Archivos de neurobiologiá
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Publications in this journal
Article: [Childhood catatonia].
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Family intervention (FI) programmes have proved to be a valuable tool in the reduction of psychotic relapses in schizophrenics. The educational module is a fundamental component of these programmes. The aim of the present study was to assess which areas of knowledge about schizophrenia are most susceptible to modification by a 9 month FI programme, 70 schizophrenic patients, referred by their psychiatrists, together with their key relatives, were randomly allocated into two different FI programmes. Assessment was performed before and after the intervention using the Knowledge About Schizophrenia Inventory (KASI) to gauge the level of knowledge at each stage. 27 patients dropped out of the programme, most of them before commencing the educational module. The first KASI revealed a higher percentage of insufficient awareness about the aetiology and management. The most significant changes found in the second test were in diagnosis, symptomatology, aetiology and management. It was noted, however, that a significant percentage maintained their initial level of knowledge; this could be explained by an individual interpretation of the illness. Earlier, more sustained interventions could favour the change.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: One might consider that the first Spanish psychiatrists were a group of alienists, that have been forgotten for many years, who worked in isolated conditions in the asylums of the 19th Century. On the other hand, there were a group of personalities, university professors specialised in other disciplines, that were not psychiatrists but had a much greater influence than the former during the early stages of the development of Spanish psychiatry as a differentiated medical speciality. This development was produced (considerably later than in other European countries) in two successive stages: a preliminary one, with local or aborted institutions (from the 15th Century to the year 1919) and a further one, with institutions that extended throughout the entire country, and were developed between 1920 and 1936. These national institutions were the ones that defined the beginning of Spanish psychiatry. The first one, that appeared in January of 1920, was the journal Archivos de Neurobiología, that related each other, stimulated and served as on organ of expression to the remaining institutions that established this specialty. Finally, a summary is offered of the characteristics and the historical evolution of this journal emblematic of Spanish psychiatry, that is currently commemorating its 75th anniversary.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this study we analyzed the morphologic and ultrastructural characteristics of the psammoma bodies in ten meningiomas of different histologic subtypes, characterizing the components of the psammoma body and the elements of the tumor, such as the capillaries and degenerative cells that have been classically considered as initiators of the formation of these calcareous is structures. The discussion considers the diagnostic interest of psammoma bodies in central nervous system tumors, as well as its histogenesis. The different points of view explaining biological mineralization in other territories of the organism are analyzed, as well as the formation of psammoma bodies, comparing the morphologic data obtained in this study. It is concluded that the mineralization of the psammoma bodies is induced principally by the collagen fibers synthesized by the meningocytes and that the form of mineralization is spherical and growth is radial, controlled by the tumoral cells.
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