Water Air and Soil Pollution (WATER AIR SOIL POLL)

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Journal description

Water Air & Soil Pollution is an international interdisciplinary journal on all aspects of pollution and solutions to pollution in the biosphere. This includes chemical physical and biological processes affecting flora fauna water air and soil in relation to environmental pollution. Because of its scope the subject areas are diverse and include all aspects of pollution sources transport deposition accumulation acid precipitation atmospheric pollution metals aquatic pollution including marine pollution and ground water waste water pesticides soil pollution sewage sediment pollution forestry pollution effects of pollutants on humans vegetation fish aquatic species micro-organisms animals ecological implications of pollution and pollution models. Water Air & Soil Pollution also publishes manuscripts on methods used in the study of environmental pollutants environmental toxicology environmental biology environmental engineering related to pollution biodiversity as influenced by pollution environmental biotechnology as applied to pollution (e.g. bioremediation) environmental modelling and biorestoration of polluted environments. Water Air & Soil Pollution publishes research letters (short communications of significant research generally not exceeding six journal pages) regular papers reviews and book reviews. Special and topical issues are published in the companion journal Water Air & Soil Pollution: Focus .

Current impact factor: 1.55

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 1.554
2013 Impact Factor 1.685
2012 Impact Factor 1.748
2011 Impact Factor 1.625
2010 Impact Factor 1.765
2009 Impact Factor 1.676
2008 Impact Factor 1.398
2007 Impact Factor 1.224
2006 Impact Factor 1.205
2005 Impact Factor 1.258
2004 Impact Factor 1.058
2003 Impact Factor 0.883
2002 Impact Factor 0.526
2001 Impact Factor 0.772
2000 Impact Factor 0.632
1999 Impact Factor 0.971
1998 Impact Factor 0.904
1997 Impact Factor 0.964
1996 Impact Factor 0.629
1995 Impact Factor 1.146
1994 Impact Factor 0.841
1993 Impact Factor 1.067
1992 Impact Factor 0.611

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.87
Cited half-life 9.40
Immediacy index 0.18
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.45
Website Water, Air, and Soil Pollution website
Other titles Water, air, and soil pollution, Water, air, & soil pollution
ISSN 0049-6979
OCLC 991730
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Author's pre-print on pre-print servers such as arXiv.org
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on any open access repository after 12 months after publication
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this study, the effects of exposure to engineered nickel oxide (NiO 40–60 nm) and cobalt oxide (CoO <100 nm) nanoparticles (NP) were investigated on Artemia salina. Aggregation and stability of the aqueous NP suspensions were characterized by DLS and TEM. Acute exposure was conducted on nauplii (larvae) in seawater in a concentration range from 0.2 to 50 mg/L NPs for 24 h (short term) and 96 h (long term). The hydrodynamic diameters of NiO and CoO NPs in exposure medium were larger than those estimated by TEM. Accumulation rate of NiO NPs were found to be four times higher than that of CoO NPs under the same experimental conditions. Examinations under phase contrast microscope showed that the nanoparticles accumulated in the intestine of Artemia, which increased with increasing exposure concentration. Differences were observed in the extent of dissolution of the NPs in the seawater. The CoO NPs dissolved significantly while NiO NPs were relatively more stable. Oxidative stress induced by the NP suspensions was measured by malondialdehyde assay. Suspensions of NiO NPs caused higher oxidative stress on nauplii than those of CoO NPs. The results imply that CoO and NiO NPs exhibit toxicity on Artemia (e.g., zooplankton) that is an important source of food in aquatic food chain.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2016 · Water Air and Soil Pollution

  • No preview · Article · Mar 2016 · Water Air and Soil Pollution

  • No preview · Article · Mar 2016 · Water Air and Soil Pollution
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    ABSTRACT: Brazil is an important country within the global mineral industry. The main reserves of phosphate rock in Brazil are contained in the states of Goiás and Minas Gerais, at the Catalão and Tapira cities, respectively. Atmospheric inputs due to the mining of phosphate rock may have various effects on human health in areas near these types of mines. Thus, this work evaluated the influence of phosphate mining on the chemical composition and annual atmospheric deposition in Catalão (GO) and Tapira (MG), Brazil. The pH of rainwater was 6.90 in Catalão and 6.80 in Tapira. The ionic concentrations (in μeq/L) at both study sites decreased in the following order: Ca2+ > Na+ > Mg2+ > K+ for cations and HCO3− > NO3− > SO42− > PO43− > F− > Cl− for anions. High Ca2+ content indicates that Ca2+ contributes to the neutralisation of the rainwater pH in both of the areas studied. The annual atmospheric deposition of NO3− and SO42− can be attributed to the use of diesel-powered trucks in and around mining areas. Soil dust derived is responsible for the annual atmospheric deposition of Na+ and K+. Phosphate mining activities are the main source of the annual atmospheric deposition of PO43− and F−.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2016 · Water Air and Soil Pollution
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    ABSTRACT: The Cumberland Marsh Region (CMR), located on the coast of the Bay of Fundy, is a major feeding ground for waterfowl and contains significant coastal wetland systems. In this study, concentrations of lead (Pb) and arsenic (As) were assessed in the bottom sediments of various open water wetlands across the CMR, and gastropods were sampled from the same wetlands to assess bioaccumulation of these non-essential trace elements and the potential for transfer to higher trophic level species. It was predicted that gastropods would have higher concentrations of Pb and As from wetlands with higher concentrations of these elements in sediments. Although wetland sediments and gastropods had elevated Pb and As concentrations, in some cases above the Canadian Sediment Quality Guidelines for the protection of aquatic life, there were no significant correlations between sediment and gastropod trace element concentrations. Gastropod to sediment ratios of Pb and As concentrations were highest in the brackish wetlands, but overall, levels were not of toxicological concern. Wetland chemistries and gastropod physiologies are hypothesized to be driving factors in determining the level to which Pb and As will bioaccumulate and merit careful consideration when developing wetland management strategies.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2016 · Water Air and Soil Pollution
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    ABSTRACT: Acid drainage is an environmental liability that impacts the quality of surface waters. However, the precipitation of iron and aluminum oxy/hydroxides decreases the concentration of dissolved toxic metals (such as arsenic) in rivers that receive acid drainage. Additionally, hydrodynamic factors (e.g., flow velocity fields and mixing ratios) control incomplete chemical mixing. Despite the occurrence of incomplete mixing in streams, its role on the fate and transport of contaminants has not been explored. We analyzed these processes at the Azufre River (pH 2)–Caracarani River (pH 8.6) confluence, northern Chile. We performed cross-sectional measurements of pH, turbidity, and particle size distributions and sampled water and suspended solids to analyze iron, aluminum, and arsenic. To complement field measurements, mixing experiments and geochemical modeling were performed. We found that there were distinct mixing zones on the field that promoted the precipitation of iron phases (pH >3) or the precipitation of iron and aluminum phases (pH ∼5). While iron phases immobilized arsenic by sorption (up to 8700 mg kg−1 of arsenic concentration in the solid phase), aluminum contributed to produce particles with the capacity to resist shear stress (strength factors ∼90 %). More than 50 % of the total arsenic was removed from the aqueous phase within 100 m from the junction point, suggesting settling of iron and aluminum particles. These results showed that incomplete mixing was a controlling factor in the fate and transport of arsenic. Fluvial confluences receiving acid drainage are natural reactors that can attenuate toxic metals. A better understanding of the chemical-hydrodynamic interactions in fluvial confluences can lead to new strategies for enhanced attenuation of toxic metals.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2016 · Water Air and Soil Pollution
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    ABSTRACT: Acid mine drainage (AMD) is a persisting environmental problem and a grievous nuisance in the mining sector. In this study, iron (Fe(II)) removal was tested in AMD samples collected from the Enugu Okpara abandoned coal mine (Nigeria), having iron concentrations of ∼1300 mg/l. Digestion, toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP), and batch adsorption tests using coal bottom ash (BA), bentonite clay (BC), and coal fly ash (FA) were performed. Apart from elucidating the effects of adsorbent dose and initial Fe(II) concentrations on the maximum adsorption capacity (q e ) of the adsorbents, the experimental data were also fitted to well-known adsorption isotherms and kinetic models. The results from batch tests showed that the optimum adsorbent dosages for BA, BC, and FA were found to be 3, 4, and 4 g per 100 ml, respectively. Among the different adsorption isotherm models tested, the Temkin model fitted the experimental data well for Fe(II) removal. Results from kinetic analysis showed that the Fe(II) removal efficiency increased with an increase in the contact time and then remained almost constant after 30 min for the three tested adsorbents.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2016 · Water Air and Soil Pollution
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    ABSTRACT: Laboratory batch and column experiments were performed to better understand the effects of Ca2+, Mg2+, and HCO3− on Cr(VI) removal from aqueous systems with pyrite. Batch results show that increasing HCO3− concentration led to an increase in Cr(VI) removal by pyrite due to pH buffering capacity of HCO3−. However, while Ca2+ and Mg2+ individually had no effect on Cr(VI) removal at pH 4, the addition of Ca2+ or Mg2+ to systems containing HCO3− resulted in a significant decrease in Cr(VI) removal at pH 8 relative to the systems containing HCO3− alone. The XPS data proved that while Ca2+ precipitated as CaCO3(S) onto pyrite surface, Mg2+ sorbed and/or accumulated as Mg(OH)2(S) onto oxidized pyrite surface. The formation of surface precipitates (e.g., CaCO3) inhibited further Cr(VI) reduction by blocking electron transfer between Cr(VI) and pyritic surface sites. While the precipitation of Ca2+ as CaCO3 led to a significant decrease in effluent pH, the decrease in effluent pH was very low in systems containing Mg2+, most probably due to much higher solubility of Mg2+ at pH 8. Zeta potential measurements provided further evidence that while Ca2+ or Mg2+ had no effect on zeta potential of pyrite particles under acidic conditions (e.g., pH < 7), the addition of Ca2+ or Mg2+ to systems containing Cr(VI) reversed the pyrite surface potential from negative to positive under alkaline pH conditions (e.g., pH > 8) relative to system containing only Cr(VI), suggesting the sorption and/or accumulation of surface precipitates on pyrite surface.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2016 · Water Air and Soil Pollution

  • No preview · Article · Mar 2016 · Water Air and Soil Pollution
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    ABSTRACT: Advanced oxidation of bisphenol A (BPA) in aqueous system by O3/Na2S2O8 was investigated, the degradation of BPA was affected by ozone concentration, persulfate dosages, initial pH, and BPA concentration. Experimental results indicated that the degradation of BPA was proved to follow the pseudo-first order kinetics model and was enhanced with the increase of O3 concentration and the decrease of initial BPA concentration. pH played a significant role in the BPA removal especially under the alkaline condition. Free radical species in the O3/Na2S2O8 system were identified by using tertiary butyl alcohol (TBA) and ethanol (ETOH) as two probes, the results found that the major free radical was SO4− · at acidic condition (pH = 3), and the concentration of ·OH increased with the pH increased. Eight products were detected during the reaction according to liquid chromatograph-mass spectrometry analysis. Most of the intermediates contained quinonoid derivatives, carboxylic acid, and the relevant mechanism for BPA degradation by O3/Na2S2O8 system were proposed.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Water Air and Soil Pollution
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    ABSTRACT: Dibutyl phthalate (DBP) is widely used as a plasticizer and softener, and has been found in a variety of environmental media, owing to widespread applications in the industry, medicine, agriculture, and domestication. The toxic effects of DBP in the environment may be mitigated by removing it via adsorption onto humic acid (HA). This study is aimed at investigating the sorption mechanism of DBP on two kinds of HA samples (HA1 and HA2) at different temperatures and pH. The sorption of DBP onto HA was observed to occur in two stages with an equilibration time of 24 h. All the sorption isotherms fit well to the linear model and linearized form of the Freundlich model, with R 2 values between 0.984 and 0.999. Further, the results showed that the sorption capacity decreased with increase in temperature and pH on HA1 and HA2. Thermodynamic analyses demonstrated that the sorption of DBP onto HA was a spontaneous and exothermic process, with physical sorption as the predominant mechanism. Furthermore, thermodynamic and infrared spectral analyses suggested that the main sorption forces involved were hydrogen bonding and dipole forces. 13C NMR spectral analyses demonstrated that the alkyl carbon of DBP played an important role in its sorption on HA1, while the alkyl and aromatic carbons were vital for sorption on HA2. Further, the HA1-DBP NMR spectrum contained a new signal at 220 ppm that was not observed for free HA1. This signal could originate from the -RC = OR group or from the DBP molecule combined with free HA1.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Water Air and Soil Pollution
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    ABSTRACT: The overall purpose of this work was to evaluate the treatment system performance of sequential hybrid bioreactors, one without aeration and another with intermittent aeration, in the bioremoval of Cr(VI) and total chromium and in the removal of total organic carbon (TOC). The saturation kinetic curves were studied with initial concentrations of Cr(VI) of 80, 120 and 150 mg L−1. A reference test was performed before adding chromium to the system, with the intention of checking the influence of the presence of chromium on the TOC removal. During the bioreactor regeneration, the chromium removal was evaluated, after each kinetic studied. For kinetics with 80 mg L−1 of Cr(VI), the results showed that after 600 h of operation, there was no saturation of bioreactors, yielding 87 % overall removal of Cr(VI) and 62 % chromium total. For initial concentrations of Cr(VI) of 120 and 150 mg L−1, only the non-aerated bioreactor reached saturation after 228 and 216 h of operation, respectively. In regeneration, it was found in all the assays performed that the chromium concentration at the outlet of the bioreactor became almost zero at a maximum of 72 h of operation. In the blank test, the TOC removal achieved was 64 %, while in the three tests in the presence of chromium, this was approximately 55 % (80 mg L−1), 41 % (120 mg L−1) and 31 % (150 mg L−1). After cell lysis by ultrasound, it was found that the chromium concentration retained inside there was lower than the concentrations present in the environment.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Water Air and Soil Pollution
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    ABSTRACT: Spatial and temporal variation of rotifers in Lake Sattal of Western Himalaya was studied from January 2011 to December 2012. A total of 22 rotifer species could be identified in the lake with a biannual mean abundance of 2.07 × 106 individuals/m3 in eastern basin and 1.92 × 106 individuals/m3 in western basin having maximum abundance during summer season. The main factors regulating distribution patterns of rotifers are nutrients, viz. NH4-N, PO4-P, NO2-N, and NO3-N, and turbidity, pH, and transparency. Six species of rotifers were deliberated as important species based on importance value index. Keratella quadrata, Colurella obtusa, and Asplanchna priodonta flourish under low turbid conditions. Philodina roseola demonstrated as a phosphorous-tolerant species, whereas K. quadrata and C. obtusa are thermophilous and their distributions are highly influenced by pH and transparency. The total organic matter (TOM) of the sediment has a significant positive correlation with species richness and diversity. The hierarchical environmental descriptor suggests water chemistry has a greater significant role in assemblages of rotifers as compared to sediment characteristics.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Water Air and Soil Pollution