The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine (INT J PSYCHIAT MED)

Publisher: Baywood Publishing

Journal description

The goal of the International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine is to address the complex relationships among biological, psychological, social, religious and cultural factors in patient care. The aim of the Journal is to provide a forum where researchers and clinicians in psychiatry, medicine, and surgery from around the world can educate each other and advance knowledge concerning biological, psychological, and social theory, methods, and treatment as they apply to patient care. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to: psychobiological, psychological, social, religious, and cultural modifiers of illness; the minor and moderate mental disorders seen and treated in medical practice; doctor-patient interactions; ethical issues in medicine; biomedical etiologies of mental symptoms; research from successful collaborative, multidisciplinary models such as geriatrics; and, health services research. The Journal will publish original research, review articles, innovative educational programs, and illustrative case reports.

Current impact factor: 0.89

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 0.887
2013 Impact Factor 0.805
2012 Impact Factor 1.154
2011 Impact Factor 1.029
2010 Impact Factor 1.055
2009 Impact Factor 0.909
2008 Impact Factor 0.882
2007 Impact Factor 0.733
2006 Impact Factor 0.694
2005 Impact Factor 0.693
2004 Impact Factor 0.581
2003 Impact Factor 0.534
2002 Impact Factor 0.794
2001 Impact Factor 0.714
2000 Impact Factor 1.033
1999 Impact Factor 1.207
1998 Impact Factor 0.63
1997 Impact Factor 0.944
1996 Impact Factor 1.082
1995 Impact Factor 0.918
1994 Impact Factor 0.741
1993 Impact Factor 0.552
1992 Impact Factor 0.797

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.28
Cited half-life >10.0
Immediacy index 0.05
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.41
Website International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, The website
Other titles International journal of psychiatry in medicine
ISSN 0091-2174
OCLC 1778043
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Baywood Publishing

  • Pre-print
    • Archiving status unclear
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be deposited in open access repositories
    • Can be deposited in password protected repositories only, subject to permission, 12 month embargo and restrictions
    • Password protected repositories must use the publisher's version/PDF
    • Publisher last contacted on 03/06/2014
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: The effect of a variety of treatment modalities including psychopharmacological and cognitive behavioral therapy on the brain volumes and neurochemicals have not been investigated enough in the patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Therefore, in the present study, we aimed to investigate the effect of cognitive behavioral therapy on the volumes of the orbito-frontal cortex and thalamus regions which seem to be abnormal in the patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder. We hypothesized that there would be change in the volumes of the orbito-frontal cortex and thalamus. Methods: Twelve patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder and same number of healthy controls were included into the study. At the beginning of the study, the volumes of the orbito-frontal cortex and thalamus were compared by using magnetic resonance imaging. In addition, volumes of these regions were measured before and after the cognitive behavioral therapy treatment in the patient group. Results: The patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder had greater left and right thalamus volumes and smaller left and right orbito-frontal cortex volumes compared to those of healthy control subjects at the beginning of the study. When we compared baseline volumes of the patients with posttreatment ones, we detected that thalamus volumes significantly decreased throughout the period for both sides and that the orbito-frontal cortex volumes significantly increased throughout the period for only left side. Conclusions: In summary, we found that cognitive behavioral therapy might volumetrically affect the key brain regions involved in the neuroanatomy of obsessive-compulsive disorder. However, future studies with larger sample are required.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives (1) To assess the prevalence of depressive disorders in a sample of diabetic patients with their first superficial diabetic foot ulcer. (2) To evaluate the association between illness invalidation from spouse, family, and depressive disorders in those patients. Methods Depressive disorders and severity were diagnosed by the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis disorders, clinical version, and the spouse and family scales of the Illness Invalidation Inventory, respectively (3*I). Physical functioning was also assessed using the Physical Component of The Short Form 36 item health-related quality of life questionnaire. Results The prevalence of depressive disorders was 27.50% (22/80). There was a significant decrease in physical health component summary mean score and a significant increase in ulcer size, Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale, spouse discounting, spouse lack of understanding, and family discounting mean scores in the depressed group compared to the non-depressed group. Higher levels of spouse discounting, spouse understanding, and family discounting were significant predictors of diagnosis of depressive disorders and were strongly associated with increased severity of depressive symptoms in diabetic patients with first superficial diabetic foot ulcers. Poor physical functioning was associated with increased depressive symptom severity. Conclusion This study demonstrated that illness invalidation from spouse and family is associated with diagnosis of depressive disorders and increased severity of depressive symptoms in diabetic patients with first superficial diabetic foot ulcers.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Lifetime history of sexual abuse is estimated to range between 15% and 25% in the general female population. Cross-sectional studies have shown that sexual assault survivors frequently report chronic musculoskeletal pain and functional somatic syndromes. Treating chronic pain with opioids went from being largely discouraged to being included in standards of care and titrating doses until patients self-report adequate control has become common practice, with 8% to 30% of patients with chronic noncancer pain receiving opioids. In this clinical review, we will discuss the association between survivors of sexual assault and chronic pain/functional somatic syndromes. We will further review evidence-based treatment strategies for this “pain-prone phenotype.”
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Background Childhood obesity is a growing epidemic that is contributed to by the use of psychopharmacological agents, such as antipsychotics. This study represents a preliminary investigation into the effectiveness of two anticonvulsants that were hypothesized to reduce weight in a pediatric sample seeking treatment at a psychiatric clinic. Methods The electronic medical records of a university-based child and adolescent psychiatric clinic were reviewed for patients who were first prescribed either topiramate or zonisamide between 1 July 2011 and 30 June 2013. Based on inclusionary criteria, the review identified 47 children or adolescents. Results Multilevel modeling was utilized for study analyses. Including the full sample and controlling for confounders, anticonvulsant dosage was uniquely associated with an average reduction in body mass index of 1.3 (dosages above 200mg) to 4.1 (dosages below 50mg) every six months of treatment. Exlucing patients whose baseline body mass index was below 25.0 and controlling for confounders, anticonvulsant dosage was uniquely associated with an average reduction in body mass index of 3.2 (dosages above 200mg) to 6.1 (dosages below 50mg) every six months of treatment. Weight reduction was not statistically different between topiramate or zonisamide. Anticonvulsants were associated with an increase in body mass index, yet the benefits of the two anticonvulsants on weight loss remained despite the counteractive effects of antipsychotics. Conclusions Results provide preliminary evidence that topiramate and zonisamide may be utilized for weight loss in a pediatric psychopharmacological treatment seeking sample, even if antipsychotics are also prescribed. A randomized controlled trial investigating the impact of topiramate and zonisamide on weight reduction is warranted.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Clozapine-induced myocarditis is a poorly understood, rare, potentially fatal adverse drug reaction with absolute risks ranging from 7 to 34 per 1000 in Australia and 0.07–0.6 per 1000 in other countries. Hypersensitivity reactions have been postulated including some cases probably associated with rapid titrations. This case describes a 50-year-old African-American man with schizoaffective disorder, naïve to clozapine, who probably died from clozapine-induced myocarditis. He was started on 25 mg/day of clozapine and received 1625 mg over 14 days, prior to his death on day 15. The autopsy found predominantly lymphocytic infiltrate of the perivascular soft tissue and myocardium of the ventricles, with occasional eosinophils. Using the Liverpool ADR Causality Assessment Tool, it was deemed probable that the patient’s death was secondary to myocarditis. The patient had fulminant death with no obvious changes in vital signs. Neither C-reactive protein nor troponin was measured, but it is unlikely that the results would have arrived in time to prevent the patient’s death. Age, rapid titration, and concomitant use of valproate contributed to this case, which was probably an idiosyncratic adverse drug reaction associated with rapid titration. Lamotrigine-induced Stevens-Johnson syndrome also appears to be an idiosyncratic adverse drug reaction associated with rapid titration, but its incidence has been remarkably reduced since the recommended starting lamotrigine dose was reduced and corrected by the effect of inhibitors such as valproate. Similarly, clozapine-induced myocarditis incidence probably can be reduced with the use of slow titrations, including even slower titrations for patients with lower ability to metabolize clozapine, such as those taking valproate.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Objective Mixed results exist regarding the role of vitamin D deficiency in depression and suicidal ideation. The present study investigated the relationships among vitamin D, depressive symptoms, and suicidal ideation in a large representative of the general population of Korea. Method The data from the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys conducted by the Division of Chronic Disease Surveillance, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, from 2010 to 2012 were investigated. A total of 15,695 subjects aged 20 and older were included in analysis. Depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation were evaluated based on self-report information. The serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations were measured by radioimmunoassay. The associations among vitamin D, depressive symptoms, and suicidal ideation were explored using multivariate logistic regression analysis adjusting for various confounding variables including sociodemographic and health-related variables. Results Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations were not significantly different depending on the depressive symptoms (participant with depressive symptom, n=2085, 17.10ng/ml; without depressive symptom, n=13,610, 17.36ng/ml; p=0.142) and suicidal ideation (participant with suicidal ideation, n=2319, 17.31ng/ml; without suicidal ideation, n=13,374, 17.33ng/ml; p=0.926). After adjustment for sociodemographic and health-related factors, this lack of relationship was held consistent in the multivariate logistic regression. Conclusions Significant associations were not observed among vitamin D, depressive symptoms, and suicidal ideation in Korean adults. Further studies are warranted to gain a better understanding of the association among vitamin D, depressive symptoms, and suicidal ideation.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Objective HIV infection and bipolar disorder are highly comorbid and associated with frontostriatal disruption, emotional dysregulation, and neurocognitive impairment. Psychiatric and cognitive factors have been linked to antiretroviral nonadherence; however, predictors of psychotropic adherence among HIV+ individuals with psychiatric comorbidities have not been explored. We evaluated predictors of psychotropic adherence among individuals with HIV infection and bipolar disorder. Method Psychiatric medication adherence of 50 participants with HIV infection and bipolar disorder was tracked for 30 days using Medication Event Monitoring Systems. Participants completed neurocognitive, neuromedical, and psychiatric batteries. Results Mean psychotropic adherence rate was 78%; 56% of participants achieved 90% adherence. Younger age and onset of depressive symptoms, more severe current depressive symptoms, number of previous psychiatric hospitalizations and suicide attempts, poorer neurocognition, and more negative attitudes and self-beliefs toward medications univariably predicted worse psychotropic adherence (p's<.10). A multivariable model demonstrated a combination of current depressive symptoms and more negative attitudes toward medications significantly predicting poorer adherence (R-2=0.27, p<0.003). Secondary analyses revealed an interaction between neurocognition and mood, such that individuals with HIV infection and bipolar disorder who had greater executive dysfunction and depressive symptoms evidenced the poorest psychotropic adherence (p<0.001). Conclusions Both psychiatric and neurocognitive factors contribute to poorer psychotropic adherence among HIV+ individuals with serious mental illness. Adherence interventions aimed at remediating these factors may be especially fruitful.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Objective Computed tomography coronary angiography, a key method for obtaining coronary artery images, is widely used to screen for coronary artery diseases due to its noninvasive nature. In China, 64-slice computed tomography systems are now the most common models. As factors that directly affect computed tomography performance, heart rate and rhythm control are regulated by the autonomic nervous system and are highly related to the emotional state of the patient. The aim of this prospective study is to use a pre-computed tomography scan Self-Rating Anxiety Scale assessment to analyze the effects of tension and anxiety on computed tomography coronary angiography success.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: This report attempts to highlight that use of an antipsychotic and concurrent chronic use of methamphetamine can cause drug-induced parkinsonism. Methamphetamine is usually not encountered in the list of agents that induce drug-induced parkinsonism and so its consideration particularly during chronic use by a patient who is also on an antipsychotic is worthwhile because of its popularity as an illegal narcotic. This case report describes just such a case of drug-induced parkinsonism which is a subacute syndrome that mimics Parkinson's disease. Although less alarming than dystonia, it is more common, more difficult to treat and can be the cause of significant disability during maintenance treatment especially in the elderly. In most cases, symptoms are reversible in days or weeks, but occasionally, especially in the elderly, or if long-acting injectable antipsychotics are used-as in this case-symptoms may last for weeks or months. The report also illustrates the neuronal workings due to chronic methamphetamine-use and the additive effects of dopamine blockade by antipsychotics such as haloperidol.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: The Remission Evaluation and Mood Inventory Tool (REMIT) is a practical 5-item self-report measure of key positive mood states associated with recovering from depression, as distinct from depressive symptoms per se. The study goal was to identify a clinically useful threshold for interpreting REMIT responses in the context of mild to moderate depressive symptoms. Methods: This was a secondary analysis of a cross-sectional dataset initially used to develop and validate the REMIT. Primary care patients being treated for depressive symptoms of either mild or moderate severity (n = 247 and 240, respectively) rated their perceived degree of depression remission prior to completing the Patient Health Questionnaire-8 (PHQ-8) and the REMIT. We summed the totals of the latter two measures to form the PHQ + REMIT index. Results: Receiver Operating Characteristics analysis indicated that the PHQ + REMIT threshold ≥13 was associated with good sensitivity (92%) and acceptable specificity (43%) to the absence of patient-perceived remission. In contrast, the PHQ had only 21% specificity at this sensitivity level. Area under the curve was 0.815 (95% C.I.: 0.765-0.865), which was significantly greater than that of the PHQ-8 alone (area under the curve = 0.745, 95% C.I.: 0.691-0.805, p(diff) = 0.0002). Threshold performance was unaffected by adjustment for demographic characteristics and variation in remission percentage. Compared with standard symptom-based classification, using the REMIT reclassified 27% of mildly symptomatic patients as remitted. Conclusions: Using the REMIT with patients who have mild to moderate depressive symptoms improves the assessment of patient-perceived remission, which is indicated by a summed PHQ + REMIT index of less than 13. Longitudinal research is needed to test whether this broadened patient-centered approach to assessing remission improves clinical decision making and long-term outcomes.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: Several studies suggest that androgens are involved in the etiology of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In this study, we investigated the ADHD symptoms in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a complex endocrine, hormonal, and metabolic condition associated with hyperandrogenism. Methods: Forty women between the ages of 18 and 35 years with PCOS were recruited for the study group. For comparison, 40 healthy women who had regular menses were included. Current and childhood ADHD symptoms were assessed by using the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale and Wender-Utah Rating Scale, respectively. Results: Women with PCOS had higher total Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale and total Wender-Utah Rating Scale scores than controls. According to the Wender-Utah Rating Scale, the frequency of childhood ADHD was significantly higher in PCOS group than the control. Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale: Hyperactivity-Impulsivity and Wender-Utah Rating Scale: Behavioral Problems/Impulsivity scores were significantly higher in women with PCOS. However, there were no significant differences between groups in both current and childhood inattention scores. We found no correlations between ADHD symptoms and serum hormone levels including testosterone in women with PCOS. Conclusions: These results suggest that women with PCOS have higher ADHD symptoms. Further studies are needed to investigate the association between PCOS and ADHD.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Objective Corticosteroids generally result in short-lasting neuropsychiatric symptoms following cessation, but the following case highlights an unusually long-lasting course of symptoms in a patient following near immediate cessation of medication, despite medication management and electroconvulsive therapy. The case presentation will be followed by a discussion of the presentation, treatment, and management of steroid-induced neuropsychiatric symptoms. Methods The patient was followed from symptom onset to resolution. Results The patient's symptom course was unusually long and required a long course of multimodal therapy. Conclusions Corticosteroids are commonly used medications both in a wide variety of medical settings, and despite this, their neuropsychiatric effects are poorly understood. The affective and behavioral symptoms, in particular mania and psychosis, can be unpredictable and challenging to treat as in our patient, who developed a long-lasting psychotic episode on high-dose steroids despite discontinuation and treatment of nearly six months. This was despite having tolerated steroids multiple times in the past.
    Preview · Article · Nov 2015 · The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Coronary heart disease (CHD) remains the principal cause of excessive natural deaths in bipolar patients; however, electrocardiogram analyses and clinical features predicting CHDs in elderly bipolar patients remain limited. We sought to examine the relationship between CHDs, as determined by electrocardiogram, and clinical characteristics. Methods: We recruited bipolar I outpatients Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Health (DSM-IV) who were more than 60 years old and had at least one psychiatric admission. Subjects were divided into two groups based on the presence or absence of CHD diagnosed by electrocardiogram analysis at entry of study. Clinical data were obtained by a combination of interviewing patients and family members and retrospectively reviewing medical records of the most recent acute psychiatric hospitalization. Results: Eighty patients with bipolar disorder were enrolled. A total of 20 (25%) in the study had CHDs. The mean age at the time of entry into study was 67.6 ± 5.5 years old in group with CHD and 66.8 ± 6.8 years old in that without CHD. Among the clinical characteristics examined, higher mean levels of serum sodium and thyroxine during the acute affective phase as well as more first-degree family history with bipolar disorder were related to having CHD, particularly the serum sodium level. Conclusions: About one fourth of old bipolar patients have CHDs in both Asian and Western populations. Aging patients with bipolar disorder may have unique clinical factors (e.g., hypernatremia or elevated thyroxine) related CHDs that could warrant special attention in their psychiatric and medical care to minimize cardiovascular disease and mortality.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Insomnia most commonly presents comorbidly in association with medical and psychiatric disorders. Comorbid insomnia, however, remains under treated in the majority of patients. Concerns about drug interactions, adverse events, and dependence as well as the assumption that treating the insomnia as a secondary presentation that will resolve when the primary condition improves are all factors that contribute to the under treatment of comorbid insomnia. This article presents the growing research evidence that highlights the benefits and importance of targeting the insomnia that presents comorbidly with medical and psychiatric conditions utilizing the nonpharmacological and effective treatment of cognitive behavior therapy.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: We present a case of a 16-year-old Caucasian female with a history of major depressive disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder who was admitted to an inpatient adolescent psychiatric unit with symptoms of conversion disorder, including non-epileptic seizures, an inability to speak or walk, and not eating on her own. She has a history of multiple previous medical and psychiatric hospitalizations without any significant resolution of symptoms, and extensive medical workups have all been negative. Treatment ultimately involved reassuring the patient and family that there was no underlying medical condition and emphasizing the conversion disorder diagnosis. The patient participated daily in physical therapy to improve mobility, deconditioning, and functioning. Hospital staff was instructed on the nature of the non-epileptic seizures, which continued to occur during the hospitalization. After one month, the patient was discharged home fully functional: walking, speaking, and eating on her own. One week after discharge, the patient presented with the same symptoms and was readmitted to the psychiatric facility. She subsequently never regained her previous level of functioning, and she was ultimately transferred to a residential treatment facility. We will discuss factors that led to the initial improvement and the factors that led to recurrence and persistence of symptoms.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Background to the study: Prisoners tend to be marginalized and deprived of the rights and privileges that other citizens in the community enjoy. Their separation from families, adverse effects on health of prison environment, and the uncertainty about the future place a great psychological burden on them which can lead to the development of mental illness. Aims and objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity (depression and anxiety) and the associated factors among a sample of the prison inmates. Materials and method: The study was descriptive and cross-sectional in design; it was conducted in a medium security prison in Benin City, Nigeria. Participants were interviewed with the Self-Reporting Questionnaire-20, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and a socio-demographic questionnaire. Two hundred and fifty-two prisoners who were selected by systematic sampling techniques participated in the study and the data were analyzed using the 16th version of the SPSS with the statistical level of significance set at p < 0.05. Data were presented in tables; frequencies and percentages were calculated. Chi-square and logistic regression statistical tests were performed to determine variables that have relationship with psychiatric morbidity. Results: The mean age of the respondents was 33.6 years (SD ± 9.29), and the majority of the respondents (43.7%) were in the age range 21-30 years. The prevalence of general psychiatric morbidity (SRQ-20 caseness) was 80.6%, while 72.6% and 77.8% were found to be positive for depression and anxiety symptoms respectively on the HADS. Overall, 84.5% of the respondents had at least one type of psychiatric morbidity. Age, marital status, self-reported physical and mental health, previous mental illness, imprisonment status, prison accommodation, prison meal, and health care services were found to be significantly associated with depression, anxiety or general psychiatric morbidity. Self-reported poor current mental health was the only variable that predicted all the three types of psychiatric morbidity. Conclusion: Prisoners in this study, and as in previous reports, had high prevalence rates of psychiatric morbidity. Thus, prisoners have a need for regular psychiatric screening and treatment. The consequences of untreated psychiatric morbidity and the need for improved health care services and infrastructure in the prison were discussed.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To review the relationship between lithium-related renal dysfunction and microcysts. Method: Electronic databases (PubMed and Google Scholar) were queried. Results: From a total of 12,425 publications, 76 were reviewed. Discussion: Glomerular renal dysfunction occurs after an average of 20 years of continuous lithium treatment, and the severity is related to the total lithium load as measured by dose and duration. Recently, several reports have highlighted the relationship between renal microcyst formation and significant reductions in glomerular filtration rate. Radiologically visible lithium-related microcysts are usually 1-2 mm and occasionally 3 mm. Smaller cysts, which are impossible to resolve, are probably more common than the visible cysts, based on observations of renal needle biopsies. Increases in the number of microcysts and the space they occupy within kidney volume appear to be related to both the duration of lithium treatment and the reduction in kidney function. The proposed mechanism of microcyst formation is related to the antiapoptotic effect of lithium. Specifically, by preventing renal tubular epithelial cells from undergoing apoptosis as part of the process of normal renal maintenance, lithium may be allowing the inappropriate growth of the surface area of tubules to form invaginations and ultimately cysts. It is proposed that the physical space occupied by these cysts in the limited volume within the renal capsule compromises the function of otherwise healthy renal tissue. Monitoring of kidneys utilizing radiographic imaging may be more sensitive than monitoring laboratory values. Additional research is required to optimize this new monitoring tool.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine