University of Houston - Clear Lake
Recent publications
Through the application of rhetorical analysis, this essay examines three cases that exemplify a specific type of paracrisis - faux pas - with the purpose of entertaining consideration of paracrisis as a rhetorical situation. This analysis explicitly concerns the rise of an “expectation gap” that leads to a paracrisis of an organization’s own doing. Using three cases as illustrations, this paper looks at how an organization alters one rhetorical situation through a choice of rhetorical strategies, ranging from pure advocacy to pure accommodation, only to generate a new rhetorical situation that requires a reconsideration of Burke’s scene-purpose pentadic ratio to inform conflict positioning.
Although the practitioner and the academic literatures both note the importance of ethno-racial diversity in the nonprofit sector, we pursue a better understanding of this sector’s ethno-racial diversity dynamics by exploring the drivers of ethno-racial diversity at multiple organizational hierarchy levels—boards of directors, executive staff teams, and full-time staff. Using data from nonprofit organizations participating in Candid’s Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion initiative, we find evidence that upward mobility for ethno-racial minority group members remains limited. Our findings also indicate a positive relationship between ethno-racial diversity in a nonprofit’s local community and ethno-racial diversity at each organizational hierarchy level. This relationship is partially mediated by the political liberalness of the local community, with the strongest mediating effects at the board of directors and executive staff organizational levels. This partial mediation suggests that the local environment’s tolerance of societal hierarchies and unequal outcomes may be related to nonprofit organizational diversity, equity, and inclusion efforts.
The present study tested the links between perceived maternal and paternal parenting and internalizing and externalizing problems across ten cultures (China, Czech Republic, Hungary, the Netherlands, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Taiwan, Turkey, and the United States). Self-report data were collected from N = 12,757 adolescents (Mage = 17.13 years, 48.4% female). Multigroup confirmatory factor analyses and structural equation models tested whether: (1) the six parenting processes (closeness, support, monitoring, communication, peer approval, and conflict; Adolescent Family Process, Short Form (AFP-SF, 18 items) varied across cultures, and (2) the links between parenting processes and measures of internalizing and externalizing problems varied across cultures. Study findings indicated measurement invariance (configural and metric) of both maternal and paternal parenting processes and that the parenting—internalizing/externalizing problems links did not vary across cultures. Findings underscore the ubiquitous importance of parenting processes for internalizing and externalizing problems across diverse Asian, European, Eurasian, and North American cultures.
Using the theory on infinite primes of fields developed by Harrison in [2], the necessary and sufficient conditions are proved for real number fields to be O∗\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$O^{*}$$\end{document}-fields, and many examples of O∗\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$O^{*}$$\end{document}-fields are provided.
Functional losses associated with spaceflight negatively influence astronaut health and mission success. Exercise combined with protein supplementation is a promising countermeasure. Blood flow restricted (BFR) exercise is an effective modality, but synergistic benefits when combined with protein supplementation are not clearly identified. The purposes of this investigation were to determine if blended (e.g., whey and casein) protein supplementation combined with BFR exercise favorably altered body composition, muscle function, and cardiovascular health during a short training program. Methods Sixteen participants (female = 50%, age = 36.0 ± 10.1 y, BMI = 27.2 ± 5.0 kg/m²) completed a six-week, ground-based, double-blind, placebo controlled, clinical trial. Participants were randomly assigned to daily blended protein supplementation (28 g protein with 3 g leucine) or an isocaloric placebo. Pre-and post-intervention, body composition, muscular strength and function, balance, and cardiovascular health were evaluated. Dietary intake was evaluated pre-, mid-, and post-intervention. Results Dietary protein intakes for the supplement and placebo groups, respectively, were beyond adequate (1.6 ± 0.2 g kg·day⁻¹ and 1.0 ± 0.2 g kg·day⁻¹; p = 0.004) and remained consistent throughout the study. However, total leucine intake increased from 3.5 ± 3.2 g·day⁻¹ to 5.6 ± 1.5 g·day⁻¹ following supplementation (p = 0.002). Post-training, knee flexor strength, sit-to-stand repetitions, and gait speed significantly increased, while resting heart rate declined (p < 0.05), with no between group differences. Conclusion Exercise with intermittent BFR improves muscular strength and function while positively influencing cardiovascular health in adults. The leucine-rich protein supplement provided no additional benefits. These data suggest potential as an adjunct countermeasure for negative effects of disuse; however, further spaceflight analog-specific data are required before implementation.
Analysis of means (ANOM) is a graphical alternative for the analysis of variance (ANOVA) that was primarily developed for multiple mean comparisons. The ANOM is a simple graphical display that provides a visualization of statistically significant results and it allows validating their practical significance without deep statistics knowledge. The classical ANOM has been developed to analyze fixed mean effects, and its recent developments allow testing random and mixed effects. On the other hand, analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) is an extension of ANOVA that applies to test means in the presence of uncontrollable concomitant/nuisance variables. To effectively communicate the statistical findings from ANCOVA to a general audience on some public interest issue areas such as COVID‐19, visualization of statistically significant results is a practical approach. This paper provides a graphical alternative for multiple group comparisons in ANCOVA as an extension of the ANOM. The proposed graphical alternative is validated and compared with the ANCOVA using a Monte Carlo simulation study. The simulation results indicated that the proposed method stands strong for practical ANCOVA problems. In addition, a COVID‐19 application and two additional applications related to toxicology and business are used to exhibit the value of the proposed graphical procedure in practice.
Recent studies evaluating the effectiveness of using telehealth to train caregivers across large geographical distances in the United States and internationally indicate that this modality can increase families’ accessibility to evidence-based interventions for problem behavior. In this study, experimenters and interpreters in the United States remotely coached nine caregivers of children with disabilities residing in three countries in Asia to implement functional analyses (FA) and functional communication training (FCT). Five of the nine families were culturally matched to either the experimenter or the interpreter. Problem behavior was reduced to near-zero levels for all but one participant. Furthermore, all caregivers implemented the procedures with high levels of integrity and rated the assessment and treatment as highly acceptable, regardless of cultural matching or use of interpreters. Overall, findings suggest telehealth-based caregiver coaching and caregiver-implemented FA plus FCT is feasible and acceptable in Asia.
Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) applications have become a vital part for MICE industry. MICE higher education is expected to provide their graduates with essential management knowledge and ICTs operational skills to meet the industry demands on the rise. This empirical study investigates the perceptions of employability skills for MICE management in the context of ICTs. Based on the questionnaire (n = 95), an initial 16 employability skills are proposed and the underlying dimensions are explored. The skills of communication, innovation, organizing and coordinating, market promotion, planning, project implementing, crisis management, proficiency in English and operation management are perceived as of great importance. Four categories of employability skills are analysed: Core Generic skills (CGS), Communicative Expression Skills (CES), Practical Hands-on Skills (PHS) and MICE Professional Skills (MPS). This study is crucial as it helps to identify the level of importance and dimension of employability skills for MICE management. For both academia and industry, the results of this study are useful to provide critical skills for multi-skilled and competitive employees for their future success.
Objective This study examined marital satisfaction among parents of youth with spina bifida (SB) over an 8-year period and investigated the usefulness of the double ABCX model for understanding factors that predict change in marital satisfaction across child age. Methods Data from five time points of a longitudinal investigation of psychosocial outcomes in youth with SB were included. Mothers and fathers of children with SB (aged 8–17) reported on marital satisfaction and components of the double ABCX model. Change in marital satisfaction was examined across child age with components of the double ABCX model, as well as interactions between components, as predictors. Results Marital satisfaction was significantly higher in the present sample than in a normative sample of married couples. Although there were no significant changes in marital satisfaction for either parent as a function of child age, there was significant variability for the intercept and slope of maternal and paternal marital satisfaction within the sample. Family support predicted a higher intercept, and mental health symptoms predicted a lower intercept, for maternal and paternal marital satisfaction. More stressors and SB-related family stress predicted a lower intercept for paternal marital satisfaction. Family support and family stress attributed to SB moderated the relationship between child vulnerability and maternal marital satisfaction. Observed family cohesion and child psychosocial quality of life moderated the relationship between family stressors and paternal marital satisfaction. Conclusion Findings demonstrate the usefulness of the double ABCX model for this population.
Core self-evaluations (CSEs) are fundamental traits that represent an individual’s appraisal of his/her self-worth and competency. CSEs have been directly linked to numerous workplace outcomes, yet less is understood about the mediating mechanisms through which CSEs are related to outcomes. In this study, we examine the process through which CSEs promote favorable outcomes by examining the mediating role of both leader-member exchange (LMX) and work engagement in the CSE—organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) relationship. Using an approach-avoidance theoretical framework, we hypothesize that the relationship between CSEs and OCBs is mediated by the quality of the individual’s relationship with their leader (i.e., LMX quality) and his/her level of work engagement. Our results provide broad support for the hypothesized multiple mediation relationships whereby CSEs are indirectly related to OCBs through both LMX quality and work engagement. A discussion of these findings and their implications for both theory and practice is provided.
We investigate situations in which compatible orders on rings with idempotent elements can be extended to more restrictive orders without assuming that the rings are commutative or that they contain multiplicative identities. We show that a ring with a certain kind of irreducible idempotent element is D∗ (i.e., every compatible partial order can be extended to a lattice order that makes the ring a d-ring) if and only if it is O∗ (i.e., every compatible partial order can be extended to a compatible total order); we characterize D∗-algebras over \(\mathbb Q\) that have no identities and are O∗, and we find a class of D∗-algebras that contain subalgebras that are not D∗.
In the modern world, the essentiality in the utilization of the e-commerce contents like movies, music and electronic goods becomes indispensable with diversified items searched over the internet. The relevant results of the items search are made feasible through the enforcement of filtering techniques since it determines relevant data for recommendation of an item. A diversified number of filtering schemes are available of filtering the data instead of accessing each data available on the internet for deriving associated results. The data access and efficiency, the process of identifying relevant results based on users’ preferences is challenging task. In this paper, the proposed Constrained Social Network Rating-based Neural Network Technique (CSNR-NNT) is presented with the key significances and implementation processes. This proposed CSNR-NNT significantly concentrates on the exploration of trustee information that aids in social content persuading selection process for facilitating superior recommendation. The proposed CSNR-NNT scheme utilized the benefits of neural learning for ensuring recommendation through the incorporation of distrust and trustee relation. This proposed CSNR-NNT scheme also aids in categorizing the positive and negative recommendation of the trustee based on the process of the prediction.
Literature has demonstrated the successful application of various prompts and prompt-fading procedures for teaching clients with intellectual and developmental disabilities. However, few practical resources exist to guide behavior analysts in the evaluation and selection of a prompting strategy for a given client and a targeted skill. In this article, we describe the development of a decision-making tool for selecting and evaluating prompting strategies, highlighting steps needed prior to evaluating clinical outcomes associated with the use of the tool. We used a multiple baseline across participants design to assess the ease with which graduate students could apply the decision-making tool with clients across a variety of skills. Results indicated that the participants learned to apply the decision-making tool with relatively limited involvement from a trainer. Social validity data collected from participants suggested that they found the tool helpful. Results contribute to the literature on the development of decision-making tools to guide behavior analysts in the selection of interventions to use with clients. Supplementary information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s40617-022-00722-8.
Gender inequity is globally present in the labor force and advocating for gender equality is not merely a fairness issue, but a benefit for organizations. In this paper, we identify common challenges for gender-diverse teams (i.e., turnover, discrimination, communication issues, conflict between team members, and low team cohesion). We also discuss the importance of inclusive leadership to overcome these challenges. Correspondingly, we provide practical actions for inclusive leaders to implement on their teams to address issues regarding diversity, and subsequently leverage its benefits.
Training teachers to select and implement appropriate function-based interventions may reduce their reliance on behavior specialists and other support staff to help manage their students’ problem behavior in the classroom. Most prior studies on this type of training evaluated outcomes by measuring teachers’ verbal report rather than their implementation of interventions. The purpose of this study was to replicate and extend prior research by training teachers to identify the putative function of problem behavior via assessment of descriptive data, to select the appropriate procedural variation of functional communication training (FCT), and to implement FCT accurately in role play. Five special education teachers participated. Results suggested that behavioral skills training (BST) was highly effective for all participants. These findings have important implications for disseminating behavior-analytic interventions into settings with limited resources.
Advanced liver disease is often uncurable and fatal. Liver transplant is the only curative option for patients with advanced, irreversible liver disease, but the need for new livers far exceeds the supply. Patients with the greatest need as well as the greatest likelihood of benefit, based on a complex array of biomedical and psychosocial considerations, are prioritized for transplant. The opportunity to receive a life-saving surgery no doubt has enormous consequences for patients and their healthcare providers, as does the absence of that opportunity. But these consequences are poorly characterized, especially for patients deemed poor candidates for liver transplant. Through in-depth interviews with patients living with advanced liver disease and the providers who care for them, we explore how eligibility status affects illness experiences, including patients’ interactions with clinicians, knowledge about their disease, expectations for the future, and efforts to come to terms with a life-limiting illness. We describe how the clinical and social requirements needed to secure eligibility for liver transplant lend themselves to a clinical and cultural logic that delineates “worthy” and “unworthy” patients. We describe how providers and candidates discuss the possibility of moral redemption for such patients through transplant surgeries, a discourse notably absent among patients not eligible for transplant.
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963 members
Christopher P Ward
  • Program in Psychology
William E Amonette
  • Clinical Health and Applied Sciences;
Rick Jay Short
  • School of Human Sciences and Humanities
Houston, United States