University of Parakou
  • Parakou, Benin
Recent publications
We investigate the effects of COVID-19 containment measures on the revenues of women in agribusiness in Benin, a low-income country in West Africa, using a fixed effect model and unique data from 214 women selected using the simple random sampling technique. Our results indicate that COVID-19 containment measures substantially decreased women’s revenues from agribusiness activities, irrespective of the product. These findings suggest that policies aiming to alleviate the health crisis must be considered in a comprehensive framework and include financial protections to mitigate the economic costs.
Objectives We investigated the association between urban/rural location and both type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and pre-diabetes among populations of five West African countries. Design Cross-sectional studies, using the WHO Stepwise (STEPs) survey data. Setting National representative data of both urban and rural areas from Benin, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Liberia and Mali. Participants Adults comprising 15 468 participants (6774 men and 8746 women; 7663 urban and 7805 rural residents) aged between 25 and 64 years. Results The age and sex-adjusted prevalence of T2DM was 6.2% for urban areas and 2.5% for rural areas. The prevalence of impaired fasting glucose (IFG) was 6.6% for urban areas, and 3.0% for rural areas. No differences by sex were observed. The crude relative risk (RR) and 95% CI of T2DM and IFG in urban compared with rural areas were 2.69 (1.85 to 3.91) and 2.37 (1.53 to 3.66), respectively. This reduced to RR: 2.03, 95% CI (1.34 to 3.08) and RR: 2.04, 95% CI (1.27 to 3.28), respectively, after adjusting for covariables. Conclusion The prevalence of both T2DM and IFG was more than two times as high in urban areas compared with rural areas in West Africa. Behavioural risk factors are common among urban populations, with ongoing urbanisation expected to drive increases in the prevalence of T2DM. These results could guide planning for T2DM screening, preventive strategies and resource allocation in West Africa.
Africa is an important global reservoir for biological, cultural and traditional knowledge about fungi and lichens, which are used as food, medicine and in mythology, among other things. African human populations are undergoing highly significant changes and adaptation processes, which are accompanied by rapid urbanization, meeting with western civilization, high rural migration and the loss of natural ecosystems. Indigenous knowledge is being lost, including that concerning fungi and lichens. Ethnomycology and ethnolichenology provide a diversity of knowledge about beneficial and poisonous fungi and lichens, and give insights into their sociological impact on human behaviour and use. Here we present a working and publishing environment established with the Diversity Workbench software in line with national and international initiatives for FAIR guided provision of research data. The database application called ‘EthnoMycAfrica’ contains published ethnomycological and ethnolichenological information from Africa. The content is created and curated by team partners from Central, East, West, North and Southern Africa. Data entry is performed both online and offline, optionally via a mobile device. Currently, the system with the tools DiversityDescriptions and DiversityNaviKey contains a total of 1350 well-structured and freely and openly accessible data records. EthnoMycAfrica is the first database with a data schema, standard descriptors and data content created mainly by African scholars. The data can be useful for researchers, students, conservationists, policy makers, and others. It will also provide a basis for facilitating hypothesis generation and meta-analysis.
Integration of livestock farming practices with trees is neglected and poorly explored in the context of climate change (CC) in drylands. However, such knowledge is urgently needed to propose effective strategies in the livestock sector to cope with CC. This study is initiated to characterize the diversity of indigenous integrated livestock systems with trees in drylands of Benin through a survey including 140 smallholder farmers. Descriptive statistics were performed to socio-economic profile of livestock farmers and data were submitted to a multiple correspondence analysis with hierarchical ascending classification and four types of integrated livestock smallholder farmers have been highlighted. The first type is referred to “Traditional silvopastoral systems”, consisting of farmers owning high tropical livestock unit (26 ± 0.59 TLU). They did not have land ownership and they exploited trees and shrubs in rangelands and protected areas. They used indigenous trees for treating sick animals and feeding. The second type is ‘‘Improved silvopastoral systems’’ with an average of 11 ± 0.21 TLU. They had a land ownership and combined livestock, forage plants and fodder trees in pasturelands. The third type, referred as “Small Integrated agrosilvopastoral systems” consisted of smallholder farmers who integrated agriculture, livestock and tree plantations. They owned a low livestock tropical unit (6 ± 0.24 TLU). The last type qualified as “Large Integrated agrosilvopastoral systems” owned an average of 18 ± 0.34 TLU and cultivated large areas of land. Leguminous trees are used to improve soil fertility and as animal feed. A probit model analysis results indicated that the adoption of trees on livestock farming were influenced by ecological region, membership of association, Land tenure, farm size and herd size. Based on these identified different agroforestry practices of livestock smallholder farmers in the drylands, indigenous community-based adaptation can be designed to face CC.
Introduction: Splenic abscess is rare in children. This report discusses a case of splenic abscess complicating an infarction in a teenager at the Teaching Hospital of Borgou/Alibori in Benin Republic. Patient and Observation: The patient was a 14-year-old teenager with hemoglobinopathy (SC), admitted to the pediatric department for generalized abdominal pain associated with fever and a dry cough. On physical examination, he presented with an infectious syndrome, generalized abdominal pain, highly sensitive splenomegaly, left lung consolidation, and severe malnutrition. Abdominal ultrasound and thoraco-abdominal CT-scan revealed a splenic infarction abscess. Following medical treatment, which included broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy and analgesia, a total splenectomy was performed. During surgery, the spleen appeared greyish and contained pus, which, upon cytobacteriological examination, isolated a Klebsiella pneumoniae strain sensitive to the combination of amoxicillin-clavulanic acid. The patient showed favorable evolution under this treatment. Conclusion: Splenic abscess should be suspected in any subject with sickle cell disease presenting with painful and febrile splenomegaly.
Increasing harvest and overexploitation of wild plants for non‐timber forest products can significantly affect population dynamics of harvested populations. While the most common approach to assess the effect of harvest and perturbation of vital rates is focused on the long‐term population growth rate, most management strategies are planned and implemented over the short‐term. We developed an integral projection model to investigate the effects of harvest on the demography and the short‐ and long‐term population dynamics of Banisteriopsis caapi in the Peruvian Amazon rainforest. Harvest had no significant effect on the size‐dependent growth of lianas, but survival rates increased with size. Harvest had a significant negative effect on size‐dependent survival where larger lianas experienced greater mortality rates under high harvest pressure than smaller lianas. In the populations under high harvest pressure, survival of smaller lianas was greater than that of populations with low harvest pressure. Harvest had no significant effect on clonal or sexual reproduction, but fertility was size‐dependent. The long‐term population growth rates of B. caapi populations under high harvest pressure were projected to decline at a rate of 1.3% whereas populations with low harvest pressure are expected to increase at 3.2%. However, before reaching equilibrium, over the short‐term, all B. caapi populations were in decline by 26% (high harvested population) and (low harvested population) 20.4% per year. Elasticity patterns were dominated by survival of larger lianas irrespective of harvest treatments. Life table response experiment analyses indicated that high harvest caused the 6% reduction in population growth rates by significantly reducing the survival of large lianas and increasing the survival‐growth of smaller lianas including vegetative reproductive individuals. Synthesis and applications . This study emphasizes how important it is for management strategies for B. caapi lianas experiencing anthropogenic harvest to prioritize the survival of larger size lianas and vegetative reproducing individuals, particularly in increased harvested systems often prone to multiple stressors. From an applied conservation perspective, our findings illustrate the importance of both prospective and retrospective perturbation analyses in population growth rates in understanding the population dynamics of lianas in general in response to human‐induced disturbance.
This study aimed to investigate the knowledge and use of effective communication strategies among Italian physiotherapists. We utilized a questionnaire consisting of 19 questions to collect data on the knowledge and use of effective communication strategies among Italian physiotherapists. The results revealed that only 35.8% of the respondents reported being aware of communication strategies related to physiotherapy, with their first exposure occurring during their three-year degree. Despite the majority of respondents agreeing that communication is an effective strategy for improving patient adherence, only about half reported making moderate use of open-ended questions and metaphors during treatment sessions. Furthermore, more than half of the respondents reported being unaware of Motivational Interviewing. The results of this study found that there is a consensus among Italian physiotherapists about the importance of effective communication in clinical practice, though the knowledge and application of some communication strategies remain limited. These findings suggest that there is room for improvement in the training and education of physiotherapists in Italy, with a need for greater emphasis on communication strategies in the university educational curriculum, starting from the bachelor’s degree.
Introduction: Burning plastic releases toxic fumes and gases. More and more people engage in the professional activity of welding plastic parts by fusion in Benin. Hence the need for this study. Purpose of research: To assess the frequency of the various occupational risks associated with the welding of plastic materials by burning in Parakou. A cross-sectional, descriptive, and analytical study focused on plastic welders in Parakou. The data was collected using a questionnaire. The variables studied were accidents at work, occupational diseases, and socio-professional characteristics. The data was analyzed by Epi info version 7.2.1.0. The significance level was set at p < 0.05. Results: A total of 137 subjects were surveyed. They were all male. Almost all of them were victims of accidents at work. The lesions were mainly on the fingers (99%) and feet (99%). The most expressed morbid manifestations were musculoskeletal disorders (98%), rhinitis (87%), cough (79%), tearing (98%) and conjunctival hyperemia (93%). Conclusions: Plastic welding in Parakou is a high health risk activity for craftsmen. It is urgent to take protective measures for these craftsmen.
Background: Médecins Sans Frontières Belgium installed point-of-care (POC) diagnostics for the early detection of advanced HIV disease (AHD), and in its presence, TB and cryptococcosis, in six health centres (Kasai, St Ambroise, St Joseph, Libondi, Lisanga and Kimia) in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Objective: To document their contribution to the diagnosis of these conditions. Method: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study of HIV-positive adolescents and adults admitted with suspected AHD. A comparison 2 years before and 2 years after installation of POC was performed. Results: A total of 745 and 887 patients were included before and after POC, respectively. The mean age was 39.7 years (standard deviation [SD] 12.04); 66% (n = 1,077) were women. Patients with CD4 counts increased from 40.3% (n = 300) to 64.4% (n = 573) (P < 0.001). After the installation of POC, they ranged from 47.8% (Lisanga) to 97.1% (Kasai). The proportion of AHD was comparable (n = 158, 52.7% vs. n = 288, 50.3%; P = 0.779). Among patients with AHD, TB was detected in 28.5% (n = 82), of which 41.5% (n = 34) were confirmed; cryptococcosis was detected in 24.7% (n = 71), of which 9.9% (n = 7) were confirmed. Disparities between centres were observed. Conclusion: The POCs have increased patient access to CD4 testing and diagnosis of AHD in the six centres in DRC. However, actions are required to improve this performance, including screening for TB and cryptococcosis.
Background: In a war-torn African country, Médecins Sans Frontières supports two regional referral hospitals to address emergencies, including the treatment of firearm-related traumas. It facilitates access to healthcare and referrals, which are often hindered due to non-medical reasons. Objective: To determine the factors influencing the unfavourable outcome of cases referred for firearm trauma (December 2020-November 2021). Method: This was a cross-sectional study using routinely collected data. Results: A total of 381 patients who were victims of firearm-related trauma were admitted, with an average age of 29 years; 28.3% had severe injuries, including thoraco-abdominal injuries and fractures. The mortality rate was 4.9%, and 7.9% left against medical advice. Patients affiliated with the irregular armed forces accounted for 45.4%, and had a two-thirds higher rate of unsuccessful referral for non-medical reasons. Patients with severe injuries at triage, affiliation with the irregular forces and being in the regular army had 2 times (P < 0.01), 5.9 times (P < 0.01) and 8.1 times (P < 0.01), respectively, a higher risk of an unfavourable outcome. Conclusion: Serious cases caused by firearm injuries were more likely to have an adverse outcome. The risk was higher in those with a specific affiliation, who were more often denied access to higher referral care based on socio-political rather than medical reasons.
The introduction of new policies promoting decentralized energy technologies is likely to have profound effects across all the nexus activities, including agricultural production, input use, and labor allocations. Thus, this paper analyzes the potential synergies and trade‐offs created by the adoption of renewable energy technologies along the water–energy–food security nexus in Ethiopia. We use a mathematical programming‐based household model to compare the impacts of fossil‐based and renewable energy use on rural households’ livelihoods. Our findings show that only a 10% subsidy to the price of biogas digester considerably changes the energy mix of all types of households and increases the use of decentralized modern energy sources. Household crop production patterns are not changed substantially as a consequence of the biogas subsidy, despite the competition over resources between crop and energy production. Nonetheless, the subsidy policy can lead to family labor reallocation from collecting fuelwood to agricultural activities. Moreover, the biogas subsidy can improve household incomes. Specifically, the findings indicate that 10% biogas subsidy can lead to 0.93% and 3.44% increases in the net incomes of wealthier and poorer households, respectively, compared to the business‐as‐usual scenario, that is, also has a pro‐poor dimension. Sensitivity analyses are carried out and it appears among others that more subsidy of the price of biogas digester leads to an increase in the net income of the two household types. Overall, the benefits generated by the biogas subsidy in terms of increases in net household incomes outweigh the total costs of the subsidy program. The findings indicate the importance of the subsidy policy to improve rural households’ welfare.
Rice supply remains insufficient for the world’s consumption despite the agro-ecological potential, including the sub-Saharan African countries. The organization of the rice sector in Benin aims to a better profitability and above all in the increase in rice income of producers and processors. With this in mind, the objective of this study is to assess the impact of the contractual system on the earnings of parboiled rice stakeholders in the hill departments of Benin. For this reason, a random sample of 650 rice farmers spread over 400 producers and 250 processors made it possible to estimate of the Endogenous Switching Regression (ESR). The results of the estimates revealed that adherence to the agricultural contract as a function of socio-demographic factors such as human capital; gender; membership of an agricultural cooperative; have access to agricultural extension innovations and economic-institutional factors such as free entry into the market; access to quality agricultural products and access to credit. These results also confirm the positive effects of the acceptance of contracts on the parboiled rice income of the two actors. Adherence to agricultural contracts remains an effective agricultural policy likely to increase rice income in developing countries and in particular in the department of Collines which has a very high potential for arable land. The effective exploitation of these lowlands is a real source of increasing the rice supply in the perspective of insurance and guaranteeing better levels of food and nutritional security in Benin
Selection of mosquito collection methods is of crucial importance to evaluate the impact of vector control tools on entomological outcomes. During a cluster randomised control trial evaluating the relative efficacy of two dual-active ingredient (a.i.) long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) compared to pyrethroid-only LLINs, we assessed the performance of different mosquito collection methods: Human landing catches (HLC), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) light traps, and pyrethrum spray catches (PSC). Anopheles mosquitoes were collected using three collection methods in 4 houses, in each of the 60 trial clusters at baseline and every quarter for 24 months using PSCs and HLCs, while CDC light traps were performed during two quarters only. Mean density of vectors collected per method per night was the highest with HLCs (15.9), followed by CDC light traps (6.8); with PSCs (1.1) collecting 10 times less mosquitoes than HLCs. All three collection methods collected fewer mosquitoes in the Interceptor G2® dual a.i. arm, compared to the other trial arms, although only HLCs and PSCs demonstrated strong evidence of this due to a greater number of collection rounds undertaken, than CDC light traps. The broadly similar results regarding the differential impact of the two dual a.i. LLINs showed by the three collection methods suggest that the more ethically acceptable, cheaper, and logistically simpler methods such as CDC light traps could be prioritised for use in large community trials for measuring the efficacy of vector control tools.
Background Birth registration is a crucial aspect of ensuring that children have access to their rights and benefits, including health care, education, and citizenship. In sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), birth registration rates remain low, with millions of children going unregistered each year. Understanding the predictors of birth registration among children in this sub-region is important for developing targeted interventions to improve registration rates. The study examines the predictors of birth registration among children in SSA.Methods We performed a cross-sectional analysis of secondary data pooled from the Demographic and Health Survey of 17 countries conducted from 2015 to 2021. A weighted sample of 162,500 children was included in the final analysis. We summarized the proportion of birth registration among children in SSA using a forest plot. We utilized a multilevel binary logistic regression analysis to examine the predictors of birth registration. The results were presented using adjusted odds ratios (aOR) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs).ResultsWe found that 48.32% [48.15–48.49] of births in SSA were registered. The lowest and highest prevalence of birth registration were found in Ethiopia (2.70 [2.38–3.02]) and Sierra Leone (92.93 [92.36–93.50]), respectively. Increasing child’s age was found to be significantly associated with a higher likelihood of birth registrations, with those aged 4 years [aOR = 1.55; CI = 1.49, 1.62] having the highest odds of birth registration compared to those aged below 1 year. Children born to mothers with primary [aOR = 1.17; CI = 1.11, 1.24], secondary [aOR = 1.44; CI = 1.34, 1.54], and higher education [aOR = 1.71; CI = 1.48, 1.99] were more likely to be registered than those born to mothers who had no formal education. Also, children born in health facilities were more likely to be registered [aOR = 1.60; CI = 1.48, 1.74] than those born at home. The odds of birth registration were significantly higher among children whose mothers received assistance during delivery [aOR = 1.88; CI = 1.72, 2.04], those in the richest wealth index [aOR = 3.91; CI = 3.54, 4.33], and those in rural areas [aOR = 1.92; CI = 1.76, 2.10].Conclusion There is low childbirth registration coverage in SSA. The predictors of this phenomenon are the child’s age, maternal level of education, wealth index, place of residence, sub-region, maternal age, place of delivery, assistance during delivery, marital status, and sex of household head. Interventions and policies developed to improve childbirth registration coverage in SSA should prioritize mothers with no formal education, those who deliver at home, those with low socioeconomic status, those living in female headed household, and adolescent mothers.
Background COVID-19 is an emerging contagious infection with polymorphic clinical manifestations. The purpose of this study was to describe the epidemiological, clinical, therapeutic features and identify the predictors of mortality among COVID-19 hospitalized cases in Parakou. Methods This was a cross-sectional, descriptive and analytic study. Systematic recruitment was used to include all patients hospitalized with COVID-19 from May 8, 2020, to December 31, 2021, whose medical records were available and usable. The variables studied were clinical and paraclinical signs, diagnostic and therapeutic means, evolution under treatment and prognostic factors. This study was approved by the Local Ethical Committee. The data were analyzed using Stata/MP 14.1 software. Results A total of 198 cases of COVID-19 were identified, 117 of whom were men. The mean age was 51.53 ± 19.51 years. The presenting signs were fever 146 (74.11%), cough 157 (79.70%) and dyspnea 118 (53.90%). It was severe COVID-19 in 108 cases (54.55%). Therapeutically, 95 patients (47.98%) had received the combination of Lopinavir/ritonavir and Ribavirin and 95 others (47.98%) received chloroquine. Recovery was noted in 151 (76.26%) patients. Mortality rate was 18.18%. Predictors of death were high blood pressure, presence of signs of severity, high-concentration mask ventilation used, and elevated transaminases. Conclusion COVID-19 was a reality in Parakou, with a significant number of severe cases requiring hospitalization. Several factors are associated with the prognosis of the disease.
Background In the face of increasing wood demand in climate change context, fast-growing species are considered as a current solution. However, the ability of fast-growing species in agroforestry systems to contribute to bridging the gap between wood demand and supply and climate change mitigation also depends on the properties of the species, which vary based on locality. The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential of Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunningham ex Benth. wood in Benin to contribute to climate change mitigation while sustainably supplying wood. Tissues proportion (Vessels, ray parenchyma, axial parenchyma, fibers), in the wood; fiber parameters (length, diameter and lumen width); organic carbon content and natural durability of A. auriculiformis wood to termite (Macrotermes bellicosus) were determined. Results The results indicate that the species has a high proportion of fibers (58%), which are quite long (1 mm to 4 mm), an organic carbon content of 35%, and is moderately durable to very durable against termite infestations. Conclusion The species, thus, has strong potential for wood (high fiber content, high fiber length, greater durability), renewable bioenergy (good fiber length) and pulp (high fiber content) and could be valued to supplement the wood supply from natural forest and contribute to mitigating the effect of climate change (carbon sequestration and limitation of pressure on natural forests). Key words: Anatomical characteristics; natural durability; organic carbon content; sustainable wood demand, timber industry
Diseases and pests are a growing threat to small and large banana farmers and can cause catastrophic losses. Diseases affect all parts of the plant and are caused by fungi, bacteria and viruses. Although their impact is generally less devastating, pests, mainly insects and nematodes, are also significant factors. For better management of these diseases and pests, several technologies and or agroecological practices are often used by small farmers but are not often known or disseminated. Here, we did a meta-analysis combined with a review to describe banana diseases and pests as well as agroecological methods for their management. On the basis of the meta-analysis, 11 main bananas pests and diseases have been identified. Depending on the importance of their management by agroecological methods, Mycosphaerella fijiensis was most studied here (Z-value = 0.48), followed by the nematodes Radopholus similis (Z-value = 0.32) and Helicotylenchus multicinctus (Z-value = 0.32). The insect pests Erionota thrax (Z-value = 0.28), Cosmopolites sordidus (Z-value = 0.23) and Polytus mellerborgi (Z-value = 0.22) were also widely studied. Banana Bunchy Top Disease (BBTD) was moderately studied (Z-value = 0.26). There was a significant positive response of pest and disease to agroecological practices / technologies. Agricultural technologies involving the use of predators to control pests and the use of biopesticides were the most demonstrated in studies. This study made it possible to make a synthesis of the agroecological technologies and practices used to be disseminated for the bananas production by small farmers.
Background Cervical Cancer is the commonest and one of the leading causes of death from cancer among women in developing countries. Screening has been shown to reduce morbidity and mortality from the illness, yet its uptake is low. This study investigated the pattern of utilization and preferences relating to the adoption of cervical screening among female postgraduate students at the University of Ibadan. Methodology The study was a descriptive cross-sectional survey involving the use of a multi-stage sampling technique to recruit 372 women undergoing postgraduate studies (20-52 years with a mean age of 27.3 ± 5.4) at the University of Ibadan, Nigeria. A pretested semi-structured, self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection and the coded data were analyzed using SPSS (version 20). Results Only 4.0% of the respondents had been screened for Cervical Cancer at the time of study while 86.3% expressed their desire to be screened if given the opportunity. Most participants showed a favourable perception with 70.4% disagreeing that cervical cancer is a mild disease and 50.5% agreeing that the benefits of cervical cancer screening outweigh the stress of the screening procedure. Female doctors (73.2%) topped the list of health professionals’ respondents who preferred to conduct the screening. A majority (70.7%) of the respondents preferred these screenings to be done during antenatal clinic visits. There is a significant association (p.value=0.0007) between cervical cancer screening behaviors and sexual activity among women. Conclusion Poor utilization of Cervical cancer screening services is seen among Nigerian women undergoing postgraduate studies but a high willingness to utilize the services in the future with consideration to professionals delivering the service and specific locations where it can be obtained. The poor rate of cervical cancer screening from the study depicts the large extent to which cases of this cancer go without being detected till the advanced stages. Rolling out more screening strategies that will explore different service delivery points/preferences as highlighted in the study is needed for larger coverage.
Purpose: Trachoma is an eye disease caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct). It can lead to permanent vision loss. Since 2007, Burundi has included trachoma elimination as part of its fight against neglected tropical diseases and blindness. This study presents the results of trachoma baseline, impact and surveillance surveys conducted in Burundi between 2018 and 2021. Methods: Areas were grouped into evaluation units (EU) with resident populations of between 100,000 and 250,000 people. Baseline surveys were conducted in 15 EUs, impact surveys in 2 EUs and surveillance surveys in 5 EUs; in each survey, 23 clusters of about 30 households were included. Consenting residents of those households were screened for clinical signs of trachoma. Access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) was recorded. Results: A total of 63,800 individuals were examined. The prevalence of TF in 1-9-year-olds was above the elimination threshold of 5% in a single EU at baseline, but fell below the threshold in subsequent impact and surveillance surveys. The prevalence of TT was below the 0.2% elimination threshold in ≥15-year-olds in all EUs surveyed. A high proportion (83%) of households had access to safe drinking water, while only a minority (~8%) had access to improved latrines. Conclusion: Burundi has demonstrated the prevalence levels necessary for trachoma elimination status. With continued effort and the maintenance of existing management plans, trachoma elimination in Burundi is within reach.
Cattle breeding is of great socio-economic importance for Benin's cattle farmers in general and those of North Benin in particular. The objective of this study is to inventory the natural products of medicinal plants of the Beninese pharmacopoeia for the management of trypanosomes in cattle in North Benin. The methodology consisted of individual and semi-structured interviews with cattle farmers on the use of medicinal plants. A total of 360 cattle farmers were selected and interviewed in twelve villages in four municipalities (Tchaourou, N'dali, Bembèrèkè and Gogounou) in northern Benin. Different quantitative ethnobotanical indices were calculated to determine the level of use of plant species. The Relative Frequency of Citation (RFC), the Informant Consensus Factor (ICF = 0.918) and the Generic Coefficient (Rg = 1.04) were evaluated. The knowledge of medicinal plants was influenced by the level of education and the main activity of those who practiced animal husbandry. The results yielded 48 medicinal plants for veterinary use belonging to 46 genera and 28 families. The Leguminosae family (12.50%) was the most represented. The most cited plants with a RFC above 10% were K. senegalensis, P. africana, K. africana, M. inermis, S. latifolius, M. polyandra. The parts used were leaves (46.15%); barks (24.62%) and roots (15.38%). Decoction (53.23%), plundering (32.26%) and maceration (11.26%) were the main methods of preparation. The administration was mainly by oral route. The calculated indices show a high diversity of medicinal plants with trypanocidal properties in the control of cattle trypanosomosis in the Sudanese and Sudano-Guinean zones of northern Benin. Plant species with high citation and RFC values should be selected for comprehensive pharmacological and phytochemical research to validate this ethnomedical knowledge in the management of cattle trypanosomosis.
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258 members
Luc Valère Codjo Brun
  • Department of Pathology
Mohamed Nasser Baco
  • Faculté d'Agronomie
Samadori Sorotori Honore Biaou
  • Aménagement et Gestion des Ressources Naturelles (AGRN)
Gerard Nounagnon Gouwakinnou
  • Faculty of Agronomy
Rodrigue Diogo
  • Science and Technics of Animal Production and Fisheries
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Parakou, Benin