Drugs (DRUGS)

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Journal description

Drugs is the definitive journal of drugs and therapeutics. It provides essential information required by all healthcare practitioners, teachers and researchers through independent and objective evaluations of drugs and their place in patient management. A comprehensive program of single agent drug reviews, drug class reviews and comparative reviews makes Drugs an essential Library title and an invaluable teaching tool. Drugs provides you with all the important and most current information on drug use to achieve optimal patient outcomes.

Current impact factor: 4.34

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2014 / 2015 Impact Factor 4.343
2013 Impact Factor 4.133
2012 Impact Factor 4.633
2011 Impact Factor 4.226
2010 Impact Factor 3.738
2009 Impact Factor 4.732
2008 Impact Factor 4.128
2007 Impact Factor 3.726
2006 Impact Factor 4.472
2005 Impact Factor 4.466
2004 Impact Factor 4.412
2003 Impact Factor 4.611
2002 Impact Factor 5.368
2001 Impact Factor 4.442
2000 Impact Factor 3.966
1999 Impact Factor 4.15
1998 Impact Factor 3.19
1997 Impact Factor 3.282
1996 Impact Factor 4.153
1995 Impact Factor 3.903
1994 Impact Factor 4.327
1993 Impact Factor 3.877
1992 Impact Factor 2.279

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 4.10
Cited half-life 9.20
Immediacy index 1.01
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 1.20
Website Drugs website
Other titles Drugs (Basel, Switzerland), Drugs
ISSN 0012-6667
OCLC 1566990
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Author's pre-print on pre-print servers such as arXiv.org
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on any open access repository after 12 months after publication
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pembrolizumab (Keytruda(®)) is a humanized monoclonal antibody against programmed death receptor-1 (PD-1), a key immunoinhibitory checkpoint protein implicated in down-regulating anti-tumour immune responses. This intravenous drug is indicated for the treatment of advanced (unresectable or metastatic) melanoma, on the basis of its clinical benefit in this setting in the phase I KEYNOTE 001 trial (expansion cohorts) and the phase II and III trials, KEYNOTE 002 and 006. These studies were conducted in ipilimumab-naïve and/or ipilimumab-experienced patients and assessed varying pembrolizumab regimens administered every 2 or 3 weeks, all of which helped to determine the recommended dosage of 2 mg/kg every 3 weeks. In the trials with active comparator arms, pembrolizumab regimens significantly improved progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) and overall response rates (ORR) relative to ipilimumab in ipilimumab-naïve patients (KEYNOTE 006), and significantly improved PFS and ORR, but not OS (although OS data are immature), relative to chemotherapy in ipilimumab-refractory patients, who had also received BRAF/MEK inhibitor therapy if BRAF-mutation positive (KEYNOTE 002). Pembrolizumab has an acceptable tolerability profile, with immune-related adverse events that are generally manageable/reversible. Thus, pembrolizumab is a valuable treatment option for patients with advanced melanoma, including those who have progressed on ipilimumab and BRAF/MEK inhibitors.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Drugs
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    ABSTRACT: Ixazomib (Ninlaro(®)) is an orally bioavailable, reversible proteasome inhibitor developed by Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (now Takeda Oncology). Ixazomib acts by binding to and inhibiting the β5 subunit of the 20S proteasome. In November 2015, the US FDA approved ixazomib for use in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone for the treatment of patients with multiple myeloma who have received at least one prior therapy. Ixazomib is under regulatory review for this indication in the EU. Phase III development of ixazomib is underway worldwide for newly-diagnosed multiple myeloma (in patients who are not eligible for stem cell transplant, or as maintenance therapy) and for relapsed or refractory systemic light chain (AL) amyloidosis. Ixazomib is also under phase I-II development for the treatment of several other haematological and non-haematological malignancies, graft-versus-host disease and lupus nephritis. This article summarizes the milestones in the development of ixazomib leading to this first approval for multiple myeloma.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Drugs
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    ABSTRACT: Selexipag (Uptravi(®)) is a highly selective, long-acting, nonprostanoid, prostacyclin receptor agonist that is being developed by Actelion Pharmaceuticals Ltd and Nippon Shinyaku. Oral selexipag is approved in the USA for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH; WHO Group I) to delay disease progression and reduce the risk of hospitalization for PAH. It has subsequently been approved in Canada for the long-term treatment of PAH, and received a positive opinion in the EU for the treatment of PAH in adult patients with WHO functional class II-III. Selexipag received orphan drug designation for the treatment of PAH in Japan in 2014 and is in undergoing regulatory review in several countries for use in this indication. In the large, event-driven, phase III GRIPHON trial, selexipag reduced the risk of the primary composite endpoint of death or a complication related to PAH (whichever occurred first) by 40 % compared with placebo in patients with PAH (80 % were also receiving stable dosages of an endothelin receptor antagonist and/or a phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor). This article summarizes the milestones in the development of selexipag leading to this first approval for PAH.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Drugs
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    ABSTRACT: Severe Cushing's syndrome presents an acute emergency and is defined by massively elevated random serum cortisol [more than 36 μg/dL (1000 nmol/L)] at any time or a 24-h urinary free cortisol more than fourfold the upper limit of normal and/or severe hypokalaemia (<3.0 mmol/L), along with the recent onset of one or more of the following: sepsis, opportunistic infection, intractable hypokalaemia, uncontrolled hypertension, heart failure, gastrointestinal haemorrhage, glucocorticoid-induced acute psychosis, progressive debilitating myopathy, thromboembolism or uncontrolled hyperglycaemia and ketocacidosis. Treatment focuses on the management of the severe metabolic disturbances followed by rapid resolution of the hypercortisolaemia, and subsequent confirmation of the cause. Emergency lowering of the elevated serum cortisol is most rapidly achieved with oral metyrapone and/or ketoconazole; if parenteral therapy is required then intravenous etomidate is rapidly effective in almost all cases, but all measures require careful supervision. The optimal order and combination of drugs to treat severe hypercortisolaemia-mostly in the context of ectopic ACTH-secreting syndrome, adrenocortical carcinoma or an ACTH-secreting pituitary adenoma (mainly macroadenomas)-is not yet established. Combination therapy may be useful not only to rapidly control cortisol excess but also to lower individual drug dosages and consequently the possibility of adverse effects. If medical treatments fail, bilateral adrenalectomy should be performed in the shortest possible time span to prevent the debilitating complications of uncontrolled hypercortisolaemia.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Drugs
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    ABSTRACT: Insulin glargine 300 U/mL (Toujeo(®)) is a long-acting basal insulin analogue approved for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Insulin glargine 300 U/mL has a more stable and prolonged pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic profile than insulin glargine 100 U/mL (Lantus(®)), with a duration of glucose-lowering activity exceeding 24 h. In several 6-month phase III trials, insulin glargine 300 U/mL achieved comparable glycaemic control to that seen with insulin glargine 100 U/mL in patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, albeit with consistently higher daily basal insulin requirements. These improvements in glycaemic control were maintained during longer-term (12 months) treatment. Insulin glargine 300 U/mL was generally associated with a lower risk of nocturnal hypoglycaemia than insulin glargine 100 U/mL in insulin-experienced patients with type 2 diabetes, while the risk of nocturnal hypoglycaemia did not significantly differ between treatment groups in insulin-naïve patients with type 2 diabetes or in patients with type 1 diabetes. To conclude, once-daily subcutaneous insulin glargine 300 U/mL is an effective and generally well tolerated basal insulin therapy option for patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Drugs
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    ABSTRACT: Liposomal amphotericin B (AmBisome(®); LAmB) is a unique lipid formulation of amphotericin B. LAmB is a standard of care for a wide range of medically important opportunistic fungal pathogens. LAmB has a significantly improved toxicity profile compared with conventional amphotericin B deoxycholate (DAmB). Despite nearly 20 years of clinical use, the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of this agent, which differ considerably from DAmB, remain relatively poorly understood and underutilized in the clinical setting. The molecular pharmacology, preclinical and clinical pharmacokinetics, and clinical experience with LAmB for the most commonly encountered fungal pathogens are reviewed. In vitro, experimental animal models and human clinical trial data are summarized, and novel routes of administration and dosing schedules are discussed. LAmB is a formulation that results in reduced toxicity as compared with DAmB while retaining the antifungal effect of the active agent. Its long terminal half-life and retention in tissues suggest that single or intermittent dosing regimens are feasible, and these should be actively investigated in both preclinical models and in clinical trials. Significant gaps remain in knowledge of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics in special populations such as neonates and children, pregnant women and obese patients.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Drugs
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    ABSTRACT: Elotuzumab (Empliciti™) is a humanised IgG1 monoclonal antibody developed by Bristol-Myers Squibb (BMS) and AbbVie that has been approved as combination therapy with lenalidomide and dexamethasone for relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma in the US. Elotuzumab binds to the cell surface receptor signalling lymphocytic activation molecule F7 (SLAMF7), which is selectively expressed on myeloma cells and natural killer cells, leading to antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity and direct natural killer cell activation. In a phase III clinical trial, addition of elotuzumab to lenalidomide and dexamethasone therapy in patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma was associated with a significant improvement in progression-free survival and overall response rate. This article summarizes the milestones in the development of elotuzumab leading to this first approval for relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Drugs
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    ABSTRACT: Globally, the increasing prevalence of multidrug-resistant pathogens continues to pose major problems in healthcare systems and, at least in part, is driving an initiative to develop new antibacterials, such as ceftolozane (a cephalosporin β-lactam). Adding a β-lactamase inhibitor (e.g. tazobactam) to a β-lactam extends its spectrum of activity against β-lactamase-producing microorganisms (a key mechanism of resistance to β-lactams). Ceftolozane/tazobactam (Zerbaxa™), a β-lactam/β-lactamase inhibitor combination, is indicated for the treatment of adults with complicated intra-abdominal infections (cIAI) or complicated urinary tract infections (cUTI), including pyelonephritis. In multinational, phase 3 noninferiority trials, intravenous ceftolozane/tazobactam was an effective and generally well tolerated treatment in patients with cIAI or cUTI. In the ASPECT-cIAI trial, ceftolozane/tazobactam plus metronidazole was noninferior to meropenem in terms of clinical cure rates at the test-of-cure (TOC) visit, with clinical cure rates in subgroup analyses consistent with those in the primary analysis. In the ASPECT-cUTI trial, ceftolozane/tazobactam was superior to levofloxacin in terms of composite cure rates (clinical cure plus microbiological eradiation) at the TOC visit. Further clinical experience should help to more definitively position ceftolozane/tazobactam in the treatment of cIAI and cUTI, including in patients with renal impairment. In the meantime, given its very good in vitro activity against extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae and drug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates, ceftolozane/tazobactam provides a potential alternative to currently approved antibacterials for empirical treatment of cIAI and cUTI in adults.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Drugs
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    ABSTRACT: Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is a rare inheritable disease that results from loss-of-function mutations in the ALPL gene encoding tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP). Therapeutic options for treating the underlying pathophysiology of the disease have been lacking, with the mainstay of treatment being management of symptoms and supportive care. HPP is associated with significant morbidity and mortality in paediatric patients, with mortality rates as high as 100 % in perinatal-onset HPP and 50 % in infantile-onset HPP. Subcutaneous asfotase alfa (Strensiq(®)), a first-in-class bone-targeted human recombinant TNSALP replacement therapy, is approved in the EU for long-term therapy in patients with paediatric-onset HPP to treat bone manifestations of the disease. In noncomparative clinical trials in infants and children with paediatric-onset HPP, asfotase alfa rapidly improved radiographically-assessed rickets severity scores at 24 weeks (primary timepoint) as reflected in improvements in bone mineralization, with these benefits sustained after more than 3 years of treatment. Furthermore, patients typically experienced improvements in respiratory function, gross motor function, fine motor function, cognitive development, muscle strength (normalization) and ability to perform activities of daily living, and catch-up height-gain. In life-threatening perinatal and infantile HPP, asfotase alfa also improved overall survival. Asfotase alfa was generally well tolerated in clinical trials, with relatively few patients discontinuing treatment and most treatment-related adverse events being of mild to moderate intensity. Thus, subcutaneous asfotase alfa is a valuable emerging therapy for the treatment of bone manifestations in patients with paediatric-onset HPP.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Drugs
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    ABSTRACT: Osimertinib (Tagrisso(™), AZD9291) is an oral, third-generation epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR TKI) that is being developed by AstraZeneca for the treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Osimertinib has been designed to target the EGFR T790M mutation that is often present in NSCLC patients with acquired EGFR TKI resistance, while sparing wild-type EGFR. In November 2015, the tablet formulation of osimertinib was granted accelerated approval in the USA for the treatment of patients with metastatic EGFR T790M mutation-positive NSCLC (as detected by an FDA-approved test) who have progressed on or after EGFR TKI therapy. Osimertinib has also been granted accelerated assessment status for this indication in the EU, and is in phase III development for first- and second-line and adjuvant treatment of advanced EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC in several countries. Phase I trials in patients with advanced solid tumours are also being conducted. This article summarizes the milestones in the development of osimertinib leading to this first approval for NSCLC.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Drugs
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    ABSTRACT: Daratumumab (Darzalex™) is a first-in-class, humanized IgG1κ monoclonal antibody that targets the CD38 epitope and was developed by Janssen Biotech and Genmab. Intravenous daratumumab was recently approved via an accelerated approval programme in the USA for patients with multiple myeloma who have received at least three prior lines of therapy including a proteasome inhibitor (PI) and an immunomodulatory agent or who are double-refractory to a PI and an immunomodulatory agent. The drug is in preregistration for this indication in the EU and Canada. In a phase II trial in patients with previously treated (as described above) relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma, monotherapy with daratumumab 16 mg/kg achieved an overall response rate of approximately 30 %. This article summarizes the milestones in the development of daratumumab leading to this first approval for multiple myeloma.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Drugs
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    ABSTRACT: Eli Lilly is developing necitumumab (Portrazza™), an intravenously administered fully human IgG monoclonal antibody directed against the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), which is expressed in a variety of solid tumours and has been implicated in promoting oncogenesis and tumour progression. Necitumumab is approved as a part of combination therapy (with gemcitabine and cisplatin) in the USA for the first-line treatment of metastatic squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and regulatory submissions have been made in the EU for this same indication. Necitumumab was derived from the proprietary phage display library of Dyax Corp, and originated with ImClone Systems, which was acquired by Eli Lilly in November 2008. Necitumumab was also under phase II development for colorectal cancer in Belgium and Spain; however, no recent development has been reported for this indication. This article summarizes the milestones in the development of necitumumab leading to this first approval for the first-line treatment of metastatic squamous NSCLC, in combination with gemcitabine and cisplatin.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Drugs
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    ABSTRACT: Current treatments for postsurgical pain are often inadequate and adverse effects are substantial such that residual pain and/or side effects impair recovery. The recognition of analgesic efficacy with antidepressant drugs for chronic pain suggests the potential for efficacy in acute postsurgical pain. As reviewed here, current evidence suggests that approximately half of previous trials suggest efficacy of various antidepressants for acute postoperative pain. However, most trials are older with deficiencies including: lack of designation of a primary outcome, no assessment of movement-evoked pain, small size and limited safety assessment. Only one of three trials addressing prevention of chronic postsurgical pain suggested any efficacy; however, the evidence base for this indication is limited. Thus, current evidence does not yet support routine use of any one specific antidepressant for treatment of acute, or prevention of chronic, postsurgical pain. However, limitations in available trials are such that one cannot yet rule out the possibility that one or more antidepressant drugs may provide benefit in specific populations. Therefore, future larger trials should explore optimal dosing and duration of antidepressant treatment, procedure specificity, safety evaluation, and assessment of movement-evoked pain.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Drugs
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    ABSTRACT: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is an aging-associated, recalcitrant lung disease with historically limited therapeutic options. The recent approval of two drugs, pirfenidone and nintedanib, by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2014 has heralded a new era in its management. Both drugs have demonstrated efficacy in phase III clinical trials by retarding the rate of progression of IPF; neither drug appears to be able to completely arrest disease progression. Advances in the understanding of IPF pathobiology have led to an unprecedented expansion in the number of potential therapeutic targets. Drugs targeting several of these are under investigation in various stages of clinical development. Here, we provide a brief overview of the drugs that are currently approved and others in phase II clinical trials. Future therapeutic opportunities that target novel pathways, including some that are associated with the biology of aging, are examined. A multi-targeted approach, potentially with combination therapies, and identification of individual patients (or subsets of patients) who may respond more favourably to specific agents are likely to be more effective.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Drugs
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    ABSTRACT: Dimethyl fumarate (Tecfidera(®)) is an oral disease-modifying agent indicated for the twice-daily treatment of relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (MS) and relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS). It displays immunomodulating and neuroprotective properties, both of which may contribute to its efficacy in these settings. In two phase III trials of 2 years' duration (DEFINE and CONFIRM), twice-daily dimethyl fumarate reduced clinical relapse (both the proportion of patients with MS relapse and the annualized relapse rate), as well as MRI measures of disease activity, versus placebo in adults with RRMS; the drug also reduced disability progression relative to placebo in one of the two studies (DEFINE). Dimethyl fumarate had an acceptable tolerability profile in these trials, with the most common tolerability issues being flushing and gastrointestinal events, which appear to be largely manageable. In the DEFINE and CONFIRM extension (ENDORSE), a minimum of 5 years of treatment with the drug was associated with continued benefit and no new/worsening tolerability signals. Although additional active comparator data are needed, dimethyl fumarate is an effective twice-daily treatment option for use in adults with RRMS, with the convenience of oral administration and an acceptable long-term tolerability profile.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Drugs