Journal of Composite Materials (J COMPOS MATER)

Publisher: Washington University (Saint Louis, Mo.); Monsanto Company; American Society for Composites, SAGE Publications

Journal description

The Journal of Composite Materials is the leading journal of advanced composite materials technology and is ranked number one by the ISI Journal Citation Report by impact factor for materials science, composites. Topics include theoretical and experimental findings on the physical and structural properties of high performance, multiphase materials. Both phenomenological and mechanistic approaches and their interrelations are emphasized. Fracture, fatigue, structural reliability, and design criteria are given special attention. Applications of advanced composites are now increasing in military, industrial and consumer products. The Journal of Composite Materials, continues to be the leading medium for composite materials technology transfer.

Current impact factor: 1.17

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 1.173
2013 Impact Factor 1.257
2012 Impact Factor 0.936
2011 Impact Factor 1.068
2010 Impact Factor 0.968
2009 Impact Factor 0.806
2008 Impact Factor 1.034
2007 Impact Factor 0.957
2006 Impact Factor 0.693
2005 Impact Factor 0.671
2004 Impact Factor 0.604
2003 Impact Factor 0.597
2002 Impact Factor 0.806
2001 Impact Factor 0.73
2000 Impact Factor 0.832
1999 Impact Factor 0.713
1998 Impact Factor 0.589
1997 Impact Factor 0.805
1996 Impact Factor 0.807
1995 Impact Factor 0.804
1994 Impact Factor 0.833
1993 Impact Factor 1.014
1992 Impact Factor 0.875

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.34
Cited half-life >10.0
Immediacy index 0.24
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.37
Website Journal of Composite Materials website
Other titles Journal of composite materials, Composite materials, JCM
ISSN 0021-9983
OCLC 1754514
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

SAGE Publications

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Authors retain copyright
    • Pre-print on any website
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website, departmental website, institutional website or institutional repository
    • On other repositories including PubMed Central after 12 months embargo
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Post-print version with changes from referees comments can be used
    • "as published" final version with layout and copy-editing changes cannot be archived but can be used on secure institutional intranet
    • Must link to publisher version with DOI
    • Publisher last reviewed on 29/07/2015
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • No preview · Article · Mar 2016 · Journal of Composite Materials
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Poly(lactic acid)/halloysite nanotube nanocomposites containing epoxidized natural rubber were prepared using melt compounding, followed by compression molding. The mechanical properties of the nanocomposites were determined by tensile, flexural, and Charpy impact test. The addition of 15 wt.% epoxidized natural rubber into poly(lactic acid)/halloysite nanocomposites increased the impact strength to about 340%. However, the tensile modulus, flexural modulus, tensile strength, flexural strength, and elongation at break of poly(lactic acid)/halloysite nanotube were decreased in the presence of epoxidized natural rubber. Water absorption tests were performed at three immersion temperatures (i.e. 30, 40, 50℃). The equilibrium water absorption (Mm), diffusion coefficient (D), and activation energy (Ea) of water diffusion of the poly(lactic acid)/halloysite nanotube/epoxidized natural rubber nanocomposites were determined. The activation energy of poly(lactic acid)/halloysite nanotube was increased from 14.7 to 31.8 kJ/mol by the addition of epoxidized natural rubber. The percentage retention of impact strength of poly(lactic acid)/halloysite nanotube/epoxidized natural rubber nanocomposites after exposure to water absorption is higher than 80% for the one containing 5 and 10 wt.% epoxidized natural rubber loading.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Journal of Composite Materials
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Nickel particulate-reinforced aluminum-silicon composites, with 5, 12.5 and 20 wt%Nickel were produced by a hot pressing route. Microstructural characterization showed a uniform distribution of the Nickel particulates in the aluminum-silicon matrix. Ultimate tensile strength and hardness of the composites were found higher than for the aluminum-silicon alloy, while ductility suffered a decrease. Fracture surface analysis showed evidences of load transfer from the matrix to the reinforcement indicating the development of an effective interfacial bonding between Nickel particulates and aluminum-silicon matrix. Energy dispersive spectrometer and X-ray diffraction analyses performed in the particle/matrix interface revealed that it was formed by Al3Ni intermetallic. It was found that the amount of Al3Ni intermetallic has a paramount influence in the composites properties.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Journal of Composite Materials
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This paper reports the compressive behaviors of three-dimensional four-directional and three-dimensional five-directional circular braided composite tubes subjected to quasi-static and impact compressions along longitudinal direction. The compression tests of the three-dimensional four-directional and three-dimensional five-directional carbon fiber/epoxy circular braided composite tubes were tested under strain rates ranging from 0.001 to 884 s–1. The compression stress–strain curves were obtained and the damage morphologies were observed to analyze the damage behaviors. A microstructure model of the braided preform and the braided composite tube was established to calculate the compressive deformation and damage mechanisms with finite element method. The stress–strain curves, specific energy absorption, deformations, and damage morphologies were sensitive to the strain rate and the braiding structures. The three-dimensional five-directional braided composite tubes have higher compressive strength and specific energy absorptions than the three-dimensional four-directional braided composite tubes.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Journal of Composite Materials
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A three-dimensional finite element model of the induction welding of carbon fiber/polyphenylene sulfide thermoplastic composites is developed. The model takes into account a stainless steel mesh heating element located at the interface of the two composite adherends to be welded. This heating element serves to localize the heating where it is needed most, i.e. at the weld interface. The magnetic, electrical, and thermal properties of the carbon fiber/polyphenylene sulfide composite and other materials are identified experimentally or estimated and implemented in the model. The model predicts the temperature–time curves during the heating of the composite and is used to define processing parameters leading to high-quality welded joints. The effect of the heating element size and input current on the thermal behavior is investigated, both experimentally and using the developed model. The welds quality is assessed through microscopic observations of the weld interfaces, mechanical testing, and observations of the fracture surfaces. A comparison with two other welding processes, namely resistance welding and ultrasonic welding is finally conducted.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Journal of Composite Materials
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The analysis of the influence of functionalization on the mechanical properties of the carbon nanotubes (CNTs) has been poorly addressed, especially when compared with the extensive amount of work on pristine CNTs. This article analyzes the effect of carboxylic (COOH), ester (COOCH3), silane (COSiCH3), and vinyl (CH = CH2) groups attached on the surface of single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) on elastic properties of polypropylene (PP) composites reinforced with functionalized SWCNTs along the axial direction of the CNTs by using MD approach. Effect of CNT aspect ratio and volume fraction on the elastic moduli has also been studied. The results show that although chemical functionalization of SWCNTs has been considered as a means to increase the load-transfer efficiency in a nanotube–polymer composite, this functionalization has, in fact, degraded most of the macroscopic elastic stiffness components of the composite materials considered in this study. The decrease in longitudinal modulus of functionalized SWCNT–PP composite with respect to pristine SWCNT reinforced PP composite is largest for COOH functionalized SWCNT–PP composites. The values of transverse moduli are approximately one-tenth the corresponding values of longitudinal modulus .
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Journal of Composite Materials
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Microstructure evolution of 15 wt% boron carbide particle reinforced aluminum matrix composites (B4C/Al composites) with titanium addition during liquid-stirring process was dynamically characterized in this paper. B4C particles were rapidly dispersed under the mechanical stirring. Many B4C clusters were formed in the melt before 20 min, but gradually scattered in matrix beyond 20 min, owing to further reactive wetting through interface reaction in addition to stirring. After rapid improvement, distribution uniformity slowly approached to completely uniform distribution during 20–55 min, even better than random distribution at 55 min. Interface reaction produced Al3BC, TiB2, and AlB2 by B4C erosion and Al3Ti decomposition; however, AlB2 only precipitated in matrix after long time stirring. The growth of TiB2 transformed from a fine layer to discretely coarse crystals on the B4C surface. Reaction mechanism and relationship between reactive wetting and particle dispersion were discussed.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Journal of Composite Materials
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: An experimental and numerical study on low-velocity impact responses on [Ti/0/90]s hybrid titanium composite laminates (HTCLs) is presented. Different energy levels from 10 to 40 J are investigated using a drop-weight instrument and post-impact inspection. An explicit finite element implementation provides a detailed analysis of impact response in composite and titanium layers, respectively. It accounts for interfacial debonding, progressive failure in composite plies and elastic–plastic deformation in titanium. The main failure modes are experimentally and numerically found to be debonding between titanium and composite, matrix cracking and interlaminar delamination. The principal energy-absorbing mechanism is plastic dissipation of the two titanium sheets. The low cost numerical model is able to effectively predict the overall impact response and major failure modes with good accuracy.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Journal of Composite Materials

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Journal of Composite Materials
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this paper, the effect of addition of nanosilica on mechanical properties of pure epoxy and epoxy/fiberglass composite has been investigated. The epoxy/nanosilica composites and epoxy/fiberglass/nanosilica hybrid composites have been fabricated, and the Young’s modulus, tensile strength, yield stress and elongation at break have been determined by simple extension tests. The results show that by addition of 1 wt% of nanosilica in both types of composites, Young’s modulus, yield stress and tensile strength decrease and elongation at break increases. By increasing the nanosilica content, the Young’s modulus, yield stress and tensile strength increase and elongation at break decreases. Also, imperialist competitive algorithm is employed to model the mechanical properties as fourth degree polynomial functions. The accuracy of polynomial is maximized and coefficients are obtained. The results show 25.66%, 56.87% and 45.84% improvement in Young’s modulus, yield stress and tensile strength of pure epoxy, respectively. Also, 12.9%, 24.83% and 12.85% improvement in Young’s modulus, yield stress and tensile strength of epoxy/fiberglass composites, has been observed, respectively.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Journal of Composite Materials
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Composite laminates are being increasingly used in a wide variety of industrial applications, but there are difficulties in applying these materials in ways that exploit their full potential, in particular under multi-axial loading. The objective of the present study is to determine by experiments the biaxial failure data for composite laminates produced by Fokker Aerostructures based on the thermoplastic UD carbon reinforced material AS4D/PEKK-FC. A test machine and accompanying cruciform specimens for in-plane biaxial failure tests have been developed. A coupon-level biaxial test program covering various biaxial load combinations in tension-tension, tension-compression and compression−compression has been successfully executed and biaxial failure values for the thermoplastic laminate have been determined. Besides, the experimental biaxial test program, also finite element models and analyses have been used to predict the global outcomes of the biaxial tests and to interpret the test results. Both plain (un-notched) and open-hole (notched) specimens of the thermoplastic laminate have been tested. The biaxial failure data have been collected and further processed in biaxial failure criteria. From the experiments, the failure strains, stresses and loads are determined and a failure envelope is created for both plain and open-hole specimens. Good agreement is found between the theoretically predicted envelopes and the test data. From the findings for biaxial failure criteria from this study, it is expected that structural weight saving can be achieved in the design of multi-axially loaded composite parts as compared to the design with the previous uni-axially based failure criteria.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Journal of Composite Materials

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Journal of Composite Materials
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The research investigated the thermal and mechanical properties of graphene/epoxy nanocomposites. Pristine graphene and functionalized graphene were used as nano-reinforcement in the nanocomposites. The graphene loadings employed in the nanocomposites were 0.1, 0.3, 0.5, and 1.0 wt%. The functional groups grafted on the functionalized graphene were characterized through Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Results indicated that two kinds of functional groups are grafted on the functionalized graphene surfaces: one contains only COOH group and the other contains both COOH and NH2 groups. Moreover, from mechanical and thermal testing, it was found that the nanocomposites with functionalized graphene demonstrate better mechanical and thermal properties than those with pristine graphene. The graphene containing NH2 and COOH functional groups exhibits superior mechanical and thermal properties than the graphene with only COOH functional group. In addition, Young’s modulus and thermal conductivity of the nanocomposites increase as the graphene loading increases. However, the fracture toughness and tensile strength of the nanocomposites attain peak values when the functionalized graphene loading is 0.1 wt%. The effects of the functional groups on the mechanical and thermal properties of nanocomposites were elaborated using molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. It was revealed that the interfacial thermal conductance and normalized interaction energy increase between the functionalized graphene and epoxy matrix, which may be responsible for the enhanced mechanical properties in the functionalized graphene/epoxy nanocomposites.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Journal of Composite Materials

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Journal of Composite Materials

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Journal of Composite Materials
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of the work was to achieve assumed gradation of hard coal particles distribution in epoxy matrix and thus gradation of properties. It was done by proper selection of compounds composition and conditions of the gradation formation. The graded composites were produced using centrifugal casting. Two types of epoxy resins as a matrix and two types of hard coal of various granulation as a filler were used. Samples in the form of bushings with radial carbon filler gradation were produced by changing filler type, its volumetric content and parameters of centrifugal casting. The first part of the paper presents results of graded materials structure investigations. The microscopic observations of the structure of composites prepared according to elaborated experimental program show that the composites are characterized by continuous change of the filler particles content in radial direction, so they can be classified as graded materials. Results also show that gradation of particles content and thus gradation of properties may be planned and foreseen when mechanisms of gradation formation are known.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Journal of Composite Materials
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study is to examine the mechanical, thermal, and physical properties of industrially produced nano-CaCO3 filled high-density polyethylene nanocomposites. For this purpose, 1.0, 3.0, 5.0, 10.0, and 15.0 wt.% loading of nano-CaCO3 filled high-density polyethylene nanocomposites were prepared by the melt mixing method using a compounder system, which consist of industrial banbury mixer, single screw extruder, and granule cutting. The effect of nano-CaCO3 on mechanical, thermal, and physical properties of nano-CaCO3/HDPE nanocomposites was investigated. As a result of all experiments, the tensile strength of nano-CaCO3 filled high-density polyethylene nanocomposite increased about 5% with addition of 1.0 wt.% nano-CaCO3. But did not increase further as more nano-CaCO3 was added. The flexural strength of nano-CaCO3 filled high-density polyethylene nanocomposite increased about 4.5% with addition of 15.0 wt.% nano-CaCO3.Then increased slightly as the nano-CaCO3 content increased to 15.0 wt.%. The tensile and flexural modulus of high-density polyethylene were significantly improved after (from 1.0 wt.% up to 15.0 wt.%) addition of nano-CaCO3. The tensile elongation at break and shore D hardness was consistently decreased with the addition of nano-CaCO3. The nano-CaCO3 filled high-density polyethylene nanocomposites were determined to have lower impact energy level than neat high-density polyethylene. The occurred fracture areas with the impact were detected by scanning electron microscopy examination. It is understood that fracture surface morphology changes when nano-CaCO3 ratio increases. The fracture surface changes were examined to determine the fracture mechanism of nano-CaCO3 filled high-density polyethylene nanocomposites. Density, melting flow index, differential scanning colorimetry, and vicat softening temperature were used to characterize the physical and thermal properties of the nanocomposites. The X-ray diffraction, the fourier transform infrared spectrophotometry, the transmission electron microscopy, and the scanning electron microscopy were used to analyze the structural characteristics of the nanocomposites. It is concluded that the addition of the nano-CaCO3 in high-density polyethylene has significantly influenced the mechanical, thermal, and physical properties of the nanocomposites.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Journal of Composite Materials