, mother's involvement, and the quality of mother-child interaction which was evaluated by teachers were significantly increased. Furthermore, the differences between situations indicated that the developmentally delayed infants were more toy-oriented during play than instruction. The mothers tended to be more helpful in attitude while they instructed their children. The mother's perception of child development and stress were found to be the critical factors affecting maternal teaching, controlling, and caring behavior.
    No preview · Article · Jan 1996 · The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: We reviewed 32 knees with osteoarthritis of the knee treated by either arthroscopic debridement in association with drilling the subchondral bone or arthroscopic debridement alone and followed for 2.5 to 11 years. Eighteen knees had arthroscopic debridement and drilling the subchondral bone, and 14 knees had arthroscopic debridement alone. In the group treated with arthroscopic debridement and drilling the subchondral bone, 55.6% had good to excellent results, 22.2% had fair results, and 22.2% had poor results. In the group that had arthroscopic debridement alone, 57.2% had good to excellent results, 35.7% had fair results, and 7.1% had poor results. There was better relief of pain in the group with arthroscopic debridement alone.
    No preview · Article · Jan 1996 · The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: Necrotizing fasciitis is a severe and sometimes life-threatening soft tissue infection that is characterized by rapidly widespreading necrosis of fascia and subcutaneous tissue. Fifty-four cases of necrotizing fasciitis were reviewed over a 5-year period. Among them, 25 patients (46%) had diabetes mellitus. The majority of the wound bacterial cultures (71%) yielded a mixed growing. There were negative cultures in six patients, and single organism growth in 14 patients (29%). The predominant organisms growth were Streptococci, Staphylococci, and Escherichia coli. The overall mortality rate was 22% (12/54). Death was caused by systemic septic complications in these patients. All 12 mortalities resulted from delayed debridement (averaging 25 days after initial symptoms appeared). Our study indicates that the early recognition and prompt debridement of all necrotic tissue is essential for reducing the mortality rates of this potentially lethal condition.
    No preview · Article · Jan 1996 · The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: The monoclonal antibodies CA15-3 were developed against the two antigens 115D8 of the human milk fat globule membrane and DF3 of breast cancer. CA15-3 was assayed radioimmunologically and CEA was analysed using the enzyme immunoassay. Normal control was achieved in 32 healthy women, the mean values for CA15-3 were 11.5 +/- 3.0 u/ml, range from 7.9 to 16.9 u/ml. We compared serum levels of CA15-3 and CEA in 121 patients with histologically proved breast carcinoma. CA15-3 levels above 25 u/ml and CEA levels above 5 ng/ml were considered positive values. 31 of 121 patients studied had elevated CA15-3 levels (sensitivity: 25.6%) and 21 of 121 patients had positive CEA levels (sensitivity 17.4%). 92 of the breast cancer patients (76%) did not have metastatic disease. In this group CA15-3 sensitivity was 7.6%, while CEA sensitivity was 6.5%. Mean values were 15.1 +/- 6.6 u/ml for CA15-3 and 1.78 +/- 2.47 ng/ml for CEA. 29 patients (24%) had metastatic disease. In this group, CA15-3 sensitivity was 82.8% and CEA sensitivity was 51.7% (P < 0.05). Mean values for CA15-3 were 147.5 +/- 175.9 u/ml and 16.9 +/- 24.0 ng/ml of CEA. With regard to the correlation of two tumor markers with clinical course patients had significantly higher levels of CA15-3 than of CEA in metastatic breast cancer. This result suggests CA15-3 to be the more sensitive and more specific of the two for metastatic breast cancer detection and monitoring.
    No preview · Article · Jan 1996 · The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: The susceptibility to the infection of Angiostrongylus cantonensis was studied in five inbred stains of mice including four H-2 haplotypes. Three weeks after infection, C57 BL/10J (H-2b) and C57BL/6J (H-2b) stains of mice showed the lowest, CBA (H-2k) and A/J (H-2a) stains showed intermediate, and the BALB/cJ (H-2d) mice showed the greatest susceptibility to infection. BALB/cJ mice also displayed the most body weight loss, the highest number of worms and showed the least number of days of survival. The s susceptibility of C57BL/6J (H-2b) and C57BL/10J (H-2b) strains of mice sharing same H-2 haplotype was the same despite their different genetic backgrounds. These data suggested that the H-2 gene might influence the susceptibility of mice to A. cantonensis.
    No preview · Article · Dec 1995 · The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to assess the possibility of a direct effect of betel-nut alkaloids arecoline and arecaidine on cell proliferation and interleukin-6 (IL-6) production by cultured fibroblasts from human normal gingiva, buccal mucosa and oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) buccal mucosa in vitro. Confluent monolayers of fibroblasts were incubated with or without alkaloids in the presence of 10% fetal calf serum for 48 h at 37 degree C in 5% CO2 and air. At the end of the culture period, supernatants were collected and assayed for IL-6 level. The cell proliferation was monitored by determining 5-bromo-2'-deoxy-uridine (BrdU) incorporated into cellular DNA. Except for the fact that arecoline inhibited cell growth at 100 micrograms/ml, arecoline and arecaidine had similar dose-dependent stimulant effects on the proliferation of these three groups fibroblasts. Concentrations of IL-6 in the control culture supernatants were greatest in healthy gingival fibroblasts, followed by normal buccal mucosa and OSF. Also, the presence of fetal calf serum could stimulate IL-6 release. Except for arecoline at the 100 microgram/mg, there were no significant differences in IL-6 levels between treated and control cultures of the same group when the data were expressed with mean +/- S.D.. However, two of six individuals' normal buccal mucosa fibroblasts significantly released less IL-6, and some cases of OSF and healthy gingiva exhibited slightly higher levels of IL-6 when cells were exposed to arecoline or arecaidine in cultures. Such findings suggests that arecoline and arecaidine can enhance cell proliferation and affect fibroblasts to synthesize IL-6. Furthermore, IL-6 may be a contributing molecular factor in the pathological features noted in OSF.
    No preview · Article · Dec 1995 · The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: Primary intracranial yolk sac tumor (Endodermal sinus tumor, YST) is quite rare, and most usually involves the pineal gland. This report concerns a rare case of unknown origin of yolk sac tumor with intracranial and spinal metastases. The 6-year-old boy initially manifested symptoms of acute urinary retension and paraparesis. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed an intrathecal tumor spreading below the third lumbar segment, and tumors also appeared in the left temporal area and right cerebellar hemisphere. The pineal region was free of neoplastic involvement and the gonads were normal. The patients underwent operation to remove intracranial and spinal tumors, and postoperative radiotherapy was administered. The histological findings showed metastatic yolk sac tumor. Multiple intracranial and spinal seeding were noticed postoperatively. The patient died of recurrent YST and pneumonia three months after operation. The origin of secondary YST can always be found in specific midline sites. This is a rare case since the primary lesion is unknown.
    No preview · Article · Dec 1995 · The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: Raised intraocualr pressure has been suggested to be a contributing factor in NAION occurrence. Thus, there should be a high NAION incidence rate in glaucoma patients when compared with that of the general population. From June 1990 to December 1991, we retrospectively surveyed 180 glaucoma patients to find the incidence of NAION, but no NAION cases were found. We concluded that the increase in intraocular pressure is not a major factor to cause NAION.
    No preview · Article · Dec 1995 · The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: Frozen section diagnosis rendered in 549 consecutive breast biopsies performed in 5 years in a single pathology laboratory was correlated with the final pathological diagnosis. There were no false positive reports among the 220 (40.1%) biopsies interpreted as benign lesions in paraffin sections. Among 329 (59.9%) malignant biopsies on paraffin sections, 3 cases were interpreted as benign lesions on frozen sections. Three false negatives included 2 ductal carcinoma in situ and one infiltrating ductal carcinoma associated with papillomatosis. The tumors were small and confined to the breast without any evidence of metastasis. There was a very good correspondence between the frozen section diagnosis and the paraffin section diagnosis (K = 0.98). The sensitivity of frozen section diagnosis was 99.1% and the clinical diagnostic specificity was 100%. Our results suggest that frozen section diagnosis is a highly reliable procedure, but small lesions (less than 1 cm in diameter, or non-palpable) should not be subjected to frozen section examination to avoid unnecessary loss of neoplastic tissue during the frozen section. The careful investigation of paraffin-embedded tissue is recommended for small breast lesions in breast conserving lumpectomy.
    No preview · Article · Dec 1995 · The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences