Jornal brasileiro de psiquiatria
Current impact factor: 0.00
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|Website||Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria website|
|Material type||Series, Periodical|
|Document type||Journal / Magazine / Newspaper|
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- Publisher last contacted on 19/06/2014
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Publications in this journal
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ABSTRACT: objective: To identify the nutritional status and dietary habits of male patients recovering from chemical dependency in an ambulatory treatment of an addition unit. Methods: Crosssectional study with 25 male patients in ambulatorial treatment for chemical dependency. Anthropometric parameters (weight, height, waist circumference and body mass index) and body composition (bioelectrical impedance) were measured and dietary habits (Food Frequency Questionnaire) were investigated. Categorical variables are shown as frequencies and percentages and continuous variables as mean and standard deviation or as median and interquartile range. results: It was found a body mass index mean of 27.73 ± 4.15 kg/m², with a prevalence of overweight in 88% of the sample. The waist circumference mean was 96.60 ± 9.84 cm and a percentual body fat mass of 23.24 ± 6.44. The sample majority [20 (80%)] refers do four or more meals a day and 72% reported an increased food intake during the period of abstinence. The preference for specific foods during the abstinence period was reported by 12 (48%) patients. Regarding the consumption of ultra-processed foods, there is a highlight daily consumption of French bread (68%), white pan bread (16%), artificial juices (48%), soft drinks (32%), high-fat cheese (36%), high-fat processed meat (36%), candy and gum (32%). Conclusion: The study reveals a high prevalence of overweight and obesity, as well as altered waist circumference, increased food intake and daily and weekly consumption of ultra-processed foods.
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ABSTRACT: objective: Although there are effective programs for treating obesity, are large dropout rates. The aim of this study was to investigate the motivational stage in patients who were overweight or obesity I and II, in an outpatient clinic nutrition, and its associated factors. Methods: It is a cross-sectional study with convenience sampling, in which information from the clinical history, anthropometry, binge eating (BES – Binge Eating Scale) and motivation for treatment (URICA – University of Rhode Island Change Assessment Scale) were collected. results: Of the 48 evaluated, 29.2% were in precontemplation stage, 41.7% were in contem- plation stage and 29.2% were in action stage. Who sought treatment for comorbidity control besides the weight loss had greater readiness score (p = 0.024). Motivation was not related to nutritional status, nor the previous attempt at weight loss, but was related to the previous professional guidance (p = 0.005). Among 26.8% had moderate or severe symptoms for binge eating, 90.9% were in contemplation, with a significant difference in pre-contemplation (p = 0.001) and action (p = 0.02). Conclusion: These results suggest that individuals who seek treatment for weight loss do not make it with the necessary motivation, and that if professional advice on the weight loss importance occurred before the associated with obesity pathologies were installed, more motivated individuals could seek treating and preventing these complications.
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ABSTRACT: objective: To evaluate the prevalence and the factors associated with depressive symptoms in the noninstitutionalized elderly. Methods: A cross sectional analytical study populationbased, conducted between May and July 2013, through a household survey. A questionnaire with sociodemographic variables, comorbidities, use of health services, scale fragility (Edmonton Frail Scale), Timed Get Up and Go test and Geriatric Depression Scale GDS-15 was applied. For statistical analysis, the variables were dichotomized. Bivariate analyzes (chi-square test) were conducted adopting a significance level lower than 0.20 for inclusion of independent variables in the multiple model. The final model was generated using multivariate logistic re- gression and the variables were associated with depressive maintained at a significance level of 0.05 (p < 0.05) symptoms. results: The prevalence of depressive symptoms was 27.5%. Independent variables associated with depressive symptoms were: not having a partner (OR = 1.81, 95% CI 1.214 to 2.713), not reading (OR = 1.84, 95% CI 1.19 to 2.836), having negative perception about their own health (OR = 2.12, 95% CI 1.373 to 3.256), smoking (OR = 2.31, 95% CI 1.208 to 4.431), high risk of falls (OR = 1.78, 95% CI 1.000 to 3.184) and frailty (OR = 2.38, 95% CI 1.510 to 3.754). Conclusions: The high prevalence of depressive symptoms among community- dwelling elders identified alert to the need for better care of the elderly population.
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ABSTRACT: objectives: To verify the prevalence of current posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in young adults, the occurrence of comorbidities and its association with quality of life. Methods: This is a cross-sectional population-based study. The targeted population consisted on indivi duals aged 18 to 24 years old, who lived in the urban area of Pelotas-RS, Brazil. Cluster sampling was applied. PTSD and its comorbidities were assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI 5.0), whereas quality of life was evaluated with the eight domains of the Medical Outcomes Survey Short-form General Health Survey (SF-36). results: A total of 1,762 young adults were selected. The prevalence of PTSD was 2.1% and current episode of depression was the most prevalent comorbidity (71.9%). The individuals with PTSD had lower scores in all domains of quality of life. conclusion: These findings indicate that PTSD is associated with other psychopathologies, especially depression, and it has a substantial impact over quality of life in a sample of young adults.
Article: Suicídio no Brasil, de 2000 a 2012
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