Radiology (RADIOLOGY)

Publisher: Radiological Society of North America; Radiological Society of North America. Scientific Assembly, Radiological Society of North America

Journal description

Published regularly since 1923, Radiology has long been recognized as the authoritative reference for the most current, clinically relevant, and highest quality research in the field of radiology. Each month the journal publishes 296 pages of peer-reviewed original research, authoritative reviews, well-balanced commentary on significant articles, and expert opinion on new techniques and technologies.

Current impact factor: 6.87

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 6.867
2013 Impact Factor 6.214
2012 Impact Factor 6.339
2011 Impact Factor 5.726
2010 Impact Factor 6.066
2009 Impact Factor 6.341
2008 Impact Factor 5.996
2007 Impact Factor 5.561
2006 Impact Factor 5.251
2005 Impact Factor 5.377
2004 Impact Factor 5.076
2003 Impact Factor 4.815
2002 Impact Factor 4.844
2001 Impact Factor 4.759
2000 Impact Factor 4.13
1999 Impact Factor 4.621
1998 Impact Factor 4.753
1997 Impact Factor 4.989
1996 Impact Factor 4.698
1995 Impact Factor 3.899
1994 Impact Factor 3.8
1993 Impact Factor 3.317
1992 Impact Factor 3.307

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 7.26
Cited half-life >10.0
Immediacy index 0.94
Eigenfactor 0.08
Article influence 2.55
Website Radiology website
Other titles Radiology, RSNA index to imaging literature., RSNA-SCVIR special series
ISSN 0033-8419
OCLC 1763380
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Radiological Society of North America

  • Pre-print
    • Author cannot archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • On PubMed Central only
    • Publisher will deposit final published version of NIH author's article in PubMed Central
    • Publisher's version/PDF must be used
    • Publisher last contacted on 19/08/2015
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Radiology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose To develop an electrocorticography (ECoG) grid by using deposition of conductive nanoparticles in a polymer thick film on an organic substrate (PTFOS) that induces minimal, if any, artifacts on computed tomographic (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) images and is safe in terms of tissue reactivity and MR heating. Materials and Methods All procedures were approved by the Animal Care and Use Committee and complied with the Public Health Services Guide for the Care and Use of Animals. Electrical functioning of PTFOS for cortical recording and stimulation was tested in two mice. PTFOS disks were implanted in two mice; after 30 days, the tissues surrounding the implants were harvested, and tissue injury was studied by using immunostaining. Five neurosurgeons rated mechanical properties of PTFOS compared with conventional grids by using a three-level Likert scale. Temperature increases during 30 minutes of 3-T MR imaging were measured in a head phantom with no grid, a conventional grid, and a PTFOS grid. Two neuroradiologists rated artifacts on CT and MR images of a cadaveric head specimen with no grid, a conventional grid, and a PTFOS grid by using a four-level Likert scale, and the mean ratings were compared between grids. Results Oscillatory local field potentials were captured with cortical recordings. Cortical stimulations in motor cortex elicited muscle contractions. PTFOS implants caused no adverse tissue reaction. Mechanical properties were rated superior to conventional grids (χ(2) test, P < .05). The temperature increase during MR imaging for the three cases of no grid, PTFOS grid, and conventional grid was 3.84°C, 4.05°C, and 10.13°C, respectively. PTFOS induced no appreciable artifacts on CT and MR images, and PTFOS image quality was rated significantly higher than that with conventional grids (two-tailed t test, P < .05). Conclusion PTFOS grids may be an attractive alternative to conventional ECoG grids with regard to mechanical properties, 3-T MR heating profile, and CT and MR imaging artifacts. (©) RSNA, 2016 Online supplemental material is available for this article.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Radiology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose To determine if adherence to the Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy (STARD) is associated with postpublication citation rates. Materials and Methods A comprehensive search of PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases was performed to identify published articles that have evaluated adherence of diagnostic accuracy studies to the STARD statement. These were included if the number of STARD items reported ("STARD result") could be obtained for each evaluated study. The date of publication, journal impact factor, and citation rate (citations per day) were extracted for the diagnostic accuracy studies. Univariate correlations were performed to identify any association between STARD result, impact factor, and citation rate. Multivariate regression analysis was performed to explore the effect of impact factor on postpublication citation rates. Results The authors were able to obtain the STARD results for 1002 "original" diagnostic accuracy studies from eight different "STARD evaluation" articles. The median impact factor was 3.97 (interquartile range [IQR]: 2.32-6.21), the median STARD result was 15 of 25 items (IQR: 12-18), and the median citation rate was 0.007 citations per day (IQR: 0.0032-0.017). The authors identified a weak positive correlation between STARD result and citation rate (r = 0.096; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.034, 0.157), a moderate positive correlation between impact factor and citation rate (r = 0.58; 95% CI: 0.535, 0.617), and a weak positive correlation between impact factor and STARD result (r = 0.13; 95% CI: 0.064, 0.186). Multivariate analysis accounting for journal clustering effects revealed that, when impact factor is partialed out, the positive correlation between citation rate and STARD result does not persist (r = 0.029; 95% CI: -0.033, 0.091). Conclusion There is a positive correlation between completeness of reporting, as evaluated with STARD, and citation rate as well as impact factor. When adjusted for impact factor, the positive correlation between completeness of reporting and citation rate does not persist. (©) RSNA, 2016 Online supplemental material is available for this article.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Radiology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose To retrospectively analyze whether Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) version 2 is helpful for the detection of clinically significant prostate cancer. Materials and Methods Institutional review board approved this retrospective study. A total of 425 patients with prostate cancer who had undergone magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and radical prostatectomy were included. Preoperative parameters such as prostate-specific antigen, biopsy Gleason score, greatest percentage of the core, percentage of the positive core number, and score at PI-RADS version 2 with MR imaging were investigated. Two independent readers performed PI-RADS scoring. Clinically significant prostate cancer was defined as follows: (a) Gleason score of 7 or greater, (b) tumor volume of 0.5 cm(3) or greater, or a (c) positive extracapsular extension or seminal vesicle invasion. The reference standard was based on review of surgical specimen. Logistic regression was conducted to determine which parameters are associated with the presence of clinically significant cancer. Interreader agreement (ie, score ≥4 or not) was investigated by using κ statistics. Results At univariate analysis, all of the preoperative parameters were significant for clinically significant prostate cancer (P < .05). However, multivariate analysis revealed that PI-RADS score was the only significant parameter for both readers (reader 1: odds ratio = 28.170, P = .002; reader 2: odds ratio = 5.474, P = .007). The interreader agreement was excellent for PI-RADS score of 4 or greater (weighted κ = 0.801; 95% confidence interval: 0.737, 0.865). Conclusion The use of PI-RADS version 2 may help preoperatively diagnose clinically significant prostate cancer. (©) RSNA, 2016.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Radiology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose To determine the relationship between lamellar layer thickness on ultrashort echo time (UTE) magnetic resonance (MR) images and indentation stiffness of human menisci and to compare quantitative MR imaging values between two groups with normal and abnormally thick lamellar layers. Materials and Methods This was a HIPAA-compliant, institutional review board-approved study. Nine meniscal pieces were obtained from seven donors without gross meniscal pathologic results (mean age, 57.4 years ± 14.5 [standard deviation]). UTE MR imaging and T2, UTE T2*, and UTE T1ρ mapping were performed. The presence of abnormal lamellar layer thickening was determined and thicknesses were measured. Indentation testing was performed. Correlation between the thickness and indentation stiffness was assessed, and mean quantitative MR imaging values were compared between the groups. Results Thirteen normal lamellar layers had mean thickness of 232 μm ± 85 and indentation peak force of 1.37 g ± 0.87. Four abnormally thick lamellar layers showed mean thickness of 353.14 μm ± 98.36 and peak force 0.72 g ± 0.31. In most cases, normal thicknesses showed highly positive correlation with the indentation peak force (r = 0.493-0.912; P < .001 to .05). However, the thickness in two abnormal lamellar layers showed highly negative correlation (r = -0.90, P < .001; and r = -0.23, P = .042) and no significant correlation in the others. T2, UTE T2*, and UTE T1ρ values in abnormally thick lamellar layers were increased compared with values in normal lamellar layers, although only the UTE T2* value showed significant difference (P = .010). Conclusion Variation of lamellar layer thickness in normal human menisci was evident on two-dimensional UTE images. In normal lamellar layers, thickness is highly and positively correlated with surface indentation stiffness. UTE T2* values may be used to differentiate between normal and abnormally thickened lamellar layers. (©) RSNA, 2016.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Radiology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose To determine the performance of Shannon entropy (SE) as a diagnostic tool in patients with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) with posttraumatic migraines (PTMs) and those without PTMs on the basis of analysis of fractional anisotropy (FA) maps. Materials and Methods The institutional review board approved this retrospective study, with waiver of informed consent. FA maps were obtained and neurocognitive testing was performed in 74 patients with mTBI (57 with PTM, 17 without PTM). FA maps were obtained in 22 healthy control subjects and in 20 control patients with migraine headaches. Mean FA and SE were extracted from total brain FA histograms and were compared between patients with mTBI and control subjects and between patients with and those without PTM. Mean FA and SE were correlated with clinical variables and were used to determine the areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUCs) and likelihood ratios for mTBI and development of PTM. Results Patients with mTBI had significantly lower SE (P < .001) and trended toward lower mean FA (P = .07) compared with control subjects. SE inversely correlated with time to recovery (TTR) (r = -0.272, P = .02). Patients with mTBI with PTM had significantly lower SE (P < .001) but not mean FA (P = .15) than did other patients with mTBI. SE provided better discrimination between patients with mTBI and control subjects than mean FA (AUC = 0.92; P = .01), as well as better discrimination between patients with mTBI with PTM and those without PTM (AUC = 0.85; P < .001). SE of less than 0.751 resulted in a 16.1 increased likelihood of having experienced mTBI and a 3.2 increased likelihood of developing PTM. Conclusion SE more accurately reveals mTBI than mean FA, more accurately reveals those patients with mTBI who develop PTM, and inversely correlates with TTR. (©) RSNA, 2016.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Radiology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose To investigate the association between hepatic triglyceride content and left ventricular (LV) diastolic function while taking potential confounding factors into account, including the components of the metabolic syndrome. Materials and Methods The study was approved by the institutional review board, and all participants gave informed consent. In this cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from the Netherlands Epidemiology of Obesity study, a population-based, prospective cohort study, participants (45% men; mean age ± standard deviation, 55.3 years ± 6.2) underwent magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy and MR imaging to assess hepatic triglyceride content and LV diastolic heart function (ratio of peak filling rates of the early filling phase and atrial contraction [E/A ratio]). Multivariate linear regression analysis was performed while adjusting for confounding factors, and results were additionally stratified according to body mass index. Results Adjustment for age, sex, heart rate, alcohol consumption, pack-years of smoking, all components of the metabolic syndrome, and visceral adiposity attenuated crude observed associations. A 10-fold increase in hepatic triglyceride content was associated with a change in mean E/A ratio of -0.004 (95% confidence interval [CI]: -0.134, 0.125) in the total study population, -0.194 (95% CI: -0.430, 0.042) in the normal-weight subgroup, 0.079 (95% CI: -0.090, 0.248) in the overweight subgroup, and -0.109 (95% CI: -0.186, -0.032) in the obese subgroup. Conclusion Fatty liver itself could, at least in obesity, pose a risk of myocardial dysfunction above and beyond known cardiovascular risk factors that are clustered within the metabolic syndrome. The association in the obese subgroup was small, and future studies with larger samples sizes are required to investigate to what extent the association exists and differs in normal-weight, overweight, and obese persons to unravel its clinical relevance. (©) RSNA, 2016 Online supplemental material is available for this article.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Radiology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose To directly compare magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and computed tomography (CT) parametric response map (PRM) measurements of gas trapping and emphysema in ex-smokers both with and without chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Materials and Methods Participants provided written informed consent to a protocol that was approved by a local research ethics board and Health Canada and was compliant with the HIPAA (Institutional Review Board Reg. #00000940). The prospectively planned study was performed from March 2014 to December 2014 and included 58 ex-smokers (mean age, 73 years ± 9) with (n = 32; mean age, 74 years ± 7) and without (n = 26; mean age, 70 years ± 11) COPD. MR imaging (at functional residual capacity plus 1 L), CT (at full inspiration and expiration), and spirometry or plethysmography were performed during a 2-hour visit to generate ventilation defect percent (VDP), apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), and PRM gas trapping and emphysema measurements. The relationships between pulmonary function and imaging measurements were determined with analysis of variance (ANOVA), Holm-Bonferroni corrected Pearson correlations, multivariate regression modeling, and the spatial overlap coefficient (SOC). Results VDP, ADC, and PRM gas trapping and emphysema (ANOVA, P < .001) measurements were significantly different in healthy ex-smokers than they were in ex-smokers with COPD. In all ex-smokers, VDP was correlated with PRM gas trapping (r = 0.58, P < .001) and with PRM emphysema (r = 0.68, P < .001). VDP was also significantly correlated with PRM in ex-smokers with COPD (gas trapping: r = 0.47 and P = .03; emphysema: r = 0.62 and P < .001) but not in healthy ex-smokers. In a multivariate model that predicted PRM gas trapping, the forced expiratory volume in 1 second normalized to the forced vital capacity (standardized coefficients [βS] = -0.69, P = .001) and airway wall area percent (βS = -0.22, P = .02) were significant predictors. PRM emphysema was predicted by the diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (βS = -0.29, P = .03) and VDP (βS = 0.41, P = .001). Helium 3 ADC values were significantly elevated in PRM gas-trapping regions (P < .001). The spatial relationship for ventilation defects was significantly greater with PRM gas trapping than with PRM emphysema in patients with mild (for gas trapping, SOC = 36% ± 28; for emphysema, SOC = 1% ± 2; P = .001) and moderate (for gas trapping, SOC = 34% ± 28; for emphysema, SOC = 7% ± 15; P = .006) COPD. For severe COPD, the spatial relationship for ventilation defects with PRM emphysema (SOC = 64% ± 30) was significantly greater than that for PRM gas trapping (SOC = 36% ± 18; P = .01). Conclusion In all ex-smokers, ADC values were significantly elevated in regions of PRM gas trapping, and VDP was quantitatively and spatially related to both PRM gas trapping and PRM emphysema. In patients with mild to moderate COPD, VDP was related to PRM gas trapping, whereas in patients with severe COPD, VDP correlated with both PRM gas trapping and PRM emphysema. (©) RSNA, 2016 Online supplemental material is available for this article.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Radiology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose To determine renal oxygenation changes associated with uninephrectomy and transplantation in both native donor kidneys and transplanted kidneys by using blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) MR imaging. Materials and Methods The study protocol was approved by the local ethics committee. Thirteen healthy kidney donors and their corresponding recipients underwent kidney BOLD MR imaging with a 3-T imager. Written informed consent was obtained from each subject. BOLD MR imaging was performed in donors before uninephrectomy and in donors and recipients 8 days, 3 months, and 12 months after transplantation. R2* values, which are inversely related to tissue partial pressure of oxygen, were determined in the cortex and medulla. Longitudinal R2* changes were statistically analyzed by using repeated measures one-way analysis of variance with post hoc pair-wise comparisons. Results R2* values in the remaining kidneys significantly decreased early after uninephrectomy in both the medulla and cortex (P < .003), from 28.9 sec(-1) ± 2.3 to 26.4 sec(-1) ± 2.5 in the medulla and from 18.3 sec(-1) ± 1.5 to 16.3 sec(-1) ± 1.0 in the cortex, indicating increased oxygen content. In donors, R2* remained significantly decreased in both the medulla and cortex at 3 (P < .01) and 12 (P < .01) months. In transplanted kidneys, R2* remained stable during the first year after transplantation, with no significant change. Among donors, cortical R2* was found to be negatively correlated with estimated glomerular filtration rate (R = -0.47, P < .001). Conclusion The results suggest that BOLD MR imaging may potentially be used to monitor renal functional changes in both remaining and corresponding transplanted kidneys. (©) RSNA, 2016.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Radiology
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose To evaluate transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) use prior to and concomitantly with sorafenib in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) across different global regions. Materials and Methods GIDEON is an observational registry study of more than 3000 HCC patients. Patients with histologically, cytologically, or radiographically diagnosed HCC, and for whom a decision had been made to treat with sorafenib, were eligible. Patients were enrolled into the registry from 39 countries beginning in January 2009, with the last patient follow-up in April 2012. Detailed data on treatment history, treatment patterns, adverse events, and outcomes were collected. All treatment decisions were at the discretion of the treating physicians. Documented approval from local ethics committees was obtained, and all patients provided signed informed consent. Descriptive statistics, including minimum, median, and maximum, were calculated for metric data, and frequency tables for categorical data. Kaplan-Meier estimates with 95% confidence intervals were calculated for survival end points. Results A total of 3202 patients were eligible for safety analysis, of whom 2631 (82.2%) were male. Median age was 62 years (range, 15-98 years). A total of 1511 (47.2%) patients underwent TACE prior to sorafenib; 325 (10.1%) underwent TACE concomitantly. TACE prior to sorafenib was more common in Japan and Asia-Pacific compared with all other regions (362 [71.3%] and 560 [60.3%] vs 12-209 [13.3%-37.1%]). Adverse events were reported in 2732 (85.3%) patients overall, with no notable differences in the incidence of adverse events, regardless of TACE treatment history. Overall survival was 12.7 months in prior-TACE patients, 9.2 months in non-prior-TACE patients, 21.6 months in concomitant-TACE patients, and 9.7 months in non-concomitant-TACE patients. Conclusion Global variation exists in TACE use in sorafenib-treated HCC patients. The combination of TACE with sorafenib appears to be a well-tolerated and viable therapeutic approach. (©) RSNA, 2016 Online supplemental material is available for this article.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Radiology
  • Article: Case 229

    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Radiology

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Radiology
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    ABSTRACT: Despite various sophisticated imaging techniques, there are numerous pitfalls in liver imaging. This review for residents discusses the major traps in image interpretation and gives some diagnostic clues to confidently interpret computed tomographic or magnetic resonance imaging studies. (©) RSNA, 2016 Online supplemental material is available for this article.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Radiology

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  • No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Radiology
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    ABSTRACT: A 33-year-old pregnant woman (gravida 11, para 8) presented with increasing severe abdominal pain during the first trimester of pregnancy and increasing abdominal distention out of proportion to her prior pregnancies. Ultrasonography (US) without Doppler performed at another hospital had revealed a pelvic mass; therefore, this patient had been referred to our institution for further evaluation. Unenhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging was then performed at 8 weeks of gestation. The main portion of the gravid uterus and the ovaries was not seen on these images, but the parts that were seen appeared normal. Diagnostic laparoscopic biopsy was performed during the first trimester, but complete removal of the mass was deferred because of fears the pregnancy would be lost. The patient was closely observed throughout the pregnancy with serial US until the 37th week of gestation, at which time the patient underwent Caesarian section. At the time of Caesarian section, the mass was noted to extend from the spleen downward deep into the pelvis. A biopsy was performed at the time of Caesarian section. Definitive removal of the mass was deferred at the time of Caesarian section to minimize postpartum blood loss and to further delineate the mass with imaging for future surgery. Intravenous contrast material-enhanced (120 mL of Omnipaque 350; Nycomed Amersham, Princeton, NJ) computed tomography (CT) was performed 3 days after Caesarian section. The cystic component measured approximately 15 HU. Repeat MR imaging 1.5 months after Caesarian section was then performed. No loss of signal intensity in the mass was seen on fat-saturated images. There was no evidence of local or distant metastatic disease. The mass abutted and displaced the uterus and the ovaries but did not distort either of these organs. Vascular anatomy was not useful in determining the origin of the mass. The comprehensive metabolic panel and complete blood count were normal throughout and after the pregnancy.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Radiology

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Radiology

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Radiology