Universiti Utara Malaysia
  • Kuala Lumpur, Kedah, Malaysia
Recent publications
Recent developments in manufacturing and services sector in Malaysia have heightened the need for women involvement at management level and decision-making level in labour force. It is government aimed to have 30 per cent of women involvement in top management in Malaysia. Even though there is increasing number of women in labour force involvement, but still there is lack number of women involving in top management post. Despite government had implemented several ways to help women involvement in top management position by offering flexible working arrangement policies (i.e., career break, flexible working hours, part time work, working beyond retirement age and working outside office), family friendly practices and work life benefits, but still this issue is becoming main agenda in labour force. In response to this, the study aims to provide updated review of research in Malaysian women involvement to top management affect due to the glass ceiling issue. Extending prior studies, this paper reviews the literature relating to the factors hindering women career advancement to top management. By understanding the effects of glass ceiling toward women career advancement, this study would give addition to the existing research on the way to overcome the glass ceiling issues that still shackles women particularly Malaysia. Future research on this area is significant to provide needed inputs to the related policy makers for the development of further action plans in providing support to aspiring women to top management.
This study aims to determine the relationship between religiosity, moral reasoning, and internalization of pure values as the mediator of prosocial behaviour among students in Banda Aceh, Indonesia. The Secondary Islamic Education Internalization Scale (SPPIP-M), Behaviour Reasoning Scheme Indicator (UPSTA), and Prosocial Tendencies Measure (PTM) scale were used to measure the religiosity, moral reasoning, and internalization of pure values prosocial behaviour of students. The result showed a link between religiosity, moral reasoning, and internalization of pure values with prosocial behaviour of secondary school students in Banda Aceh.
Several data-driven investigations studies examined the association between cultural intelligence and job outcomes (intention to stay, Work performance and organisational citizenship behaviour). It is, however, surprising that the moderating role of psychological capital hasn’t been previously examined concerning cultural intelligence and job outcomes. This relationship is therefore currently under-researched due to sparse contributions. This research investigates psychological capital potential moderating role in the relationship between cultural intelligence and job outcomes to address this gap in the organisation’s literature. Due to this context, the study’s purpose is to support this hypothesis in the data collected from a sample of 246 self-initiated studies on expatriates in 20 Malaysian public universities. Relying on a quantitative method and using Partial Least Squares structural equation modelling to analyse the data, the results reveal that cultural intelligence predicted all three components of job outcomes. Additionally, psychological capital moderates the relationship between cultural intelligence and work performance so that when positive psychological capital is high, the association is more robust. The study has contributed by offering a context-bound approach to refine and integrate the social exchange theory with self-initiated academic expatriates’ cognitive, affective and behavioral processes in the Malaysian situation. Unlike previous studies of working abroad, this study indicates that cultural intelligence can be a salient personal resource for self-initiated expatriates’ academics working in a foreign environment. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed based on the findings of this research.
The main aim of the current study is to examine the effect of Chief Executive Officer (CEO) characteristics on earnings management proxied by discretionary accruals. The study used 1,957 firm-year observations listed in Bursa Malaysia for the period from 2012 to 2016. Panel data method is used to examine the established hypotheses. The results show a significant negative association between CEO tenure, network, and gender and discretionary accruals. These results suggest that CEOs with more extended periods serving in the firm, CEOs with several external directorships, and female CEOs are more rigorous in improving their strategic decisions and are less likely to engage in earnings management. Hence, they are associated with high financial reporting quality (FRQ). However, there is no significant relationship between CEO expertise, CEO age and discretionary accruals. The results are robust to an alternative measure of discretionary accruals. Therefore, the current study extends the FRQ and corporate governance literature by investigating the impact of CEO characteristics on earnings quality and, consequently, FRQ. The results are important for policymakers, stockholders, and market participants in identifying the importance of CEO characteristics in producing high FRQ.
National governments and their development partners have considered microcredit as a strategic tool for vulnerable populations. Easy access to finance increases the client's ability to invest and allows clients to use resources to change their behaviour, increase their business opportunities and create employment. This paper aims to review studies that focused on microcredit and employment issues affecting beneficiaries, including gender-based employment creation and the informal sector. Through a systematic search of electronic databases and keywords to identify relevant studies, 40 core articles are identified for the period 1998-2021. The results indicate the significant impacts of microcredit on women's employment creation and business revenue of microenterprises in the informal sector. Moreover, a few studies set out to integrate gender employment creation and the informal sector with reference to microcredit. A framework is proposed to address the relationship between employment structure and microcredit. Finally, this study recommends developing a financial social accounting matrix and run empirical analysis on macro modelling such as input-output or general equilibrium modelling. Doing so will help obtain better understanding of how microcredit participation is associated with employment creation in different sectors and different types of household groups.
With Malaysia being surrounded by water bodies, tidal energy could be used for energy extraction. While several turbine designs and technologies have been used for tidal energy extraction, information on the use of vertical-axis tidal turbines (VATTs) for shallow-water applications is scarce. However, implementing horizontal-axis tidal turbines (HATTs) is not feasible due to Malaysian ocean depths. Hence, examining the wake-flow characteristics of VATTs in a shallow water-working environment in Malaysia is essential. The wake turbulence of the Savonius turbine model was compared with that of a hypothetical ‘actuator' cylinder, a VATT representation. Subsequently, the wake turbulences of a Savonius turbine model in static and dynamic simulations were compared to understand the flow distinction. Compared with that exhibited by the hypothetical actuator cylinder of 2.5 m, the hypothetical actuator cylinder of 5 m exhibits greater velocity deceleration. Additionally, the modelled Savonius turbine exhibits significantly more deceleration than that exhibited by the hypothetical actuator cylinder. Finally, the analysis of the static model of the Savonius turbine shows deceleration that is greater than that of the dynamic model.
The extant literature reveals that scholars and policy makers are highly concerned about exploring the validity of the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis using a different set of variables with the prime objective of exploring environmental degradation issues related to sustainable economic development for different countries. We examine the validity of the EKC hypothesis for the five most influenced economies of the G-20 from 1993 to 2017 using GDP per capita and CO 2 emissions, along with some other variables, namely technological development, financial development (FD), energy use, and social globalization to avoid any misspecification in the empirical model. The LM bootstrap approach confirms the co-integration in the series, and the panel Driscoll-Kraay standard error method confirms that veto-power economies have an N-shaped relationship between CO 2 emissions and GDP per capita. Furthermore, empirical findings exhibit that technological advancement and energy consumption positively correlate with CO 2 emissions, whereas FD and social globalization attenuate environmental degradation. These empirical findings suggest that appropriate policies need to be designed for these sample countries, depending on their GDP per capita and CO 2 emissions levels. An environmentally friendly policy may be adopted to achieve sustainable development goals. Policymakers also need to implement a policy that encourages financial development and boosts technologies with fewer polluting characteristics.
Internet technology is vital in education as it is an enabler tool used by students for information exchange, communication and creation of knowledge. However, issues related to Internet use behaviour (IUB) and effects on students' performance are still being debated due to inconsistent results. Thus, the main aim of this paper is to propose a specific IUB classification model to discover comprehensive prediction models on students' performance by using educational data mining (EDM). Data related to the students' CGPA and their internet usage activities were collected from 469 undergraduate students. Primarily, in this study several techniques were ensembled to predict students' performance based on IUB. An EDM approach comprising of clustering, classification, correlation, and regression was used. The base classifiers including decision tree (j48) ensembled with EM clustering technique were exploited to develop a high accuracy of prediction results. At first, the usage of clustering technique was to cluster the dataset into smaller variable and applied classification technique to solve the complexity of the variables. Correlation come across to measure the degree of IUB and students' performance and later regression was applied to produce predictive results. Based on 11 IUB categories, the results indicate that online gaming has a negative significant effect on the students' performance. Additionally, the prediction model revealed a high correlation, which generates good predictions of 92%. The prediction model would enable higher learning institutions to detect as early as possible those students who are at risk. This will then help them in taking timely and proactive measures to improve their performance.
The clean energy transitions require a large volume of minerals to handle its diverse technologies, such as solar photovoltaics (PV), wind turbines etc. Therefore, mineral importing countries concentrated on cleaner energy production confront an uprising trend in critical mineral prices due to thriving demands. We quest for the response of the top mineral importing countries' import demand for minerals to the clean energy transitions from 1996 to 2019 within the import-demand function analysis. Using the cross-sectional autoregressive distributed lag (CS-ARDL) method, our findings divulge a significantly positive response of mineral import demand to solar and wind energy productions in the long run. We also find that mineral price elasticity holds the Marshallian demand hypothesis in the mineral-laden solar energy generation while contradicting it in wind energy production. In addition, the oil price substitution effect does not sustain, whereas exchange rate depreciates mineral import demands in the long run. Therefore, our policy implications encompass optimizing the mineral resources for clean energy transitions to materialize the 21st century's global agenda of a decarbonized or net-zero emissions trajectory.
This study analyses the impact of the oil price shocks (demand, supply, and risk) on the exchange rates of a unique group of developed and emerging economies that comprise the ASEAN +3 countries. We combine a novel approach to decomposing the oil price shocks at a higher (daily) frequency with the dynamic network connected approach to analyse the connectedness of the oil shocks and exchange rates from January 2006 to July 2020, enabling us to cover various phases of the business cycle in these economies. Our results show that demand and risk shocks are the main contributors to the connectedness. We document that the Singapore dollar and the Malaysian Ringgit are the main transmitters of shocks in the ASEAN +3 group, whereas the role of the Chinese yuan and the Japanese yen is rather limited despite the bigger size of these two economies. Our results have important policy implications for investors, regulators, and policymakers
Economic growth is a global requirement that requires extensive energy consumption, and this phenomenon needs researchers’ attention and regulators’ focus. Thereby, the paper scrutinizes the determinants of energy consumption such as fossil fuel energy consumption (FFEC), energy use, nuclear energy consumption (NEC), energy import, and renewable energy consumption (REC) and sustainability-oriented eco-innovation and their effectiveness on the economic growth of Saudi Arabia. The study extracted data from the World Bank from 1989 to 2020. Stationarity was examined using augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF) tests, and the associations among constructs were analyzed through QARDL model. The findings revealed that FFEC, EU, NEC, EI, REC, and sustainability-oriented eco-innovation are significantly correlated with the EG of Saudi Arabia. The study also provides insights to new researchers who will investigate this area in the future and guides regulators in developing regulations related to economic growth using an appropriate level of energy and adoption of sustainability-oriented eco-innovation.
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10,167 members
Selamah Maamor
  • Islamic Business School (UUM IBS)
Yuhanis Yusof
  • School of Computing
Herman Anuar
  • School of Technology Management & Logistics (STML)
Idyawati Hussein
  • School of Computing
Ariffin Abdul Mutalib
  • School of Multimedia Technology and Communication (SMMTC)
School of Education, 06010, Kuala Lumpur, Kedah, Malaysia
Head of institution
Prof. Dr. Ahmad Bashawir bin Abdul Ghani