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    ABSTRACT: This review is the third update of the original review, published in 1999, on the application of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) mass spectrometry to the analysis of carbohydrates and glycoconjugates and brings the topic to the end of 2004. Both fundamental studies and applications are covered. The main topics include methodological developments, matrices, fragmentation of carbohydrates and applications to large polymeric carbohydrates from plants, glycans from glycoproteins and those from various glycolipids. Other topics include the use of MALDI MS to study enzymes related to carbohydrate biosynthesis and degradation, its use in industrial processes, particularly biopharmaceuticals and its use to monitor products of chemical synthesis where glycodendrimers and carbohydrate-protein complexes are highlighted.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2014 · Mass Spectrometry Reviews
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    ABSTRACT: Complement Factor H (FH) is an abundant, non-enzymic plasma/serum glycoprotein, which has a major role in regulating activation of the complement system. It can be purified from human plasma/serum by affinity chromatography, using a monoclonal anti-FH antibody as ligand. Other affinity chromatography ligands, including cardiolipin and trinitrophenyl-bovine serum albumin (TNP-BSA), can be used to purify human FH and also FH from a wide range of vertebrates, including mammals, birds, bony fish. Human FH protein concentration can be quantified by sandwich ELISA. The activity of FH is generally measured by assays which detect the cleavage, by complement factor I, of the complement protein C3b to form iC3b. Cleavage occurs only in the presence of a cofactor, and FH is one of a small number of cofactors for this reaction.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)
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    ABSTRACT: Mammalian cells make the proliferation or quiescence decision at a specific point in the cell cycle called the restriction point, after which they become committed to proliferation and independent of growth factors for completion of mitosis. In the textbook view, this crucial transition occurs several hours after mitotic division (in the middle of G1 phase). In a Cell paper, Spencer et al. show that the restriction point should be defined not as a particular time point in G1 phase but in terms of the ON-OFF status of a bistable switch that emerges from the positive feedback in the CDK2-RB-E2F (cyclin-dependent kinase 2-retinoblastoma-E2F) interaction network.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2013 · Science Signaling
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