Ophthalmic surgery (Ophthalmic Surg)
Current impact factor: 0.00
Impact Factor Rankings
|2016 Impact Factor ||Available summer 2017 |
|2002 Impact Factor ||0.531 |
|2001 Impact Factor ||0.745 |
|2000 Impact Factor ||0.775 |
|1999 Impact Factor ||0.681 |
|1998 Impact Factor ||0.388 |
|1997 Impact Factor ||0.321 |
Impact factor over time
|5-year impact ||0.00 |
|Cited half-life ||0.00 |
|Immediacy index ||0.00 |
|Eigenfactor ||0.00 |
|Article influence ||0.00 |
|Other titles ||Ophthalmic surgery |
|ISSN ||0022-023X |
|OCLC ||1761334 |
|Material type ||Periodical |
|Document type ||Journal / Magazine / Newspaper |
Publications in this journal
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In both clinical and animal studies, it has been shown that repetitive short laser pulses can cause selective retinal pigment epithelium damage (RPE) with sparing of photoreceptors. Our purpose was to determine the ophthalmoscopic and angiographic damage thresholds as a function of pulse durations by using different pulsed laser systems to optimize treatment modalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Chinchilla-breed rabbits were narcotized and placed in a special holding system. Laser lesions were applied using a commercial laser slit lamp, contact lens, and irradiation with a frequency-doubled Nd:YLF laser (wavelength: 527 nm; repetition rate: 500 Hz; number of pulses: 100; pulse duration: 5 mus, 1.7 mus, 200 ns) and an argon-ion laser (514 nm, 500 Hz, 100 pulses, 5 mus and 200 ins). In all eyes, spots with different energies were placed into the regio macularis with a diameter of 102 mum (tophat profile). After treatment, fundus photography and fluorescein angiography were performed and radiant exposure for ED50 damage determined. Speckle measurements at the fiber tips were performed to determine intensity peaks in the beam profile. RESULTS: Using the Nd:YLF laser system, the ophthalmoscopic ED50 threshold energies were 25.4 lJ (5 mus), 32 muJ (1.7 mus), and 30 muJ (200 ns). The angiographic ED50 thresholds were 13.4 muJ (5 mus), 9.2 muJ (1.7 mus), and 6.7 muJ (200 ns). With the argon laser, the angiographic threshold for 5 mus pulses was 5.5 muJ. The ophthalmoscopic threshold could not be determined because of a lack of power; however, it was > 12 muJ. For 200 ms, the ED50 radiant exposures were 20.4 mW ophthalmoscopically and 19.2 mW angiographically. Speckle factors were found to be 1.225 for the Nd:YLF and 3.180 for the argon laser. Thus, the maximal ED50-threshold radiant exposures for the Nd:YLF were calculated to be 362 mJ/cm(2) (5 mus), 478 mJ/cm(2) (1.7 mus), and 438 mJ/cm(2) (200 ns) ophthalmoscopically. Angiographically, the thresholds were 189 mJ/cm(2) (5 mus), 143 mJ/cm(2) (1.7 mus), and 97 mJ/cm(2) (200 ns). For the argon laser, the maximal ED50 radiant exposure threshold was 170 mJ/cm(2) angiographically. CONCLUSION: The gap between the angiographic and the ophthalmoscopic thresholds for the 200 ns regime (4.5 times above angiographic ED50) was wider than for the 1.7 mus regime (3.3 times above the angiographic ED50). This would suggest the appropriate treatment would be 200 ns pulses. However, histologies have yet to prove that nonvisible mechanical effects increase with shorter pulse durations and could reduce the "therapeutic window." When comparing the thresholds with 5 mus pulses from the argon and Nd:YLF laser, it demonstrates that intensity modulations in the beam profile must be considered.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This report describes a potential complication following the repair of a traumatic cyclodialysis cleft in a pediatric patient using a novel technique. A healthy 11-year-old boy suffered a blunt traumatic tennis ball injury to his left eye. He underwent repair of a retinal dialysis with detachment shortly after the injury. Postoperatively, he developed persistent hypotony, shallow anterior chamber, and hypotony maculopathy. An occult cyclodialysis cleft was suspected. Examination under anesthesia revealed a small cyclodialysis cleft. The cleft was closed by transchamber placement of prolene sutures across the cleft under direct visualization through a Tano lens. Postoperative course was complicated by severe pupillary distortion despite subsequent suture removal.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We present 2 patients with accidental corneal burns inflicted during clear cornea cataract surgery using radiofrequency diathermy for anterior capsulotomy. During the capsulotomy procedure, the anterior capsule was not opened and only a small air bubble appeared when the energy was turned on. Meanwhile the area of-the corneal tunnel that contacted the shoulder of the diathermy tip became opaque and shrank with a small defect in the anterior corneal lip. Postoperatively, focal corneal shrinkage with iris incarceration into the defect of the corneal tunnel and resultant peaking pupil were noted in the 2 patients. The corneal burns resulted in temporary irregular astigmatism with mild visual acuity impairment. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a corneal burn as a complication of radiofrequency diathermy for anterior capsulotomy in clear cornea cataract surgery.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a case of uveitic acute angle closure glaucoma in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) associated with inactive cytomegalovirus retinitis and immune recovery vitritis. We conducted a long-term, follow-up examination of a 47-year-old male with AIDS and inactive cytomegalovirus retinitis caused by immune recovery on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). We found vitritis and ultimate development of uveitic glaucoma in the postoperative periods following repair of retinal detachment and extracapsular cataract extraction with intraocular lens implant. An episode of acute angle closure secondary to posterior synechiae and iris bombe subsequently developed, requiring peripheral laser iridotomy. Immune recovery in the setting of inactive cytomegalovirus retinitis can result in intraocular inflammation severe enough to cause angle closure glaucoma and profound ocular morbidity.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of age and pupillary dilation on aqueous flare. METHODS: In this study, 100 eyes of 100 patients ranging in ages from 23 to 84 years were examined. Anterior chamber flare was measured before and after pupillary dilation using the Kowa laser flare meter (FM-500). Predilation and postdilation flare counts were compared by paired t-test. Stepwise regression analysis was then used to determine the effect of demographic variables on pre- and postdilation flare as well as the difference between pre- and postdilation flare counts. RESULTS: The predilation and postdilation flare counts correlated with age (P<0.0001 for both pre- and postdilation flare counts). Correlation coefficient between age and flare measurements was R-2=0.58 predilation and 0.63 postdilation. Flare intensity significantly decreased after pupillary dilation (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Anterior chamber flare increases with age. It might be related to blood-aqueous barrier instability. Pupillary dilation significantly decreases flare counts suggesting that aqueous protein concentration is dependent on aqueous flow rates.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Submacular surgery is a current alternative technique for the treatment of subfoveal choroidal neovascular membranes (CNVM). One of the difficulties often encountered with this technique is the actual removal of the neovascular membrane complex from the eye. It is often too large and fibrotic to be removed directly through a sclerotomy site without risking significant sclerotomy site complications. The vitreous cutter can be used, but despite high aspiration settings, the large, fibrotic neovascular membrane complex may still not be able to be completely removed safely and expeditiously. We describe an alternative technique using the phacofragmentation handpiece to remove large fibrotic neovascular membranes from the vitreous cavity thereby reducing sclerotomy site complications and surgical time.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: Scleral perforation is a rare complication occurring after pterygium excision often leading to scleral ulceration and loss of vision. Our purpose is to evaluate the long-term effectiveness and safety of tenonplasty and amniotic membrane transplantation in the management of scleral perforation after pterygium excision. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective study on patients with scleral perforation after pterygium excision that underwent tenonplasty and amniotic membrane transplantation at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital from 1997 to 1999 and followed up for at least 12 months postoperatively. RESULTS: There were 6 patients, I male and 5 females ranging in ages from 46 to 71 years (mean, 63.3). The interval between pterygium excisions to scleral perforation ranged from 3 to 20 years. There were no recurrences during the follow-up period of 12 to 24 months (average, 18.3 months). CONCLUSIONS: Tenonplasty and amniotic membrane transplantation appears to be a relatively simple, safe, and effective method for treating scleral perforation after pterygium excision.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Difficulties encountered during the repair of pseudophakic retinal detachment are related to difficulties in peripheral retinal visualization and identification of retinal breaks. The implication of nonvisualized breaks in patients with pseudophakic retinal detachment is associated with lower rates of surgical success. This report decribes the results of a prospective trial to evaluate the efficacy of both scleral buckling surgery in the treatment of pseudophakic retinal detachment with undetected retinal breaks and pars plana vitrectomy techniques in the management of the cases that redetected after primary buckling surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study represents 25 cases of pseudophakic retinal detachment with undiagnosed retinal breaks. In each case, we performed a scleral buckling that extended over the circumference of the retinal detachment. Pars plana vitrectomy with internal subretinal fluid drainage and long-term tamponade were performed on 7 patients with uncomplicated recurrent retinal detachments after primary buckling surgery. The mean duration of follow up was 32 months. RESULTS: There were 25 eyes (24.5%) of pseudophakic retinal detachment with undiagnosed retinal breaks represented in our pseudophakic retinal detachment cases. Anatomic success was achieved after the initial scleral buckling surgery in 18 eyes (72%). The overall success rate was 92%. The visual acuity was 20/40 or better in 8 patients (32%), 20/80 to 20/40 in 6 patients (24%), 5/200 to 20/80 in 7 patients (28%), and light perception to hand movement in 4 patients (16%). Complications included vitreous hemorrhage, macular pucker, cystoid macular edema, and hypotony with proliferative vitreoretinopathy. CONCLUSION: Scleral buckling surgery in conjunction with cryotherapy is effective in the initial treatment of pseudophakic retinal detachment with undetectable retinal breaks. Pars plana vitrectomy with internal fluid-gas exchange and long-term tamponade can be used to treat these patients with recurrent retinal detachment after primary buckling surgery to get a higher overall success rate.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A case of intraosseous orbital hemangioma is reported to alert surgeons to possible intraoperative hemorrhage during excision of such a lesion. A slowly enlarging mass was excised from the orbital rim of a 49-year-old woman. The clinical diagnosis was not suspected. In retrospect, roentgenographic findings included a focal honeycombed pattern of the zygomatic bone. Surgery was complicated by persistent low-volume bleeding. Histology showed endothelial-lined blood-filled channels within the bone. Intraosseous orbital hemangioma is a rare, benign neoplasm that can often be diagnosed clinically by characteristic roentgenographic findings. Observation should be considered as a therapeutic alternative when the radiographic diagnosis is established and when ocular function is not compromised.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To identify the causes of congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction using intranasal endoscopy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eleven children with symptoms of epiphora since birth were selected for treatment. A silicone tube was inserted after identifying the causes of prior probing failures by observing the probing tip directly with intranasal endoscopy. RESULTS: As confirmed through intranasal endoscopic examination, tearing was caused by mucosal obstruction, submucosal passing of the probe, pus collection, and inferior turbinate impaction. The probe passed into the submucosal space in 5 patients and, by performing probing medially instead in the usual posterolateral direction, probing succeeded in 4 patients. One case was accompanied by a bone abnormality; we bent the probe tip into the nasal cavity to form the lacrimal pathway. CONCLUSION: By using intranasal endoscopy, a silicone tube can be inserted under direct visualization and any causative abnormalities can be identified. This can also minimize the intranasal trauma sometimes caused by blind probing.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To describe our excisional technique for lower eyelid epiblepharon to reduce a medial undercorrection and to provide a guide for the excision amount using a classification system of epiblepharon according to the skin fold height. PATIENTS AND METHODS: After classification, an elliptical excision of skin and. orbicularis muscle, including that below the lower canaliculus after tarsal suturing of the upper edge of the incised skin, was consecutively performed for 111 eyelids of 58 patients. The widest width of the excisional ellipse was measured. RESULTS: The results were successful in 108 eyelids. The mean widest width of the excisional ellipse was 1.1, 1.7, 2.5, and 3.0 mm in Class 1, 11, 111, and IV epiblepharons, respectively. CONCLUSION: This surgical technique is effective for the correction of epiblepharon, and it is easy to determine the amount of excision. Using this technique, a I mm to 3 mill width of excision is sufficient.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine annual usage and costs of laser trabeculoplasry (LTP) in the United States, we reviewed data from the Health Care Financing Administration from 1986 to 2000, using the Part B Extract and Summary System (BESS). The annual number of LTP procedures performed. increased to a peak number of 176,670 in 1992 and as declined since that time, with a 57% reduction in the number of procedures performed in 2000 (75,838) compared with the peak number. The total allowed charges declined from a peak of $137,127,436 in 1991 to $27,622,073 in 2000 (80% reduction). The average allowed charge per procedure was highest in 1989 ($893), and by 2000 the average charge ($359) was reduced by 60% compared with the peak charge. The total number of LTP procedures performed in Medicare beneficiaries has decreased in recent years compared with the peak number in 1992. In recent years, there also has been a marked reduction in the total allowed charges and the average charge per procedure for LTP.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To analyze surgical outcomes of primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment in high myopes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of 201 patients who underwent vitreoretinal surgeries for primary retinal detachments were reviewed. Fifty-two eyes of 51 patients with at least 5.00 diopters (D) of myopia were included. RESULTS: The mean refractive error was -9.8 +/- 5.4 D (mean +/- SD). Macula was off in 29 (55.8%) eyes. Thirty-six (69.2%) and 16 (30.8%) eyes received scleral buckling (SB) and pars plana vitrectomy (PPV), respectively. Primary anatomical success rate was 86.1% and 75.0% in the SB and PPV group, respectively. The anatomical success rate after 2 operations was 94.4% and 100% in the SB and PPV group, respectively. Twenty-three (63.1%) patients from SB group and 10 (62.5%) patients from PPV group attained postoperative best-corrected visual acuity of 20/60 or better. CONCLUSION: The anatomical and visual outcomes of primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment in myopes of five or more diopters seem favorable after surgery.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Terrien's marginal degeneration (TMD) is a rare form of corneal ectasia. Few case reports have documented hydrops of the cornea in patients with TMD. We present the first case known to us of corneal hydrops in TMD where there is stromal edema in addition to the aqueous cystic cavities, and the First case demonstrating ultrastructural anatomy of this entity by ultrasound biomicroscopy.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A rare case of paramacular angioma with tractional macular detachment that was managed successfully with laser, followed by surgical intervention with good visual outcome, is presented. A 23-year-old female patient with paramacular Von Hippel angioma was treated with argon laser photocoagulation. Three-months following photocoagulation, vitrectomy with epiretinal tractional membrane removal was attempted successfully. Visual acuity improved from a preoperative level of 20/200 to 20/50 at the 6 months postoperative period. No recurrence of epiretinal membrane or exudation was observed during the follow-up period. Photocoagulation, followed by surgical intervention for removal of epiretinal traction membranes, resulted in relieving the tractional macular detachment and recovering useful visual acuity in paramacular Von Hippel angioma.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Retinal detachment secondary to a highly myopic macular hole remains a particular surgical challenge. Pars Plana vitrectomy, endophotocoagulation at the base of a macular hole in conjunction with fluid-gas exchange was performed in 4 consecutive patients with a mean refraction of - 13.8D (range, -8D-18D). Mean axial length was 27.5 mm (range, 26.0-29.0 mm). Mild atrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium was present in 3 patients while I patient had moderate atrophy. The mean follow-up period was 12 months (range, 6-18 months). The overall primary anatomical success rate was 75%. All 3 eyes with mild retinal pigment epithelium atrophy had retinal reattachment after one operation.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A patient was referred with recurrent bilateral, slow-growing, painless, nodular tumors of the upper eyelid margins. The tumors were excised and the base of each lesion was ablated with the CO2 laser. Histological examination of the excised tissue revealed amyloid. Despite the fact that cutaneous, amyloid lesions of the eyelid have been previously described as essentially pathognomonic for systemic amyloid disease, no evidence of systemic amyloidosis was found in this patient. We believe that this represents only the second reported case of bilateral cutaneous amyloid of the eyelids without systemic involvement. We agree with previous authors that this lesion be added to the list of painless slow-growing bilateral eyelid tumors.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate a new surgical technique for traumatic macular holes and to provide epidemiological information for such holes. Materials and methods: Vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane (ILM) removal but without adjuvant use on 17 consecutive eves. Results: The hole closed in 100% of eyes. Vision improved greater than or equal to2 Snellen lines in 16 eyes (94%). The macula showed additional trauma-related damage in 10 eyes (59%). No permanent complication related to ILM removal was seen. Among 4440 eyes with contusion trauma in the United States Eye Injury Registry, the risk of macular hole formation is 9 times higher in eyes closed than with open globe injury (1.4% versus 0.15%). Conclusions: Without introducing special risks, removal of the macular ILM appears to be a highly successful surgical option in improving vision in eyes with traumatic macular holes. The majority of eyes benefit from ILM removal, even when additional traumatic macular pathology is present.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To compare three-dimensional analysis of macular diseases obtained using the scanning retinal thickness analyzer (RTA) with that obtained using the confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscope, Heidelberg Retina Tomograph (HRT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Both the RTA and the HRT were used to examine 50 eyes of 36 patients with diabetic macular edema, macular edema following branch retinal vein occlusion, age-related macular degeneration, and idiopathic macular holes. RESULTS: In most macular diseases, the retinal thickness map constructed using the RTA agreed with the image obtained with the HRT. The two maps were not consistent with each other, however, in patients with dense retinal hemorrhages and with extrafoveal furation. CONCLUSIONS: Although both the RTA and the HRT give additional information to clinically evaluate macular diseases, they do have limitations. The discrepancy between these two analyses in some specific macular pathologies might be caused by the different wavelengths of the laser beam and the different methodologies used to scan the retina.
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