Community Development Journal (Community Dev J)

Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)

Journal description

Community Development Journal is the outstanding international journal of its kind. It provides an excellent vehicle for scholars educators community development professionals and grassroots workers to develop knowledge and exchange ideas about theory and practice worldwide. Barry Checkoway Director Center for Community Service and Learning University of Michigan USA

Current impact factor: 0.69

Impact Factor Rankings

Additional details

5-year impact 0.00
Cited half-life 6.50
Immediacy index 0.04
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.00
Website Community Development Journal website
Other titles Community development journal
ISSN 0010-3802
OCLC 1714942
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Oxford University Press (OUP)

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
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    • 2 years embargo
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    • Pre-print can only be posted prior to acceptance
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    • Pre-print must not be replaced with post-print, instead a link to published version with amended set statement should be made
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    • Set phrase to accompany archived copy (see policy)
    • Eligible authors may deposit in OpenDepot
    • Publisher last contacted on 19/02/2015
    • This policy is an exception to the default policies of 'Oxford University Press (OUP)'
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Affordable housing and community development have embodied conflicts in planning and policy, changing over the years from a way in which to guard against moral and physical contagion to a source for community empowerment, and more recently, as part of a negotiated social service. In the newly redeveloped Washington, DC neighbourhood of Columbia Heights, housing and community development encapsulate both the community empowerment perspective of the Civil Rights era and the neoliberal paradigm of market-based redevelopment and housing. With a focus on affordable housing preservation using the Tenant Opportunity to Purchase Act, the District's unique right of first refusal law and other housing programmes focused on preservation, almost 2200 affordable housing units were preserved. Meanwhile negotiated agreements created only 250 new units in the neighbourhood. This article explores both the roots of these housing interventions and the resultant challenges and opportunities that have arisen as a result of these methods.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Community Development Journal

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Community Development Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Latin America is at a pivotal moment, as many nations reject neoliberalism as a tool for development and search for alternative approaches. Two competing counter-ideologies may have the potential to reshape Latin American society: alternative modernizations and decolonization. In this study, we examine the extent to which these ideologies have become influential in Bolivian community development. Drawing on interviews with Bolivian development professionals, we examine community development projects deemed successes and failures to determine whether they reflect neoliberal, alternative modernization, or decolonial ideologies. We find that community development projects deemed successful tend to follow alternative modernization and decolonial ideologies, while projects deemed failures tend to follow neoliberal ideologies. Our results demonstrate concrete ways in which transformative approaches to community development – which are often depicted as nascent or unrealized in the literature – are being implemented successfully in Bolivia. We also explore some limitations of the alternative modernization and decolonial approaches for those seeking transformative approaches to community development.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Community Development Journal
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    ABSTRACT: We are living in an increasingly interdependent and crisis hit globalized world, not least in Europe, including Central and Eastern Europe. Many Hungarian local communities feel that they lost rather than gained from the political transition of the early nineties and the socio-economic development in Hungary over the last twenty-five years, as the country has opened up to globalization and joined European Union integration processes. These people are marginalized and lack both material and non-material stability due to unemployment, the erosion of social ties and scarcity of resources. In this research article, our first assumption is that there is a way out of this desperate situation even for local communities living in the poorest, most neglected rural or urban areas. Escaping the poverty trap requires creative and innovative self-help, trust and solidarity to be sustainable in the long term. The second assumption is that some self-help communities can successfully be maintained largely in cities (by means of ‘favour’ or time banks), while others (using micro-credit or self-sustaining community models) can effectively operate only in rural areas, which can then be followed by other communities as models of best practice. Looking beyond these differences, the common feature of these community-based models is that they represent forms of social or solidarity economy. To build up and then sustain these models in the long run, the local community, and especially their leaders, should be supported by high levels of social capital, most importantly trust, as the quintessential element of social capital.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Community Development Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Recent years have seen increasing participation in short-term international volunteering. These volunteer teams usually engage individuals from high-income countries to travel and provide charitable services for host communities in low- and middle-income countries for a period of 3 months or less. The economic impacts arising from this phenomenon often vary; while volunteers introduce a new revenue that may support local job creation, they may also inadvertently disrupt the local workforce with their contributions, and thereby drive up unemployment. In addition, there may be a shift of economic focus towards attracting and supporting volunteers, rather than developing meaningful capacity in needed developmental areas. There also exist expected tensions with the direct and indirect goals and impacts of visiting volunteer teams, such as intended evangelism, unintended cultural colonialism, or education over service. Weighed against the desirability of additional community revenue, these tensions raise numerous ethical concerns. This paper examines a medium-sized city in Latin America, which receives many well-meaning international volunteers annually, who serve disadvantaged local populations. Specifically, this paper examines a faith-based volunteer team that was primarily composed of non-skilled youth. Using participant observation and interviews with relevant stakeholders, we identified an unsustainable growth model in place at the local hospital, which directs resources to support and promote the flow of foreign volunteers despite ethical concerns around perpetuating poverty, skills mismatch, and limited beneficial impacts on the target population. We highlight future concerns for this community associated with a financial dependence on international volunteers, and present solutions to potentially mitigate this issue.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Community Development Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Tourism is recognized as a rural development mechanism in terms of its socio-economic contribution towards rural communities, such as creating local rural incomes and employment, contributing local amenities and services, and aiding local cultural resources conservation. However, a case study in the scenic Grape Valley in Turpan, the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, China, suggests that the local community does not equally share the socio-economic benefits of tourism activities. In order to maximize the benefits of tourism for the local community, a ‘collaborative governance’ approach in situ (the village level) is needed to encourage governmental and non-governmental cooperation and promote grassroots ‘bottom-up’ development practices. However, in the Chinese context, any governance approach needs to acknowledge the government's traditional ‘steering’ role in society.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Community Development Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Through a case study of Zhang Village in south Zhejiang Province of China, this article explores how the changing mechanisms of community bonding in contemporary Chinese villages embed multi-dimensional construction of the meaning of community. Organized and mobilized by personal ties, the village managed to safeguard the interest of the villagers during the land confiscation of the local government and the resettlement of the village. When generous village welfare programmes were established to reconnect villagers, the rural community, via welfare provision, cultivates conformity to the village authority and compliance with the local state's control and ruthlessly excludes the migrant population residing in the village, so as to defend the local common good. The evolving community bonding and administration in the village, while resulting from local processes of urbanization, is contextualized in the macro political structure in the Chinese countryside and the national household registration system. As an empirical research to understand the new politics of community, the study suggests a relational view of the ever changing community bonding mechanisms in the modern world and discusses its implications for grassroots political governance in contemporary China, community-based social services and the welfare reforms of decentralization.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Community Development Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Studies of village savings and loan association (VSLAs) programmes in several African countries portray these initiatives as spaces that increase financial access for the poor, improve livelihoods, and provide members with social capital. Little is known, however, about their impact beyond increasing financial access. This paper shows that the benefits that accrue (or do not) from membership in VSLAs are mediated through networks of friendships and other social relations that predate the introduction of VSLAs. Based on ethnographic research on VSLAs conducted between 2012 and 2014 in Luwero District, Uganda, this paper examines women's experiences in VSLAs, how social networks influence their decision to join a VSLA, and how VSLAs provide women an opportunity to exercise agency through utilizing their social networks in their community. In this way, they are able to challenge structural barriers to financial autonomy and control at the household level. This research shows that female participants utilize two kinds of networks in VSLA spaces: ‘silence-in’ and ‘silence-through’ networks. The findings underscore the influence of friendships and family relations in shaping the impact of externally initiated micro-level programmes such as VSLAs beyond financial inclusion, livelihood, and poverty reduction. The decision to join a VSLA, the desire for financial autonomy, the struggle against power dynamics, and unintended consequences are all negotiated within the VSLAs space through social networks.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Community Development Journal
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    ABSTRACT: This article reports on recent ethnographic research into the nature of male public space in a sports club in St. Petersburg. Particular focus was put on examining how the children of migrants interacted and socialized at the club. This study took a critical youth studies approach to the analysis of how children with a migrant background experience out-of-school sport clubs as part of wider community structures. The main conclusion is that sport clubs not only provide a space in which children can interact with their peers but also offer an opportunity to socialize with older teenagers and young people. The sports training regimes that are offered to develop these children into ‘men’, creating new hierarchies within which one's ethnicity and language are of reduced importance in comparison to factors such as age and sporting ability. All the same, despite offering new skills and experiences to its members, sports clubs also reproduce the hierarchies present in society as a whole, especially those connected to gender and ethnicity.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Community Development Journal
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    ABSTRACT: This article discusses the development and contested nature of community development practice and the effects of neoliberalism on community development in Aotearoa New Zealand. We describe how community development has been constructed and influenced by the neoliberal environment since the early 1980s. In this country neoliberal policies transformed the community and voluntary sector with community development all but disappearing from successive government's priorities for a number of years. This work is informed by an empirical study that collected 13 in-depth narratives from a range of community development practitioner. We found that community development practice can survive indifference from government policy when practitioners and communities have strong enough convictions about their practice to carry them through lean funding periods. We outline different community development models that have informed and sustained practice and outline the current funding environment.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Community Development Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Initial growth in Internet use in the 1990s resulted in many digital pioneers viewing new information and communication technologies (ICTs) as a means to radically empower people through new global connections and extensive social capital. This has extended into an interest in exploring how ICTs can contribute to international development, and particularly in the field of ICT for development (ICT4D). Evidence from the minority and majority worlds has tempered some of this initial enthusiasm and visions of technological determinism. This article is structured around a piece of coproduced writing to reflect on a project in a deprived neighbourhood in Edinburgh, Scotland, to empower a community through new technology and digital art. The approach involved social history in the form of an archive of images of the neighbourhood, a blog and Facebook page, and a range of physical outputs including social history walking guides and a digital totem pole. The article sets the coproduced paper in the broader literature on ICTs in community development to draw out lessons on the challenges and also the strengths of using novel methods to engage communities. While ICTs cannot develop extensive social capital within deprived neighbourhoods, it was clear that they can offer low-cost ways for institutional social capital to be developed improving partnership working.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015 · Community Development Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Recent trends towards community-based and participatory approaches to peacebuilding and acknowledgment of the greater need to incorporate women's voices have resulted in experiments devolving responsibilities for building peace to women's organizations at the grassroots level in post-conflict situations. This article discusses one such experiment that women's savings and credit cooperatives in Nepal have undertaken to mediate conflict and build peace at the local levels. Using women's narratives emerging from interviews and focus group discussions, the gendered assumptions behind women's community-based peacebuilding activities, and implications for women's sustained participation in peace work, are examined. The findings reveal that this model of peacebuilding relied on educating and training women but neglected to explore the structural inequalities that cause violence. Indeed, the expectation placed on women's savings and credit co-operative members to perform unremunerated and sustained peace work in their communities may itself reflect inequalities of power that community-based peace models need to address.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Community Development Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Placemaking, or the process of becoming intimate with ones′ surroundings, can serve as an indicator of immigrant integration. This article contributes to the scholarship of geographically sensitive immigrant integration with empirical research that documents the quality of localized placemaking. The dichotomy of ‘lived’ and ‘facilitated placemaking’ is introduced to differentiate between how newcomers begin embracing a new place and what governments do to engage people in governance. In a community undergoing rapid demographic change, i.e. a new gateway, the two kinds of placemaking impact newcomer empowerment. After examining the relationship between place and empowerment in the context of immigrant integration, we present an approach for testing placemaking and its findings from research conducted in central Iowa. Data collected from a series of community-based mapping workshops reveals that Latino participants engage in more, and different, placemaking than their non-Latino counterparts.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Community Development Journal

  • No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Community Development Journal
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    ABSTRACT: In September 2015, the sustainable development goals (SDGs) replaced the millennium development goals. The ambitions of the SDGs are to transform the current aid architecture and promote environmental, economic and social well-being on a global scale. The process of how this new global framework for sustainable development has been designed is unique in terms of the extent of opportunities for people's participation. This article considers what lessons the debate on community development can offer the new global development framework. First, we analyse existing attempts to include ‘voices’ from the local level in the process of formulating the SDGs, drawing on existing literature on critical community development and citizen participation. We find that the inclusion of citizen perspectives in the SDG process was largely tokenistic. Building on this critique, we go on to explore the propositions within the critical community development literature about an approach to implementing the SDGs that could be truly transformative. Finally, we consider the insights from the critical community development literature in relation to the findings of a global network of participatory research that aimed to influence the SDG design and implementation. We explore how citizen's participation in the new global framework could become more significant through deeper and more strategic forms of representation and engagement. In conclusion, we return to examine the prospects and practical requirements for a more bottom-up and transformative approach to implementing the new global framework.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Community Development Journal