Fruits (Fruits)

Publisher: EDP Sciences

Journal description

Fruits is a bimonthly and scientific journal for original articles and reviews in English. All fruit crops in temperate, mediterranean, subtropical, and tropical regions are concerned. Fruits covers a wide range of subjects (agronomy, physiology, genetics, crop protection, post-harvest storage, product processing and marketing).

Current impact factor: 0.88

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 0.883
2013 Impact Factor 0.8
2012 Impact Factor 0.776
2011 Impact Factor 0.764
2010 Impact Factor 0.348

Impact factor over time

Impact factor
Year

Additional details

5-year impact 0.90
Cited half-life 9.00
Immediacy index 0.08
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.18
Website Fruits website
Other titles Fruits (Paris, France: 1978: Online)
ISSN 0248-1294
OCLC 38876971
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

EDP Sciences

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • On author's personal website or institutional website or OAI compliant website
    • Some journals require an embargo for deposit in funder's designated repositories (see journal)
    • Publisher's version/PDF may be used (see journal)
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged
    • Non-commercial
  • Classification
    green

Publications in this journal


  • No preview · Article · Mar 2016 · Fruits

  • No preview · Article · Mar 2016 · Fruits
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction. The use of edible coatings could be a new technological alternative to maintain fruit quality during cold storage. The objective of this work was to determine the effects of different coatings, alone or in conjunction, on the quality of fresh-cut nectarines during storage. Materials and methods. Nectarines (Prunus persica L.) cv. Big Top were studied under three different coatings: 2% acid-soluble chitosan, 1.5% sodium alginate, and a solution with 3% chitosan and 2% sodium alginate. Slices were then sealed in polyethylene plastic bags and stored at 4 °C and 95% RH for 9 days. Titratable acidity, soluble solids content, firmness, weight loss, color, browning potential and polyphenol oxidase activity were determined. Yeasts and molds were also monitored. Results and discussion. Nectarine firmness was maintained equally in all analyzed groups. The color parameter L∗ showed a tendency to decrease with the increasing length of storage, with lower values in alginate-and alginate + chitosan-coated fruits. The chitosan coating decreased the metabolism activity of fruit during the cold storage without significant changes in the fruit quality (lightness and total soluble solid content). The chitosan coating also controlled the growth of microorganisms. Conclusion. The chitosan coating appears to be a promising preservation alternative and an effective method to improve the quality and shelf life of fresh-cut nectarines in marketing conditions.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2016 · Fruits
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction. The aim of this work was to study the effects of regulated deficit irrigation (RDI) on fruit yield, fruit weight and fruit quality parameters, as well as soil-plant water relations, in apple orchards under high-frequency subsurface drip irrigation in a region with a continental climate. Materials and methods. Four irrigation treatments were applied in 2010 and 2011 to apple trees cv. 'Gala': T1, no irrigation; T2, optimal irrigation except during summer; T3, optimal irrigation except during summer when RDI with a threshold for irrigation at-1.2 MPa midday stem water potential (Ψstem) was utilised; T4, optimal irrigation. The soil water status and plant water status were followed over two growing seasons. Results and discussion. The irrigation treatments had no significant impact on fruit yield. However, compared with optimal irrigation (T4) and RDI (T3), the absence of irrigation in summer (T1, T2) induced low Ψstem (<-1.2 MPa), decreased fruit size and slightly increased the soluble solid, vitamin C and polyphenol contents of the fruits. The RDI (T3) during summer allowed a water-use reduction of 47% without loss in fruit yield, fruit weight and fruit quality compared with the optimal irrigation (T4). Conclusion. The RDI treatment saved 47% water compared with optimal irrigation without negative impacts on yield and fruit quality. In the temperate conditions of Switzerland, Ψstem, as well as Ψsoil, are well adapted for scheduling RDI in apple orchards.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2016 · Fruits

  • No preview · Article · Mar 2016 · Fruits

  • No preview · Article · Mar 2016 · Fruits
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction. Citrus trees in Brazil are often attacked by the blackfly, Aleurocanthus woglumi Ashby. The induction of resistance to control this pest is required to maintain the sanitary and nutritional quality of the crop. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of silicon in the form of potassium silicate (K2SiO3) to modify the activity of enzymes involved in the defence of Citrus reticulata and to find any correlation between the activity of these enzymes and the development of A. woglumi. Materials and methods. The study was conducted in a greenhouse using seedlings of C. reticulate cv. 'Dancy' in the following one-application treatments: T1: Infestation with A. woglumi and no K2SiO3 (control, "C"); T2: No A. woglumi and no K2SiO3 (absolute control "AC"); T3: 17 g L-1K2SiO +A. woglumi, T4: 35 g L-1K2SiO +A. woglumi; T5: 52 g L-1 K2SiO +A. woglumi; and T6: 70 g L-1K2SiO +A. woglumi. To perform the enzymatic analyses, one leaf was removed separately from each mandarin seedling after 10, 30, 50, 70, and 90 days of continuous feeding of A. woglumi. The activity of peroxidase, polyphenol oxidase and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase was assessed. Results and discussion. The correlation between peroxidase activity and A. woglumi development was positive. The peroxidase and polyphenol activities indicated strong induction of plant defences against A. woglumi. The increase in peroxidase and polyphenoloxidase activity revealed the induction of synthesis of compounds for plant defence against A. woglumi, but this effect depended on the time of A. woglumi feeding and on the concentration of silicon. Conclusion. Silicon was shown to be an elicitor that potentiates the defence mechanisms of C. reticulata to A. woglumi.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Fruits
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction. The branches of camu-camu should start sprouting from its base, in order to be positively related to a fruit yield increase. The objective of this study was to consider how plant growth and fruit yield varied according to the plantation type and crop management system. Materials and methods. The growth of the crown and fruit production under different types of plantations originating from cuttings, grafts or seedlings, and seed plantation management: fertilization, pruning and planting different densities, were compared. Results and discussion. Cutting plants formed more branches than those originating from grafting, regardless of the origin of the grafted scion. In seed plantations, zero fertilization and pruning had no effect on the formation of basal branches, but pruning delayed fruit production. Plantations with three plants per hole produced significantly greater numbers of basal branches, but further evaluation is necessary to analyze the effect of this on fruit production. Conclusion. Cutting plantations are technically more desirable than grafting ones because camu-camu trees have better branching from the base. In seed plantations, the selection of plants for their abundant branching from the base is technically feasible. In addition, planting three plants per hole seems promising for improving branching.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Fruits
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction. Kundang fruit (Bouea macrophylla Griffith) is very popular in Malaysia and other ASEAN countries. The fruit is traditionally believed to impart potential health benefits, but no scientific information is available on the antioxidant compounds or the antioxidant activities in unripe and ripe kundang fruits. Materials and methods. Unripe and ripe kundang fruits were freeze-dried and subjected to three different types of solvent extraction (methanol, ethanol and distilled water). Freeze-dried samples were individually evaluated for antioxidant compounds (total phenolics, tannins, flavonoids and flavonols) and antioxidant activities (ferric reducing antioxidant power assay/FRAP assay, ABTS-+ assay and DPPH. free radical-scavenging activity assay). Results and discussion. High contents of phenolics, tannins and ascorbic acid were found in unripe fruits (extracted with methanol), whereas flavonoids and flavonols were high in ethanolic extracts. Anthocyanins were the highest in ethanolic extracts of ripe fruits. In addition, methanolic extracts of unripe fruits showed the highest antioxidant capacity [16,290.91 μM Fe (II) 100 g-1], with 77.69% DPPH inhibition and 99.76% ABTS.+ radical scavenging activities. Conclusion. This study clearly indicated that solvents tend to influence the extractability of antioxidant compounds. Overall, the results of this study can be of practical use in providing sufficient information on the presence of various antioxidant compounds in kundang unripe and ripe fruits, which could be commercially exploited for developing various healthy food formulations.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Fruits
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    ABSTRACT: Cool growing seasons, high rainfall, wind and reduced sunshine challenge fruit production in northern maritime regions. Salal (Gaultheria shallon Pursh) originates from the Pacific Northwest of North America and our research investigated its fruit production and chemical composition in Orkney, north of mainland Scotland. Materials and methods. Fruit production from a 20-plant row was recorded over 3 seasons and fruits were analysed for total polyphenol, anthocyanin content (TPC and TAC) and antioxidant capacity (FRAP). Results and discussion. Fruiting occurred from August to October. Although 16-18 pickings were required to harvest the entire crop, about 75% was picked over 4 weeks when maximum production occurred. Annual production varied from 0.7 to 2.3 kg m-1 of row, indicating potential yields of 2.7 to 9.1 t ha-1 at 10 years for hedgerows 2.5 m apart. In 2014, average fruit weight, height and diameter ranged from 467 to 680 mg, 9.9 to 10.5 mm and 9.2 to 10.2 mm, respectively. The maximum picking rate was about 1.0 kg h-1 but was constrained by poor synchronisation of fruit ripening. Variations between years in fruit TPC (658-968 mg 100 g-1 fw) were reflected in variations in TAC (121-219 mg 100 g-1 fw) and FRAP (63,048-100,815 μM Fe 100 g-1 fw). TPC and TAC values were similar to those for blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum L.) varieties. Conclusion. Salal grew well in Orkney's maritime environment and fruited reliably. This fruit has potential for novel food and drink, but commercialisation will require improved selections, notably for ease of harvest.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Fruits
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    ABSTRACT: Among different fruit species, aronia have attracted a great attention because of its wide range of protective effects with potential benefits for human health. Furthermore, the consumption of products of aronia (juice, tea, berries) is becoming a part of a healthy lifestyle. Materials and Methods. The multi-element characterization of products of aronia has been carried out using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). Results and Discussion. Among the major elements, the most abundant are K, Ca and P, followed by the Mg and Na. Fe, Zn, Mn, Cu, Bi and Si are the most abundant among the microelements. In terms of heavy metals (As, Cd, Pb), it can be concluded that the concentrations of them are below permissible levels (PLs) prescribed by national legislation in all samples. The chemometric techniques of principal component analysis (PCA) and cluster analysis (CA) were used to differentiation of products aronia according to their metal content. The application of PCA and CA was resulted in two clusters with similarities in the mineral composition. The first cluster includes tea bag samples (T1-T6). The second cluster includes berries (B1, B2), juices (J1-J4) and leaves (L). Conclusion. Data obtained in this study showed that analyzed products are potentially a rich source of some dietary metals such are K, Ca, P, Mg, Na, Fe and Zn. Obtained results could be also used as selection criteria for further use of products of aronia as a part of conventional diet.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Fruits