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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: We report the uptake, length of stay and vascular readmission rates of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and CAS among patients with symptomatic or asymptomatic carotid artery disease in the English National Health Service (NHS). METHODS: Retrospective cohort study based on routinely collected Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) inpatient data. We identified individual admissions for CEA (n = 15996) or CAS (n = 632) between 2006 and 2009. Summary data were used to describe procedure volumes between 2009 and 2012. We analysed trends in procedure use over time and used ordinary least squares regression to evaluate patient, clinical and organisational characteristics associated with longer length of stay for revascularisation. RESULTS: CAS made up less than 5% of carotid revascularisation procedures; there was no trend for increasing use between 2006 and 2012. Patients treated with CAS were on average younger, lived in areas of higher deprivation and were more likely to have amaurosis fugax or a comorbidity of heart disease. CAS patients had a 19% (95% CI 14-24) shorter stay in hospital than CEA patients. CONCLUSION: Despite the early promise of CAS and numerous randomised controlled trials evaluating efficacy, it has not been rapidly adopted in England. Cautious adoption may be appropriate given the higher periprocedural risk of stroke or death after CAS, particularly in recently symptomatic patients.
    Full-text · Article · May 2013 · European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery: the official journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery
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    Preview · Article · May 2013 · Bulletin of the World Health Organisation
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    ABSTRACT: Nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is the most common malignancy in the western world, with an incidence of 98 000 in the U.K. Since 2009 the Department of Health (DoH) has collected patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) data following four common surgical procedures. However, a DoH PROM for NMSC does not exist. A systematic review of questionnaires published on patient concerns due to NMSC of the face was conducted. Keywords relevant to PROMs, NMSC and the facial region were comprehensively searched in medical databases. Inclusion criteria stipulated questionnaires from relevant papers that recruited patients with NMSC for both the item formulation and subsequent validation.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2013 · British Journal of Dermatology
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