Univerzita Mateja Bela v Banskej Bystrici
  • Banská Bystrica, Banská Bystrica, Slovakia
Recent publications
This article aims to describe the role of social pedagogy in Slovakia, and in particular to answer the following questions: What are the social challenges that children and their families, schools and social pedagogues are facing during the COVID-19 pandemic? How do social pedagogues in Slovakia perceive the present situation and what can they do to help their students face these challenges? The article first describes the unfolding and the current state of the pandemic as well as the role of social pedagogues in Slovakia. It then analyses the reflections of 31 Slovak social pedagogues on current educational problems and the role of social pedagogy during the pandemic. In doing so, the article answers the question: In what sense does social pedagogy bring hope for various needy communities? The analysis presents some of the challenges social pedagogues are facing amid the chaos of social relations due to social distancing and pandemic lockdowns.
• Background: More than 2 billion peripheral vascular cannulas are introduced globally each year. It is the most frequently performed invasive procedure in medicine worldwide. There is a group of patients with difficult intravenous access (DIVA). In experts’ hands, ultrasound guided vascular access appears to be a significantly better method. Investigators hypothesize that UGVA is superior also in short term patency of cannula and even for blood draw through cannula. Repeated cannula pricks in the operating room setting not only puts a lot of stress on patient and medical staff, they also waste OR time.• Methods: This investigator-initiated prospective randomized monocentric controlled trial is designed to randomly allocate 400 patients undergoing elective primary total joint arthroplasty of hip or knee to one of two groups as follows: Group C (control group) – peripheral venous cannula insertion by palpation or Group USG (intervention) – cannula insertion by ultrasound guided vascular access. Our primary endpoint is to compare number of attempts for ultrasound guided insertion of peripheral venous cannula with common palpation insertion of peripheral venous cannula in overweight/obese patients (BMI ≥ 25). The secondary endpoint is failure rate of peripheral venous cannula to administer intravenous therapy up to 5 days postoperatively. Tertiary endpoints include portion of long PVCs that are able to ensure blood draw up to 5 days postoperatively, time needed to insert PVC in each group, number of needle tip redirections in both groups, reinsertion of PVC needed in both groups for any reason.• Discussion: This study is pragmatic and is looking for clinically relevant data. After completion it will answer the question whether it is clinically relevant to use ultrasound guided vascular access in the context of not only short-term benefit of insertion, but also up to 5 days after insertion. Also, if this method can ensure blood draw through peripheral vein cannula, it can save resources in perioperative period - valuable especially considering the ongoing shortage of medical staff worldwide. If this hypothesis is confirmed, this finding could contribute to more widespread implementation of ultrasound guided peripheral vascular access in perioperative period.Trial registration: Registered on clinicaltrials.gov 13.12.2021 under CT number: NCT05156008
N,N’ ‐disubstituted indigos are photoswitchable molecules that have recently caught the attention due to their addressability by red‐light. When alkyl and aryl groups are utilized as the N ‐substituents, the thermal half‐lives of Z isomers can be tuned independently while maintaining the advantageous red‐shifted absorption spectra. To utilize these molecules in real‐world applications, it is of immense importance to understand how their molecular structures as well as the environment influence their switching properties. To this end, we probed their photoisomerization mechanism by carrying out photophysical and computational studies in solvents of different polarities. The fluorescence and transient absorption experiments suggest for more polar excited and transition states, which explains the bathochromic shifts of absorption spectra and shorter thermal half‐lives. On the other hand, the quantum chemical calculations reveal that in contrast to N ‐carbonyl groups, N ‐alkyl and N ‐aryl substituents are not strongly conjugated with the indigo chromophore and can thus serve as a tool for tuning the thermal stability of Z isomers. Both approaches are combined to provide in‐depth understandings of how indigos undergo photoswitching as well as how they are influenced by N ‐substituent and the chemical surroundings. These mechanistic insights will serve as guiding principles for designing molecules eyeing broader applications.
Language Landscape of Banská Bystric (Continuity of Texts and Intersection of Ethnic Groups) The language landscape of Banská Bystrica is made up of visible language, which means written language in the form of contextually fixed words, sentences and complex sentences of a commercial and non-commercial nature. Non-commercial language fulfills a communicative function in terms of presenting basic orientation information in and around Banská Bystrica town, and about the town’s activities, the church and cemetery buildings, and monuments. Commercial language has a business function because it becomes part of the process of business transactions: first in the form of advertising texts offering commercial products; later in the form of information concerning goods offered directly by business facilities. The language landscape of Banská Bystrica is a collection of texts in Slovak, German and Hungarian and is a manifestation of the ethnolinguistic activities of Slovaks, Germans and Hungarians. Some texts in English, German, Latin, Russian and Romanian are evidence of the vitality of these languages in presenting facts about the present day and the history of this town. Krajobraz językowy Bańskiej Bystrzycy (kontinuum tekstów a krzyżowanie się grup etnicznych) Na krajobraz językowy Bańskiej Bystrzycy składają się teksty o charakterze komercyjnym i niekomercyjnym, dostępne w wersji wizualnej, powstałe w języku pisanym, w formie kontekstowo uwarunkowanych słów, zdań prostych i zdań złożonych. Język o charakterze niekomercyjnym pełni funkcję komunikacyjną w zakresie przekazywania podstawowych informacji orientacyjnych w mieście Bańska Bystrzyca i w jego okolicach, a także informacji o działalności związanej z miastem, o budynkach kościelnych i cmentarnych oraz o zabytkach. Język o charakterze komercyjnym pełni funkcję biznesową, ponieważ staje się częścią procesu obrotu gospodarczego: najpierw w postaci tekstów reklamowych oferujących produkty handlowe, później w formie informacji o produktach oferowanych bezpośrednio przez placówki handlowe i usługowe. Krajobraz językowy Bańskiej Bystrzycy tworzą teksty w językach słowackim, niemieckim i węgierskim, będące przejawem działalności etnolingwistycznej Słowaków, Niemców i Węgrów. Teksty w językach angielskim, niemieckim, rosyjskim, rumuńskim i po łacinie świadczą o istotnej roli tych języków w przedstawianiu faktów dotyczących współczesności i historii tego miasta.
Virtual reality is currently a phenomenon that is transmitted from the scientific field to real life more and more, and its application can be observed in several sectors. This technology provides a whole new perspective on various areas that we, as ordinary mortals, would find very difficult to reach. It allows us to see and even feel things, that are often very difficult to reach in real life. Starting with various simulations of dangerous work activities and ending with complicated scientific experiments, virtual reality provides a wide utilization, that pushes the boundaries of research and human capabilities further again. But is VR suitable for anyone, is it safe enough? Does VR have any limitations that make it impossible for it to be fully exploited and put into practice?
The article reflects dramatic work of Peter Karvaš in the context of existentialist philosophy. It points to the connection between the social situation and the author´s topic choice, emotional engagement and approach to characters. In the article the author defines the basic features of existentialist philosophy in the work of Peter Karvaš providing analysis of selected extracts. In particular the article deals with the issue of how male characters react to the same situation and their motives behind the reaction. The article also reveals subjective view of Karvaš on social events and their impact on people and Karvaš himself.
According to the theories of Wolf Schmid, Wolfgang Iser and Roman Ingarden, the presented paper follows the ways in which the reader is forced to reveal the logic of the story's selectivity in the reception process. Interest is mainly placed on different narrative gaps, the so-called places of indeterminacy, which trigger literary communication. Various theories of narrative gaps and text negations are demonstrated in Julian Barnes’s novel The Sense of an Ending (2011) depicting the story of four young men – old high-school friends – who have to deal with the death of their close one. The author chooses an interesting form of story composition and represents the literary text as a fraction which the reader concretizes and defines. This way the reader is able to decipher even those event components that are not explicitly present in the text and they call for different acts of reception.
Krčméry's Winter Legend is an expression of his relationship to the nation, to life (also to his own), to history and, above all, to literary history. The uncon-ventionality of the genre form (i.e. biographical prose - sketch) does not contradict the thought and empirical content. Although the author's approach to the fate of historical figures is realized mainly due to aesthetic contact with the reader, he also elevated this communication to a non-aggressive opposition to "revolt against historicism" among young artists, whose goal was the "negation of national existence". With the help of imagination, knowledge, contemporary knowledge, and the typical "it was said", it offers alive images of famous men (e.g. Svätopluk, King Matiáš, J. Silván, D. Krman, M. Bel, J. Hollý , J. Kollár, Ľ. Štúr, P.J. Šafárik, A. Sládkovič) and events (e.g. Prešov slaughterhouses from the second half of the 17th century, the Battle of Poltava, Slavonic Congress).
In the text, it is possible to observe the character of a young man which in a literary-historical perspective corresponds to several literary types in Slovak literature. The interpretation focuses on modelling and transforming a plebeian and obedient hero into a modern, educated and confident bachelor. At the same time, it marginally touches on the image of a man / father, who changes into an uncertain, unreliable and often absent parent on the axis of the dominant and patriarchal. The text also presents poetological aspects of the protagonists' creation: a realistic image in Kukučín's short stories, a slightly subjectivised and expressive image of a boy of interwar prose, a naive and stylised type from the 1950s fiction, an immediate, an authentic and plastic hero modelled by modern prose in novels for young adults. Transformations of construction can also be observed at the linguo-stylistic level of texts, the way of narration, and the choice of narrator.
The author pays attention to lexical meaning of contextual sensitive words. The meaning can vary in various texts. Although the meaning is diverse, people understand it in communication due to a broader context, for example, stereotypes existing in a society. The paper deals with the words chlap, muž and their common adjective collocations. It also includes the social part of lexical meaning of the adjective dobrý used together with the noun chlap. The study of the Slovak national corpora confirms that the social part of the meaning mirrors gender system of Slovak society.
The paper analyses the depiction of male characters in the select texts of the Slovak writer Ivana Dobrakovová. Although male protagonists are not rare in her prose, little attention is paid to them. This literary approach to their depiction is determined by the writer’s strong focus on the main female protagonists – the female characters make the majority in Dobrakovová’s short stories. However, men regularly appear as fathers or intimate partners of her female characters, and these relationships – ranging from informal to institutional – play a specific role in her works.
The contribution focuses on a specific form of masculinity in the poetry of Michal Habaj, a contemporary Slovak poet. The article describes the phenomenon camp in connection with experimental verses of this poet. Camp is represented by a way of looking at the world as an aesthetic phenomenon that is not based on beauty, but on stylization, as Susan Sontag presented it in her essay. The contribution focuses on a main feature of the stylization (artisticity and theatricality) and presents the consequences of stylizing a subject into a voyeur-oriented modern troubadour. It describes a phenomenon of game and irony in a work of Michal Habaj: a subversive game with the function of basic literary categories, a game with gender and a game with discourse, in connection with the transformation of the category of masculinity into poetry.
The paper is devoted to the problem of the „male“ language which can be found in the works of two Bulgarian poets – Miglena Nikolchina and Irena Ivanova (better known by her pseudonym Rene Karabaš). The author associates them with the change that happens in literary criticism and the literary production itself after the 1990s. The author considers the synthesis of poetry and prose, poetry and theory as an intertextual „dialogue” through which is possible to analyze the texts of both poets. Thematically, the article focuses on the ways in which the woman gains „a right to have a voice“ rejecting her gender to take up the poet’s word and on how man appears to be a „quotation” in their works.
The first studies which introduced the category of masculinity into German literary science in the context of contemporary interdisciplinary gender research, perceiving it as a social and cultural construct, were published shortly after the turn of the century. The paper lays out the basic theoretical approaches to masculinity in literary texts presented in relevant German literary works of the second decade of the 21st century. In contemporary literary analyses, it is not only a question of revealing masculine power structures in literary texts, but also of criticising one-sided and stereotypical constructs of male identity. Attention is focused on the combination of masculinity and emotionality, but also on the relationship between masculinity and fatherhood or on the literary reflections of the changes in the conventional status of man as a breadwinner, public actor and creative intellectual. Literary masculinities are understood as products of literary narratives.
Calpains are cysteine proteases involved in many cellular processes. They are an ancient and large superfamily of enzymes responsible for the cleavage and irreversible modification of a large variety of substrates. They have been intensively studied in humans and other mammals, but information about calpains in bacteria is scarce. Calpains have not been found among Archaea to date. In this study, we have investigated the presence of calpains in selected cyanobacterial species using in silico analyses. We show that calpains defined by possessing CysPC core domain are present in cyanobacterial genera Anabaena , Aphanizomenon , Calothrix , Chamaesiphon , Fischerella , Microcystis , Scytonema and Trichormus . Based on in silico protein interaction analysis, we have predicted putative interaction partners for identified cyanobacterial calpains. The phylogenetic analysis including cyanobacterial, other bacterial and eukaryotic calpains divided bacterial and eukaryotic calpains into two separate monophyletic clusters. We propose two possible evolutionary scenarios to explain this tree topology: 1) the eukaryotic ancestor or an archaeal ancestor of eukaryotes obtained calpain gene from an unknown bacterial donor, or alternatively 2) calpain gene had been already present in the last common universal ancestor and subsequently lost by the ancestor of Archaea, but retained by the ancestor of Bacteria and by the ancestor of Eukarya. Both scenarios would require multiple independent losses of calpain genes in various bacteria and eukaryotes.
This study describes a variety of approaches to communication by museums involved in cultural heritage exchange. It focuses on the High Tatras region, which is the most important centre of tourism in Slovakia. It also looks at the specifics of how tourism developed in the region. The data was collected over a multi-year series of ethnological field research trips, and primarily conducted by means of structured interviews, oral histories and participatory observation. The paper concentrates on shifts in the area of museum communication, from the classical interpretative approach towards exhibitions that present their subject matter in a more flexible way, with a focus on emotional experience.The article aims to use some chosen case studies of small, independent museums and galleries from the town of Vysoké Tatry, in the High Tatras, to highlight the importance of sustainability, especially in terms of the growth of tourism.
Along with the dynamics of findings of several scientific disciplines of the recent decades, the mechanisms and processes of culture transmission seem to be much more apparent. The knowledge about cultural heritage and the inheritance of culture produced in this way have led to the creation of several platforms of critical cultural heritage. Anthropological and ethnological findings significantly enrich these multi-disciplinary environments where the criterion of a living cultural heritage is becoming generally accepted. In this light, the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) created a working group in 2019 with the aim to prepare an innovated Strategic Research Agenda (SRIA) for the submission of European projects in the field of cultural heritage (JPI CH). The working group invited Slovak and Czech researchers to reflect on the knowledge from the Central European research area in order to define the research topics for the priority Cultural Heritage and People. The research on the testing of the priority and clarification of the impacts of the depopulation of cultural regions on cultural heritage was conducted at selected locations of the Hont, Novohrad and Malohont regions. The key indicators for justifying the inclusion of the research topic The impact of the depopulation of EU regions with cultural heritage in SRIA include ethnographic information, historical demographic data and the modelling of the transmission of cultural heritage content to the next generations.
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2,036 members
Radovan Malina
  • Department of Biology and Ecology
Pavol Kráľ
  • Department of Quantitative Methods and Information Systems
Jan Sebo
  • Faculty of Economics
Šimon Budzák
  • Department of Chemistry
Miroslav Haviar
  • Department of Mathematics
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Národná 12, 974 01, Banská Bystrica, Banská Bystrica, Slovakia
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