The Journal of Agricultural Science (J AGR SCI)

Publisher: Cambridge University Press (CUP)

Journal description

The Journal of Agricultural Science publishes papers concerned with the advance of agriculture and the use of land resources throughout the world. It publishes original scientific work related to strategic and applied studies in all aspects of agricultural science including agronomy; crop physiology crop protection breeding genetics and pathology; soil science; animal nutrition physiology and genetics; and the mathematical and statistical methods used in experimentation and data analysis. The journal also publishes book reviews and invited short reviews of scientific topics of current agricultural relevance.

Current impact factor: 1.16

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 0.653
2013 Impact Factor 2.891
2012 Impact Factor 2.878
2011 Impact Factor 2.041
2010 Impact Factor 1.418
2009 Impact Factor 1.658
2008 Impact Factor 1.471
2007 Impact Factor 1.093
2006 Impact Factor 0.861
2005 Impact Factor 0.636
2004 Impact Factor 0.541
2003 Impact Factor 0.596
2002 Impact Factor 0.463
2001 Impact Factor 0.58
2000 Impact Factor 0.673
1999 Impact Factor 0.743
1998 Impact Factor 0.65
1997 Impact Factor 0.701
1996 Impact Factor 0.619
1995 Impact Factor 0.581
1994 Impact Factor 0.621
1993 Impact Factor 0.457
1992 Impact Factor 0.617

Impact factor over time

Impact factor
Year

Additional details

5-year impact 0.42
Cited half-life 4.00
Immediacy index 0.15
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.12
Website Journal of Agricultural Science, The website
Other titles Journal of agricultural science (Online)
ISSN 0021-8596
OCLC 43802228
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Cambridge University Press (CUP)

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Author's Pre-print on author's personal website, departmental website, social media websites, institutional repository, non-commercial subject-based repositories, such as PubMed Central, Europe PMC or arXiv
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website on acceptance of publication
    • Author's post-print on departmental website, institutional repository, non-commercial subject-based repositories, such as PubMed Central, Europe PMC or arXiv, after a 6 months embargo
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Published abstract may be deposited
    • Pre-print to record acceptance for publication
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged with set statement
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Publisher last reviewed on 07/10/2014
    • This policy is an exception to the default policies of 'Cambridge University Press (CUP)'
  • Classification
    green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To gain protection under the International Convention for the Protection of New Varieties of Plant, new plant varieties must be distinguishable from existing varieties in at least one important characteristic. Assessment of quantitative characteristics often uses a procedure based on analysis of variance of variety-by-year means for 2 years of trials. In the current paper, a new method is described that can identify those reference varieties that are so different from a candidate that there would be no reason to compare them in the subsequent year, resulting in potential cost savings. It is more objective and transparent than existing practice for quantitative characteristics based on expert opinion. The method calculates thresholds for quantitative characteristics. The thresholds are defined so that if in the first year the difference between two varieties in a characteristic is larger than the characteristic's threshold then it is highly likely that the varieties would be distinct after 2 years. Thresholds were derived based on statistical predictions of the full decision after 2 years using the first year results combined with historical data. It is shown that these thresholds are sensitive to yearly heterogeneity in the variety-by-year variation. The method accommodates this heterogeneity by modelling yearly residual variances with the inverse gamma distribution. This extension meant that exact analytical formulae were not available so an approximation was suggested. Using simulation it was found that the approximation was reasonable; for thresholds corresponding to a high probability of distinctness, the approximate thresholds were a little higher than required. The method was evaluated on a 19-year data set for field pea, comparing decisions based on first year thresholds with those based on the full 2 years. It was found that with the probability of distinctness set at 0·99, the calculated thresholds were generally lower than the existing expert-set thresholds but had acceptable levels of false positives and false negatives.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · The Journal of Agricultural Science
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of planting pattern and irrigation on the soil water content, stomatal conductance, leaf relative water content, leaf water potential and leaf water use efficiency of winter wheat were investigated in North China during the 2008/09 and 2009/10 growing seasons. A field experiment was conducted using a randomized complete block design that consisted of three planting patterns: (i) a uniform row spacing of 25 cm, and alternating wide–narrow row spacing of 40 and 20 cm tested as (ii) flat and (iii) furrow–ridge seedbeds. In addition, irrigation treatments of 90, 135 and 180 mm were used. The planting pattern, irrigation treatments and interactions between them significantly affected soil water content, stomatal conductance, leaf relative water content, leaf water potential and leaf water use efficiency. The soil water content, stomatal conductance, leaf relative water content, leaf water potential, grains/spike, thousand grain weight, leaf water use efficiency and yield were highest in the furrow–ridge seedbed planting pattern and increased with increasing irrigation (except for the leaf water use efficiency). The leaf water use efficiency in the 135 mm irrigation treatment was significantly greater than in the other treatments. In addition, soil water content, stomatal conductance, leaf relative water content, leaf water potential, grains/spike and thousand grain weight were positively correlated with leaf water use efficiency and yield of winter wheat. The interaction between the furrow–ridge seedbed planting pattern and 135 mm irrigation increased soil water content, leaf water indices, grains/spike, thousand grain weight, leaf water use efficiency and yield. These results indicated that a beneficial response occurred for wheat yield. The furrow–ridge seedbed planting pattern combined with 135 mm of irrigation improved the soil and leaf water status and could increase wheat yield while using less water.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · The Journal of Agricultural Science
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    ABSTRACT: There is limited information about the influences of long-term fertilizer management on methane (CH 4 ) and nitrous oxide (N 2 O) emissions from double-cropping paddy fields in Southern China. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to characterize the changes of CH 4 and N 2 O related to different fertilizer treatments based on a long-term field experiment. The experiment was initiated in 1986 and consisted of five treatments: unfertilized (CK), mineral fertilizer alone (MF), rice residues plus mineral fertilizer (RF), low manure rate plus mineral fertilizer (M1 + F), and high manure rate plus mineral fertilizer (M2 + F). Investigations were conducted over 2 years, from 2013 to 2014, to examine the CH 4 and N 2 O emissions from paddy field of Southern China. The results indicated that M2 + F plots had the largest CH 4 emissions during the early rice and late cropped rice and that MF and RF had larger N 2 O emissions than CK in both early and late cropped rice. When compared with the control, total N 2 O emissions in both rice-growing seasons increased in both MF and RF in 2013 and 2014. The global warming potentials (GWP) from paddy fields were ranked as M2 + F > M1 + F > RF > MF > CK. Meanwhile, the results demonstrated that CH 4 and N 2 O emissions were closely associated with the soil redox potential and soil temperature. In summary, the incorporation of rice residues in addition to the use of mineral fertilizer (RF treatment) may be an effective fertilizer management practice for mitigating total GWP per grain yield and maintaining rice grain yield in southern China.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · The Journal of Agricultural Science
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    ABSTRACT: In order to reduce the environmental impact of agriculture and improve the resilience and sustainability of our food systems, there is an increasing interest in shifting from the present agricultural systems, which are characterized by high external inputs, to low-input productive systems characterized by high resilience and sustainability. Purposely developed varieties are needed for the latter. With the rapid disappearance of landraces, heterogeneous populations such as composite cross populations (CCPs) or line mixtures, developed through evolutionary plant breeding, could be the ideal source of breeding material for the development of new cultivars for low-input productive systems. Parental lines of CCPs should be selected among old breeding lines, varieties or landraces because the specific characteristics required for low-input or organic farming systems might have been lost during selection of modern varieties. In the current scenario of renewed interest in evolutionary plant breeding, the evolution of diversity in heterogeneous populations needs to be better investigated to maximize the advantages that can be obtained by their utilization. The present paper reports on the analysis of 88 barley plants chosen randomly from a CCP, namely AUT DBA (where AUT indicates autumn sowing and DBA is the acronym of the former Department) that was multiplied for 13 years under a low-input management system without any conscious human selection, aiming to investigate the morphological diversity still existing in the population and its potential value as source of breeding material for low-input/organic agriculture and understanding the traits that contributed to the adaptive success of certain groups of individuals. Eighteen plant and spike morphological traits were analysed using bi-dimensional spatial analysis, cluster analysis, non-parametric tests and multivariate approaches. Low lodging and loose smut damage were observed in the CCP where several individuals were superior to the best control for at least one of the four yield-related traits, namely spike weight, number of seeds per spike, weight of seeds in a spike and grain weight. Three morphological clusters were identified using cluster analysis. Clusters 2 and 3 grouped the largest number of CCP individuals which, compared with those in cluster 1, were characterized mainly by heavier spikes with higher seed number, taller culms and early flowering. Interestingly, the plant architecture of all the controls was different from that of the most frequent genotypes in the CCP, showing that low-input systems may require a plant architecture different from the one usually considered as the most suitable for high-input systems. Taking advantage of results from Raggi et al . (2015), phenotypic data were also analysed according to individual genetic group assignment. Results suggest that plant height at the beginning of stem elongation, and days to heading, together with traits related to culm and leaf morphology, could have played a significant role in determining the success of plants from genetic group D, which is the group most represented in the CCP. According to the wide range of morphological diversity existing in the AUT DBA and the high percentage of lines that show favourable combinations of different traits, this population could be a useful gene-pool from which to select lines for breeding activities. Even though further use of the CCP for breeding purposes may be limited by its possible evolution, there are different ways of manipulating the CCP to counteract the undesirable changes without great economic and/or technical efforts. The high number of multi-locus genotypes and the evolutionary responses observed in AUT DBA show that the prediction that phenotypic micro-evolution in natural systems may be limited by low genetic variances in harsh environments and low selection pressure in good environments is not necessarily true for low-input systems.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · The Journal of Agricultural Science
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    ABSTRACT: A comparative study of the effect of organic fertilization at different times and doses on soil fertility and crop yield was performed over 3 years in a calcareous loamy soil. Nutrient availability in the soil and macronutrient concentration in leaves and in the edible part of the plants was examined in plots that were previously handled conventionally and ecologically for several years. The organic fertilizers used were manure compost at two doses in plots after 4 years of organic management treatment, and green residues of previous crops in plots with 10 years of organic management. In general, soil organic carbon (C), nitrogen (N), phosphorous (P) and magnesium (Mg) contents were found to be considerably greater in organically fertilized soils in comparison with soil receiving mineral fertilizer (conventional treatment (CT)). For C and N, the highest contents were observed in the long-term organic treatment (OR). However, few differences were found for potassium (K) and sodium (Na). The results obtained for electrical conductivity and pH indicated that, in general, there were no significant differences between treatments. The differences in the values of EC and pH occurred among cultivation cycles irrespective of the type of fertilization, but there was a contradictory trend for each of the above parameters. The results obtained for leaves and the edible part of the plant indicated that, in general, there were no significant differences between treatments, except for P with a trend for higher P content in organic crops. The nitrate values in leaves showed great variability, making it difficult to draw conclusions. The associations of fertilization and the chemical properties of soil with nutrient content in crops were checked by principal component analysis (PCA). For soil data, different clusters were observed between CT and OR treatments. However, PCA showed that the influence of crop type on plant nutrient concentrations was greater than type of fertilization. The effect of fertilization on crop yield was variable depending on plant species. The results indicated that organic fertilization did not cause deficiencies in the nutrient content and yield of vegetables when compared with conventional fertilization, showing that ecological management can be used effectively.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · The Journal of Agricultural Science
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    ABSTRACT: Floral organ development influences plant reproduction and crop yield. The mechanism of floral organ specification is generally conserved in angiosperms as demonstrated by the ‘ABC’ model. However, mechanisms underlying the development of floral organs in specific groups of species such as grasses remain unclear. In the genus Oryza (rice), a spikelet consists of a fertile floret sub-tended by a lemma, a palea, two sterile lemmas and rudimentary glumes. To understand how the lemma is formed, a curve-shaped lemma-distortion1 ( ld1 ) mutant was identified. Genetic analysis confirmed that the ld1 mutant phenotype was due to a single recessive gene mutation. Using a large F 2 population, the LD1 gene was mapped between markers Indel-7-15 and Indel-7-18, which encompassed a region of 15·6 kilo base pairs (kbp). According to rice genome annotations, two putative genes, LOC_Os07g32510 and LOC_Os07g32520 , were located in this candidate region. However, DNA sequencing results indicated only 1 base pair (bp) substitution (T⇨C) was found in LOC_Os07g32510 between the wild-type and the ld1 mutant. Thus LOC_Os07g32510 , encoding a DNA binding with one zinc finger (DoF) containing protein, was the candidate gene for LD1 . Further analysis showed that mutation of the amino acid cysteine (C) to arginine (R) was likely to lead to zinc finger protein deactivation. Phylogenetic and conservation analysis of the gene from different species revealed that cysteine was critical to LD1 function. As a new gene controlling lemma development, the study of LD1 could provide insights into rice floral organ formation mechanisms.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · The Journal of Agricultural Science
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    ABSTRACT: Expressed sequence tag-simple sequence repeat (EST-SSR) markers were used to analyse genetic diversity among three Lens species. The SSR loci amplified successfully in wild species, with 94·82% transferability in Lens culinaris subsp. orientalis , 95·4% in Lens nigricans , 98·81% in L. culinaris subsp. odemensis , 94·82% in L. culinaris subsp. tomentosus and 96·55% in Lens ervoides . Ninety-nine alleles (average 3·41 alleles/locus) were detected by 29 SSR markers. Based on the unweighted pair group method with arithmetic mean cluster analysis, all the genotypes were grouped into three clusters at a similarity level of 0·30. The diversity analysis indicated no species-specific clustering of the wild and cultivated species. Wild species L. nigricans and L. culinaris subsp. odemensis, L. culinaris subsp. orientalis and L. ervoides were grouped in Cluster I, whereas the Mediterranean land races of L. culinaris subsp. culinaris and L. culinaris subsp. tomentosus formed a separate group in Cluster II A. Cluster II B comprised L. ervoides, L. culinaris subsp. orientalis and L. culinaris subsp. culinaris. Clusters II C, II D and II F included cultivated Indian lentil genotypes. Cluster II E comprised Indian and Mediterranean germplasm lines. Cluster II F included three early maturing germplasm lines, whereas Cluster III included only two germplasm lines. The functional annotation of SSR-containing unigenes revealed that a majority of genes were involved in an important transport-related function or were a component of metabolic pathways. A high level of polymorphism of EST-SSRs and their transferability to related wild species indicated that these markers could be used for molecular screening, map construction, comparative genomic studies and marker-assisted selection.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · The Journal of Agricultural Science
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    ABSTRACT: Barley ( Hordeum vulgare L.) is one of the most important cereal crops in the world and powdery mildew caused by the airborne fungus Blumeria graminis f. sp. hordei is a worldwide disease that causes frequent epidemics in Central and Northwestern Europe. Psaknon was one of first varieties in which powdery mildew resistance ( Mlp1 ) was found, but no commercial variety with this resistance and no pathotype with the corresponding virulence have been recorded. In 2014, four isolates collected in the Czech Republic and virulent to Mlp1 were tested on 25 varieties and were also virulent to seven other resistances, including Venezia. These isolates revealed the presence of Mlp1 in six commercial spring and winter barley varieties from Southeastern and Central Europe and in six German winter barley candidate lines for registration in Czech variety trials. Based on the combined results of virulence and resistance, it was concluded that Vp1 is becoming a major factor contributing to increased virulence complexity and pathotype diversity in Central Europe. In breeding, employment of the non-specific resistance Mlo for spring barley and accumulation of quantitative resistance genes for winter barley can still be recommended in addition to exploiting a non-host resistance from an alternative source such as that present in Hordeum bulbosum .
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · The Journal of Agricultural Science