The Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association (J Egypt Publ Health Assoc)

Publisher: Egyptian Public Health Association

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Other titles Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
ISSN 0013-2446
OCLC 1029403
Material type Periodical
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal


  • No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · The Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
  • Raheb Ghorbani · Mohammad Nassaji · Akram Shahbazi · Bemane Rostami · Maryam Taheri

    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · The Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association

  • No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · The Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association

  • No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · The Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
  • Ahmad S. Burhan · Fehmieh R. Nawaya · Mohammad E. Arabi Katbi · Alaa S. Al-Jawabra

    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · The Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association

  • No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · The Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association

  • No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · The Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association

  • No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · The Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
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    ABSTRACT: Water bottling companies often assert that their products are of the highest quality and are conforming to the standards. The objective of the study was to assess the physicochemical quality of bottled waters consumed in Ethiopia and to compare the findings with the national and international water quality standards. Eleven domestic and two imported bottled water brands were randomly purchased in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia at three different occasions from July 2013 to May 2014. A total of 39 composite samples were examined for aggregate parameters, major anions, and common cations in accordance with the procedures described in the standard methods. We found that 7.7% of the samples were containing higher levels of alkalinity, hardness, total dissolved solids, pH, HCO3, Na, and Ca than the national standards and the WHO guidelines. However, the deviations from standards for all the above parameters were not statistically significant (one-sample t-test, P>0.05). Conversely, in some of the brands, some of the essential elements like Ca, K, Mg, and F were found at very low concentrations. The rest of the parameters, including CO3, SO4, PO4 (orthophosphates), Cl, F, NO3, NO2, K, Mg, Fe, Mn, Cr, Cd, Cu, Ni, and Pb were within the acceptable ranges in all the brands. Bottled water brands containing very high concentrations of dissolved substances may pose health risks for individuals living with heart and kidney related problems. On the other hand, brands having chemicals lower than the optimum level may also harm the health of consumers who choose those brands as a sole source of drinking water. Thus, we suggest those responsible authorities to ensure regular monitoring and testing for chemical compositions of bottled water.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · The Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
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    ABSTRACT: Work poses potential threats to the physical, emotional, economic, and academic health of teenagers. Like their adult coworkers, teenagers face exposure to a variety of health and safety hazards that can lead to injury and illness. Children's increased vulnerability puts them at a high risk of work-related health problems. The aim of this study was to compare growth parameters of working children in contrast to nonworking students, and to compare the frequency of anemia and parasitic infestations among the two groups. A comparative cross-sectional study among 75 working boys in small industrial workshops in Arab Gohaina village in Qaliuobia governorate and 75 students of the same residence was conducted. All children were interviewed and were subjected to physical examination. Their BMI and hemoglobin were measured, and stool samples were examined for parasites. Only 11 and 15% of the workers working children eat vegetables and fruits on daily basis compared with 25 and 49% of students respectively (P<0.001). Mean BMI of the working group was 21.62±2.56 compared with 23.29±3.09 among the students. Students showed more frequency of obesity and overweight than the working group (13.33 and 29.33% compared with 2.67 and 20%, respectively, P=0.009). The hemoglobin level of working children (10.27±0.53 g/dl) was less than that of students (11.31±0.75 g/dl, P<0.001). The frequency of having parasitic infestations among working children was significantly higher than the students (P<0.001). Labor was a factor that negatively affected the health of children. More working children in this village had anemia and parasitic infestations than nonworking ones. It is recommended to pay more attention to health problems among working children, with controlling child labor, especially in hazardous occupations and performing periodic medical examination to monitor their health and development.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · The Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
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    ABSTRACT: Dyspnea and fatigue are the most mutual symptoms known to be present in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. COPD patients have extra trouble breathing out fully. They can apply relaxed breathing techniques any time taking a breath such as following coughing or physical activity. By training to preserve energy with daily chores, patients can perform many physical actions with less dyspnea. The aim of the current study was to assess the effect of an educational intervention on knowledge, practices, and disease severity in patients with COPD. A purposive sample of 100 adult male patients was selected randomly from the Respiratory Clinic at King Abdul-Aziz University Hospital, Jeddah. Patients were assessed using a clinical sheet, patients' dyspnea knowledge questionnaire, patients' practices observational checklists, the Modified Borg Scale, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. More than 50% of patients had insufficient knowledge and 100% of them reported that they did not practice respiratory muscles exercises before the educational intervention. These improved after the intervention, showing a highly statistically significant difference. In addition, dyspnea and anxiety improved in COPD patients who had received supervised guidelines. Application of dyspnea-management guidelines has enhanced patients' knowledge of their disease, practice, as well as dyspnea and anxiety levels. Health instruction materials for COPD patients can be useful by means of providing simplified guidelines, explanatory videos, leaflets, and/or brochures to clarify, avoid, and manage dyspnea. An additional estimate of the outcome of instructions to avoid and improve dyspnea and distress reactions in a larger sample size is proposed.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · The Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
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    ABSTRACT: Client satisfaction is an important parameter of quality assessment, as patient's preferences and demands influence health status and medical outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess mothers' satisfaction with the quality of healthcare during hospital delivery and its determinants. A cross-sectional design was used. Women who gave birth at Women Health Center of Assiut University Hospital during a 2-month period in 2012 (n=435) were interviewed using a semistructured questionnaire to examine various dimensions of care. Nearly two-third of interviewed mothers (63%) were satisfied with the quality of delivery care they received at the hospital. They would deliver again in the hospital and would recommend the hospital to others. Younger women, primipara, and highly educated were more likely to be satisfied than their counterparts. Pregnancy intendedness was associated with the satisfaction (P=0.000). Mothers' satisfaction with the way health provider treated them varied among nurses, doctors, and workers (77.7, 69.2, and 56.1%, respectively). Only 11.7% of mothers reported that they were satisfied with the health advices from the health providers, whereas 92.0% were satisfied with the competence of care providers. High satisfaction with the physical environment of the hospital was reported (>90%). Although mothers' satisfaction with provider competence was high, satisfaction with the interpersonal aspects of the quality of care and health information given during delivery care was low. Training the physicians about the communication and interpersonal skills and emphasizing the value of providing mothers with health information are highly recommended.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · The Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
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    ABSTRACT: Socioeconomic position is a community-used concept in health research. The social level is related to numerous exposures, resources, and susceptibilities that may affect health. To update and validate a tool for scaling the socioeconomic level of families for health research. A multistage stratified cluster sampling technique was used to select 900 families (one index person per family) from urban and rural areas in the Alexandria governorate using the proportional allocation method. Ten variables reflecting parental education, parental occupation, family characteristics, financial status as well as home sanitation were reduced to a single socioeconomic status (SES) index using two methods: the Sigma scoring method and factor analysis. Reliability and validity were assessed for the developed scale. Factor scores were classified into three categories (low, medium, high) using cluster analysis, and then different cut-off points for the Sigma scoring method were used and compared with the cluster solution using the κ statistic. Results showed that the developed scale was both reliable (Cronbach's α coefficient α=0.79) and valid [8 out of the 10 items had high loading (>0.5) for SES]. The best cut-off points for SES classification using the proposed scoring system that yielded the highest agreement with the cluster solution (κ=0.77) were less than 40%, 40 to <70%, and at 70% or more, with an overall correct classification of 84.7%. The new scale proved to be valid and reliable. This scale is recommended for use for scaling the socioeconomic level of families for health research.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · The Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
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    ABSTRACT: An individual's lifestyle influences health, and health-promoting behaviors and a healthy lifestyle are crucial means to maintain health. Nurses play a significant role as models in health-promoting activities. The aim of this study was to describe the current health-promoting lifestyle of nurses in private hospitals and investigate possible associations between health behaviors and demographic characteristics. This was a cross-sectional study. A total of 420 nurses were assessed using the Health-Promotion Lifestyle Profile (HPLP-II) scale as a self-administered questionnaire. The mean age of about 78% women and 22% men was 33.12±8.52 years. Most of them (98%) were non-Saudi, and 50% had a diploma; 38% had 5-10 years of experience, 50% were married, 49% had children, and 64% had a monthly income of less than 3000 Saudi Riyal. 'Spiritual growth' showed the highest mean score and 'physical activity' showed the lowest mean score. Significant differences in nurses' health-promoting lifestyle behaviors and significant correlations were found between the HPLP-II and demographic variables. Nurses' display of health responsibility, nutrition, interpersonal relations, and stress management behaviors was moderate. Although their physical activity was low, their spiritual growth was high. For older, married, and those nurses whose monthly income was more than 3000 Saudi Riyal, the nutrition score was higher. Age, marital, and economic status were associated significantly with nutritional health behavior. Development and training programs should be performed to raise awareness of the importance of health education and health promotion, and the necessary facilities should be provided at the work place to encourage healthy behavior.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · The Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Although the disease burden of liver cirrhosis in Egypt is high and there are few resources for its management, there is limited research on the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of Egyptian patients with liver cirrhosis. Aims: To describe the HRQOL of liver cirrhotic patients in Egypt and to analyse factors associated with this construct. Patients and methods: A cross-sectional study with a convenience sample of 401 patients from three hospitals in Cairo, Egypt, was carried out in June–August 2011. Patients were interviewed to complete a background data form, Short Form-36, the Liver Disease Symptom Index-2.0 and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Results: Patients had low HRQOL, with mental health perceived to be poorer than physical health. In regression analyses, severity of symptoms, disease stage, comorbidities and employment status were associated significantly with physical health, accounting for 19% of the variance. For mental health, 31.7% of the variation was explained by severity of symptoms, employment status and perceived spouse and family support. Conclusion and recommendations: These findings highlight the needs of patients with liver cirrhosis in Egypt. Engaging the patients’ family in care planning may decrease patients’ burden and improve their HRQOL. This study also provides a rationale to develop future research in symptom management to enhance HRQOL.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · The Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Although the disease burden of liver cirrhosis in Egypt is high and there are few resources for its management, there is limited research on the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of Egyptian patients with liver cirrhosis. Aims: To describe the HRQOL of liver cirrhotic patients in Egypt and to analyse factors associated with this construct. Patients and methods: A cross-sectional study with a convenience sample of 401 patients from three hospitals in Cairo, Egypt, was carried out in June–August 2011. Patients were interviewed to complete a background data form, Short Form-36, the Liver Disease Symptom Index-2.0 and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Results: Patients had low HRQOL, with mental health perceived to be poorer than physical health. In regression analyses, severity of symptoms, disease stage, comorbidities and employment status were associated significantly with physical health, accounting for 19% of the variance. For mental health, 31.7% of the variation was explained by severity of symptoms, employment status and perceived spouse and family support. Conclusion and recommendations: These findings highlight the needs of patients with liver cirrhosis in Egypt. Engaging the patients’ family in care planning may decrease patients’ burden and improve their HRQOL. This study also provides a rationale to develop future research in symptom management to enhance HRQOL.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · The Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association