University of the Sunshine Coast
Recent publications
Background Collisions in rugby union and sevens have a high injury incidence and burden, and are also associated with player and team performance. Understanding the frequency and intensity of these collisions is therefore important for coaches and practitioners to adequately prepare players for competition. The aim of this review is to synthesise the current literature to provide a summary of the collision frequencies and intensities for rugby union and rugby sevens based on video-based analysis and microtechnology. Methods A systematic search using key words was done on four different databases from 1 January 1990 to 1 September 2021 (PubMed, Scopus, SPORTDiscus and Web of Science). Results Seventy-three studies were included in the final review, with fifty-eight studies focusing on rugby union, while fifteen studies explored rugby sevens. Of the included studies, four focused on training—three in rugby union and one in sevens, two focused on both training and match-play in rugby union and one in rugby sevens, while the remaining sixty-six studies explored collisions from match-play. The studies included, provincial, national, international, professional, experienced, novice and collegiate players. Most of the studies used video-based analysis (n = 37) to quantify collisions. In rugby union, on average a total of 22.0 (19.0–25.0) scrums, 116.2 (62.7–169.7) rucks, and 156.1 (121.2–191.0) tackles occur per match. In sevens, on average 1.8 (1.7–2.0) scrums, 4.8 (0–11.8) rucks and 14.1 (0–32.8) tackles occur per match. Conclusions This review showed more studies quantified collisions in matches compared to training. To ensure athletes are adequately prepared for match collision loads, training should be prescribed to meet the match demands. Per minute, rugby sevens players perform more tackles and ball carries into contact than rugby union players and forwards experienced more impacts and tackles than backs. Forwards also perform more very heavy impacts and severe impacts than backs in rugby union. To improve the relationship between matches and training, integrating both video-based analysis and microtechnology is recommended. The frequency and intensity of collisions in training and matches may lead to adaptations for a “collision-fit” player and lend itself to general training principles such as periodisation for optimum collision adaptation. Trial Registration PROSPERO registration number: CRD42020191112.
Plain English summary Some patients are leading or helping with medical research to improve understanding of their condition and patient care. To share research findings, patients can author articles published in scientific journals. These articles are reviewed by experts and are known as peer-reviewed publications. Patient authors can provide unique and valuable insights from their experience of living with a condition. Demonstrating that patients can be authors would be easier if there was a quick way to find patient-authored publications. In this article, we describe who a patient author is and what patient-authored publications are. We identify factors that may encourage patients to author research publications. We highlight the practical guidance available to help patient authors and those working with them. To help future research about patient authorship, we need a way to find patient-authored publications. One way is for patients to include a standard search term, such as ‘Patient Author’ in the affiliation section of their publication. Like all authors, patient authors can list more than one affiliation, such as their workplace if they wish. We used the ‘Patient Author’ search term to look at publications in PubMed, a free resource to access scientific publications. We found the number of patient-authored publications using the ‘Patient Author’ tag increased nine times from 2020 and 2021. We encourage patients, funders, researchers and publishers to use a standard metatag or an agreed set of metatags. This could make it easier to find and raise awareness of patient-authored publications.
Background This study aimed to analyze the extent of fatigue responses after female soccer matches and the ensuing recovery time course of performance, physiological, and perceptual responses. Methods Three databases (PubMed, Web of Science, and SPORTDiscus) were searched in October 2020 and updated in November 2021. Studies were included when participants were female soccer players, regardless of their ability level. Further, the intervention was an official soccer match with performance, physiological, or perceptual parameters collected pre- and post-match (immediately, 12 h, 24 h, 48 h, or 72 h-post). Results A total of 26 studies ( n = 465 players) were included for meta-analysis. Most performance parameters showed some immediate post-match reduction (effect size [ES] = − 0.72 to − 1.80), apart from countermovement jump (CMJ; ES = − 0.04). Reduced CMJ performance occurred at 12 h (ES = − 0.38) and 24 h (ES = − 0.42) and sprint at 48 h post-match (ES = − 0.75). Inflammatory and immunological parameters responded acutely with moderate-to-large increases (ES = 0.58–2.75) immediately post-match. Creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase alterations persisted at 72 h post-match (ES = 3.79 and 7.46, respectively). Small-to-moderate effects were observed for increased cortisol (ES = 0.75) and reduced testosterone/cortisol ratio (ES = -0.47) immediately post-match, while negligible to small effects existed for testosterone (ES = 0.14) and estradiol (ES = 0.34). Large effects were observed for perceptual variables, with increased fatigue (ES = 1.79) and reduced vigor (ES = − 0.97) at 12 h post-match, while muscle soreness was increased immediately post (ES = 1.63) and at 24 h post-match (ES = 1.00). Conclusions Acute fatigue exists following female soccer matches, and the performance, physiological, and perceptual parameters showed distinctive recovery timelines. Importantly, physical performance was recovered at 72 h post-match, whereas muscle damage markers were still increased at this time point. These timelines should be considered when planning training and match schedules. However, some caution should be advised given the small number of studies available on this population. Registration The protocol for this systematic review was pre-registered on the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO, Registration Number: CRD42021237857).
Background The individual determinants of food choice have been extensively investigated in the general population, but there have been limited studies in athletes. A better understanding of the food making decisions can help to target interventions that lead to optimal intake for athletes’ health and performance. A scoping review will provide an understanding of the sports and settings that have been investigated, the methods and approaches to assessing food choice, as well as the factors influencing food choice. Objective The objective of this review was to map the available evidence on the multi-faceted determinants of food choice in athletes and describe key influences impacting their choices. Eligibility criteria. Athletes 16 years and over from any country who engage in physical activity with the intent to be competitive. Studies were included if they reported the multi-faceted determinants of food choice as either a primary or secondary outcome. All study designs were considered. Sources of Evidence. This review followed the PRISMA extension for Scoping Reviews. Eleven databases including PubMed, Web of Science (Clarivate Analytics), SPORTDiscus (EBSCO), PsycNET (APA), Health Collection (Informit), CINAHL (EBSCO), the Cochrane Library, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global, Trove (National Library of Australia), JBI (Ovid), and Google scholar were searched between September–November 2020 and updated in March 2021. Charting of Data Search results were screened with selected studies extracted into a summary table established a priori by the authors. Study quality was assessed using standardised reporting tools for qualitative and quantitative research designs. The scope and quality of evidence was summarised and reported. Results A total of 15 studies were included. Qualitative research included one research thesis and six primary research studies using both focus groups and semi-structured interviews. Quantitative research included one research thesis and seven primary research studies with cross-sectional design using different validated and non-validated survey instruments. No longitudinal or intervention studies were found. The majority of studies have been published since 2018 and conducted across multiple countries with either mixed cohorts of athletes or focused on predominately endurance or team sports. The quality of reporting was variable, particularly for qualitative research. Outcomes suggested that performance and health were relevant to athlete food choice, with varying impact of competition season, the level of experience, the culture of the sport, the cultural background or nationality of the athlete, athlete sex and the food environment. Conclusion More research is needed on the multi-faceted determinants of food choice in different cohorts of athletes, particularly females. Future research could explore the relationship between food choice, nutrition knowledge and diet quality or the change in food choice across the phase of the seasons and through injury and illness. Use of validated measurement tools and robust reporting will enable critical interpretation of the study methods and outcomes for use in practice. Registration OSF Registries: Open-ended registration 25th Sept 2020 https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/4PX2A
We examined systems-level costs before and after the implementation of an emergency department paediatric sepsis screening, recognition and treatment pathway. Aggregated hospital admissions for all children aged < 18y with a diagnosis code of sepsis upon admission in Queensland, Australia were compared for 16 participating and 32 non-participating hospitals before and after pathway implementation. Monte Carlo simulation was used to generate uncertainty intervals. Policy impacts were estimated using difference-in-difference analysis comparing observed and expected results. We compared 1055 patient episodes before (77.6% in-pathway) and 1504 after (80.5% in-pathway) implementation. Reductions were likely for non-intensive length of stay (− 20.8 h [− 36.1, − 8.0]) but not intensive care (–9.4 h [− 24.4, 5.0]). Non-pathway utilisation was likely unchanged for interhospital transfers (+ 3.2% [− 5.0%, 11.4%]), non-intensive (− 4.5 h [− 19.0, 9.8]) and intensive (+ 7.7 h, [− 20.9, 37.7]) care length of stay. After difference-in-difference adjustment, estimated savings were 596 [277, 942] non-intensive and 172 [148, 222] intensive care days. The program was cost-saving in 63.4% of simulations, with a mean value of $97,019 [− $857,273, $1,654,925] over 24 months. A paediatric sepsis pathway in Queensland emergency departments was associated with potential reductions in hospital utilisation and costs.
Introduction The COVID-19 pandemic has led to a shift in healthcare towards telehealth delivery, which presents challenges for exercise physiology services. We aimed to examine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the reach, efficacy, adoption and implementation of telehealth delivery for exercise physiology services by comparing Australian practises before (prior to 25 January 2020) and during the COVID-19 pandemic (after 25 January 2020). Methods This retrospective audit included 80 accredited exercise physiology clinicians. We examined relevant dimensions of the RE-AIM framework (reach, effectiveness, adoption and implementation) from the clinician perspective. Results During the COVID-19 pandemic, 91% (n = 73/80) of surveyed clinicians offered telehealth delivery service, compared to 25% (n = 20/80) prior. Mean (SD) telehealth delivery per week doubled from 5 (7) to 10 (8) hours. In-person delivery decreased from 23 (11) to 15 (11) hours per week. Typical reasons for not offering telehealth delivery were client physical/cognitive incapacity (n = 33/80, 41%) and safety (n = 24/80, 30%). Clinician-reported reasons for typical clients not adopting telehealth delivery were personal preference (n = 57/71, 80%), physical capacity (n = 35/71, 49%) and access to reliable delivery platforms (n = 27/71, 38%). Zoom (n = 54/71, 76%) and telephone (n = 53/71, 75%) were the most commonly used platforms. Of the reasons contributing to incomplete treatment, lack of confidence in delivery mode was sevenfold higher for telehealth compared to in-person delivery. No serious treatment-related adverse events were reported. Conclusions During the COVID-19 pandemic, telehealth delivery of exercise physiology services increased and in-person delivery decreased, which suggests the profession was adaptable and agile. However, further research determining comparative efficacy and cost-effectiveness is warranted.
Background Undulatory underwater swimming (UUS) has become an integral component of the start and turn phases in competitive swimming allowing higher velocities than can be achieved swimming at the surface. An understanding of the most important determinants for UUS performance and how these can be optimised to different swimmers is poorly understood. Objective The aim of this systematic review was to systematically assess the current peer-reviewed literature on the relationship between UUS performance determinants and underwater velocity in competitive swimmers. Methods An electronic search using AusSportMed, Embase, PubMed, SPORTDiscus and Biomechanics and Medicine in Swimming was performed. The methodological quality of the studies was evaluated using a biomechanics-specific checklist developed by Hindle and colleagues (Sports Med Open. 5(1):49, 2019. 10.1186/s40798-019-0222-z). Results Twenty-five studies met the eligibility criteria. While UUS velocity was nearly perfectly related (r > 0.90) to foot resultant acceleration and kick frequency, several other biomechanical factors were also significant correlates. UUS velocity and frequency were typically higher in high-performance swimmers and during prone versus dorsal positions. UUS velocity, kick frequency and kick amplitude were also significantly correlated with high angular velocities of the hip, knee and ankle joints and knee range of motion. Conclusion While there appears to be evidence supporting some performance variables to be related to UUS, future research should examine how to optimise the kinematic and kinetic characteristics with respect to the imposed task constraints and organism constraints between swimmers. Additional research should also investigate the effect of biomechanically informed interventions to improve UUS performance.
Study Objective: Is erector spinae plane (ESP) catheter insertion within 24 hours of hospital admission for rib fractures associated with a lower incidence of respiratory complications compared to those having an ESP within 48 hours or after 48 hours of admission. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Hospital. Patients: 199 patients admitted for rib fractures, who received an ESP catheter. Interventions: Timing of ESP performance was assessed by dividing the study cohort into three subgroups: prompt block within 24 hours, early block within 48 hours and late block after 48 hours of admission. Measurements: The primary outcome of interest was the development of respiratory complications. This included pneumonia, pulmonary embolism and respiratory failure. Secondary outcomes included intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay and hospital length of stay. Main Results: A prompt ESP within 24 hours was performed in 14.5% (n=29) of patients, 47% (n=95) received an early block within 48 hours and 37% (n=75) of patients received a late block after 48 hours from admission. There was a significantly higher rate of respiratory complications (p=0.005) with late block. A late block was associated with a significantly longer ICU length of stay (7.82 ± 5.2 days) compared to patients who received an early block (5.84 ± 2.8 days; p=0.044). There was no significant association with hospital length of stay (p=0.06). There were no differences between the prompt (within 24 hours) and early (within 48 hours) block groups for any outcome. Conclusions: The performance of an ESP block after 48 hours of admission was associated with an increased incidence of respiratory complications and ICU length of stay. There appears to be no added benefit associated with the provision of a prompt ESP within 24 hours.
We explore the potential sources of slowdown in growth in a theoretical macroeconomic framework, from which we develop an empirical model consisting of a system of equations for the growth rate of GDP and the consumption share of GDP. Having estimated the basic model, we perform an extreme bounds analysis with a range of control variables as a robustness check on the results. In a sample of middle‐income countries, an increase in the consumption ratio appears to be negatively associated with economic growth; foreign direct investment is found to be significantly associated with both economic growth and the consumption ratio. On considering sub‐samples of Asian and Latin American countries, we find, in the Asian economies, that there is an inverted U‐shaped relationship between the consumption ratio and economic growth while, in the Latin American economies, there is an inverted U‐shaped relationship between the consumption ratio and growth but a U‐shaped relationship between the government spending ratio and economic growth. In both sub‐samples, the investment ratio is positively associated with growth.
Objective To propose a three-factor framework for conceptualising and measuring mindfulness during worship, and to develop and validate a new scale using existing scales of mindfulness and spirituality. Methods A shortlist of scale items was developed and administered online to 521 Christians from the United Kingdom in three independent studies. Results The studies confirmed a three-factor structure of the new 15-item Mindfulness during Worship Scale (MWS) with an overall internal reliability range of α = 0.81–0.87: a) concentration during worship, which contains reverse-scored items capturing the tendency for attention to slip towards unrelated activities during worship, b) presence during worship, which includes items relating to an increased awareness to thoughts and feelings as they relate to the engagement of worship, and c) absorption during worship, which includes items relating to an increased feeling of awareness and absorption in worship. Concurrent validity was confirmed, as the total MWS and subscale scores were positively associated with existing measures of mindfulness (FFMQ-15 and MAAS) and spirituality (ISS). Moreover, worship frequency predicted higher scores on all three MWS subscales, higher Scripture reading frequency predicted greater focus on religious thoughts during worship, and regular meditation practice was associated with a greater absorption during worship. The frequency of performing communal religious activities was not associated with mindfulness during worship. Conclusions The MWS is the first scale that measures mindfulness specifically within the context of worship and prayer, and can be used within any religious community that engages in prayers.
Fiji’s cultured pearl sector relies on wild collected oysters (Pinctada margaritifera) for culture stock. Most oysters are collected by community-based spat collection enterprises but there is little information on the optimal duration of spat collector deployment, which potentially affects oyster yield, oyster size, and the sales value of resulting oysters. We investigated the influence of the timing and duration of spat collector deployment on these parameters, and the potential for early removal of juveniles from spat collectors for intermediate culture. Spat collectors deployed in October and January, during Fiji’s warmer summer season, generated higher numbers of oysters than those deployed in the cooler winter season. The average numbers of spat harvested from spat collectors deployed for 6-month, 8-month, and 14-month periods were 0.6, 1.8, and 1.7 spat per collector, respectively. Shorter spat collector deployment duration of 8-months generated similar numbers of oysters to those of 14-months; however, oysters harvested after 8-months were smaller (20.4 ± 1.8 g) than those harvested after 14-months (89.2 ± 3.2 g). Harvested oysters grown in panel nets during intermediate culture increased significantly in size and weight with 100 % survival. However, oysters removed from spat collectors after 8-months and grown in panel nets for a further 6-months were smaller than those retained on spat collectors for the same 14-month period. Results indicate that, of the options tested, the most profitable for pearl oyster spat collection in Fiji is to harvest spat collectors after 14-months then grow oysters in panel nets for a further 6-months. This assessment is based on production estimates only and detailed cost-benefit analysis is recommended to account for the additional equipment costs and labour inputs required after spat collector harvest. Improved oyster production, using spat collectors only, should deploy collectors during Fiji’s warmer summer season for a 14-month duration.
The potential effects of climate change plus the expansion of eucalypt plantations to less favorable sites, beyond those where they are currently planted, requires exploring novel eucalypt germplasm to identify taxa less vulnerable to biotic and abiotic stress. To improve plant adaptation to new environments, the first step is breeding programs and/or forming base populations of new and different species. But, to achieve this, what species should be chosen from the almost 1000 existing eucalypt species? To tackle this question, this work evaluated various eucalypt species from different provenances at two assessment in five environments to verify (1) the need for environmental stratification; (2) the best species and provenances per environment, and (3) environmental stability, adaptability, and changes between assessment. The mortality and diameter at breast height of 27 eucalypt taxa originating from wild populations and seed orchards were evaluated. To evaluate the data, we took a factor analytic mixed modelling approach to define mega-environments (groups of similar sites) and characterize the interactions of these with the selected taxa. The analyses allowed both quantitative and graphical identification of optimal combinations of species and sites. Promising taxa identified include Corymbia citriodora subsp. variegata, C. henryi, Eucalyptus longirostrata, E. major and E. urophylla. We place the results of this process in the context of ongoing domestication and breeding of new taxa for challenging sites in Brazil.
Critical infrastructure is a foundational component of a functional society and is under threat from the impacts of climate change. To ensure communities are not left without fundamental supplies and services, the adaptation of critical infrastructure to climate change needs to be understood holistically. This paper uses a scoping literature review to investigate the relationship between critical infrastructure and climate change. In the absence of a common definition for adaptive critical infrastructure, an outcomes-based definition is proposed that captures the four types of critical infrastructure: physical, ecological, institutional and cultural. A typology was developed to critically interrogate the focus of adaptive critical infrastructure. It shows that the focus across elements such as conceptualisation and management ranges from tangible to intangible infrastructure, and from positivist to interpretivist in approach. The literature review identified relationship-building as a key management objective across the spectrums. The typology contributes knowledge on how the choice of infrastructure focus and adaptation methods influences adaptation outcomes and path dependencies.
Wood protection using plant-derived extracts has shown some promise but the extracts are often easily leached making them less attractive for long-term wood protection. The potential of extracts from heat treated wood sawdust as a natural substitute for wood preservatives was explored, and a mild enzyme-catalyzed method was used to improve its leaching resistance. Laccase was used to catalyze grafting reactions of extracts from heat treated spruce (Picea asperata Mast.) and larch (Larix gmelinii (Rupr.) Kuzen.). The resulting extracts were screened for antifungal activity and then impregnated into poplar blocks (Populus tomentosa Carr.). Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were used to characterize extracts reactions. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was used to analyze the grafted compounds. Acetone extracts from both heat treated spruce and larch exhibited good activity against the test fungi. Heat treated spruce and larch acetone extracts grafted on modified poplar and subjected to leaching showed better activity against the white-rot fungus, Trametes versicolor (L. ex Fr.) Quél. than the brown-rot fungus, Gloeophyllum trabeum (Pers.: Fr.) Murr. FTIR and XPS results indicated that heat-treated spruce and larch extracts were grafted on poplar by laccase catalysis. Squalene, 3-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzoic acid, and n-hexadecanoic acid were among those compounds suggested to be grafted. The results suggest that laccase-mediated pre-treatment of plant extracts has the potential to increase resistance to leaching. Trials with additional plant-extracts are recommended.
Automation is already on our roads, and advanced automated vehicles are anticipated to become a common feature in road transport systems in the near future. While this represents a new era for road systems, automation has existed in other transport systems for decades. The aim of this paper was to analyse accidents involving automated technologies across the transport modes to identify learning opportunities that could be applied in the design of automated vehicles and the wider road systems within which they will operate. Twenty-two investigation reports into automation-related accidents in transport modes traditionally using automation (aviation, maritime and rail) were identified and analysed using the AcciMap technique, with factors codified using a contributing factors taxonomy and analysed using network metrics. To determine their relevance to road automation, the results were compared with an analysis of three recent investigation reports into automated vehicle crashes. The comparison revealed similarities and differences between the contributory factors in the traditional modes and the emerging set of road automation crashes. Two key leverage points were identified: improved human factors integration into the design of automation in all modes; and re-consideration of regulatory approaches across transport domains to ensure they are appropriate for emerging technologies and their associated risks. The analysis also provides support for the utility of previously developed contributory factors taxonomy applied to compare transport domains.
Many smallholder tree growers in developing countries and those advising them, hold a view that if they plant trees a market will materialize when the time is right. However, despite strong international demand for timber and potential for smallholders to supply this demand, this ‘Field of Dreams’ approach, i.e. if you grow it, buyers will come, is not generally a sound strategy. In this study, we aimed to identify the conditions that enable the development of viable timber value chains around smallholder tree growers in developing countries. We reviewed literature on the integration of small-scale producers into value chains, smallholder tree growing, and smallholder commercial forestry to identify conditions, and used four case studies in the Asia-Pacific Region to understand how these influence outcomes for smallholder tree growers in different settings. This analysis provided a basis for recommendations for policymakers and advising agencies on how to support timber value chains for smallholder tree growers. These included deeper understanding of biophysical suitability of locations for tree growing, smallholder capabilities and interests, and provision of clear land tenure, infrastructure, and streamlined regulations sympathetic to smallscale timber operations. Tree growing can generate financial value for smallholders in regions with high human population density, quality road networks and proximity to processing markets and ports. Careful policy design is required to make it ‘fit for purpose’ at local levels, as conditions vary widely even within a single country. This can identify catalytic interventions and work with existing or near-term market drivers and simplified regulations in the value chain to generate benefits for smallholders.
The Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management (EAFM) strives to balance multiple objectives of ecological wellbeing, social and economic wellbeing, and good governance. The Provincial Government of West Papua with technical support from the USAID Sustainable Ecosystems Advanced Project (SEA) has developed a fisheries management plan (FMP) for the anchovy fishery in Raja Ampat, West Papua Province of Indonesia. EAFM is the appropriate approach to manage the fishery because EAFM multiple objectives reflect the challenges and needs to ensure the sustainability of the fishery resources and to contribute to local communities. The FMP includes management issues, operational objectives, appropriate management measures, and action plans defined through a participatory process. The issues include overfishing as shown by declining anchovy catches, resource competition between local small-scale fishers and industrial fishers, limited livelihood opportunities, and an absence of a functional fishery governance institution. To address these challenges, the FMP has multiple operational objectives: to empower local livelihoods, strengthen institutional management mechanisms, and ensure anchovy resources sustainability. The integration of the socioeconomic aspect means there must be management decision trade-offs that weigh trade-offs of stock sustainability, local poverty, interests of the private sector, and addressing the horizontal conflict between locals and industrial fishers. Strengthening fisheries institutions is critical to ensure integration in resource investments and in detailing activities to implement the FMP because of the complementary roles, and lack of synergy of the multiple agencies. This holistic approach is expected to support the long-term use of the anchovy resources while partially alleviating local poverty.
Local, regional, and global events have potential to disturb fisheries systems embedded within international trade networks. Events associated with sudden and unexpected disturbances, or shocks, in fisheries systems are of particular concern because of their potential to adversely impact the livelihoods and well-being of coastal communities. For these communities in the Pacific region, export-oriented mother-of-pearl (MoP) fisheries have been, and remain, of great economic importance with additional dietary benefits. A lack of information and understanding of events associated with shocks in MoP production and trade, however, limits the ability to predict reactions and to develop appropriate responses to future economic, environmental, or political change. We conducted an integrated assessment of historic MoP export data from 1888 until present (2020) for the largest producer in the Pacific region, Papua New Guinea, to detect shocks and identify associated events. Absence of a trend in the frequency or magnitude of detected shocks and the range of associated events identified suggest that shocks are intrinsic to MoP fisheries systems, and that shocks occur due to varied, often multiple synchronous, events. Critically, legislated policy changes to gear restrictions, licensing, ports of export, size limits, and spatial limits were never associated with shocks, while changes to permitted taxa and export tariffs were implicated in triggering, or contributing to, shocks in MoP exports. The historical assessment of shocks undertaken in this study may aid management agencies in identifying potential risks and appropriate responses to build resilience in MoP fisheries systems, and in artisanal fisheries systems more broadly.
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Angela Mary Calder
  • Discipline of Sport and Exercise Sciences
Martina Jelocnik
  • Genecology Research Centre: Chlamydia group
Sarah Burkhart
  • Australian Centre for Pacific Islands Research and School of Health and Behavioural Sciences
Mark McKean
  • School of Health and Sport Sciences
Celine Henria Frere
  • Global Change Ecology Research Group
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