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ABSTRACT: Objective: To describe a case of neonatal atrial flutter after the insertion of an intracardiac umbilical venous catheter, reporting the clinical presentation and reviewing the literature on this subject. Case description: A late-preterm newborn, born at 35 weeks of gestational age to a diabetic mother and large for gestational age, with respiratory distress and rule-out sepsis, required an umbilical venous access. After the insertion of the umbilical venous catheter, the patient presented with tachycardia. Chest radiography showed that the catheter was placed in the position that corresponds to the left atrium, and traction was applied. The patient persisted with tachycardia, and an electrocardiogram showed atrial flutter. As the patient was hemodynamically unstable, electric cardioversion was successfully applied. Comments: The association between atrial arrhythmias and misplaced umbilical catheters has been described in the literature, but in this case, it is noteworthy that the patient was an infant born to a diabetic mother, which consists in another risk factor for heart arrhythmias. Isolated atrial flutter is a rare tachyarrhythmia in the neonatal period and its identification is essential to establish early treatment and prevent systemic complications and even death.
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ABSTRACT: This study aimed to evaluate the influence of fetal hemoglobin (Hb F) on hemolysis biomarkers in sickle cell anemia patients. Fifty adult sickle cell anemia patients were included in the study. All patients were taking hydroxyurea for at least six months and were followed at the outpatient clinic of a hospital in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil. The control group consisted of 20 hemoglobin AA individuals. The reticulocyte count was performed by an automated methodology, lactate dehydrogenase and uric acid were measured by spectrophotometry and arginase I by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The presence of Hb S was detected by high-performance liquid chromatography. The level of significance was set for a p-value <0.05. A significant increase was observed in the reticulocyte count and lactate dehydrogenase, uric acid and arginase I levels in sickle cell anemia patients compared to the control group (p-value <0.05). Patients having Hb F levels greater than 10% showed a significant decrease in the reticulocyte count, arginase I and lactate dehydrogenase. A significant decrease was observed in arginase I levels in patients taking hydroxyurea at a dose greater than 20mg/kg/day. The results of this study show that sickle cell anemia patients have increases in the hemolysis biomarkers, lactate dehydrogenase, reticulocyte count, arginase I, uric acid and increases in Hb F can reduce the reticulocyte count and arginase I and lactate dehydrogenase levels. Copyright © 2015 Associação Brasileira de Hematologia, Hemoterapia e Terapia Celular. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.
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