The American Journal of Psychology (AM J PSYCHOL)

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

Journal description

AJP was founded in the interest of general experimental psychology and is devoted to the basic science of the mind. The Journal publishes reports of original experimental reserach, theoretical presentations, combined theoretical and experimental analyses, historical commentaries, shorter notes and discussions, and reviews of books in the area.

Current impact factor: 1.09

Impact Factor Rankings

2016 Impact Factor Available summer 2017
2009 Impact Factor 0.636

Additional details

5-year impact 1.14
Cited half-life >10.0
Immediacy index 0.11
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.43
Website American Journal of Psychology website
Other titles The American journal of psychology, AJP
ISSN 0002-9556
OCLC 1408768
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

University of Illinois Press

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 months embargo for non-profit archives and repositories
    • 3 years embargo for personal websites and commercial websites
  • Conditions
    • Pre-prints can only be posted on institutional repository
    • Some journals have own pre-print policy, please check with journal directly
    • Post-print must be on authors personal website and commercial websites after 3 years embargo
    • Post-print must be on non-profit archives and non-profit repositories after 12 months embargo
    • Set statement to accompany pre-print and post-print (see policy)
    • Must link to journal home page
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • This policy only applies to University of Illinois Press owned titles: American Journal of Psychology, American Music, History of Present, Journal of Aesthetic Education, Journal of Animal Ethics, Journal of English and Germanic Philology, Music and the Moving Image, Plurist
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · The American Journal of Psychology
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    ABSTRACT: The current study applies a dual-task working memory and vigilance task to examine sustained attention performance and perceived workload in a multi-instrument battery. In Experiment 1 we modified a task developed by helton and Russell (2011) to examine declines in performance and to assess the effects of its position within a larger battery. Experiment 1 failed to reveal a sensitivity decrement, and test position revealed only spurious influence. Workload scores derived from the NASA-TLX fell at the high end of the scale, with mental and temporal demand receiving the highest ratings. In Experiment 2, we modified the dual task to place more emphasis on attention rather than working memory. Results revealed a significant decline in performance across the vigil for the perceptual sensitivity index A'. test position (early vs. late) effects appeared with the reaction time variability measure, with performance becoming more variable when the task appeared in the latter half of the battery. Workload scores varied according to position in the battery: Workload scores were higher when the vigilance task appeared in the latter half of the battery. Practical and theoretical implications are discussed.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · The American Journal of Psychology
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    ABSTRACT: The enactment effect is the phenomenon whereby carrying out a simple action phrase results in superior memory compared with listening to the phrase or observing someone else carry out the action. several early studies suggested that action memory processing is less effortful and strategic compared with traditional verbal processing, a perspective that is still argued today. in the current study, we reexamine a particularly compelling finding in support of this view (Cohen, 1985). Contrary to Cohen's original findings, we demonstrate that additional time to encode an action phrase leads to comparable gains in recall as seen with controls. These data fit well with a different perspective of action memory, namely that the processing of actions is guided by the same strategic, effortful processing as verbal memory.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · The American Journal of Psychology
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    ABSTRACT: This article analyzes sex differences in communicative and exploratory abilities and mental disabilities from the rarely discussed perspective of sex differences in the shape of phenotypic distributions. The article reviews the most consistent findings related to such differences and compares them with the evolutionary theory of sex (ETS). The ETS considers sexual dimorphism as a functional specialization of a species into 2 partitions: variational and conservational. The analysis suggests that male superiority in risk and sensation seeking and physical abilities; higher rates of psychopathy, dyslexia, and autism; and higher birth and accidental death rates reflects the systemic variational function of the male sex. Female superiority in verbal abilities, lawfulness, socialization, empathy, and agreeableness is presented as a reflection of the systemic conservational function of the female sex. From this perspective psychological sex differences in communicative and exploratory abilities might not just be an accidental result of sexual selection or labor distribution in early humans. It might reflect a global functional differentiation tendency within a species to expand its phenotypic diversity and at the same time to conserve beneficial features in the species' behavior. The article also offers an addition to the ETS by suggesting that the male sex (variable partition) plays an evolutionary role in pruning of the redundant excesses in a species' bank of beneficial characteristics despite resistance from the conservational partition.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · The American Journal of Psychology

  • No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · The American Journal of Psychology

  • No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · The American Journal of Psychology
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this experiment was to provide an enhanced understanding of need for cognition (NFC) and its influence on one's memory accuracy. People who are high in NFC tend to put more cognitive effort into their mental processes than their low-NFC counterparts. To determine whether one's natural processing tendencies, as determined by NFC, can be influenced by external factors, manipulations to levels of processing were added. Participants viewed word lists from the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm and were instructed to process half of the DRM lists deeply and the other half shallowly. After all the lists were presented, participants completed 3 successive recall tests. The deep processing condition produced higher rates of false memories for both NFC groups than the shallow processing condition. In addition, the high-NFC group produced higher rates of target recall in both the deep and shallow conditions than the low-NFC group. However, the high-NFC group also produced higher rates of false recall for the shallowly processed lists. These data indicate that high-NFC people exhibit enhanced target recall for word lists, which may come at the expense of overall accuracy due to the increase of false recall.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · The American Journal of Psychology
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    ABSTRACT: The empirical examination of personality characteristics related to the experience of strong negative emotions and the associated physiological response may help account for idiosyncratic responses to life events in schizophrenia. The current study examines the relationship between levels of neuroticism and arousability and physiological and emotional reactivity during the viewing of film clips with differing emotional valance. Data were collected on emotional and cardiovascular and cortisol reactivity across experimental conditions for a sample of outpatients diagnosed with schizophrenia and a comparison group of nonpsychiatric controls. levels of both neuroticism and arousability were significantly associated with increased negative emotion and physiological reactivity during the negative film clip task, although different patterns emerged across participant groups. Most notably, trait characteristics were inversely related to heart rate reactivity in patients but not controls. This relationship remained significant even after we controlled for disengagement coping behaviors. Cortisol response was not related to personality characteristics in either participant group. Findings were generally consistent with previous research, providing additional evidence for the role of trait characteristics in the response to events.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · The American Journal of Psychology

  • No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · The American Journal of Psychology
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    ABSTRACT: This study adapted a procedure used by Luo and Craik (2009) to examine whether developmental differences exist in the ability to use controlled retrieval processes to access the contextual details of memory representations. Participants from 3 age groups (mean ages 9, 12, and 25 years) were presented with words in 3 study contexts: with a black-and-white picture, with a color picture, or alone without a picture. Six recognition tests were then presented that varied in the demands (high or low) placed on the retrieval of specific contextual information. Each test consisted of a mixture of words that were old targets from 1 study context, distractors (i.e., previously studied words from a different context), and completely new words. A high-specificity and a low-specificity test list was paired with each test question, with high and low specificity being determined by the nature of the distractors used in a test list. High-specificity tests contained words that were studied in similar contexts: old targets (e.g., words studied with black-and-white pictures) and distractors (e.g., words studied with color pictures). In contrast, low-specificity tests contained words that were studied in dissimilar contexts: old targets (e.g., words studied with black-and-white pictures) and distractors (e.g., words previously studied without a picture). Relative to low-specificity tests, the retrieval conditions of high-specificity tests were assumed to place greater demands on the controlled access of specific contextual information. Analysis of recollection scores revealed that age differences were present on high-but not low-specificity tests, with the performance of 9-year-olds disproportionately affected by the retrieval demands of high-specificity tests.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · The American Journal of Psychology

  • No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · The American Journal of Psychology

  • No preview · Article · Feb 2015 · The American Journal of Psychology
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    ABSTRACT: Parallel and automatic processing is evidenced in visual search by what is commonly called popout. an object of search (a target) that differs widely from all other display objects on some simple visual dimension is commonly called a singleton; an example is search for a red circle when all other displayed circles are green. a singleton attracts attention to the degree that it is salient, and highly salient singletons produce search that is almost independent of display size. the present research examines the way this attraction of attention can be diverted by the presence of singletons on 1 or 2 nontarget perceptual dimensions (e.g., search for a red circle among green ones, when one of the green circles is larger than the others, and another might be green but square). the results establish that distraction occurs rarely but strongly, that 2 distractors produce more distraction than 1, and that the degree of distraction depends not only on salience but also on dimension similarity. these findings occurred in 2 different tasks: the observer either reported the orientation of a Gabor embedded in the target or reported the presence and absence of the target.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2015 · The American Journal of Psychology