Investigational New Drugs (INVEST NEW DRUG)

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Journal description

The development of new anticancer agents is one of the most rapidly changing aspects of cancer research. Investigational New Drugs provides a forum for the rapid dissemination of information on new anticancer agents. The papers published are of interest to the medical chemist toxicologist pharmacist pharmacologist biostatistician and clinical oncologist. Investigational New Drugs provides the fastest possible publication of new discoveries and results for the whole community of scientists developing anticancer agents. Each issue contains original articles dealing with anticancer drug development. Other sections are devoted to invited review articles and letters to the editor. The journal also affords the opportunity to publish the proceedings of special workshops and symposia devoted to the development of new anticancer agents. Provided they add to the understanding of the investigational agents the journal is not adverse to publishing clinical trials with negative results. Investigational New Drugs cuts across all the usual lines or subdisciplines providing a locus for the presentation of relevant investigations and the discussion of critical questions appropriate to the entire field of new anticancer drug development.

Current impact factor: 2.92

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 2.919
2013 Impact Factor 2.927
2012 Impact Factor 3.498
2011 Impact Factor 3.357
2010 Impact Factor 3.007
2009 Impact Factor 3.072
2008 Impact Factor 3.396
2007 Impact Factor 2.806
2006 Impact Factor 2.538
2005 Impact Factor 2.417
2004 Impact Factor 1.854
2003 Impact Factor 2.272
2002 Impact Factor 2.842
2001 Impact Factor 3.822
2000 Impact Factor 1.322
1999 Impact Factor 1.89
1998 Impact Factor 1.837
1997 Impact Factor 0.543
1996 Impact Factor 0.703
1995 Impact Factor 0.495
1994 Impact Factor 0.809
1993 Impact Factor 0.713
1992 Impact Factor 0.554

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 2.74
Cited half-life 3.70
Immediacy index 0.69
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.71
Website Investigational New Drugs website
Other titles Investigational new drugs (Online)
ISSN 0167-6997
OCLC 41569296
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

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  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose A two stage multi-institution Phase II study was undertaken by the Princess Margaret Hospital Consortium to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of oral cediranib, an inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors 1 and 2, in patients with previously untreated advanced malignant melanoma. Patients and Methods Between May 2006 and April 2008, 24 patients (median age 65 years) with advanced malignant melanoma were treated with oral cediranib. Cediranib was given on a continuous, oral once daily schedule of 45 mg, on a 28 day cycle. Results Of the 17 patients evaluable for response, there was stable disease in 8 patients, and progressive disease in 9 patients, with no objective responses seen. Only 2 patients had stable disease >/= 6 months, thus the study was terminated at the end of stage 1 accrual. The overall median survival was 9.9 months, and the median time to progression was 3.5 months. The most frequent non-hematologic adverse events were hypertension (78 %), fatigue (69 %), diarrhea (69 %) and anorexia and nausea (each 57 %). Conclusions Although 2 patients had stable disease at 6 months, the short median time to progression and lack of any objective responses indicate that single agent cediranib at this dose and schedule is not sufficiently active to warrant study continuation.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Investigational New Drugs
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    ABSTRACT: The ‘holy grail’ in radiation oncology is to improve the outcome of radiation therapy (RT) with a radiosensitizer—a systemic chemical/biochemical agent that additively or synergistically sensitizes tumor cells to radiation in the absence of significant toxicity. Similar to the oxygen effect, in which DNA bases modified by reactive oxygen species prevent repair of the cellular radiation damage, these compounds in general magnify free radical formation, leading to the permanent “fixation” of the resultant chemical change in the DNA structure. The purpose of this review is to present the origin story of the radiosensitizer, RRx-001, which emerged from the aerospace industry. The activity of RRx-001 as a chemosensitizer in multiple tumor types and disease states including malaria, hemorrhagic shock and sickle cell anemia, are the subject of future reviews.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Investigational New Drugs
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    ABSTRACT: The registration process for new drugs is crucial in the clinical application of medicines. Previously, the registration of imported novel therapeutic agents in Taiwan depended considerably on their approvals in developed countries. The Taiwanese government enacted Article 38–1 of the Regulations for Registration of Medicinal Products in September 2009. According to the new submission criteria, approvals may be exempted if the number of Taiwanese participants in the clinical trials fulfills the required threshold. The present study compared the profiles of clinical trials of novel therapeutic agents before and after the enactment of this regulation in terms of over-threshold trials, structural types, and therapeutic areas across phases. The outcome—whether the liberalization of the submission criteria functioned as an incentive to launch clinical trials in Taiwan—was also evaluated. The results revealed that the number of clinical trial applications increased after the reformed regulation was enacted, even after the over-threshold criteria were considered; however, the increase disappeared for phase III trials. Most clinical trials were for chemical products and antineoplastic agents across all phases and study periods before and after the enactment of Article 38–1. Furthermore, the increase in the number of international clinical trials conducted in Taiwan was not directly caused by the regulation reform because the percentage of investigational products fulfilling the exemption criteria did not increase. These paradoxical results were interpreted in several aspects, referring particularly to the well-established infrastructure for launching clinical trials as well as the integral environment of medical services in Taiwan.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Investigational New Drugs
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    ABSTRACT: Background Since the approval of sorafenib, no other agent has been proven to show survival benefits in clinical trials involving patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) resistant to sorafenib. Prognostic factors for survival after tumor progression in sorafenib-treated patients are critical for designing second-line trials. Methods To determine the factors affecting the post-progression survival (PPS) after sorafenib treatment, additional analyses were conducted using fixed data obtained from our previous prospective study. Data on patients with advanced HCC treated with sorafenib were analyzed in view of patient characteristics at the time of tumor progression and the progression pattern (intra−/extrahepatic growth or emergence of new intra−/extrahepatic lesions). Results Of the 89 enrolled patients, 70 were diagnosed with disease progression according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1. Multivariate Cox’s regression analysis revealed that Child–Pugh scores of ≥7, macrovascular invasion (MVI), and alpha-fetoprotein of >400 ng/mL were independent predictors of poor PPS. Although both extrahepatic metastasis (EHM) and MVI were characteristics of advanced HCC, EHM was not determined as a prognostic factor. Additionally, the emergence of new extrahepatic lesions also served as an independent indicator of a poor prognosis. The PPS of the patients was well stratified according to the index based on the sum of these prognostic factors, ranging from 0 to 4. Conclusions Child–Pugh score of ≥7, AFP of >400 ng/mL, MVI, and new extrahepatic lesions at the time of progression may be utilized to assess the prognosis and taken into consideration when designing second-line trials.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Investigational New Drugs
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    ABSTRACT: Background Belinostat, a potent pan-inhibitor of histone deacetylase (HDAC) enzymes, is approved in the United States (US) for relapsed/refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma. In nonclinical studies, bile and feces were identified as the predominant elimination routes (50–70 %), with renal excretion accounting for ~30–50 %. A Phase 1 human mass balance study was conducted to identify species-dependent variations in belinostat metabolism and elimination. Methods Patients received a single 30-min intravenous (IV) infusion of 14C-labeled belinostat (1500 mg). Venous blood samples and pooled urine and fecal samples were evaluated using liquid chromatography - tandem mass spectroscopy for belinostat and metabolite concentrations pre-infusion through 7 days post-infusion. Total radioactivity was determined using liquid scintillation counting. Continued treatment with nonradiolabled belinostat (1000 mg/m2 on Days 1–5 every 21 days) was permitted. Results Belinostat was extensively metabolized and mostly cleared from plasma within 8 h (N = 6), indicating that metabolism is the primary route of elimination. Systemic exposure for the 5 major metabolites was >20 % of parent, with belinostat glucuronide the predominant metabolite. Mean recovery of radioactive belinostat was 94.5 % ± 4.0 %, with the majority excreted within 48 and 96 h in urine and feces, respectively. Renal elimination was the principal excretion route (mean 84.8 % ± 9.8 % of total dose); fecal excretion accounted for 9.7 % ± 6.5 %. Belinostat was well tolerated, with mostly mild to moderate adverse events and no treatment-related severe/serious events. Conclusion Mass balance was achieved (~95 % mean recovery), with metabolism identified as the primary route of elimination. Radioactivity was predominantly excreted renally as belinostat metabolites.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Investigational New Drugs
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    ABSTRACT: D2C7-(scdsFv)-PE38KDEL (D2C7-IT) is a novel immunotoxin that reacts with wild-type epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFRwt) and mutant EGFRvIII proteins overexpressed in glioblastomas. This study assessed the toxicity of intracerebral administration of D2C7-IT to support an initial Food and Drug Administration Investigational New Drug application. After the optimization of the formulation and administration, two cohorts (an acute and chronic cohort necropsied on study days 5 and 34) of Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats (four groups of 5 males and 5 females) were infused with the D2C7-IT formulation at total doses of 0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.4 μg (the acute cohort) and 0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.35 μg (the chronic cohort) for approximately 72 h by intracerebral convection-enhanced delivery using osmotic pumps. Mortality was observed in the 0.40 μg (5/10 rats) and 0.35 μg (4/10 rats) high-dose groups of each cohort. Body weight loss and abnormal behavior were only revealed in the rats treated with high doses of D2C7-IT. No dose-related effects were observed in clinical laboratory tests in either cohort. A gross pathologic examination of systemic tissues from the high-dose and control groups in both cohorts exhibited no dose-related or drug-related pathologic findings. Brain histopathology revealed the frequent occurrence of dose-related encephalomalacia, edema, and demyelination in the high-dose groups of both cohorts. In this study, the maximum tolerated dose of D2C7-IT was determined to be between 0.10 and 0.35 μg, and the no-observed-adverse-effect-level was 0.05 μg in SD rats. Both parameters were utilized to design the Phase I/II D2C7-IT clinical trial.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Investigational New Drugs
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    ABSTRACT: Background KRAS mutations are clinically important predictors of resistance to EGFR-directed therapies in colorectal cancer (CRC). Oncogenic activation of the RAS/RAF/MEK/ERK signaling cascade mediates proliferation independent of growth factor signaling. We hypothesized that targeting MEK with selumetinib could overcome resistance to cetuximab in KRAS mutant CRC. Methods A phase I study (NCT01287130) was undertaken to determine the tolerability, and pharmacokinetic profiles of the combination of selumetinib and cetuximab, with an expanded cohort in KRAS-mutant CRC. Results 15 patients were treated in the dose escalation cohort and 18 patients were treated in the expansion cohort. Two dose-limiting toxicities were observed. One grade 3 acneiform rash and one grade 4 hypomagnesemia occurred. The most common grade 1 and 2 adverse events included rash, nausea/vomiting, diarrhea, and fatigue. The maximum tolerated dose was established at selumetinib 75 mg PO BID and cetuximab 250 mg/m(2) weekly following a 400 mg/m(2) load. Best clinical response in the dose escalation group included 1 unconfirmed partial response in a patient with CRC and stable disease (SD) in 5 patients (1 squamous cell carcinoma of the tonsil, 1 non-small cell lung cancer, and 3 CRC), and in the KRAS-mutant CRC dose expansion cohort, of the 14 patients who were evaluable for response, 5 patients had SD and 9 patients had progressive disease. Conclusions The combination of selumetinib and cetuximab is safe and well tolerated. Minimal anti-tumor activity was observed in KRAS-mutant refractory metastatic CRC. Further investigations might be warranted in other cancer subtypes.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Investigational New Drugs
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose Vincristine sulfate liposomes injection (VSLI, Marqibo®) is an FDA approved encapsulated preparation of standard vincristine in sphingomyelin/cholesterol liposomes. Clinical pharmacokinetics show VSLI to be a long-circulating, slow release formulation that is confined to plasma, and prior data on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pharmacokinetics are lacking. We report our results comparing CSF and plasma pharmacokinetic parameters of intravenous aqueous vincristine to intravenous VSLI using an established non-human primate (NHP) model. Methods Three adult male rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) were administered 0.1 mg/kg (1.2 mg/m(2) human-equivalent dose) of vincristine or VSLI in a crossover pharmacokinetic study. Serial paired blood and CSF samples were obtained before infusion, at the end of infusion (EOI) and at various time points thereafter. Results In contrast to standard vincristine, which had a multi-exponential plasma disappearance curve with a median initial (EOI to 30 min post-infusion) half-life (T1/2) of 4.8 min (range, 4.4-5.0 min) and terminal T1/2 of 24.3 h, a near-monoexponential curve with a median T1/2 of 17.9 h (range, 13.9-21.5 h) hours was calculated with VSLI. The ratios Cl VCR:Cl VSLI for the individual NHP were 300, 463 and 477. Vincristine was not detected in any CSF sample after administration of either formulation. Conclusions In three animals, each serving as their own control, we demonstrate that the pharmacokinetic profile of VSLI shows markedly prolonged clearance (approximately 400-fold lower) of total vincristine in comparison to the standard aqueous formulation, enhancing our understanding of VSLI pharmacokinetics. Several clinical trials incorporating VSLI as substitution for standard vincristine are in progress.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Investigational New Drugs
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose This trial evaluated the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), safety, pharmacokinetics, and clinical effects of volasertib, a selective Polo-like kinase inhibitor that induces mitotic arrest and apoptosis, in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors (NCT01348347; 1230.15). Methods In this phase I, open-label, dose-escalation trial, sequential patient cohorts (3 + 3 dose-escalation design) received volasertib (200-350 mg) as a single dose by intravenous infusion over 2 h on day 1 every 21 days until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The primary endpoint was the MTD of volasertib in Japanese patients with an advanced solid tumor; secondary endpoints included safety, pharmacokinetics, and clinical benefit. Results Fifteen patients with an advanced solid tumor were treated. Dose-limiting toxicities of grade 4 neutropenia for ≥7 days and grade 4 thrombocytopenia were both experienced by 2/6 patients in the 350 mg cohort. The MTD of volasertib in Japanese patients was 300 mg. The most common (≥3 patients) drug-related non-hematologic adverse events included fatigue, decreased appetite, and nausea. Exposure to volasertib and its metabolite increased with increasing doses. A partial response in a patient with gastric cancer and stable disease in eleven patients were observed. Conclusions Volasertib had a manageable safety profile up to the MTD determined as 300 mg. Exposure to volasertib and its metabolite increased with increasing doses. The safety profile of volasertib in Japanese patients is comparable with those previously obtained in Caucasian patients. These data support enrollment of Japanese patients in global clinical trials without dose modification.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Investigational New Drugs
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To determine the recommended dose for phase II trials of elisidepsin (PM02734, Irvalec®) in combination with erlotinib in patients with advanced malignant solid tumors. Methods Open-label, dose-escalating, phase I study of intravenous elisidepsin administered weekly (days 1, 8 and 15) over 3 h as a flat dose (FD) and daily oral erlotinib, every 3 weeks. A pharmacokinetic analysis was done on blood samples collected around the first elisidepsin infusion. Results Thirty patients were treated across six different dose levels (DLs) ranging from elisidepsin 0.33-2.25 mg/erlotinib 100-150 mg. Two patients had dose-limiting toxicities: grade 3 bilirubin increase (DL3: 0.75 mg/150 mg) and a dose omission for > 2 weeks due to grade 3 alanine aminotransferase increase (DL6: 2.25 mg/100 mg). The daily erlotinib dose was escalated to 150 mg at DL2-DL5, but decreased to 100 mg at DL6, as most grade 3 toxicities were related to this agent only. The most frequent toxicities were transaminase increases (related to elisidepsin), and rash, pruritus and diarrhea (related to erlotinib). No objective responses were observed. Despite no overlapping toxicities, the combination was declared unfeasible due to frequent elisidepsin dose delays. The pharmacokinetics of elisidepsin/erlotinib was not significantly different from that of each agent alone. Conclusion The difficulty in combining elisidepsin with the standard dose of erlotinib (150 mg), together with the lack of antitumor activity, made the combination unattractive for further development. The trial was closed without having determined a recommended dose.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Investigational New Drugs
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    ABSTRACT: Background MK-5108 is a potent/highly selective Aurora A kinase inhibitor. Methods A randomized Phase I study of MK-5108, administered p.o. BID Q12h on days 1-2 in 14-21 day cycles either alone (MT; Panel1/n = 18; 200 to 1800 mg) or in combination (CT; Panel2/n = 17; 100 to 225 mg) with IV docetaxel 60 mg/m(2), determined the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), pharmacokinetics (PK), pharmacodynamics (Panel1, only) and tumor response in patients with advanced solid tumors. This study was terminated early due to toxicities in Panel2 at MK-5108 doses below the anticipated PK exposure target. Results 35 patients enrolled (33 evaluable for tumor response). No dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) were observed in Panel1; three patients had 3 DLTs in Panel2 (G3 and G4 febrile neutropenia at 200 and 450 mg/day, respectively; G3 infection at 450 mg/day). In Panel1, AUC0-12hr and Cmax increased less than dose proportionally following the first MT dose but increased roughly dose proportionally across 200 to 3600 mg/day after 4th dose. The t1/2 ranged from 6.6 to 13.5 h across both panels. No clear effects on immunohistochemistry markers were observed; however, significant dose-related increases in gene expression were seen pre-/post-treatment. Best responses were 9/17 stable disease (SD) (Panel1) as well as 1/16 PR and 7/16 SD (Panel2) (450 mg/day). Conclusions MK-5108 MT was well tolerated at doses up to 3600 mg/day with plasma levels exceeding the minimum daily exposure target (83 μM*hr). The MTD for MK-5108 + docetaxel (CT) was established at 300 mg/day, below the exposure target. Use of pharmacodynamic gene expression assays to determine target engagement was validated.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Investigational New Drugs
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction Pazopanib exhibits wide inter-patient pharmacokinetic variability which may contribute to differences in treatment outcome. Unbound drug concentrations are believed to be more relevant to pharmacological responses than total concentrations. Thus it is desirable to evaluate pazopanib binding on plasma proteins and different factors potentially affecting this process. Methods An equilibrium dialysis method coupled with UPLC-MS/MS assay has been optimized and validated for the determination of pazopanib unbound fraction (fu%) in human plasma. Pazopanib binding in the plasma of healthy volunteers and in isolated protein solutions was investigated. The unbound fraction was determined for 24 cancer patients treated daily with pazopanib. Results We found that pazopanib was extensively bound in human plasma (>99.9 %) with a mean fu% value of 0.0106 ± 0.0013 % at 40 μg/mL. Protein binding was concentration independent over a clinically relevant range of concentrations. In isolated protein solutions, pazopanib at 40 μg/mL was mainly bound to albumin (40 g/L) and to a lesser extent to α1-acid glycoprotein (1 g/L) and low density lipoproteins (1.2 g/L), with a mean fu% of 0.0073 ± 0.0022 %, 0.992 ± 0.44 % and 7.4 ± 1.7 % respectively. Inter-patient variability (CV%) of fu% in cancer patients was limited (27.2 %). A correlation was observed between individual unbound fraction values and albuminemia. Conclusions Pazopanib exhibits extensive binding to plasma proteins in human plasma. Variable albumin concentrations, frequently observed in cancer patients, may affect pazopanib unbound fraction with implications for inter-patient variability in drug efficacy and toxicity.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Investigational New Drugs
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose LY2090314 (LY) is a glycogen synthase kinase 3 inhibitor with preclinical efficacy in xenograft models when combined with platinum regimens. A first-in-human phase 1 dose-escalation study evaluated the combination of LY with pemetrexed/carboplatin. Patients and Methods Forty-one patients with advanced solid tumors received single-dose LY monotherapy lead-in and 37 patients received LY (10-120 mg) plus pemetrexed/carboplatin (500 mg/m(2) and 5-6 AUC, respectively) across 8 dose levels every 21 days. Primary objective was maximum tolerated dose (MTD) determination; secondary endpoints included safety, antitumor activity, pharmacokinetics, and beta-catenin pharmacodynamics. Results MTD of LY with pemetrexed/carboplatin was 40 mg. Eleven dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) occurred in ten patients. DLTs during LY monotherapy occurred at ≥40 mg: grade 2 visual disturbance (n = 1) and grade 3/4 peri-infusional thoracic pain during or shortly post infusion (n = 4; chest, upper abdominal, and back pain). Ranitidine was added after de-escalation to 80 mg LY to minimize peri-infusional thoracic pain. Following LY with pemetrexed/carboplatin therapy, DLTs included grade 3/4 thrombocytopenia (n = 4) and grade 4 neutropenia (n = 1). Best overall response by RECIST included 5 confirmed partial responses (non-small cell lung cancer [n = 3], mesothelioma, and breast cancer) and 19 patients having stable disease. Systemic LY exposure was approximately linear over dose range studied. Transient upregulation of beta-catenin measured in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) occurred at 40 mg LY. Conclusions The initial safety profile of LY2090314 was established. MTD LY dose with pemetrexed/carboplatin is 40 mg IV every 3 weeks plus ranitidine. Efficacy of LY plus pemetrexed/carboplatin requires confirmation in randomized trials.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Investigational New Drugs
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    ABSTRACT: Objective VS-6063 (also known as defactinib or PF-04554878) is a second-generation inhibitor of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and proline-rich tyrosine kinase-2 (Pyk2). This phase I dose-escalation study was conducted in patients with advanced solid malignancies. Methods Using a traditional 3 + 3 design, VS-6063 was administered orally twice daily (b.i.d.) in 21-day cycles to cohorts of three to six patients. In cycle 1, a lead-in dose was administered to assess single-dose pharmacokinetics; steady-state pharmacokinetics was assessed after 15 days of continuous dosing. Dose escalation was performed in the fasted state, and repeated in two additional cohorts in the fed state. Results Forty-six patients were treated across nine dose levels (12.5-750 mg b.i.d.). Dose-limiting toxicities, comprising headache (n = 1), fatigue (n = 1) and unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia (n = 3), occurred at the 300- or 425-mg b.i.d. dose level and were reversible. Frequent adverse events included nausea (37 %), fatigue (33 %), vomiting (28 %), diarrhea (22 %) and headache (22 %). A maximum-tolerated dose was not defined. Dose escalation was stopped at the 750-mg b.i.d. dose due to decreased serum exposure in the 500- and 750-mg versus 300- and 425-mg groups. Food delayed the time to peak serum concentration without affecting serum drug exposure. No radiographic responses were reported. Disease stabilization at ~12 weeks occurred in six of 37 (16 %) patients receiving doses ≥100 mg b.i.d. Conclusions VS-6063 has an acceptable safety profile. Treatment-related adverse events were mild to moderate, and reversible. The recommended phase II fasting dose of VS-6063 is 425 mg b.i.d.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Investigational New Drugs