Anthropologischer Anzeiger (ANTHROPOL ANZ)

Publisher: E Schweizerbart Science Publishers

Journal description

Der Anthropologische Anzeiger ist seit seiner Begründung im Jahre 1924 durch RUDOLF MARTIN, dem Autor des weltbekannten Lehrbuches der Anthropologie, in immer stärkerem Maße zu einem internationalen Publikationsorgan für Originalarbeiten aus allen Bereichen der Physischen Anthropologie geworden. Aktuelle Forschungsergebnisse, die Publikationssprachen sind Deutsch und Englisch, werden in allen Heften veröffentlicht, daneben auch regelmäßig über wichtige nationale und internationale Fachkongresse sowie über neue Literatur einschließlich jener der Nachbargebiete berichtet. Schwerpunkte im Anthropologischen Anzeiger sind: Populationsgenetik: Geographische Verteilung serologischer und biochemischer Polymorphismen sowie morphologischer und physiologischer Merkmale unter besonderer Berücksichtigung intraspezifischer genetischer Differenzierungsprozesse; Hominidenevolution, Paläanthropologie und Historische Anthropologie: Biologische Evolution der Spezies Homo sapiens sapiens, Ethnogenese europäischer und außereuropäischer Populationen einschließlich demographischer sozialhistorischer und humanökologischer Fragen; Primatologie: Vergleichende morphologische, molekulare und zytogenetische Untersuchungen einschließlich primatologischer Ethologie; Morphologie: Neue bzw. verbesserte Methoden sowie Variabilitätsstudien in Anthropometrie und Morphognostik einschließlich ihrer praktischen Anwendungsmöglichkeiten in Medizin, Sportwissenschaft, Industrieanthropologie etc.;Wachstum und Entwicklung: Studien zum Ablauf der postnatalen körperlichen Entwicklungs- und Wachstumsvorgänge unter vergleichenden und kausalanalytischen Aspekten; Forensische Anthropologie: Serologische, biochemische und zytogenetische Methoden sowie neue biostatistische Verfahren bezüglich der genetischen Abstammungsanalyse. Demonstration exemplarischer Fälle, einschließlich solcher mit morhpognostischer Methodik.

Current impact factor: 0.54

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2009 Impact Factor 0.242

Additional details

5-year impact 0.35
Cited half-life >10.0
Immediacy index 0.20
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.08
Website Anthropologischer Anzeiger website
Other titles Anthropologischer Anzeiger
ISSN 0003-5548
OCLC 1481569
Material type Periodical
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

E Schweizerbart Science Publishers

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    • Publisher last contacted on 20/11/2014
  • Classification
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Publications in this journal

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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this paper is to analyse temporal birth weight variation, its relationship to the frequency of premature births in Portugal, and the influence of native and immigrant mothers' characteristics as well as to determine the possible existence of a pattern of temporal change in birth weight in the Iberian Peninsula as a whole. Individual mother-child data from the Portuguese National Institute of Statistics regarding live births (N = 2,661,542) permitted an analysis, for the first time, of weight at birth in Portugal from a bio-demographic perspective. The results obtained show that from 1988 to 2011 there was a gradual decline in the average weight at birth in Portugal that may be related to shifts in the duration of gestation. An initial rapid decline in the relative frequency of post-term births took place, followed by small variations from 1995 on. Logistic regressions indicated a pattern unaffected by maternal origin or the sex of the newborn. With regard to weeks of gestation, the odds values obtained were < 1 when the reference category was < 28 weeks. For this factor, no significant differences were found in relation to the mother's origin. Portuguese mothers over 35 years were associated with a higher incidence of low birth weight. Regardless of maternal origin, being a newborn of parity 1, and with the mother not in a couple, resulted in unfavourable outcomes with regard to low birth weight. On the other hand, long gestation periods and having secondary or university education constituted a protective factor.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Anthropologischer Anzeiger
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to analyze secular changes in body measurements in children of the Arkhangelsk city from 1988 to 2010. A large number of anthropometric measurements were taken on each individual including height, weight, arm, leg and trunk lengths (estimated), body diameters and circumferences, skinfold thickness. Stages of secondary sex characteristics were also evaluated; data on menarcheal age were collected by status-quo method. It was shown that main differences in stature occurred at puberty while in elder children (16-17-year-olds) no statistically significant differences were found. The same pattern was typical for weight and BMI. Chest circumference significantly increased, particularly in girls. For modern children, changes in body proportions due to a bigger trunk length were typical. There were also significant differences in the distribution of subcutaneous fat layer: in modern children bigger fat accumulation was present on the trunk, particularly in abdomen area, vs. fat layer on the extremities. Process of sexual maturation according to mean ages of development of secondary sex characteristics occurred earlier in modern adolescents, which is more expressed in girls. The results can be interpreted in terms of ongoing secular trend.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Anthropologischer Anzeiger
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Heritability is a statistical measure, expressing the proportion of phenotypic variance that is explained by the genetic variance. Heritability of a given trait can vary in time and may differ between populations, which is inter alia associated with interactions and correlations between genotype and environment or population-specific differences. Therefore, heritability measures are modulated by both genetic and environmental factors. Twin studies constitute one of the methods used to determine contributions of genes and environment to a given trait. However, studies of this type suffer from some methodological limitations and require certain conditions to be satisfied; both these factors were analyzed in the present study. Material and methods: The studied material, including 1,263 pairs of male and female twins (among them 424 pairs of monozygotic twins and 839 pairs of dizygotic twins), born between the 22nd and 41st week of gestation, was collected at the Department of Perinatology and Gynecology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, between 2002 and 2009. We analyzed the variance of six somatic traits. The contribution of genetic factors to the phenotypic variance of the studied twin population was estimated on the basis of the two heritability measures Results: Failure to meet the assumption of additivity of genetic and environmental effects probably is the cause of high values of heritability coefficients documented in our study. Analyzing the phenotypic variance of a trait, one cannot ignore the role of genotype-environment interactions and covariance, as these are their effects which increase the genetic variance and related coefficients of heritability. Therefore, it can be concluded that the genotypic component of the phenotypic variance of the trait is potentiated by the effects of various environmental factors. Conclusions: Our study confirmed that the critical remarks regarding the methodology of heritability estimation are fully justified. Consequently, the heritability indices of somatic traits should be considered only a provisional measure of genetic polymorphism, expressing an estimated relative contribution of genotypic variance to the phenotypic variance of a given trait.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Anthropologischer Anzeiger
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    ABSTRACT: Waist circumference (WC) as an index of central obesity is related to body mass index (BMI) and percent body fat (PBF). Waist circumference data were analyzed to identify a WC cut-off for adult women with respect to BMI-based obesity (≥ 30 kg/m(2)) and PBF. Thesample was 138 women aged 22 to 41 years with Maya ancestry (based on surnames) in Merida, Yucatan, measured during 2011 - 2013. Anthropometric parameters included height, body weight (BW), and BMI. The PBF was estimated by bioelectrical impedance. Estimated cut-offs per centimeter WC (80 - 99 cm) were predicted by BMI for obesity (≥ 30 kg m(-2); binomial: Yes = 1, No = 0) and PBF (continuous variable) using binary logistic regression analyses. Mean age was 32 years, mean BMI was 29 kg m(-2) and mean WC was 89 cm. The sample exhibited high PBF (44 %), and high rates of overweight (44 %) and obesity (40 %). The threshold WC (≥ 93 cm) had high sensitivity (80 %), specificity (82 %), Youden Index value (0.62), and correct classification rate (82 %). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 88 %. The WC ≥ 93 cm cut-off had corresponding values for mean BMI (34 kg m(-2)) and PBF (47 %). The optimal WC cut-off at 93 cm significantly identified central obesity for BMI ≥ 30 kg m(-2) and PBF for this sample.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Anthropologischer Anzeiger
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    ABSTRACT: Differential grandparental investment is mainly explained as a result of paternity uncertainty. Phenotypic resemblance may be interpreted as an indicator of genetically relatedness. Consequently the present study focused on the impact of phenotypic resemblance on grandparental investment, i.e. solicitude, contact frequency and quality of relationship. 213 adults persons between the age 19 and 32 years (x = 25.5; SD = 3.4) were enrolled in the study. Data concerning grandparental investment during childhood were collected retrospectively using a 30 item questionnaire. Grandparental investment patterns differed significantly according grandparent category. In detail maternal grandmothers showed the highest contact frequency and the highest solicitude while - as to be expected - the paternal grandfather exhibited the lowest degree of investment. Grandparental investment was independent of grandparent category mainly influenced by residential distance. Phenotypic resemblance had an impact on grandparental investment independent of residential distance. This was first of all true of paternal grandfathers. An impact of phenotypic resemblance on grandparental investment patters can be assumed.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Anthropologischer Anzeiger
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    ABSTRACT: Over 100 years ago Franz Boas introduced the term 'cranial plasticity' defined as a response to various environmental factors. The subject is under continuous debate. Some researchers have concluded that cephalic growth is responsible to environmental change meanwhile other have found that cephalic proportion are highly heritable and do not respond readily to environmental insults. While secular trend in growth is commonly observed, head dimensions vary significantly not only between different regions of the world but also in those regions themselves. Adam Wrzosek and Michał Ćwirko-Godycki initiated studies of Kashubian children as early as in 1925 and continued them into 1936. Throughout those 11 years they accumulated measurement data regarding body height and craniometric features. The research included boys and girls from 18 localities. Sixty years later, anthropometric measurements were conducted on primary school children from nine of the original localities. The aim of our study was to determine the direction of changes in head dimensions and corresponding indices in rural children from the Kashubia region examined 60 years after Ćwirko-Godycki and Wrzosek's study emphasizing great socio-economic status improvement. All children that were examined by us in 1997 are significantly taller (by between 5.18 cm and 14.74 cm) than their peers 60 years ago, their heads are longer (by between 2.69 mm and 10.41 mm), they have broader foreheads (by 3.79 - 7.24 mm), wider faces (by 4.68 - 8.09 mm) and mandibles (by 5.04 - 7.40 mm), larger head circumferences (by 0.64 - 2.22 cm) and larger total face heights (by 2.15 - 8.13 mm). The effect persists in all age groups (from 7 to 14 years old). All the noted differences are statistically significant by p < 0.05. The smallest differences were observed in head breadth (between 0.62 and 3.5 mm), with statistical significance only reached in 9-year-old girls, and 11- and 14-year-old boys. Since migration in Kashubian villages was minimal in the period in question and the mating radius for couples living there was small, it can be assumed that the chance of introducing 'new' genes into the population was low. We thus gravitate towards environmental factors being the major contributors to the observed changes, doubtlessly to do with an improvement in socio-economic status.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Anthropologischer Anzeiger
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    ABSTRACT: The aim was to describe the changes in body size and age at menarche in anthropologically distinct ethnic groups – Komi-Permyaks (KP) and Russians (RU) – of Permsky Krai that occurred in the last century, with a special concern to the urban-rural differences. The comparison of the 1861–1865 and 1990 birth cohorts (BiCo) revealed following results. In RU rural males the increase in stature (ST) was 10.8 cm (p < 0.001). The chest circumference has increased by 5.9 cm, but it is unsubstantial 0.25% when measured in relative to ST values. In RU urban males the overall increase in ST was 10.8 cm (p < 0.001), chest circumference increased by 10.5 cm. The peak increase in ST (+1.36 cm per decade) was attained between the 1964 and the 1990 BiCo. The data on body dimensions of RU females available only from the 1960s to 1990. The ST of rural females has not changed, but the absolute and the relative (to ST) values of pelvic width of the 1980–1989 BiCo are significantly (p < 0.05) lower than in the 1966–1975 and 1965 BiCo. The RU urban females of the 1985 BiCo are 3.6 cm taller than 1964 BiCo (p < 0.001), but over the next 5 years the ST decreased by 2 cm (p = 0.06). The relative pelvic width has decreased from 17.57% (BiCo 1965–1969) to 17.18% (BiCo 1980–1989; p < 0.05). Menarcheal age of Perm females declined from 14.5 yrs in the 1930–1939 BiCo to 13.3 yrs in 1950–1965 BiCo, then ceased to change. The changes across generations in rural KP were weak. The rural males born in 1885 were 2.1 cm taller than BiCo 1861–1865. From the 1925 to 1975 BiCo the average ST increased by 6.2 cm (1.24 cm/decade). KP rural females became 6.4 cm taller from the 1885 to 1985 BiCo. Pelvic width in the 1985 BiCo (27.4 cm) is significantly bigger (p < 0.05) than in the 1975 BiCo (26.9 cm). The changes in ST of urban KP females were more obvious than in rural groups. The 1985 BiCo of urban KP females (ST 161.8 cm) are taller than those born in 1965 (159.4 cm; p < 0.05), but their pelvic width does not differ. In urban and rural KP females age at menarche is earlier in the 1976–1985 than in the 1966–1975 BiCo (p < 0.01). In all the KP cohorts, urban females have earlier menarche than rural (p < 0.05).
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Anthropologischer Anzeiger