Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
  • Bantul, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Recent publications
Background COVID-19 is a global threat that directly impacts people’s mental health and physical well-being. This study explored the efforts and expectations of pregnant women against the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods This study was a qualitative study that used a phenomenological approach. The informants of this study were pregnant women ( n = 20). Data analysis used content analysis with software assistance (Nvivo Release 1.5). Results The results of this study identified three themes which were: 1) causative factors of pregnant women’s anxiety regarding the impact of COVID-19 including lack of knowledge regarding the impact of the COVID-19 virus and perceived susceptibility; 2) Efforts to reduce anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic including a spiritual approach, the role of family and COVID-19 prevention; and 3) Expectation regarding healthcare services during COVID-19 including virtual based Antenatal Care (ANC) Services and Private ANC Services. Conclusion A spiritual approach, the role of family, and COVID-19 prevention will help pregnant women reduce their anxiety about being infected with the COVID-19 virus. Furthermore, virtual-based ANC Services, and private ANC services, such as home visits and dividing ANC services and general services into two different tracks as a protective mechanism from being infected with the COVID-19 virus, would assist pregnant women feel safer and secure.
This study aims to explain how does the Indonesian government’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic in terms of food security through Twitter. This type of research is qualitative, using a literature study approach. Finding in this study, the food security agency dominates the response content on Twitter compared to the logistics affairs agency. This answers that the food security agency has a fairly broad scope of duties compared to the logistics affairs agency which only focuses on rice. As well as in the narration on the Twitter accounts of the two institutions that focus on the issue of food security conditions in the Indonesia public. Therefore, if you look at their duties and responsibilities, the two institutions have succeeded in responding to the state of Indonesia’s food security during the COVID-19 pandemic via Twitter. However, there are several notes that must be paid attention to by the two institutions that the response content regarding agricultural conditions is quite minimal.
Introduction: Conducting Dental examination in children with autism is challenging due to the limitation in cooperativeness that is caused by impairment of communication, social interaction, and sensory sensitivities. Aims: This study aims to provide evidence base for the structural-visual approach in reducing uncooperativeness behavior to dental care in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Methods: Searches were conducted in the electronic databases PubMed, PsycINFO, and Cochrane from inception to October 2021 (CRD42022383409). Randomized controlled trials (RCTs), non-RCTs, and pre/post-test and qualitative studies that conducting visual pedagogy and visual learning methods were included. The quality of evidence was assessed with Cochrane Collaboration's Risk of Bias Tool for RCTs, Risk of Bias in Non-randomized Studies-of Interventions (ROBINS-I) for non-RCTs, and Critical Appraisal Skill Program (CASP) for qualitative studies. Results: The initial search identified 270 studies, and 256 remained after removing duplicates. After screening titles and abstracts, 62 studies were remained for full-text assessed, and finally 13 eligible studies were selected for reviews. The studies analyzed various structural-visual interventions, participants, study design, countries, and outcomes. Conclusion: The structural-visual approach could reduce uncooperative behavior in children with ASD. Future study should investigate the wide range of age and varied behavior approach as the evidence-based of the clinical management.
This article investigates the outcomes and examines the implications of South Korea’s 2022 presidential election on the country’s domestic politics and economics, specifically regarding the new government’s exercise of executive power. While the 2022 election saw the return of the conservatives to power after five years of a progressive government, this article argues that the election won by Yoon Suk-yeol of the People Power Party reflects the growing polarised politics along partisan lines between conservatives and progressives – rooted in the contingency of class formation through the long-standing neo-liberal policy of the South Korean developmental state. Such political divide, which has taken place amid the broader context of the increasing polarising populism across developed and developing countries in recent years, constrains the Yoon administration from addressing domestic issues, notably economic woes such as ongoing income inequality, sluggish job creation, fluctuating housing prices, as well as corruption that links high-profile politicians and chaebol. Although power compromise with opponents is essential to cope with limitations, this article contends that it is less likely under the circumstances of severe political tensions between the ruling and opposition parties.
A bio-catalyst made of natural resources, such as Carica papaya latex, is very challenging for nanoparticle separation. In addition, differences in thermal conditions between nanoparticles affect the movement of substances in the separation process. The study experimentally investigated the role of Carica papaya latex bio-catalyst and thermal shock in water on synthesizing rice husk (RH). The synthesis retained the Mg and C elements attached to SiO2, which were generally neglected during the process. The study's objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of biocatalysts and thermal effects on the separation of Mg-SiO2-C from rice husk carbon nanoparticles (CNPs-RH). The research involved various treatment processes, such as RH pyrolysis in obtaining charcoal, High energy milling (HEM) to have carbon particles, and washing to get nano-sized carbon particles. The bonding of elemental compounds to rice husk carbon particles (CPs-RH) was released using NaOH and coagulation using a bio-catalyst. Coagulated CPs-RH was injected into water at a temperature of 60-70 oC to have a thermal shock effect for H2O clusters in Na⁺ and Mg²⁺ ions attached to the surface of the nanoparticles. Several tests were carried out, such as the SEM-EDX, TEM, and XRD tests, to investigate the two nanoparticle clusters formed down to the nanometer scale. The results indicated that CNPs-RH nanoparticles consist of spherical particles with a diameter of 1.2 nm, while Mg-SiO2-C nanoparticles have a diameter of 0.6 nm. Both are classified as amorphous. Based on the FTIR test, CNPs-RH is hydrophilic, while Mg-SiO2-C is hydrophobic. Thermal shock in water strengthens the ion's mobility, increasing the interfacial dipole forces between nanoparticles and accelerating the separation process.
Any solid, liquid, or gas substance used will be immediately discarded. The substance waste dumped is conducted in every place, including hospitals. The hospital management system covers hospital waste management. This management allows the hospital to monitor the amount and variants of waste produced, which minimizes the harmful effects of waste. However, in this topic, systematic analytical mapping studies still have a lot of research limitations. This study aims to analyze Hospital Waste Management during the peak of COVID-19 which is presented as a systematic review. This research applied the qualitative method with a literature study approach. The hospital waste management articles identified from 2011-2021 amounted to 686 publication articles that Scopus indexed, indicating that hospital waste management studies have increased in recent years. The expansion in the study mainly was research on hospital waste management from the inner side of hospital management. Many studies on hospital waste management from processing, environmental impact, and the risk of spreading infections have been studied from the COVID-19 side since 2019. This finding has implications for further research by analyzing the problems related to the rapidly growing field of hospital waste management in detail or using a different perspective. Keywords: Hospital Waste, Waste Management, Hospital Waste Management, COVID-19, Systematic Review.
Background: Traditionally, Curcuma xanthorriza (CX), black cumin seed (BC), and honey have been used by the Indonesian people as medicinal ingredients to treat various health symptoms. CX extracts and BC have been proven in the laboratory as chemopreventive agents, antioxidants, and immunomodulators. In this study, we developed CX extract, BC oil, and honey into herbal honey preparations (CXBCH) and hypothesized that the preparations show chemopreventive activity. The purpose of the study was to determine the CXBCH potential as chemopreventive, antioxidant, and immunomodulatory. Method: In this experimental laboratory research, antioxidant, immunomodulatory, and cytotoxic activities were tested on human mammary cancer cell lines (T47D cells) while the chemopreventive activity of the CXBCH preparations on Sprague Dawley (SD) rats induced with dimethylbenzene(a)anthracene (DMBA). Results: CXBCH preparations demonstrated immunomodulatory, antioxidant, and cytotoxic activities in T47D, Hela, and HTB-183 cells and in DMBA-induced SD rats, as the preparations inhibited tumor nodule formation, increased the number of CD4, CD8 and CD4CD25 cells, and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) activity, and decreased serum NO levels. Conclusions: CXBCH preparations display chemopreventive, antioxidant, and immunomodulatory properties.
Ferroptosis is a new type of cell death marked by iron and lipid ROS accumulation. GPX4 is one of the glutathione peroxidases known to regulate ferroptosis tightly. On the other hand, Nrf2 also plays a vital role in ferroptosis as it targets genes related to oxidant defense. Herein, we employed beas-2 human epithelial cells treated with a low concentration of RSL3 to induce ferroptosis. To study the protective role of Nrf2, we used ML385 as its specific inhibitor. A combination of ML385 and a low concentration of RSL3 synergistically induced more toxicity to RSL3. Furthermore, we found that mitochondrial ROS is elevated in ML385 and RSL3 combination group. In addition, Mito TEMPOL application successfully prevents the upregulation of mitochondrial ROS, lipid ROS, reduces the toxicity of RSL3, restores the antioxidant capacity of the cells, and mitochondrial functions reflected by mitochondrial membrane potential and mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation system (OXPHOS) expression. Altogether, our study demonstrated that Nrf2 inhibition by ML385 induces more toxicity when combined with RSL3 through the elevation of mitochondrial ROS and disruption of mito-chondrial function.
Early childhood is an age of children whose learning tendencies rely on games, therefore this study aims to describe the IcanDO platform for early childhood in learning Arabic. The research was conducted with a qualitative approach, the data sources were early childhood teachers. Data collected by observation techniques, interviews and documentation studies. The result of the research is that IcanDO as a learning platform is interesting for early childhood, with this platform they can play to learn Arabic. In accordance with the data, it was found that the IcanDO platform used can stimulate early childhood learning, stronger memory, personalized learning can be implemented, children's thinking skills can be trained and children's multilingual abilities are also growing. Researchers recommend that the use of various platforms that support the implementation of education in difficult conditions continue to be developed. The limitation of this research is that IcanDO and its effectiveness have not been studied comprehensively, therefore the aspects that have not been touched in this research can be the work of future researchers.
Post Occupancy Evaluation (POE) has proven to be an important tool for assessing interior environmental quality and a useful strategy for continuous building quality improvement in addition to standard tools. This study aims to provide an integrated evaluation model for occupant needs by investigating how the Sustainability Hospital Buildings are related to POE. This research employs a qualitative method with Bibliometric Analysis. The information used in this study was obtained by searching the keywords "Post Occupancy Evaluation" in the Scopus database from 2010 to February 2022. The identification of the time range resulted in the discovery of 305 documents. Overall, the sustainable Buildings scores were positively associated with intelligent buildings (r= 0,584). In addition, the sustainable Buildings had a significant relationship with low-energy buildings, low carbon building design, green building performance, and green buildings with correlation coefficients ranging from 0.5833 to 0.550. Concurrently, Hospital Building and sustainable building design showed a correlation (r= 0,538). Therefore, with the aspect of the sustainable Building in the hospital can determine a strategy for designing hospital buildings that produce results hospital management will be able to keep the building's quality, both in terms of indoor air quality and comfort. Keywords: Post occupancy evaluation, Sustainability Building, Bibliometric, Hospital
This article analyzes the articulation of Islamic thought in the 2014 and 2019 elections, both of which were marked by efforts by progressive and conservative Muslims to dominate public spaces. Contestation was evident in these political discourses, with progressive Muslims advocating for moderatism, political ethics, and tolerance in narratives of inclusivism, pluralism, and tolerance while conservative Muslims seminating extremism, the formalization of sharia law, and intolerance in narratives of exclusivism and homogenization. The analysis questions the continuity-discontinuity, motives, and actors of progressive and conservative Muslim movements and investigates the challenges for progressive Muslims in disseminating their narratives in Indonesia. The result argues that massive religious organizations in Indonesia such as Muhammadiyah and Nahdlatul Ulama articulate, internalize, and institutionalize progressive thought within their organizations and educational institutions. This article further recommends progressive Muslims reckon and countermeasure conservativism among religious and political elites whose narratives exploit religious sentiments for practical purposes.
Toxic materials in waste generally contain several components of the global trending pollutant category, especially PAHs and heavy metals. Bioremediation technology for waste management that utilizes microorganisms (bacteria) has not been fully capable of breaking down these toxic materials into simple and environmentally friendly chemical products. This review paper examines the potential application of a consortium of marine sponge symbionts with high performance and efficiency in removing PAHs and heavy metal contaminants. The method was carried out through a review of several related research articles by the author and published by other researchers. The results of the study conclude that the development of global trending pollutant (GTP) bioremediation technology could be carried out to increase the efficiency of remediation. Several types of marine sponge symbiont bacteria, hydrocarbonoclastic (R-1), metalloclastic (R-2), and metallo-hydro-carbonoclastic (R-3), have the potential to be applied to improve waste removal performance. A consortium of crystalline bacterial preparations is required to mobilize into GTP-exposed sites rapidly. Bacterial symbionts of marine sponges can be traced mainly to sea sponges, whose body surface is covered with mucus.
The development of technology affects the education sector in urban and rural areas. Teachers-students in rural areas find it difficult to apply it for some reasons. Therefore, teachers must be more creative and innovative in the learning-teaching process besides using technology, such as pictures. This research describes students' ability to write simple English sentences using pictures. The type of this research is descriptive quantitative. The respondents were tenth-grade students of SMA Negeri 29 Halmahera Selatan, which consisted of 13 males and seven females. The data were collected through an English simple sentence test consisting of 4 pictures. Each student wrote five sentences in a picture. This research showed that the mean score of students' ability to write simple English sentences using pictures is 2.95, referring to the good category. This research recommends that future research investigate the effectiveness of pictures as media used in rural and urban areas' learning-teaching process.
The relationship between employees and the organization is not only transactional, which is regulated in formal contracts, but also involves informal and relational relationships as described in the social exchange theory. The formal relationship is in the form of organizational justice, while the informal relationship is in the psychological contract between the organization and employees. A fair relationship can positively affect job satisfaction, and can negatively affect employee behavior such as procrastination. Procrastination is behavior influenced by complex factors such as personal characteristics, task characteristics, and organizational environment. The relationship between organizational justice, psychological contract, job satisfaction, and procrastination is still a gap in the literature, as well as has become the motivation for this research. This article discusses the moderating role of psychological contract breach on the effect of organizational justice on job satisfaction and procrastination. This study contributes through a literature review on the effect of flexible and fair contracts on job satisfaction and procrastination behavior.
Artificial intelligence systems have become a massive thing in all sectors, both in the business world and government institutions and in the development of technology and information. Therefore, this research focuses on mapping the trend of the study of artificial Intelligence in a government study. This research uses a qualitative method with a literature study. In this bibliometric research, the data collected are journals and articles taken from Scopus using the keyword “artificial intelligence” and processed through NVivo 12 Plus and VOSviewer. Through this research, the researcher finds a tendency in the artificial intelligence discourse more directed to alternative system improvements in government, both in policymaking and public sector management. This research is expected to be a trigger for improving the government system, especially in a more transparent and democratic policymaking plan, seeing that several countries have started to develop research on artificial intelligence, of course, this research will help analyze the direction of the development of synthetic intelligence studies which are more directed toward the improvement of the policymaking system in government institutions. KeywordsArtificial intelligenceGovernmentPublic policy
Londo iha is a form of bride kidnapping practiced by the Muslims of Monta, a district of Bima, Indonesia, that violates sharia (i.e. Islamic law). In this practice, a man steals away with a young woman, often for the purpose of marriage. Although marriage is strongly recommended by Islamic law, such an approach to marriage is considered to be against Islamic norms. This article seeks to explain why londo iha continues to be practiced by the Muslims of Monta, even though it violates Islamic law. Observation, in-depth interviews, and document analysis are used to collect data. The observation is for Muslim wedding activity in Monta. The interview is designed to gather useful information by interviewing eight people who are involved with londo iha. Furthermore, document analysis is managed by obtaining some documents from Bima’s Ministry of Religion Office that show londo iha’s involvement in several districts. Based on the collected data, this article finds that londo iha continues to be perceived as facilitating marriage and its continued practice is driven by various customary and religious norms. However, this practice has been controversial, as its validity is only recognized under customary norms. As it lacks religious validity, this practice has thus been detrimental to the social structures of Muslim-majority Monta. This article applies a simple socio-religious perspective, and covers a relatively brief period of time; as such, it is necessary to conduct further research using a multi-disciplinary perspective and covering a broader range of cases.
This article discusses the response of Muslim youth to the conception of a child through in-vitro fertilization. The pros and cons among young Muslims were carefully evaluated. Data that were collected through questionnaires, interviews, and document reviews constitutes the basis of this article. Questionnaires consisted of two types of questions: close-ended multiple-choice questions and open-ended narrative questions. Documents analyzed, meanwhile, included the legislative and fatwa products of the Indonesian Council of Ulamas as well as the decisions of the Tarjih Council of Muhammadiyah Central Leadership. This research found that the majority of respondents (85.7%) approved of the usage of in-vitro fertilization by legally married couples. Similarly, most respondents (73.7%) indicated that the use of in-vitro fertilization for conception, so long as it is conducted following applicable standards, did not violate any legal or ethical guidelines. This article emphasizes that young Muslims have diverse knowledge of in-vitro fertilization, which may be attributed to their particular fields of study. This research solely involved young Muslims. As such, future studies should use a broader sample, involving youths of diverse religious backgrounds, to obtain a more comprehensive understanding of the issue.
This study attempted to fill a gap in the literature and explore the effects of green marketing orientation on SMEs green marketing performance. According to the result, the critical role of green innovation and green competitive advantage were solutions to achieving green marketing performance. The researchers implemented the moderating role of experience manager or owner and education to enhance green marketing performance. A total of 223 samples of Batik SMEs in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, were selected and investigated. The purposive sampling method helped to collect data from respondents. The results concluded that green marketing orientation significantly affected green innovation. Green marketing orientation had a significant impact on green competitive advantage. Green innovation had a significant positive effect on green marketing performance. However, the owner or manager’s experiences did not moderate the relationship between green innovation and green marketing performance. The manager or owner’s educational background also did not support the relationship between green innovation and green marketing performance. The result of this study indicates the mediating role of green product innovation and green product competitiveness advantage on green marketing performance.
The pandemic leap continues and only makes things worse. Sharp criticism continues to pour in about what measures it can put in place to reduce the social crisis. Although some have accused the restrictions of being relaxed (lockdown), it does not improve human nature, which instinctively requires communication with partners, family, and co-workers. This study has a target to uncover the relationship between stress and anxiety on social tourism interest. We invited the 321 respondents to be surveyed online. The characteristics of the response involved cross-age, namely generations Y and Z (17 to 40 years) from 15 provinces in Indonesia. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) applied to the AMOS program to interpret the data. Statistical tests found that stress and anxiety levels had no significant effect on social tourism interest. Other results prove an important difference if altruistic value increases social tourism interest significantly. From empirical moderation, altruistic value actually plays a significant role in the relationship between stress and anxiety levels in social tourism interest. The respondents have emotional resilience in the face of COVID-19. Finally, the novelty, contribution, and implications of the research is comprehensively disclosed. A follow-up agenda could investigate these findings in order to improve upon the limitations of the study. © 2022 The Author(s). This open access article is distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 license.
This study aims to examine the relationship between accountability and transparency during the COVID-19 pandemic towards public trust in village governments through the quality of COVID-19 handling services as an intervening variable. This research was conducted among village governments in the Yogyakarta Special Region Province, Indonesia. The data were collected by distributing survey questionnaires, with 116 village governments participating in this study. Respondents in this study were represented by two groups, where village officials measured accountability and transparency practices, while members of the Village Representative Council measured the quality of COVID-19 handling services and public trust variables. Partial Least Square (PLS) was then used to test the hypotheses. The results showed that accountability for managing the COVID-19 response budget only had an indirect positive relationship with public trust through the quality of COVID-19 handling services. Meanwhile, the direct relationship between accountability and trust was negatively significant. Furthermore, transparency in the management of the COVID-19 response budget was not associated with the public trust, either directly or indirectly.
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4,883 members
Noor Mahmudah
  • Department of Civil Engineering
Shanti Wardaningsih
  • Community and Mental Health Nursing
Agus Muntohar
  • Department of Civil Engineering
Eko PRIYO Purnomo
  • Government Affairs and Administration, Jusuf Kalla School of Government
Information
Address
Jalan Lingkar Selatan, Kasihan, Bantul, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta 55183, Phone:(0274) 387656, Bantul, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Head of institution
Prof. Dr. Gunawan Budiyanto, MP
Website
http://www.umy.ac.id
Phone
(0274) 387656
Fax
(0274) 387646 psw.186